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Metal and Ceramic Injection Molding

Metal and Ceramic Injection Molding

Report Scope:

This report summarizes the global market trends in the MIM and CIM industry. Although the emphasis is mainly on the MIM market, coverage of the CIM market has been expanded from earlier reports. CIM markets are perhaps reaching a level of size where it may be interesting to review the CIM market separately.

The CIM market is still not as widely established as the MIM market. It is a complementary process technology for ceramic manufacturing, among many others. However, we have discovered an increasing number of companies that are actively using CIM and several new CIM companies are added in this report. The market players who are active in CIM are also active in many other ceramic processing methods, which makes it difficult to put meaningful numbers on the industry size.

A more detailed study of the CIM market is included in this report and should provide the reader with a better understanding of the market. 2017 market size (by geography) is also provided.
Many readers had mentioned that technical understanding of the MIM process is still difficult for new entrants and even established companies that want to branch out into new materials and applications. The challenges come from trying to understand binder systems, as these dictate the process equipment and conditions to be employed. To assist with this difficulty, we have incorporated detailed information on binder systems for different materials and several tables of data with technical information related to binder technology.

BCC Research provides the only market report for MIM and CIM technologies that routinely reviews all the patents published in this market. Further, we also review PhD dissertations from worldwide MIM and CIM technologies. BCC Research also continues to monitor journal articles related to MIM and has incorporated many tables and charts with relevant information from these sources. Companies will benefit from these reviews and analyses as the MIM market is uniquely driven by engineering technology. The MIM market can be difficult for companies wishing to compete through manufacturing excellence. Experience continues to be the key to expertise in this market.

As in our earlier reports, we have separate chapters that cover suppliers and application segments for MIM and CIM products. Estimated values used are based on manufacturers’ total revenues. Projected and forecasted revenue values are in constant U.S. dollars, unadjusted for inflation.

The supplier side of the market is crucial to MIM. There are many products that MIM manufacturers buy that are unique to the MIM industry. These products are not widely used in other markets. These include certain grades of metal powder (less than 25 microns in size or metallic microspheres), MIM feedstock and debinding equipment. Companies that support the MIM market with such technologies have benefited from the growth of the MIM market. BASF is a noted example, with their catamold technology of binders, which helped them corner a large share of the global feedstock market.

All major application segments of MIM and CIM are studied in detail. The titanium product market is presented in more detail in this report compared to previous reports. The binder systems used in Titanium MIM are also reviewed in this report. Application markets such as aerospace and medical for titanium MIM are presented. Firearms, one of the largest application markets for MIM, are covered in more detail, with more than 50 U.S. companies that produced more than 10,000 units of firearms in 2016. More detail is provided for 65 dental bracket manufacturers and the computer, communications and consumer(3C) markets, based mostly in Asia.

Report Includes:

- 24 data tables and 63 additional tables
- An overview of the global market for metal injection molding (MIM) and ceramic injection molding (CIM) technologies, covering both powder and liquid processes
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2017, estimates for 2018 and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2023
- Reviews and analysis of the patents awarded in the MIM and CIM technologies, by technology, by year and by geography; discussion on trends
- Detailed analysis of various supplier products and technologies supporting the MIM and CIM marketplace, by technology and by geography; includes comprehensive lists of suppliers by product
- Detailed analysis of various application markets for MIM and CIM technologies, such as firearms, medical and dental and watch making; includes comprehensive lists of customers by industry
- Descriptions of the diverse products that can be made via powder metal injection molding and thixo-molding technologies, and the different markets for parts, including automotive, aerospace, consumer products, industrial, medical, dental and the 3C industry; materials used in each
- Company profiles of the major palyers of the industry, including Hitachi Chemical Co. Ltd , Nippon Piston Ring Co. Ltd., Rocky Mountain Orthodontics , Small Precision Tools Inc., Zcmim Technology Ltd and Thermal Technology Inc.


Chapter 1 Introduction
Study Goals and Objectives
Reasons for Doing This Study
Scope of Report
Intended Audience
Information Sources
Methodology
Geographic Breakdown
Analyst's Credentials
BCC Custom Research
Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Metal Injection Molding
Metal Injection Molding
Designing with MIM
Complexity
Precision
Weight and Size
Section Thickness
Production Volumes
Materials
Application Assistance
Secondary Operations
Materials in MIM Process
Binder Technology and Debinding Process
Titanium Alloys MIM and Binders
Supercritical Fluid Extraction
Sublimation for Binder Removal
MIM of Magnesium Alloys
Production of Magnesium
Advantages of Thixomolding
MIM of Titanium and Titanium Alloys
Titanium Alloys in the Aerospace Industry
Titanium Alloys in the Medical Industry
Titanium Properties-Medical
Successful Applications
Ceramic Injection Molding
Low-Pressure Injection Molding
High-Pressure Injection Molding
Ceramic Market Players, Materials and Processes
Current Market Trends and Projections
Mature Technology Attracting New Entrants
Technology Driving Value Creation
Consolidation and Growth in MIM Markets
Global Economic Outlook and MIM Markets
Chapter 4 Supplier Markets for MIM and CIM
Metal and Alloy Powder Suppliers
Iron and Steel Powders
Ferro Alloys
Cobalt Powders
Nickel Powders
Titanium and Alloy Powders
Metal and Alloy Powder Suppliers in Japan
Feedstock Suppliers
Magnesium
Binders
Mixer Equipment for Feedstock
Equipment Manufacturers
Injection Molding Machines
Debinding and Sintering Equipment
Setters
Crack Detection
Chapter 5 Analysis of Metal and Ceramic Injection Molding Markets
Asia-Pacific MIM and CIM Markets
Chinese MIM and CIM Markets
Hong Kong MIM and CIM Markets
Indian MIM and CIM Markets
Japanese MIM and CIM Markets
Korean MIM and CIM Markets
Malaysian MIM and CIM Markets
Singapore MIM and CIM Markets
Taiwanese MIM and CIM Markets
North American MIM and CIM Markets
Canadian MIM and CIM Markets
U.S. MIM and CIM Markets
EMEA MIM and CIM Markets
Austrian MIM and CIM Markets
Belgian MIM Market
French MIM Market
German MIM and CIM Markets
Hungarian MIM Market
Israeli MIM and CIM Markets
Italian MIM and CIM Markets
Netherlands MIM and CIM Markets
Russian MIM and CIM Markets
Slovakian MIM and CIM Markets
Spanish MIM and CIM Markets
Swedish MIM Market in Sweden
Swiss MIM and CIM Markets
Turkish MIM and CIM Markets
U.K. MIM and CIM Markets
Rest of the World (ROW)
Australian MIM and CIM Markets
Brazilian MIM Market
Dominican Republic MIM and CIM Markets
Chapter 6 Application Markets for the MIM and CIM Industries
Global Firearms Industry
U.S. Firearms Industry
Firearm Manufacturers in the U.S
3D Printing and Firearms
Medical and Dental Industry
Orthopedic Products
Dental Products
Watch Industry
3C Industry-Asia's Strength
Products and Applications
Chapter 7 Patent Analysis
Metal Injection Molding
Chapter 8 Company Profiles
3M
AB TECHNOLOGY (M) SDN. BHD.
ADTECH CERAMICS
ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD.
ADVANCED METALWORKING PRACTICES LLC
ADVANCED POWDER PRODUCTS, INC.
ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY & MATERIALS CO. LTD.
ADVANTAGE METAL POWDERS, INC.
AFFINITY INTERNATIONAL ENT INC.
Longshan Taida Ltd.
AG Materials Inc.
AKRON PORCELAIN & PLASTICS CO.
ALD VACUUM TECHNOLOGIES AG
ALLIANCE MIM
AMERICAN CHEMET CORP.
AMERICAN ORTHODONTICS
AMETEK INC.
Reading Alloys Inc.
AMPHENOL MCP
APG MIM
APPLIED SEPARATIONS
ARBURG GMBH + CO KG
ARC GROUP WORLDWIDE, INC.
ARCAM EBM (A GE ADDITIVE COMPANY)
ASHLAND INC.
ATECT CORP.
AUSTRALIAN METAL POWDERS SUPPLIES
AVL METAL POWDERS
AVS INC. (ADVANCED VACUUM SYSTEMS)
BASF AG
BECKETT MIM LTD.
BESTNER
BLASCH PRECISION CERAMICS
BMI FOURS INDUSTRIELS
BRITT MANUFACTURING CO. (PART OF GREENE GROUP)
C.I. HAYES
CANA-DATUM MOULDS LTD.
CARPENTER POWDER PRODUCTS
CASETEK HOLDINGS LTD.
CASTEM
CATCHER TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
CELANESE
CENTER FOR INNOVATIVE SINTERED PRODUCTS
CENTORR VACUUM INDUSTRIES
CERADYNE INC. (PART OF 3M)
CERAMCO INC.
CERAMIC OXIDE FABRICATORS
CERAMTEC GMBH
CERBIDE INC.
CETATECH
CITIZEN WATCH CO.
CLARIANT CORP.
CM FURNACES INC.
CMG TECHNOLOGIES
CN INNOVATIONS HOLDINGS LTD. (ZOLTRIX)
COHO BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY CO LTD. (ZIBONE BRAND)
COMOTEC SA
CONTINUOUS METAL TECHNOLOGY, INC.
COORSTEK INC.
CORE-TECH, INC.
CPS TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
CREMER THERMOPROZESSANLAGEN GMBH
CYPRESS INDUSTRIES
DEAN GROUP INTERNATIONAL LTD.
DEMCON METAL INJECTION MOULDING
DONCASTERS GROUP LTD.
DORST TECHNOLOGIES
DOU YEE TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD.
DR. BOY GMBH & CO. KG
DSH TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
DURON PLASTICS LTD.
DYNAMIC GROUP
EASEA INTERNATIONAL LTD.
ELEMENT 22
ELNIK SYSTEMS
EMBE PRODUCTS & SERVICE GMBH
EMIL BRoLL GMBH & CO.
ENGEL AUSTRIA GMBH
EPSON ATMIX CORP.
ERAMET
FILTROS LTD.
FORM TECHNOLOGIES/OPTIMIM (WAS DYNACAST)
FORMATEC TECHNICAL CERAMICS BV
FUKUDA METAL FOIL AND POWDER CO. LTD.
FW WINTER INC. & CO.
GEVORKYAN LTD.
GKN PLC
GKN Sinter Metals GmbH (MIM)
Hoeganaes Corp.
GLOBAL ADVANCED METALS PTY LTD.
GOCERAM AB
HANSUH MIM TECH CO. LTD
HARDEX
H.C. STARCK
HENRY SCHEIN
HITACHI CHEMICAL CO. LTD.
Hitachi Powdered Metals (U.S.) Inc.
HITACHI METALS LTD.
Hitachi Metals Precision Ltd.
HOGANAS AB
INDO-MIM PVT LTD.
INMATEC TECHNOLOGIES GMBH
INTEGER HOLDINGS CORP. (WAS GREATBATCH MEDICAL)
INTRINSIQ MATERIALS INC.
ISCAR LTD.
Metaor Ltd.
ISCAR-Microtools Division
ITB PRECISIETECHNIEK
JAPAN STEEL WORKS LTD.
JIANGSU GIAN TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
JIANGXI YUEAN SUPERFINE METAL CO., LTD.
JJ ORTHODONTICS PVT. LTD.
KARTESIS INDUSTRIES
KEIR MFG INC.
KIKUCHI SEISAKUSHO CO., LTD.
KLaGER SPRITZGUSS GMBH & CO.
KOBE STEEL
KYERIM METAL (KRMIM)
KYMERA INTERNATIONAL (ACUPOWDER, ECKA AND SCM)
LAPKEUNG
LEISTRITZ CORP.
LIQUIDMETAL TECHNOLOGIES
LOMI GMBH
LONZA INC.
LTC GMBH
MATERIALS PROCESSING INC.
MATERION
MATHSON GROUP INC.
MAXON MOTOR AG
Maxon Ceramic
MEETU-RAJ INDUSTRIES
MEGAGEN
MERCURY CENTRE
METAL POWDER PRODUCTS
NetShapeTechnologies Inc. (MIM)
MICRO
MICROCERAM GMBH
MICROMOLD INC.
MIKROTECHNIK HIRT
MIM ITALIA SRL
MIM-TECH ALFA SL
MIMECRISA
MIMEST SPA
MIMFORMS LLC
MKS KUNSTSTOFFSPRITZGUSS GMBH
MMP INDUSTRIES LTD.
MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS INC.
Ceramics Business
MORELLI DENTAL
MORGAN ADVANCED MATERIALS
MPI INC.
MUT ADVANCED HEATING GMBH
NANOMAG LLC
NANOVAL GMBH & CO. KG
NEGRI BOSSI SPA
NEUE MATERIALIEN FUERTH GMBH
NEW METALS AND CHEMICALS CORP.
NIPPON ATOMIZED PROCESSING CO. LTD.
NIPPON PISTON RING CO. LTD.
NISHIMURA ADVANCED CERAMICS
NISSEI PLASTIC INDUSTRIAL CO. LTD.
Nissei America Inc.
NORWOOD MEDICAL
OBE GMBH & CO.
OECHSLER AG
OERLIKON METCO
ONISHI LITE INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
OSAKA TITANIUM TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
PACIFIC PARTICULATE MATERIALS LTD.
PARKWAY PRODUCTS
PARMACO
PARMATECH CORP.
Old Proform Unit
PELTSMAN CORP.
Philips Ceramics
PHILLIPS-MEDISIZE CORP. (A SUBSIDIARY OF MOLEX)
PIMKOREA
POLYALLOYS INJECTED METALS
POLYMIM
POMETON SPA
PORITE LTD.
POWDERMET INC.
PRECISION ENGINEERED PRODUCTS, INC.
PTI (POLYMER TECHNOLOGIES)
QUEBEC METAL POWDERS LTD.
RAUSCHERT GMBH
REICH MIM GMBH (WAS HOCK SACHSEN GMBH)
REMINGTON OUTDOOR CO. INC.
RETCO TOOL CO.
RIFMET PRO LLC.
ROCKY MOUNTAIN ORTHODONTICS
RUGER PRECISION METALS LLC
RYER INC.
SAFFROSHINE ORGANICS PVT. LTD.
SANDVIK MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY
SCHUNK SINTERMETALLTECHNIK GMBH
SEMBACH GMBH & CO. KG
SHANDONG JINZHU MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
SHANGHAI FUTURE HIGH-TECH CO., LTD.
SHANGHAI ZIYAN ALLOY APPLICATION TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
SILCON PLASTIC
SIMUWU
SINTER METAL TECHNOLOGIES
SINTEZ CIP LTD.
SINTS PRECISION TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
SIRRIS
SMALL PRECISION TOOLS INC.
SMITH METAL PRODUCTS
SODICK PLUSTECH CO. LTD.
North American Headquarters
SOFINE PIM TECH
SOLIDMICRON TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD.
SSI-SINTERED SPECIALTIES
SUN STAR INC.
SUPERCRITICAL FLUID TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
SUPERIOR TECHNICAL CERAMIC CORP.
SWATCH GROUP LTD.
ETA SA Manufacture Horlogère Suisse
Comadur
TAISEI KOGYO CO., LTD.
TAIWAN POWDER TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.
TAIWAN SINTERED METALS CO. LTD.
MIM Manufacturing Unit
TAURUS HOLDINGS INC.
TAV MEDICAL
TCK FEEDSTOCK
TEIBOW CO. LTD.
THERMAL TECHNOLOGY INC.
THORTEX INC.
THYSSENKRUPP METALLURGICAL PRODUCTS GMBH
TLS TECHNIK GMBH & CO. SPEZIALPULVER KG
TMC TECHNOLOGY CORP.
TONO PRECISION CO. LTD.
TOYO KAKO CO. LTD.
TRUE VELOCITY INC.
U.S. METAL POWDERS INC. (AMPAL INC. AND POUDRES HERMILLON, SARL)
UMICORE (EARLIER EUROTUNGSTENE)
USD FORMTEILTECHNIK GMBH (USD POWDER GMBH)
VAC AERO FURNACES INTERNATIONAL INC.
VALE
Novamet Specialty Products Corp.
WAFFER TECHNOLOGY CORP.
WEIGHT CO. LTD. (FORMERLY TOPMIM)
WITTMANN-BATTENFELD
Wittmann Battenfeld of America Inc.
WORLD CLASS TECHNOLOGY CORP./ORTHO CLASSIC
WUNDER-MOLD
ZCMIM TECHNOLOGY LTD.
ZHEJIANG YAHONG MEDICAL APPARATUS CO. LTD.
ZSCHIMMER & SCHWARZ GMBH & CO
List of Tables
Summary Table : Global Market for Metal and Ceramic Injection Molding, by Region, Through 2023
Table 1 : Comparison of Product Properties: MIM Process and Competing Processes
Table 2 : MIM Process: Potential Parameters to Be Controlled and Methods
Table 3 : Chemistry of Materials That Can Be Molded Using MIM Process
Table 4 : Mechanical Properties of Materials Made by MIM Process
Table 5 : MIM Binder Systems and Use
Table 6 : Inconel 718 Alloy MIM-Binder and Process Details
Table 7 : Binder Details for MIM Products Using 316l Stainless Steel
Table 8 : Binder Systems for Titanium and Titanium Alloy MIM
Table 9 : Binder and Process Details for Ti-6al-4v Alloy MIM
Table 10 : MIM Binder Systems and Debinding Methods
Table 11 : Comparison of Binder and Debinding Processes
Table 12 : Binder Compositions from U.S. Patents
Table 13 : Comparison of Various Debinding Approaches
Table 14 : Impact of Debinding Systems on Final MIM Product and Process
Table 15 : Primary Debinding Conditions for Various Binder Systems
Table 16 : Secondary Debinding Conditions for Various Binder Systems
Table 17 : Sintering Conditions and Equipment for Various MIM Materials
Table 18 : Common Magnesium Alloys and Compositions
Table 19 : Magnesium Alloy Properties and Applications, by Industry
Table 20 : Comparison of Injection Molded and Die Case Mag Alloy Properties
Table 21 : Corrosion Rates of Injection Molded Magnesium Articles
Table 22 : Titanium MIM–Technical Details Summary
Table 23 : Examples of Titanium Medical Specifications
Table 24 : Industry Award Winning Complex MIM Parts, 1979-2017
Table 25 : Comparison of LPIM and HPIM Processes
Table 26 : Ceramic Component Manufacturers’ Application Markets
Table 27 : Ceramic Component Manufacturers’ Material and Process Capabilities
Table 28 : Markets and Applications for CIM Products and Typical Materials
Table 29 : Zircon PIM Parts Binder System and Process Details
Table 30 : Ceramic Binder Systems and Use
Table 31 : CIM Equipment Suppliers
Table 32 : Companies Active in Ceramic Injection Molding
Table 33 : Summary of Acquisitions in the MIM and CIM Markets
Table 34 : Global MIM and CIM Market Share, by Region, 2017
Table 35 : Global MIM and CIM Market, by Region, Through 2023
Table 36 : Major Global Metal Injection Molding Powder Producers
Table 37 : Global Exports of Iron and Steel Powders, by Country, 2013-2017
Table 38 : Selected Global Suppliers of Iron and Steel Powders
Table 39 : Global Exports of Alloy Steel Powders, by Country, 2013-2017
Table 40 : Selected Global Suppliers of Alloy Steel Powders
Table 41 : Selected Global Suppliers of Cobalt Flakes and Powders
Table 42 : Global Exports of Nickel Flakes and Powders, by Country, 2013–2017
Table 43 : Titanium Powder Classification and Characteristics
Table 44 : Titanium Powder Manufacturers
Table 45 : Metal Powder Manufacturers in Japan
Table 46 : Major Global MIM Feedstock Suppliers
Table 47 : Common Binder Systems Used in MIM
Table 48 : Binder Systems Reported for Various MIM Materials
Table 49 : Injection Molding Machine Manufacturers for MIM and CIM
Table 50 : Selected Suppliers for Aqueous Debinding Units
Table 51 : Selected Sintering Technology Suppliers
Table 52 : Vacuum Furnace Manufacturers for MIM and CIM
Table 53 : Lab Equipment Used by MIM Manufacturers
Table 54 : Suppliers of Test Equipment for Crack and Void Detection in MIM Parts
Table 55 : Major Manufacturers of Global PIM Parts
Table 56 : MIM and CIM Companies in China
Table 57 : Selected MIM And CIM Companies in India
Table 58 : MIM Companies in Korea and Their Major Activities
Table 59 : Selected MIM and CIM Companies in Europe
Table 60 : Selected MIM and CIM Suppliers in Europe
Table 61 : Global Imports of Firearm Components, by Country, Through 2017
Table 62 : Global Exports of Firearm Components, by Country, Through 2017
Table 63 : Imports of Specific Weapons to the U.S., Through 2016
Table 64 : Firearm Production in the U.S., by Company, 2016
Table 65 : Orthopedic Appliances Imported, by Country, Through 2017
Table 66 : MIM Materials and Uses in Medical Implant Applications
Table 67 : Major Implant Manufacturing Companies and Segments
Table 68 : Global Imports of Dental Fittings, by Country, Through 2017
Table 69 : Global Exports of Dental Fittings, by Country, Through 2017
Table 70 : Orthodontic Suppliers in the U.S.
Table 71 : FDA Registered Dental Bracket Manufacturers
Table 72 : Global Imports of Surgical Instruments, by Country, Through 2017
Table 73 : Medical Instruments Made by MIM Technology and Types of Materials Used
Table 74 : Global Import Market of Watch Cases and Components, by Country, Through 2017
Table 75 : Global Exports of Watch Cases and Components, by Country, Through 2017
Table 76 : Top Swiss Watch and Watch Component Makers That Use CIM Products
Table 77 : MIM Materials and Parts Used in 3C Products
Table 78 : MIM Products in the Global 3C Industry and Market Size, 2016
Table 79 : Recent U.S. Patents Filed with MIM in the Claim, 2015 Through February 2018
Table 80 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on Powder Technology for MIM, 1994–2014
Table 81 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on Binder Technology for MIM, 1991–2014
Table 82 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on Mixing Technology for MIM, 1982–2014
Table 83 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on Injection Technology on MIM, 1988–2016
Table 84 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on Debinding Technology for MIM, 1987-2007
Table 85 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on Sintering Technology for MIM, 1988–2015
Table 86 : Important Global Patents and Patent Applications on MIM Using Titanium and Titanium Alloys, 1988–2015
List of Figures
Summary Figure : Global Market for Metal and Ceramic Injection Molding, by Region, 2017-2023
Figure 1 : MIM and Other Processes Compared
Figure 2 : MIM Process Optimization with Pressure and Temperature
Figure 3 : Typical Thermal Debinding and Sintering Cycle for 17-4PH Alloy
Figure 4 : Number of Journal Articles Published on MIM Each Year, 1980–2017
Figure 5 : Major MIM And CIM Supplier Base, by Segment, 2017
Figure 6 : Distribution of Global PIM Market, by Region, 2017
Figure 7 : MIM Sales in Japan, 2009-2018
Figure 8 : MIM Sales in Japan, by Segment, 2012-2016
Figure 9 : MIM Production Market in Japan, by Material, 2012-2016
Figure 10 : Manufacturers of Firearms in the United States, by Type, 2011-2016
Figure 11 : Firearm Exports from the United States, by Type, 2011-2016
Figure 12 : Firearm Import Volumes to the United States, by Type, 2011-2016
Figure 13 : Joint Replacement Surgeries Done in the U.S., 2012-2016
Figure 14 : Global Shipment Volumes of Electronic Devices, 2016-2020
Figure 15 : U.S. Patents Issued on MIM Technologies, 1976 Through March 2018
Figure 16 : U.S. Patents and Patent Applications Filed on MIM Technologies Since 1976, by Material
Figure 17 : U.S. Patents and Patent Applications Filed on MIM Technologies Since 1976, by Application
Figure 18 : Inventors of MIM-Related Technologies, by Country, 1976-2018
Figure 19 : U.S. Patents and Patent Applications with MIM in the Claim, 1983–2018*
Figure 20 : Indo-MIM Company Revenues, 2008-2017

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