Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

Merchant Hydrogen: Industrial Gas and Energy Markets

Report Scope:

This BCC Research study focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data about the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, lists company profiles, and discusses patent trends and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are key foci.

The report includes the following -
- Investigation and assessment of the future use of merchant hydrogen as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market.
- Analysis of trends in the market, with data for 2019, estimates for 2020 and projected compound annual growth rates through 2025.
- An overview of the structure of the industry and extensive company profiles of the leading organizations.
- Detailed analyses of research focus, end-use markets and production technologies.
- Analysis of patent and intellectual property activity.
- Market drivers, restraints and opportunities.
- Initiatives of various regions to develop the hydrogen economy.
- Analysis of delivery and storage methods for hydrogen.

Report Includes:

- 48 tables
- A brief overview of the global market for merchant hydrogen technologies within the energy sector
- Analyses of the global market trends, with data corresponding to market size for 2019, estimates for 2020, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2025
- State-of-the-art trends observed in fuel cell technology as it is one of the fastest growing segments in the merchant hydrogen application areas and a shift towards Green Hydrogen
- New Federal & States incentives and laws supporting utilization of hydrogen and FCV in the U.S.
- Policy Recommendations from IRENA, and economy diversification measures as apart of hydrogen economy by middle eastern states
- Latest information on market opportunities for merchant hydrogen and its future use as an industrial gas and the roles likely played by the emerging hydrogen energy market
- Industry value chain analysis of the merchant hydrogen energy market providing a systematic study of key intermediaries involved, which could expedite stakeholders in formulating appropriate strategies
- Emphasis on the current and emerging applications of merchant hydrogen and its on-site distributed generation
- Insight into the major breakthrough development areas such as biological processing and localized production, research focus, end-use markets, and production technologies
- Profile description of major market players including Amec Foster Wheeler Ltd., Air Liquide, Iwatani International Corp., Linde Ag, Exxon Mobil Corp., Ceramatec, Hydrogenics Corp., and Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd.


Chapter 1 Introduction
Study Goals and Objectives
What's New in This Update
Reasons for Doing This Study
Scope of Report
Information Sources
Methodology
Geographic Breakdown
Analyst's Credentials
BCC Custom Research
Related BCC Research Reports
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Market and Technology Background
Hydrogen
Market Size and Segmentation
Global Production of Hydrogen
Industrial Hydrogen Market Segments
Merchant Hydrogen Segment
Large-Scale Merchant Hydrogen Production Technologies
Steam Methane Reformation of Natural Gas
Coal Gasification
Distributed Hydrogen Production
Reformation of Bio-derived Liquids
Coal and Biomass Gasification
Compact Autothermal and Fuel Cell Generators
Merchant Market Delivery Modes
Delivery State: Liquefaction and Gasification
Economics
Plant Capital Costs
Role in Oil Refinery Cost
Hydrogen as an Energy Fuel
Pipeline Economics
Merchant Hydrogen Costs and End Users
Chapter 4 Global Merchant Hydrogen Markets
Summary
European Market
European Production
E.U. Pipelines
China
China Hydrogen Production and Supply
Australia
Policy Recommendation from IRENA at Second Hydrogen Energy Ministerial Meeting
Chapter 5 U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand
Merchant Industrial Hydrogen End-User Segments
Oil Refining
Food Industry/Edible Oil
Chemical Industry
Steel Industry/Metallurgy
Electronics Industry
Glass Processing Industry
Power Industry
Research and Development Demand
U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand Forecast
Hydrogen Energy Market Drivers
Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
Advances in Fuel Cell Technology
Development of Fueling Infrastructure
Distributed Hydrogen Production Systems
High-Purity Hydrogen Market
Government-Supported Hydrogen Initiatives
Government Initiatives
Federal Initiatives
State Initiatives
Regional Initiatives
Chapter 6 U.S. Merchant Production
Location of U.S. Hydrogen Refinery Capacity
Location of U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Plants
Hydrogen from Renewable Resources
2020 Update
Chapter 7 Merchant Hydrogen Technology Development
Overview
Principal Technologies
Thermal Processes
Electrolytic Processes
Photolytic Processes
Other Types of Process
Emerging Production Technologies
Advanced Membrane Technology
Plasma Reforming
Hydrogen via Wastewater Remediation
Direct Sunlight-to-Hydrogen Conversion
Catalysts
Oxygen and Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalysts
Atomically Dispersed Platinum Catalyst
Molybdenum Sulfide as Platinum Catalyst Replacement
Stanford Nickel Iron Catalyst
Nanostructured Nickel Hydroxide
A shift toward Production of Green Hydrogen—Global Developments in Electrolyte Technology and Storage
Chapter 8 Merchant Hydrogen Delivery Modes
Pipelines
New Hydrogen Pipeline Materials
Mixed Hydrogen/Natural Gas Pipelines
Tank Trucks, Railcars, Barges
Tube Trailers
On-Site Production
Chapter 9 Hydrogen Storage
Principal Technologies
Direct Storage of Hydrogen
Hydrocarbons
Zeolites
Chapter 10 Patents
Summary of Patent Activity
Hydrogen Production
Hydrogen Storage
Bulk Distribution
Fuel Cells
Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
Hydrogen Sensors
Sample Patents
Chapter 11 Industry Structure and Company Profiles
Engineering Services
AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD./WOOD. PLC
TECHNIPFMC
UHDE GMBH
Industrial Gas Providers
AIRGAS, INC-AN AIR LIQUIDE COMPANY
AIR LIQUIDE
AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
EQUISTAR CHEMICALS LP
GENERAL HYDROGEN CORP.
IWATANI INTERNATIONAL CORP.
LINDE AG
PRAXAIR, INC.- A WHOLLY OWNED SUBSIDIARY OF LINDE PLC
SINOPEC MAOMING CO.
UNITED HYDROGEN GROUP (NOW AQUIRED BY PLUG POWER INC.)
Refiners and Refineries
AMEC FOSTER WHEELER LTD. (WOOD. PLC)
ANDEAVOR
BP PLC
CHEVRON CORP.
CONOCOPHILLIPS
EXXON MOBIL CORP.
FLINT HILLS RESOURCES
MARKWEST JAVELINA
MOTIVA ENTERPRISES LLC
ROYAL DUTCH SHELL PLC
SHELL DEER PARK REFINING
VALERO ENERGY CORP.
Fuel Cells
BALLARD POWER SYSTEMS
BLOOM ENERGY CORP.
CERAMATEC
FUEL CELL ENERGY, INC.
GRZ TECHNOLOGIES SA
HYDROGENICS CORP.
MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.
PLUG POWER LLC
PRAGMA INDUSTRIES
Vehicles
ASIA PACIFIC FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
HYUNDAI MOTORS
MAGNA STEYR AG & CO. KG
MERITOR, INC.
TOYOTA MOTORS
US FUEL CELL
Electrolyzers and Distributed Reformers
ACTA SPA
INTELLIGENT ENERGY
ITM POWER PLC
NEL HYDROGEN AS
NUVERA FUEL CELLS LLC
PROTON ONSITE, INC.
Hydrogen Purification and Sensors
ELEMENT ONE
H2SCAN
HY9 CORP.
MAKEL ENGINEERING, INC.
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
XEBEC ADSORPTION, INC.
Catalysts
ACTA SPA
E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, INC.
NANOMIX, INC.
Storage
LUXFER GROUP LTD.
PLASTIC OMNIUM GROUP
QUANTUM FUEL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGIES WORLDWIDE, INC.
TOSHIBA CORP.
Start-Ups and R&D
ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
ALUMIFUEL POWER CORP.
BATELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
DIVERSIFIED ENERGY CORP.
ERGOSUP
ELECTROCHAEA
EPRIDA TECHNOLOGIES
ETUDES CHEMIQUES ET PHYSIQUES SARL
GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
GENERAL ATOMICS
HELIOGEN
HCE LLC
HTC PURENERGY
INNOVATEK, INC.
JETSTREAM ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
MO-SCI CORP.
NATIONAL CENTER FOR HYDROGEN TECHNOLOGY
POWERTECH LABS, INC.
SECAT, INC.
SOTACARBO SPA
YANGTZE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Chapter 12 Appendix: Glossary and Acronyms
List of Tables
Summary Table : Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2025
Table 1 : Potential Applications of Hydrogen
Table 2 : Hydrogen Production Feedstocks
Table 3 : Natural Gas Prices for Industrial Sector
Table 4 : U.S. By-Product Hydrogen Production Share, by Industry, 2019
Table 5 : Global Hydrogen Production, by Segment, 2019
Table 6 : U.S. Market Share of Merchant Hydrogen Production, by Industry Type, 2019
Table 7 : North American Market Share of Merchant Hydrogen Capacity, by Company, 2017
Table 8 : Global Market Share of Merchant Market Delivery Modes, by Sector, 2019
Table 9 : Hydrogen’s Share of Oil Refinery Fixed and Variable Operating Costs, 2017
Table 10 : Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2025
Table 11 : Global Production Share of End Uses of Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2019
Table 12 : E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, 2004-2014
Table 13 : E.U. Merchant Hydrogen Production, Through 2025
Table 14 : Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production in the E.U., by Company and Location, 2017
Table 15 : E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Country, 2017
Table 16 : E.U. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Company, 2017
Table 17 : Chinese Consumption Share of Hydrogen, by End Use, 2019
Table 18 : U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, by End-Use, Through 2025
Table 19 : U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, by Fiscal Years, 2004-2017
Table 20 : U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects, August 2018
Table 21 : U.S. Fuel Cell Vehicles on Road, 6th June 2020
Table 22 : U.S. Stationary Fuel Cell Equipment, 6th June 2020
Table 23 : R&D Areas for Distributed Hydrogen Production
Table 24 : U.S. Hydrogen Laws and Incentives (Federal)
Table 25 : State Incentives–California
Table 26 : Hydrogen Laws and Incentives in New York
Table 27 : U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, January 2019
Table 28 : Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity in the U.S., Canada and Mexico, by Company and Location, 2016
Table 29 : Approaches to Using Renewable Power to Produce Hydrogen, by Project Category
Table 30 : Sample of U.S. Renewables-Based Hydrogen Production Pilot Projects, 2017
Table 31 : Thermal Processes for Hydrogen Production
Table 32 : Electrolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
Table 33 : Photolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
Table 34 : Typical Hydrogen Sale Quantities
Table 35 : U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by State, 2006-2016
Table 36 : U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline, by Owner, 2016
Table 37 : U.S. Department of Energy Targets for On-Board Hydrogen Storage Systems, 2020 and 2025
Table 38 : Hydrogen Storage Technologies
Table 39 : Distribution of Hydrogen Patents, by Major Field of Application, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 40 : U.S. Hydrogen Production Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 41 : Major Hydrogen Production Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, by Assignee, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 42 : U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 43 : Major Hydrogen Storage Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, by Assignee, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 44 : U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 45 : U.S. Fuel Cell Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 46 : Major Fuel Cell Intellectual Property Portfolios of U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents Issued, by Assignee, 1975-June 15, 2018
Table 47 : Holders of U.S. Hydrogen Sensor Patents Issued, by Company, 1975-June 15, 2018
List of Figures
Summary Figure : Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, 2019-2025
Figure 1 : Global Hydrogen Production Trends, 2019-2025
Figure 2 : U.S. Merchant Hydrogen Demand, 2019-2025
Figure 3 : U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, 2008-2016

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