Global Food Retailers database contains ranking, profiles and all key information about Food retail chains in Europe, America, Asia and Africa. Including turnover, numbers of supermarkets, hypermarkets, discounters, department stores and specialty stores. Annual figures officially published by the retailers themselves is included in turnover. 2 sources provide reliable data we use these to make estimates, when official figures are not available. Estimated figures are marked with (e). With the exception of retailers quoted on stock exchanges most of them prefer to delay publishing as long as possible. This can be 1.5 years in Europe.