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Tanzania: opportunities for the textile and clothing industry

Tanzania: opportunities for the textile and clothing industry

The textile and clothing industry in Tanzania has the potential to become a significant sourcing location for foreign buyers. Indeed, the Textile Development Unit (TDU) is promoting Tanzania as ""the best overall location for making apparel in Africa"".

Also, Tanzania is one of the world's largest producers of organic cotton. The country enjoys duty-free access to the EU, the USA and South Africa, as well as remarkable social and political stability, an ecological, clean and socially compliant textile and clothing industry and good transport infrastructure. Furthermore, it has a plentiful supply of cheap and English-speaking labour. However, the clothing industry in Tanzania is limited in terms of size and the products it offers, and it lacks experience in manufacturing garments for export markets. In world terms, Tanzania's clothing exports are modest but its exports of knitted clothing are growing as textile groups in the country invest in knitting capacities. Tanzania has also caught the eye of foreign investors and several Tanzanian companies have ambitious growth projects. This report provides an analysis of the textile and clothing industry in Tanzania, and the opportunities and challenges it faces. Also, it includes a geographical, political and economic profile and a wealth of statistical data relating to raw material production, textile and clothing production, and imports and exports of textiles and clothing. Furthermore, the report features a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis and contains profiles of selected textile and clothing factories and companies in Tanzania.


  • SUMMARY
  • GEOGRAPHICAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PROFILE
    • Geographical profile
    • Political and economic profile
    • Tanzania compared with Ethiopia and Kenya
      • Table Comparison of Tanzania, Kenya and Ethiopia
  • RAW MATERIAL PRODUCTION
    • Cotton cultivation
      • Table East and Southern Africa: cotton production in selected countries, 2005-15 ('000 balesa)
    • Trends in cotton production
      • Table Tanzania: cotton production, 2005/06-2015/16
    • Cotton sector development programme
    • Agreement regarding the export of cotton from Tanzania
    • Organic cotton
    • Genetically modified cotton
    • Foreign direct investment opportunities in the cotton sector
    • Sisal
      • Table Tanzania: production of sisal, 2001-14
  • TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY
    • Textile and clothing production
      • Table Tanzania: textile and clothing industry statistics, selected companies, 2014
      • Table Tanzania: production of selected manufactured products, 2005-2014
    • Textile and clothing employment
      • Table Tanzania: number of employees in industrial establishments with ten or more workers, 2009-14
  • FOREIGN TRADE IN FIBRES, TEXTILES AND CLOTHING
    • Exports of cotton and sisal
      • Table Exports of cotton and sisal, 2006-14
    • Exports of woven clothing and imports of woven fabrics
    • Exports of knitted clothing and imports of knitted fabrics
      • Table Tanzania: exports of knitted clothing, 2010-14 (US$ mn)
    • Imports of clothing
      • Table Tanzania: imports of knitted clothing, 2010-14 (US$ mn)
      • Table Tanzania: imports of woven clothing, 2010-14 (US$ mn)
    • Re-export trade
    • Import tariffs
    • Export processing zones and special economic zones
    • Main ports for exports and imports
      • Table Tanzania: total number of ships for passengers and cargo off-loading and loading, by main port, 2006-14
    • Port of Salalah, Oman
    • Bagamoyo Port
  • STRENGTHS, WEAKNESSES, OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS (SWOT)
    • Strengths
      • Preferential trading arrangements
        • Table Tanzania: preferential trading arrangements, 2016
    • Large pool of labour and low wages
    • Availability of cotton and organic cotton
    • Vibrant textile sector
    • Increasing energy supplies
      • Table Tanzania: energy costs, 2015 (Tsh)
    • Dynamic Textile Development Unit
    • Tanzania's new "Bulldozer" president
    • Weaknesses
      • Lack of visible government commitment
    • Uncompetitive spinning mills
    • Lack of fabrics for the clothing industry
    • Lack of skilled workers
    • High interest rates
    • Wrong taxation
    • Poor transport infrastructure
    • Unsustainable fossil energy
    • Lack of investment promotion policy in Dar es Salaam
    • Opportunities
      • Adding more value to Tanzanian cotton
    • Improving professional education and training
    • Benefiting from preferential relationship with China
    • Threats
      • Further downsizing of cotton production
    • Importation of cheap clothing from Asia and second hand clothing, and smuggling
    • Climate change
  • OUTLOOK
  • PROFILES OF SELECTED TEXTILE AND CLOTHING FACTORIES AND COMPANIES IN TANZANIA
    • A to Z Textile Mills, Arusha
    • Dahong Textile, Shinyanga
    • Huafang, Shinyanga
    • Jambo Spinning Mills and Textile Company, Arusha
    • Karibu Textile Mills, Dar Es Salaam
    • Kilimanjaro Blanket Corporation, Tanga
    • Mazava, Morogoro
    • MeTL Group (Mohammed Enterprises Tanzania)
    • Subsidiaries of MeTL Group
    • Mbeya Knitwear Company, Mbeya
    • Mwanza Textile Mills (Tanzania) (Mwatex), Mwanza
    • Morogoro Canvas Mill, Morogoro
    • Moshi Textile Mills (Motex), Moshi
    • Namera and Nida, Dar es Salaam
    • Nitori
    • Opensanit, Dar es Salaam
    • Sunflag (Tanzania), Arusha
    • New Tabora Textiles (Tanzania) (Tabotex), Tabora
    • Tanzania Tooku Garments, Dar es Salaam
    • Factories and employment
    • Cooperation with VF Corporation
    • Customers
    • Productivity
    • Wages
    • fob production
    • Expansion plans
    • Tanzania-China Friendship Textile Company (Urafiki)
  • CONTACT DETAILS

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