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Stretch Fibres and Fabrics: Reaching New Levels of Comfort, 2015

Stretch Fibres and Fabrics: Reaching New Levels of Comfort, 2015

Stretch fibres and fabrics offer several performance benefits compared with their stretchless counterparts. Indeed, elastane, a fibre which was first introduced in the 1950s for use in corsetry, is now used in virtually all categories of apparel – including compression garments, denim, everyday ready-to-wear garments, fashion wear, hosiery, outerwear, shapewear (shaping garments), sportswear, swimwear, underwear, waistbands and workwear – as a result of consumer demand for apparel which facilitates a high level of stretch and recovery. Furthermore, several variants of elastane have recently been developed in order to meet additional performance demands relating to durability. There have also been major advances in the development of alternative stretch fibres such as polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), polytrimethylene therephtalate (PTT) and elasterell. As a result, stretch fabric manufacturers can now choose from a broad range of fibres in order to meet specific customer demands in terms of stretch and recovery and other performance properties. This report provides a wealth of information on various types of stretch fibres and stretch fabrics, and the applications in which they are used. The report also discusses trends in supply and demand, and an overview of the key producers of stretch fibres and yarns, and stretch fabrics.


  • SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION
  • TYPES OF STRETCH FABRICS
  • ROLES OF FIBRE TYPE AND FABRIC CONSTRUCTION IN THE PROPERTIES OF STRETCH FABRICS
  • WAYS OF IMPARTING STRETCH PROPERTIES TO FABRICS
    • Mechanical stretch
    • Elastomeric fibres
    • Elastane versus rubber
    • Non-elastomeric fibres with inherent stretch
    • Elastolefin fibres
    • Stretch polyester fibres
    • Yarn crimping
    • Air-jet texturing
    • False-twist texturing
    • Knife edge texturing
    • Knit-deknit texturing
    • Stuffer box texturing
  • DEVELOPMENT OF STRETCH FIBRES
    • Elastane
    • Stretch polyesters
      • Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT)
    • Elasterell
  • CHARACTERISTICS OF STRETCH FIBRES
    • Elastane
      • Table Properties of selected textile fibres
      • Table Elastane content of garments
    • Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT)
    • Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT)
    • Elasterell
  • PRODUCTION OF STRETCH FIBRES
    • Elastane
    • Solution dry spinning
    • Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT)
    • Elasterell
  • INCORPORATING ELASTANE IN TEXTILES
    • Working pure elastane yarns into fabrics
    • Incorporating elastane in bicomponent or combination yarns
  • SUPPLY AND DEMAND FOR ELASTANE FIBRES
    • Supply of elastane fibres
    • Demand for elastane fibres
  • TESTING OF STRETCH FABRICS
    • Elongation at load
    • Force for elongation
    • Recovery after load
  • APPLICATIONS OF STRETCH FABRICS
    • Table Applications of stretch fabrics
    • Activewear
    • Compression garments
    • Cosmetotextiles
    • Everyday ready-to-wear garments
    • Fashion wear
    • Hygiene and personal care products
    • Outdoor apparel
    • Seamless garments
    • Shapewear
    • Workwear
    • Other applications
  • KEY PRODUCERS OF STRETCH FIBRES AND YARNS AND THEIR PRODUCTS
    • Asahi Kasei: Dorlastan and Roica
    • Roica
      • Table Roica: fibre variants, 2015
    • DuPont: Sorona
    • Fulgar: Evo
    • Hyosung: creora and Xanadu
    • creora
      • Table Hyosung: annual production of elastane, 1992-2014
      • Table creora: fibre variants, 2015
    • Xanadu
    • Indorama Industries Limited: Inviya
    • Invista: Lycra
      • Table Development of Lycra, 1958-2014
    • Manufacturing facilities
    • Blending Lycra with other fibres
    • Variants of Lycra fibre for apparel
    • Lycra HyFit for personal hygiene applications
      • Table Variants of Lycra fibre technologies, 2015
    • Nylstar: Meryl
      • Table Nylstar: varieties of Meryl stretch yarn, 2015
    • Unifi: Reflexx
    • XLAnce Fibre Italia: XLA
    • Yantai Tayho Advanced Materials: Newstar Spandex
    • Zhejiang Huafon Spandex: Qianxi
  • KEY PRODUCERS OF STRETCH FABRICS AND THEIR PRODUCTS
    • Asahi Kasei: Finex and Stretch Energy
    • Finex
    • StretchEnergy
    • Brugnoli: stretch fabrics
    • Apparel
    • Beachwear
    • Sports apparel
    • Underwear
    • Carvico: warp knitted fabrics
    • Darlington Fabrics: warp knitted fabrics
    • Dogi International Fabrics and Elastic Fabrics of America
    • Eurojersey: sensitive
    • Invista: Lycra fabric technologies
      • Table Lycra fabric technologies, 2015
    • Jersey Lomellina: elasticised circular knitted fabrics
    • Lauma Fabrics: elastic fabrics and laces
    • Nylstar: Meryl fabrics
    • Piave Maitex
    • Polartec: Polartec Power Stretch
    • Schoeller Group: stretch fabrics and stretchable soft shell fabrics
    • schoeller-dynamic
    • schoeller-prestige
    • schoeller-WB-formula
    • Stretchable soft shell fabrics
    • Stretchtex International
  • OUTLOOK

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