Market Research Logo

Stain protection in textiles and apparel: preserving aesthetics, durability, functionality and sustainability

Stain protection in textiles and apparel: preserving aesthetics, durability, functionality and sustainability

The main objective of stain protection in apparel is to preserve the aesthetics, durability and functionality of a garment by preventing liquids and particulate matter from attaching to the fabric from which the garment is made. Moreover, stain protection is essential in applications such as medical apparel and industrial workwear where it is important to prevent spills from penetrating a garment and reaching the wearer if those spills have the potential to cause harm. However, stain resistance is also in demand for everyday wear. Stain repellent treatments minimise the need to launder and dry clean garments, and a combination of stain resistance, wrinkle resistance and anti-odour treatments helps to keep clothes looking fresher for longer. But several stain repellent treatments are based on fluorocarbons–whose manufacture can result in the generation of chemicals which may have adverse effects on the environment and on human health. This has prompted several companies to invest in innovation and the development of treatments which are environmentally sustainable without compromising on performance. This report provides a wealth of information on stain repellent treatments, applications of stain repellent apparel, and developments in stain protection technologies. The report also features information on: the market for stain repellent apparel; the properties of stain repellent materials; the benefits of stain protection; methods used to achieve stain repellency; materials and technologies used for stain protection in textiles; innovations in stain repellent apparel; and the outlook for the stain protection market.


  • SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION
  • SIZE OF THE MARKET FOR STAIN REPELLENT APPAREL
  • STAINS IN APPAREL ITEMS WORN BY CONSUMERS
    • WHAT IS A STAIN?
    • CAUSES AND SOURCES OF STAINS
      • Table Classification and sources of stains
    • WAYS IN WHICH FABRICS BECOME STAINED
    • STAIN PROTECTION CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT FIBRE TYPES
      • Table Stain protection characteristics of different fibre types
    • COMBINING STAIN PROTECTION TREATMENTS WITH OTHER TREATMENTS
    • DOMESTIC TREATMENT OF STAINS IN APPAREL
  • STAIN PROTECTION
    • STAIN PROTECTIONREPELLING STAINS AND RELEASING STAINS
    • SURFACE TENSION AND SURFACE FREE ENERGY
      • Table Surface free energy of solids and surface tension of liquids
  • BENEFITS OF STAIN PROTECTION
    • PRESERVATION OF GARMENT AESTHETICS
    • PROLONGATION OF THE LIFE OF A GARMENT
    • CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
    • SAVING TIME
  • METHODS USED TO ACHIEVE STAIN REPELLENCY
    • CHEMICAL MODIFICATIONMATERIALS AND METHODS USED
    • SURFACE MODIFICATIONMATERIALS AND METHODS USED
  • APPLICATIONS OF STAIN REPELLENT APPAREL
  • PROPERTIES OF STAIN PROTECTION MATERIALS
    • ANTI-WETTING PROPERTIES
      • Hydrophobicity
      • Superhydrophobicity
      • Oleophobicity
      • Superamphiphobicity
  • METHODS OF TESTING THE STAIN PROTECTION PROPERTIES OF FABRICS
    • AATCC TM22-2014, Water RepellencySpray Test
    • AATCC TM79-2014, Absorbency of Textiles
    • AATCC TM118-2013, Oil RepellencyHydrocarbon Resistance Test
    • AATCC TM130-2015, Soil ReleaseOily Stain Release Method
    • AATCC TM193-2012, Aqueous Liquid RepellencyWater/Alcohol Solution Resistance Test
  • STAIN PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES
    • DEVELOPMENT OF STAIN PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • Influence of models in nature on the development of stain protection technologies
    • STAIN PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES
      • Stain protection
      • Stain release treatments
      • Combination of stain repellency and stain release
  • FLUOROCARBON-BASED FINISHES
    • STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF FLUOROCARBONS
  • EFFECTS OF FLUOROCARBONS AND THE PROCESSES USED TO PRODUCE THEM ON HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT
    • GUIDELINES ON THE PRODUCTION AND USE OF FLUORINATED CHEMICALS
      • US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) 2010/15 PFOA Stewardship Program
      • EU Directive 2006/122/EC on the use of perfluorooctane sulphonate (PFOS)
      • The Madrid Statement regarding fluorinated compounds and the FluoroCouncil's response
      • Role of the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) Programme
      • The positions of manufacturers and other suppliers on the use of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)
  • INNOVATIONS IN MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES USED FOR STAIN PROTECTION IN TEXTILES
    • ALBERT-LUDWIG-UNIVERSITÄT FREIBURG (UNIVERSITY OF FREIBURG)SELF-REPAIRING MATERIAL
    • CHEMOURSTEFLON
      • Table Versions of Teflon fabric protector and their properties, 2017
      • Teflon EcoElite
    • COLUMBIA SPORTSWEAROMNI-SHIELD
    • DROPEL FABRICSDROPELTECH
  • HARVARD JOHN A PAULSON SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCES (SEAS) AND THE WYSS INSTITUTE FOR BIOLOGICALLY INSPIRED ENGINEERING AT HARVARD UNIVERSITYSLIPPERY LIQUID INFUSED POROUS SURFACES
    • HEIQHEIQ ECO DRY
  • INSTITUTE OF TEXTILES AND CLOTHING (ITC) AT THE HONG KONG POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITYFABRIC MODELLED ON THE MICROSTRUCTURES OF AQUATIC BIRD FEATHERS
  • MITSUPERHYDROPHOBIC MATERIAL MODELLED ON NASTURTIUM LEAVES AND MORPHO BUTTERFLY WINGS
    • NANOTEXAQUAPEL
    • NANOTEXRELEASES STAINS
    • NANOTEXRESISTS SPILLS
    • NANOTEXRESISTS SPILLS & RELEASES STAINS
    • POSTECHENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY SUPERHYDROPHOBIC COATING MADE WITH SALT PARTICLES
    • RMIT UNIVERSITYTEXTILE WHICH DEGRADES ORGANIC MATTER WHEN EXPOSED TO LIGHT
    • SCHOELLER3XDRY BIO AND ECOREPEL BIO
    • SCHOELLERNANOSPHERE
    • UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGANDURABLE, SPRAY-ON COATING WITH SELF-HEALING AND SUPERHYDROPHOBIC PROPERTIES
    • W L GORE & ASSOCIATES (GORE)FABRICS WITH DURABLE WATER REPELLENT (DWR) TREATMENTS WHICH ARE FREE FROM PERFLUORINATED COMPOUNDS (PFCs)
  • INNOVATIONS IN STAIN REPELLENT APPAREL
    • ABLY APPARELABLY
    • LABFRESHSHIRTS WITH STAIN REPELLENT, ANTI-ODOUR AND ANTI-WRINKLE PROPERTIES
    • ODOJEANS WHICH ARE RESISTANT TO ODOURS AND REPEL STAINS
    • OLD NAVYSTAY WHITE JEANS
    • THREADSMITHSTHE CAVALIER
    • VARDAMASTAIN REPELLENT MEN'S WEAR
  • OUTLOOK

Download our eBook: How to Succeed Using Market Research

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.

Download eBook

Share this report