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Worldwide 4G/ 5G Transformations, Business Plan Innovation, & Revenue Maximisation 2018 - 2025

Worldwide 4G/ 5G Transformations, Business Plan Innovation, & Revenue Maximisation 2018 - 2025

Executive Summary


There are far bigger factors shaping the future communications than just the network Operators & Manufactures. The regulatory policies, merger resistance, fear of churn, competition, & obligations — the existing environment can’t be called much conducive for growth. It is the gains of the 2G era that has been keeping Operators motivated. Otherwise, Operator revenues have more than halved in the past 15 years, where companies like google, Apple, Facebook have grown by 400%.

As 2G evolved to become 3G — the profitability reduced further. With 4G, subscriptions increased, however new costs like spectrum, equipments further impacted decline in ARPUs. Operators, in reaction, made numerous attempts of mergers, which would have provided monopolies and greater room to manoeuvre (via increased pricing), but regulators came right in the way. All this has left industry into a saddening non plus ultra where staying in business requires doing enough to prevent subscriber churn while spending as little money as possible.

5G Feasibility Check
A great telecommunications system is the one that’s ubiquitous, capacitative, reliable, & available at lowest costs — to everyone. 5G, however in its current state is more suitable for dense areas especially because the propagation losses of mmWave band are very high. This refutes the idea of ubiquitous coverage & consistency, basically why 5G was brought into picture. Operators’ FWA attempt in the past had also not been so successful, e.g. Radiant, in UK.

The enthusiasm of Verizon has however forced us to revaluate this topic again, applying new & different perspectives, so we did. The Result, alas, is not only the indifference, but which also solidified our earlier apprehensions and attested now more firmly that 5G FWA, indeed represents a very bleak case, at least in its current avatar. But then we also speculate it can not be the only strategy and might as well just be a calculated marketing gimmick, to make presence felt or gain psychologically over competition. Or at best a libation to shareholders, if not else.

There is however more to 5G FWA than just Video, TV, & Content, which unfortunately no Research house is talking about. Mobile, for example, we have earlier proven in our research (r. Mobile Video Adaptation & Delivery), can never replace TV, hands down. There is a difference in a Substitute & an Alternative. And 5G FWA, as long as it remained a substitute -to fixed line, can not unlock the require growth on its own.

All-said, Researchica feels, if gains could be made in time for the much required latency or capacity —basically what’s sought from an ideal pre or par 5G setup —blended with special Apps or Privileges, especially across the residential (business is already a given!) segments —could provide some interesting, yet not permanent, revenues for operators in the short term. Long term planning at this time can be distracting where 5G Mobility must be more focussed upon at the moment.

Focussing essentially on smooth adoption & familiarity in the beginning: placing strategically with the existing (or any new)

3G or 4G plans; lending on occasions extensive community services, including to the businesses, as well as to individuals; filling gaps across rural settings — providing minimal internet
good enough for financial transactions, for example, are some areas that can be explored for quickest ARPU bucks, and can even be evolved further. Circumvention is the key.

Because operators had stopped enhancing coverage a long time ago, 5G could’ve been “that” opportunity for the industry to evolve and level-up on quality of service and meeting those “unmet” consumer expectations. Yet again, an example of the microcosm impacting the macrocosm, richer operators [mainly Tier-1 players (approx. 15%)] have decided
to go for short term gains [r. Ultra hi-speeds] — over long term gains [omnipresence, enhanced capacity & coverage, seamless consumer experience, consistency, & like]. Sooner
than we’ll know, Researchica fears, the Tier-2/3 players will now start masquerading behind them. And issues that’ve been stymieing the industry will never come to the fore, let
alone resolve ever.

Yes, there are issues that deserve attention, but certainly not ‘let’s invent new generation’, could be the answer to everything. A ‘juke radio’, for instance that could help operators broaden their 4G coverage, allowing simplification of complex topologies (all in to one), for example, would’ve gone a long way helping operators tap 4G, & deploy 5G
effectively, as well. So it can be said, popular, not rational decisions will impact the fate of 5G from hereon.


1.0 4G Tapper — 4G to 5G Network Enhancement, Revenue Maximisation, &Creating a Fertile Ground for 5G [w/Recommendations & Forecasts, 2018 to 2025]
1.1 5G Hype vs. 4G Monetisation: Focus where it matters.
1.1.1 4G has at least 10-15 years of strong applicability
1.1.2 4G Revenue Maximisation and Evolution towards 5G
1.2 4G Network Modernisation
1.2.1 Decide timing of Network modernisation
1.2.2 Worldwide 4G Network modernisation trend
1.2.3 CASE STUDY: Verizon Wireless 4G network modernisation – Analysis & Comments.
1.2.4 CASE STUDY: AT&T’s Initial 5G Network – Is it really 5G or ‘a marketing gimmick’?
1.3 Strategic importance of 4G for 5G
1.3.1 What role 4G will play till 2025 and beyond?
1.3.2 Strategic Importance of Wi-Fi in 5G era
1.4 Monetising 4G to its fullest: What else can be achieved from 4G network?
1.4.1 4G can support 90% of the revenue generating use cases for the next 10 years.
1.4.2 Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) applications using LTE-M and NB-IoT
1.4.2.1 Worldwide Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) Market 2018—2025
1.4.3 Connected car using LTE V2X with MEC
1.4.3.1 Worldwide Connected car Market 2018—2025
1.4.4 Digital TV using LTE Broadcast
1.4.4.1 Worldwide LTE Broadcast Market 2018—2025
1.4.5 D2D Communication for ProSe (Proximity Services) using LTE Direct
1.4.5.1 Worldwide ProSe (Proximity Services) Market 2018—2025
1.4.6 Robust Public Safety Communications using Advanced LTE technologies
1.4.6.1 Worldwide Public Safety LTE Market 2018—2025
1.5 Modern 4G technologies
1.5.1 Carrier Aggregation
1.5.2 Licensed Assisted Access (LAA)
1.5.3 Massive MIMO
1.5.4 Beamforming
1.5.5 Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)
1.6 Major Advantages of Modern 4G Technologies
1.6.1 Deliver fiber-like speeds on 4G mobile broadband
1.6.2 Offer LTE using unlicensed spectrum
1.6.3 Reduce Latency significantly
1.6.4 Dynamic Uplink-Downlink Configuration based on traffic condition
1.6.5 Significantly Expand Coverage, Increase Capacity, and Minimise Interference
1.7 4G Network Transformation as a path to 5G
1.7.1 CASE STUDY: SK Telecom’s 4G Network
1.8 Deciding 5G Network Timelines
1.8.1 Why 5G is being discussed so much without any actual demand in short term?
1.8.2 What if, you say no to 5G for now?
1.8.3 How operators can offer 5G without actually investing in 5G?
1.9 CASE STUDY: Comparative Study of 4G to 5G strategy of NTT DoCoMo (Japan), Airtel (India), & Telstra (Australia)
1.10. Pre5G Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) 2018 to 2025
1.10.1 Pre5G FWA Transformation: Vendor selection, Investment, Key Services, & Innovation.
1.10.2 5G Fertilisation — FWA Evolution, Use Case Advancements, & Future Applications.
1.10.3 5G FWA Subscriber & Revenue Forecasts 2018 to 2025
1.10.4 5G FWA Case Studies, Worldwide Analysis, with Recommendations
2.0 World 4G/ 5G Transformations, Full Ecosystem Analysis, & Market Update. 4Q 2017 +Estimations till 2025.
2.1. Why 5G?
2.1.1. 4G LTE Connections, ARPU, and Operator Billed Service Revenue, 2018-2019.
2.1.1.1. Split-by Consumer
2.1.1.2. Split-by Enterprises
2.1.2. 5G ARPC, Connections, and Operator Billed Service Revenue; Vertical Speculations 2018-2025
2.1.2.1. Augmented Reality & Virtual Reality
2.1.2.2. Digital Health
2.1.2.3. Mobile Broadband
2.1.2.4. Automotive
2.1.2.5. Wearables
2.1.2.6. Smart Homes
2.1.2.7. Smart Cities
2.2 5G — Beginning of the 2nd Machine Age.
2.2.1. Air Interface
2.2.2. Network Architecture
2.2.3. Centimetre & Millimetre Wave Radio Access
2.2.4. Network Slicing, NFV & SDN
2.2.5. 5G—MEC
2.2.6. RAN Virtualisation
2.3. Fuzzy Goals: 5G Objectives Decoded
2.4. 5G Capabilities & Network-based Use Cases.
2.4.1. Consumer Application
2.4.2. Industrial Application
2.5. 5G Performance Comparison w/ 4G Networks
2.5.1. Requirements for 5G Performance
2.6. 5G Preparation [Sowing Seeds]
2.6.1. 5G Force Field Analysis: Forces Against, in-Favour.
2.6.2. 5G Building Blocks
2.6.3. Planning 5G Business, Network, & Operations.
Table 1. Operator-Vendor Give & Take Matrix.
Table 2. 5G Investment, Impact & Effort Matrix.
Table 3. 5G Use Case & Value Mapping.
2.7. Root Level Understandings
2.7.1. Asset Assessment
2.7.2. Spectrum Assessment
2.7.2.1. Government Policy for 5G Spectrum
2.7.2.3. 5G Frequency Bands
2.7.2.4. Analysis (1) — 5G Spectrum Allocation, Worldwide.
2.8. Cautionary
2.8.1. Analysis (2) — 5G Versus 4G Implementation
2.8.2. MNOs can’t rely on previous methods of implementing 4G networks.
2.9. 5G Deployment Hierarchy
2.9.1. Plan — > Build — > Deploy —> Operate.
2.9.2. Step 1 — 5G Business Case Planning
2.9.2.1. Identifying Business Use-Cases comes first, then Deployment.
2.9.2.1.1. Analysis Cluster — 5G Demand & Feasibility
2.9.2.1.2. Analysis (3) — 5G Mojo Finder
2.9.2.1.3. Analysis (4) — Why the Rush (5G is years away!)?
2.9.2.1.4. Analysis (5) — 5G Alternatives.
2.9.2.1.5. Analysis (6) — 5G is Inevitable.
2.9.2.2. Analysis (7) — 5G Backward Compatibility & Resource Reutilisation
2.9.2.2.1. Coexistence of Traditional & Cloud based models.
2.9.2.2.2. Supporting both 4G & 5G Technologies.
2.9.2.3. Scheduling 5G
2.9.3. Step 2 — 5G Transformation Planning
2.9.3.1. Transformation Models
2.9.3.1.1. Overhaul Model (1)
2.9.3.1.2. Incremental Model (2)
2.9.3.2. Preparing for Transition
2.9.3.2.1. Analysis (8) — 5G Transition Strategies; Upgrading, Expanding, or Overhauling.
2.9.3.2.2. 2G/ 3G/ 4G —to— 4.5G —to— 5G
2.9.3.3. 5G Network Designing & Enabling
2.9.3.3.1. Designing on Top-Of —&— In-Parallel to existing Networks.
2.9.3.3.2. (Creating &) Maintaining Slices of Networks.
2.9.3.3.3. Analysis (9) — Capital Requirements
2.9.3.3.4. Analysis (10) —Network Competence & ‘Coopitition’.
2.9.3.3.5. Analysis (11) — Business Plan Innovation, Worldwide.
2.9.3.3.6. Identifying ‘Right Transition Processes'.
2.9.3.3.6.1. Analysis (12) — Setting Process Knowledge & Technology Tools in place.
2.9.3.3.6.2. Aiming for Early Competitive Advantages.
2.9.3.4. Network Slicing Conceptualisation
2.9.3.4.1. Exemplary Analysis (13) — MNO Network Slicing Strategies & Concepts, Worldwide.
2.9.3.4.2. SDN Conceptualisation
2.9.3.4.3. Analysis (14) — SDN; What was long absent & missed, is now possible.
2.9.3.5. 5G Network Capability Break-Up
2.9.3.5.1. for Capacity
2.9.3.5.2. for Resilience
2.9.3.6. RAN Deployment Planning
2.9.3.6.1. Economics
2.9.3.6.2. Challenges
2.9.3.6.3. Throughput & Latency
2.9.3.7. Investment Analysis
2.9.3.7.1. Detailed Investment Analysis (15) to support decision-making (of all the above).
2.9.3.8. Analysis (16) — Managing 5G Transformation.
2.9.4. Step 3 — 5G Network & Operations Planning
2.9.4.1. 5G Operational Impact
2.9.4.1.1. Technical
2.9.4.1.1.1. on Network Architecture & Performance
2.9.4.1.2. Non-Technical
2.9.4.1.2.1. on Use cases.
2.9.4.2 Tap—Till—You—Choke
2.9.4.3. Overview — Possibility, Opportunity Diagram (more on this is covered in the following chapters)
2.9.4.4. Profitable, Optimised Network.
2.9.4.4.1. Flawless Network Performance.
2.9.4.4.2. ‘Tweakable’ Software Defined Architecture
2.9.4.4.3. Analysis (17) — Developing Cognitive Network Capabilities via SDN.
2.9.4.5. AI, Big Data, IoT Mashup — Use & Applications
2.9.4.5.1. Examples — Real Case Scenarios
2.9.4.6. Analysis (18) — Profiteering during Transition.
2.9.4.7. Investment Strategies during Network Evolution
2.9.4.7.1. Savings/ Earnings
2.9.4.7.1.1. Detailed Analysis (19)— How Operators are aiming to grow revenues during every step of the migration process?
2.9.4.7.1.2. Network Asset (e.g. spectrum) Monetisation
2.10. 5G Ecosystem Forecasts, Worldwide 2018 to 2025
3 5G Commercialisation & Monetisation: Operator-Vendor Roadmaps, Business Plan Innovation, Use-Case Development, w/ Recommendations & Forecasts 2018 to 2025.
3.1. Step 4 — 5G ‘Commercialisation & Revenue Model’ Roadmaps.
3.1.1. Pre-5G Commercialisation +Monetisation 4Q 2017
3.1.1.1. Vendor Key Pre-5G Models
3.1.1.1.1. Use Cases — Pre-5G Commercialisation
3.1.1.1.2. Use Cases — Pre-5G Monetisation
3.1.1.2. Operator Key Pre-5G Models
3.1.1.2.1. Use Cases — Pre-5G Commercialisation
3.1.1.2.2. Use Cases — Pre-5G Monetisation
3.1.2. Par, Post 5G Commercialisation +Monetisation (4Q 2017)
3.1.2.1. Vendor Key Par/ Post 5G Models
3.1.2.1.1. Use Cases — Par-5G Commercialisation
3.1.2.1.2. Use Cases — Par-5G Monetisation
3.1.2.1.3. existing — Post-5G Commercialisation Models
3.1.2.1.4. perceptive — Post-5G Commercialisation Models
3.1.2.2. Operator Key Par/ Post 5G Models
3.1.2.2.1. perceptive— Par/ Post 5G Commercialisation
3.1.2.2.2. perceptive — Par/ Post 5G Monetisation
3.1.2.2.3. Analysis (20)— World 5G Achievement Break Up (4Q 2017).
3.1.2.3. 5G Team Feed: Creating & Innovating ways to bridge the gap between Physical, Social, & Virtual
Worlds. (support included)
3.1.2.4. ‘Tap-Tree’, Business Model Types.
3.1.2.4.1. Exclusive 5G: The unique and uncommon, high potential, both commercially & professionally
viable, cases. syn. Robotic, Highcost models.
3.1.2.4.1.1. Use in Commerce, Content, Context, & Connectivity.
3.1.2.4.2. Inclusive 5G — The common solutions replicable across industries, communities, public, or private forums. Syn. Automation, Lowcost Models.
3.1.2.4.2.1. Use in Commerce, Content, Context, & Connectivity.
3.2. 5G Business Model Provisioning
3.2.1. Asset-Provision
3.2.2. Connectivity-Provision
3.2.3. In-Partnership (Operator <—> Micro Operator) Provision
3.3. 5G Business Model Segmentation with Forecasts 2018-2020-2025
3.3.1. Residential Segments
3.3.1.1. Service Overlay (replacing broadband, ex.)
3.3.1.2. Asset-based Residential Business Models
3.3.1.3. Connectivity-based Residential Business Models
3.3.1.4. Partnership-based Residential Business Models
3.3.2. Industrial Segments
3.3.2.1. Building Industrial Ecosystems [use of M2M, IoT, &c.]
3.3.2.2. Output Enhancement (productivity, increased management, asset optimisation, ex.)
3.3.2.3. Asset-based Industrial Business Models
3.3.2.4. Connectivity-based Industrial Business Models
3.3.2.5. Partnership-based Industrial Business Models
3.3.3. Business Segments
3.3.3.1. Cloudification [simplifying use & delivery of services, fx.]
3.3.3.2. Alt—BOSS [BSS/ OSS] Models
3.3.3.3. Asset-based ‘Business-backed’ Models
3.3.3.4. Connectivity-based Business-backed Models
3.3.3.5. Partnership-based Business-backed Models
3.3.4. Citizen Segment
3.3.4.1. Nationwide Enhanced Mobile Experience
3.3.4.2. Unlocking New Use Cases (building digital parks, fx.)
3.3.4.3. Tapping VR/ AR/ AI Technologies
3.3.4.4. Asset-based Citizen-backed Models
3.3.4.5. Connectivity-based Citizen-backed Models
3.3.4.7. Partnership-based Citizen-backed Models
3.3.4.8. Mission Critical Application
3.3.4.9. Infrastructure-as-a-Service Segment, Exclusive.
3.4. Elements of a Successful Future 5G Network
3.4.1. Portability & Scalability (or Omni Accessibility)
3.4.1.1. Aiming for Personalisation — Plug-&-Play Abilities.
3.4.1.2. Examples — The most ‘Portable' 5G Use Cases.
3.1.1.3. Analysis (21) — Propelling unique experiential strengths & gaining exposure.
3.4.2. Wide Outreach (or Omni Presence)
3.4.2.1. Fast Delivery
3.4.2.2. Use Cases — Monetising 5G Reach & Presence.
3.4.3. Creativity & Innovation
3.4.3.1. Use Cases —‘Creative & Innovative' 5G use.
3.4.4. Consumer Awareness
3.4.4.1. Analysis (22) — 5G ‘Awareness’ among End-users & Industries. w/ Operator such Initiatives.
3.5. Leveraging ‘5G Care’
3.5.1. impact on Cost Savings — ‘Xtra Room’ for Revenues.
3.5.2. Use Cases — MNO ‘4G Care’ Scoreboard, 4Q 2017.
3.6. 5G Standards, & Future
3.6.1. World Standard Comprehension
3.6.2. World Standard Bodies
3.6.3. Standardisation Forecasts 2018 to 2025.
3.6.4. Watch out for Social Mascots & Corporate Responsibility Watchdogs.
3.7. World Operator 5G Case Study Collection [w/ Rationales]
3.7.1. AT&T, USA.
3.7.2. Verizon Wireless, USA.
3.7.3. SoftBank, Japan
3.7.4. América Móvil
3.7.5. China Mobile, China
3.7.6. NTT DOCOMO, Japan
3.7.7. SK Telecom, South Korea
3.8. Government Initiatives
3.8.1. Europe
3.8.2. USA
3.8.3. South Korea
3.8.4. Japan
3.8.5. China
3.8.6. Russia
3.9. Operator 5G Use Cases, Rest of the World.
3.10. Governments & 5G — Worldwide Critical Analysis (23).
3.10.1. Recommendations to Governments.
3.11. Cases in Contrast.
4.0 5G Vendor Selection & Portfolio Breakups —Trial Reports, Vendor-Operator Use Cases, w/ ***Ratings, Worldwide.
4.1. Overview.
4.2. World 5G R&D — Analysis (24) & Interpretations.
4.3. World 5G Investments — Analysis (25) & Interpretations.
4.3.1. Regional Investment Breakup.
4.4. Introductions
4.4.1. Standalone vs. Non-standalone 5G Core
4.4.2. Standalone 5G NR in Release 15.
4.4.3. Interoperability challenges
4.5. Ambition Analysis (26) —Coverage, Capacity, Ultra Capacity & Coverage.
4.5.1. eMBB [6GHZ vs. mmWave] Vs. uRLLC Vs. eMTC.
4.6. Worldwide 5G Subscriber Forecasts 2018-2025 [& Beyond].
4.7. Worldwide 5G Revenue Forecasts 2018-2025 [& Beyond].
4.8. World 5G Trials & Commercial Plotting, Worldwide.
4.9.1. Americas
4.9.1.1. North America
4.9.1.2. Latin America
4.9.1.2. Asia Pacifc
4.9.3. Middle East & Africa
4.9.4. Europe
4.9.4.1. East Europe
4.9.4.2. West Europe
4.9.5. Trial Judgements & Forecasts 2018 to 2025.
4.9.6. 5G Vendor-Operator Possibility Analysis (27) w. ‘safehand’ Recommendations.
✂ World 5G Service Provider (to MNOs) Directory.
4.10. World 5G Launch Schedule
4.10.1. Expected 2019 – 2020
4.10.2. Expected 2020 – 2022
4.10.3. Expected 2022 – 2025
4.11.. World 5G Vendor Hierarchy [Regional E2E & Specialised Detailed Service Breakups] —w/
Ratings.
4.11.1. Asia Pacific
4.11.1.1. Top 5 E2E Solution Providers — Asia Pacific.
4.11.1.2. Solution Breakup
4.11.1.2.1. Coverage (sub 6GHz)
4.11.1.2.2. Capacity
4.11.1.2.3. Ultra Capacity (24 GHz or Up)
4.11.1.3. Key Specialised Offerings — Asia Pacific.
4.11.2. Europe
4.11.2.1. Top 5 E2E Solution Providers — Europe.
4.11.2.2. Solution Breakup (SB)
4.11.2.2.1. Coverage (sub 6GHz)
4.11.2.2.2. Capacity
4.11.2.2.3. Ultra Capacity (24 GHz or Up)
4.11.2.3. Key Specialised Offerings — Europe.
4.11.3. Americas
4.11.3.1. Top 5 E2E Solution Providers — Americas.
4.11.3.2. Solution Breakup (SB)
4.11.3.2.1. Coverage (sub 6GHz)
4.11.3.2.2. Capacity
4.11.3.2.3. Ultra Capacity (24 GHz or Up)
4.11.3.3. Key Specialised Offerings — Americas
4.11.4. Middle East & Africa
4.11.4.1. Top 5 E2E Solution Providers — Middle East & Africa.
4.11.4.2. Solution Breakup (SB)
4.11.4.2.1. Coverage (sub 6GHz)
4.11.4.2.2. Capacity
4.11.4.2.3. Ultra Capacity (24 GHz or Up)
4.11.4.3. Key Specialised Offerings — Middle East & Africa.
4.12. 5G Key Vendor Case Studies —SWOT Analysis (28)
4.12.1. End-2-End (E2E) Offerings
4.12.1.1. Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE)
4.12.1.1.1. Overview
4.12.1.1.2. Product Portfolio
4.12.1.1.3. Strategic Initiatives
4.12.1.2. Intel
4.12.1.2.1. Overview
4.12.1.2.2. Product Portfolio
4.12.1.2.3. Strategic Initiatives
4.12.1.3. Nokia
4.12.1.3.1. Overview
4.12.1.3.2. Product Portfolio
4.12.1.3.3 Strategic Initiatives
4.12.1.4. Ericsson
4.12.1.4.1. Overview
4.12.1.4.2. Product Portfolio
4.12.1.4.3. Strategic Initiatives
4.12.1.5. Samsung
4.12.1.5.1. Overview
4.12.1.5.2. Product Portfolio
4.12.1.5.3. Strategic Initiatives
4.12.1.6 Huawei
4.12.1.6.1. Overview
4.12.1.6.2. Product Portfolio
4.12.1.6.3. Strategic Initiatives
4.12.2. Specialised or Fragmented Offerings
4.12.2.1. Key Independent Asset, & Connectivity Service Providers, Worldwide
4.12.2.1.1. Fronthaul/ Backhaul Solution Providers [e.g. from IP-based to circuit switch].
4.12.2.1.2. 5G Modern Antenna Solution Providers (e.g. Dual Connectivity)
4.12.2.1.3. RAN Modernisation
4.12.2.1.3.1. Most Energy-friendly Solutions.
4.12.2.1.3.1.1. Green RAN
4.12.2.1.3.2. Commercial 5G NR Implementation
4.12.2.1.3.3. Cloud RAN Planning and Data Center Deployment
4.12.2.1.4. Key Independent NFV Solution Providers.
4.12.2.1.4.1. NFV Offerings
4.12.2.1.4.2. World NFV Analysis 2018 to 2025.
4.12.2.1.5. Modern Chipset Providers
4.12.2.1.6. PON Convergence & Cloudification/ Core Experts.
4.12.2.1.7. MIMO & Beam-Forming Support Providers
4.12.2.1.8. SDN-specific Experts, Worldwide. (Independent software vendors, multi-service slicing, etc.).
4.12.2.1.8.1. Building a Cost Effective & Flexible 5G Network.
4.12.2.1.8.2. 5G-intense Edge Computing Independent — Specialists (pm. multi-service (MEC), integrations, etc.
4.12.2.1.9. Multi-carrier Filtering & Enabling Experts (UFMC/ FBMC, NOMA, SCMA, uplink mass connectivity, ultra density, wireless backhaul, etc.)
4.12.2.1.10. Millisecond Latency Experts
4.12.2.1.11. SON & Automation
4.12.2.1.12. Network Performance & Optimisation (e.g. V2V communications and dual mode mobility, etc.).
4.12.2.3. Key 3rd Party/ Partner-Service Enablement Providers, Worldwide.
4.12.2.3.1. Outsourcing
4.12.2.3.2. 3rd—Party Partnerships
4.12.2.3.3. Brokerage/ Service Auction Models
4.12.2.3.3.1. Bringing Buyers & Sellers together through Auctions to enjoy Network Services.
4.12.2.3.4. Key 5G API Enablers & DSVs.
4.12.2.3.4.1. Analysis — Top Operator Application Provider Collaborations
4.12.2.3.4.2. Key Future Applications in Development (3Q, 2018).
4.12.2.3.5. Key 5G Accelerator Programs [w/ Outcome Analysis, 4Q 2017].
4.12.2.3.6. Billing Solution Providers, Worldwide.
4.12.2.3.7. 4K Video Delivery Experts
4.12.2.3.8. Top-10 Robotics Corporations
4.12.2.3.9. AI Experts
4.12.2.3.10. VR/ AR Experts.
4.12.2.3.11. Top (Big) Data Analytics “Options".
4.12.2.3.12. IoT Experts (pm. connection management, energy efficiency, etc.)
4.12.2.3.12.1. IoT Market Forecast: Shipping—vis-a-vis—Sales—visa-vis—Revenues, 2018 to 2025.
4.12.2.3.12.2. IoT Segmentation: Device, Personal, & Commercial Use w/ growth forecast estimations, 2018 to 2025.
4.12.2.3.13. Memory & Storage Solutions (storage-as-service, unified control/ data planes, etc.).
4.12.2.3.14. Mission Critical Applications (enterprise cloud, etc.).
4.12.2.3.15. 5G Testing
4.13. Non-Telco Challengers To Watch Out For
4.13.1. OTTs
4.13.1.1. Interpretations — Terra Graph small cell Trial
4.13.1.2. Interpretations — Aries Massive MIMO Trial
4.13.2. Municipal corporations
4.13.3. Industries (automative companies, large industrial houses)
4.13.4. CoOpitition Analysis (29) — Challengers Vs. CSPs
4.13.4.1. Recommendations for Mobile Operators.
4.14. 5G Vendor Growth Forecasts, & Recommendations 2018 to 2025. [+support included]
5.0 5G Standardisation Development, Research Initiatives, Achievements, & Challenges.
5.0. Standards Understandings
5.1. Standards in Development 2017 (4Q)
5.2. World 5G Standard Comprehension (2017 4Q)
5.2.1. ITU & 5G
5.2.2. 3GPP & 5G
5.2.3. GSMA & 5G
5.2.4. 5GPPP
5.2.5. 5GMF
5.2.6. 5GAA
5.2.7. ETSI
5.3. 5G Standardisation Challenges & Opportunities
5.3.1. The Challenges of 5G
5.3.2. Spectrum Harmonisation
5.3.3. Millimetre Wave Frequencies
5.3.4. Frequency Bands below 6 GHZ
5.3.5. Small Cells
5.3.6. Taxation
5.3.7. Access to Elevated and “Semi-Elevated” Locations
5.4. 5G Networks’ Regional Coverage and Backhaul
5.5. Net Neutrality Issues.
5.6. World 5G Standards Forecasts 2018 to 2025.
5.7. Support & Recommendations
[1-year on-demand]*
6.0 Conclusions, Forecasts, & Recommendations 2018 to 2025, & Beyond.
6.1. Pre-5G Conclusions & Recommendations [included in support]
6.1.1. 4G-As-5G Offerings
6.1.2. 5G Strategic Placement
6.1.3 Selecting Roadmaps
6.1.4. Spectrum Policies & Future
6.1.5. Careful Investment Planning & Resource Reutilisation.
6.1.6. New Protocols & Possibilities
6.2. Par-5G Recommendations
6.2.1. Out-band & Narrow Frequency Band Interference Control & Utilisation
6.2.2. Gaining more from Beamforming & M-MIMO
6.2.3. Versatile Portfolio Planning
6.2.3.1. Pricing How-tos & Monetisation from Day-1.
6.2.3.1.1. Intrinsic Monetisation
6.2.3.1.2. Extrinsic Monetisation
6.2.3.1.3. ARPU/Cs from Day-1.
6.2.4. New Collaborations for Enhanced Capabilities & Service Delivery
6.2.5. Challenges
6.2.6. Practical 5G Use & Portfolio Customisation
6.2.7. Energy Efficiency
6.3. Post-5G Recommendations
6.3.1. 5G in Action; 2025 to 2018 Contrarian Perspectives.
6.3.2. The Socio-Economic and Business Implications of 5G, 2018 to 2025.
6.3.3. World 5G Subscriber & Segmentation Forecasts 2020 to 2025, & Beyond.
6.3.4. 5G ARPU/C Forecasts 2020 to 2025, & Beyond.
6.3.5. Getting more via SDN & 3rd Party Partnerships.
6.4. Analysis (31) — Security in the 5G World.
6.5. Conclusions.
6.5.1. World 5G R&D Trial Spend Forecasts, 2018 to 2025.
6.5.2. Guest Expert Contribution — Vision 2030; Robots are very much here!
6.6. 5G Fertilisation Recommendations & Conclusions. [+on-demand; +included in support]
F. List of Figures
F1. 5G Technical Specification
F2. 5G Use Cases
F3. 5G Usage Scenarios
F4. 5G Performance Objectives
F5. NTT DoCoMo’s 5G Roadmap
F6. SK Telecom’s 5G Roadmap
F7. Operator Service Revenues vs. Industry Digitalisation Revenues for ICT players (In US$ billion) 2018-2025.
F8. 5G-enabled Industry Digitalisation Revenues for ICT Players, 2025
F9. Operator 5G Market Opportunity in Key Industries (In US$ billion) 2025.
F10. Operator Revenue Growth Opportunity for 5G Industry Digitalisation (In US$ billion) 2025.
F11. IMT-2020 Development Roadmap
F12. Worldwide 5G Subscribers Forecasts (In million) 2020-2025
F13. 5G Subscribers by Region (In million) 2020 - 2025
F14. North America 5G subscribers (In million) 2020 - 2025
F15. Europe 5G subscribers (In million) 2020 – 2025
F16. Asia Pacific 5G subscribers (In million) 2020 - 2025
F17. Mid East 5G subscribers (In million) 2020 – 2025
F18. Africa 5G subscribers (In million) 2020 – 2025
F19. Latin America 5G subscribers (In million) 2020-2025
F18. Worldwide 5G Revenue Forecast (In million) 2020 - 2025
F19. 5G Revenue by Region (In million) 2020 – 2025
T. LIST OF TABLES
T1. Investigation for 5G Spectrum
T2. First 5G Deadlines & Trials
T3. Worldwide 5G Subscribers Forecasts (In million) 2020-2025
T4. 5G Subscribers by Region (In million) 2020 – 2025
T5. Worldwide 5G Revenue Forecasts (In million) 2020 – 2025

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