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Steam and Gas Turbine Report Ed1 2018

Steam and Gas Turbine Report Ed1 2018

Steam turbines and gas turbines occupy parallel but different market segments. The turbine market will grow at a cagr of 4.4%, due to the continued increase in coal-fired and gas-fired power capacity, industrial expansion in the developing world and tightening AQ controls. China and India are pruning back on new coal-fired plants, but they are not stopping. Turkey, Indonesia and Bangladesh are going large on coal, and the United States is up-grading large chunks of its big coal-fired fleet to supercritical technology. This activity means more, advanced class steam turbines. Developments of gas turbines are expected in China.

Highlights.
• Market estimates and forecasts of sales of steam turbines and gas turbines in $ to 2022.
• About half the population of each type of turbine is used in power generation - half in oil & gas, industry and marine - with aviation using aeroderivative GTs.
• China produces over half the world's steam turbines, with Shanghai Electric, Dongfang and Harbin Electric the global leaders.
• GE and Siemens dominate the GT market, but new threats to their dominance are emerging.
• Production and off-take of GTs have lagged far behind in China, because of the supremacy of coal. This is changing as the country expands its relatively small gas share. Shanghai Electric and Harbin have already bought into GT technology with acquisitions and partnerships.
• Mergers and acquisitions are described and newcomers are flagged.
• There have been significant advances in turbine technologies, with G- and H-class STs and GTs meeting supercritical criteria of higher temperature and pressure. This has eroded the long-held dominance of F-class turbines and G- and H-class turbines are growing their shares.
• To meet energy and environmental conservation targets, efficiency is the dominant criterion for turbines today.
• Unexpectedly, instead of closing down inefficient coal power plants, many US owners have been converting them to supercritical base-load plants with G-or H-class turbines.
• Despite the rise of the advanced G- and H-class turbines, the long established F-class retains popularity among a segment of owners, as a well-established, proven performer, suitable for plants up to 500 MW.
• Aeroderivative turbines have been used for peaking but substantial new improvements in start-up times and ramp rates are making frame turbines more competitive for peaking.

The following companies feature in the report, with separate profiles and as participants in an extensive section detailing mergers, acquisitions and partnerships: GE, Siemens, Alstom, MHPS (Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems), Toshiba, Doosan, Ansaldo Energia, Rolls-Royce, Dresser-Rand, BHEL, Shanghai Electric, Harbin Electric, Dongfang and Hangzhou Electric.

StatPlan reports have been purchased or studies commissioned by Siemens, ABB, BASF, GE, Schneider Electrical, Reinhausen Machinenfabriken, Toshiba, Hitachi, Thyssen, Softbank, Rolls-Royce, Babcock, Nanoelectro and Reuters, among others.

The research for this report was carried out with extensive desk research and reference to StatPlan’s own databases, together with interviews conducted with industry executives in the United States, Europe and China.


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. INTRODUCTION TO TURBINES AND ENGINES
Steam turbine
Gas turbines
Microturbine
Water turbine
Wind turbine
Reciprocating engine
Types of gas turbine
Heavy duty frame gas turbines (HDGT)
Industrial frame gas turbine
Aeroderivative gas turbines
Types of steam turbine
Extraction condensing turbine
Back pressure turbine
Sizes of steam turbines
Utility steam turbines
Industrial steam turbines
2. FRAME AND AERODERIVATIVE GAS TURBINES
Heavy duty gas turbine (HDGT)
D to E class
F class
G to J class
The evolution of HDGT shares In North America
The future for F-class GTs
Aeroderivative versus frame GTs
3. MARKET SIZE AND MARKET SHARES
End users
Market shares
Steam turbines
Gas turbines
4. HELE TECHNOLOGY
Critical pressure
Supercritical power plants
Ultra-supercritical power plants
5. STEAM TURBINE MODELS
GE
SIEMENS
Toshiba
Doosan Heavy Industries
BHEL – Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Compressor Corporation
Chinese Steam Turbines
Shanghai Electric Co Ltd
Harbin Electric Co Ltd
Dongfang Turbine Company (DTC)
Hangzhou Steam Turbine Co Ltd
6. GAS TURBINE MODELS
GE
Siemens
Ansaldo Energia
Shanghai Electric Company
Doosan
Alstom
7. TURBINE MANUFACTURERS
GE
Siemens
MHPS, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems
Toshiba
Doosan
Brush
Solar Turbines
Ansaldo Energia
Dresser-Rand
Kawasaki Gas Turbines
Russian Gas Turbines
UEC United Engine Corporation
The Chinese companies
Shanghai Electric Group Co Ltd
Harbin Electric Co Ltd
China Dongfang Electric Corporation, DEC
8. MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS
GE - Alstom
GE - China Huadian Corporation (CHD)
Siemens - Rolls-Royce
Siemens - Dresser-Rand
Shanghai Electric – Ansaldo Energia
Doosan - Škoda Power
Doosan - Ansaldo
Doosan - ACT
Harbin Turbine Company (HTC) - United Engine Corporation (UEC)
9. THE CHINESE TURBINE INDUSTRY AND TURBINE MARKET
Gas turbine developments in China
Foreign partnerships
GLOSSARY
Figures
Figure 1: Extraction condensing turbine
Figure 2: Non-condensing (Back-Pressure) steam turbine
Figure 3: The evolution in share of D/E, F and G/H/J class gas turbines in North America
Figure 4: Industry dynamics, E-class to H-class gas turbines > 40 MW
Figure 5: Proportions of turbine capacity for power generation and mechanical drive, by output capacity in MW
Figure 6: Gas and steam turbine shares of end-users
Figure 7: Steam turbine sales by country in units, 2017
Figure 8: Steam turbine global market shares in units, 2017
Figure 9: Gas turbine sales by country in units, 2017
Figure 10: Gas turbine global market shares in units, 2017
Figure 11: Total coal-fired power plant capacity by age and performance
Figure 12: Penetration of supercritical technology in power plants
Figure 13: Annual installed capacity of global coal fired plant capacity
Figure 14: GE steam turbines
Figure 15: Mitsubishi steam turbines
Figure 16: GE GT models
Figure 17: Siemens GT models
Figure 18: MHI GT models
Figure 19: Development of MGPS gas turbine
Figure 20: Ansaldo GT models
Tables
Table 1: Fuels used by different types of turbine
Table 2: Comparison between aeroderivative and frame turbine peaking characteristics
Table 3: Turbine sales in nominal $ million, 2018 to 2022
Table 4: Doosan Skoda steam turbines
Table 5: BHEL steam turbines

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