EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Chapter 1 - TELECOMS NETWORK DEFINITIONS There can be confusion about the precise meaning of the basic terms used in telecoms networks, and this leads to miscounts of populations of towers and poles, cells and base stations. This chapter contains definitions and explanations of the terms used in the report; HetNet, Cells, Base transceiver station (BTS), Base station controller (BSC), Mobile switching centre (MSC), Ground based tower (GBT), Rooftop tower (RTT).
Chapter 2 – MOBILE TELECOMS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY AND DEPLOYMENTS Network technology is evolving rapidly and the mobile phone infrastructure is developing to meet new demands. The focus is shifting from coverage to capacity, driven by the massive rise in data traffic. The concept of the HetNet/Heterogeneous network is outlined, with a discussion of cells and base stations incorporated in the HetNet; ground based and rooftop macro cellular, small/micro cellular, metro cellular, pico cellular, femtocell, DAS and Wi-Fi.
Chapter 3 - NETWORK DISTRIBUTION OF GROUND BASED TOWERS, ROOFTOP TOWERS, DAS and STREET POLES Regional distribution of macrocellular GBTs and urban cell sites, including RTTs, DAS and street poles
Chapter 4 - RISING VOLUME OF DATA TRAFFIC Demand for capacity has risen with the continuing geographical expansion of networks, increasing penetration of mobile ownership, advancing technology and ramping data usage. Data traffic by wireless and mobile devices is charted, showing the exponential growth of mobile data traffic since 2010 and up to 2020, and the technology progression is outlined from 1G, to 2G, GSM, 3G, 4G and LTE. This is straining not only network capacity but the smart phone devices as well. This has been dramatically underlined in September 2016 with the crisis which quickly brought about the demise of Samsung’s flagship high-end smartphone, the Galaxy Note 7 when it repeatedly caught fire. The electronics industry faces an increasing amount of power being shrunk into vanishingly small circuits which overheat and sometimes catch fire.
Chapter 5 - BACKHAUL Backhaul, the intermediate links between the core network or backbone network and the small subnetworks at the "edge" of the entire hierarchical network is discussed. Backhaul typically makes up 25%-30% of the total capex cost of a macro cell RAN (radio access network). Some analysts forecast that this could grow substantially for street level metro cell deployments.
Chapter 6 - BASE TRANSCEIVER STATIONS (BTS) FOR MACRO CELLS AND SMALL CELLS Forecasts of all base station capex, analysed by macro site additions, macro site upgrades and replacements, and new small cell sites from 2015 to 2020. Total mobile traffic analysed by cell type.
Chapter 7 - INSTALLED BASE OF MACRO CELL SITES
This chapter is concerned with macro cell GBTs, RTTs and street pole base stations, and does not include small cell base stations. The installed base of macro towers and poles is forecast to 2020 for the world, regions and is analysed by 213 countries.
Chapter 8 - EXPENDITURE ON MACRO CELL SITES The market for construction of new macro base stations (BTS), ground-based, rooftop and street poles, upgrades and replacement of aged assets is estimated and forecast from 2015 to 2020, for the world, regions and is analysed by 213 countries. Market commentary is provide by regions and major countries.
Chapter 9 - SMALL CELLS - COMPACT BASE STATIONS (C-BTS) – DEVELOPMENTS AND INSTALLED BASE The steady growth of the macro cellular infrastructure does not fully reflect the real rate of expansion of the networks. With mobile data traffic expected to double annually, small cell base stations are set to play an important role in expanding the capacity of wireless networks. Small cells provide flexibility and increased QoS capabilities. Past development of small cells is analysed to help predict the future path. Shipments are tabulated by cell type. The cost components of a small cell installation are analysed.
Chapter 10 - EXPENDITURES ON SMALL CELL SITES Global expenditure on installing small cells with related costs and backhaul are estimated for 2015 and projected annually to 2020 globally, for regions and 33 countries with current micro capacity. Capex is analysed by residential/non-residential and by cell type segment.
Chapter 11 - MANUFACTURERS OF LATTICE TOWERS AND COMMUNICATIONS MONOPOLES Global production capacity and market shares for the top 44 producers, with profiles of the major companies, together with total country production capacity. Profiles are given for the leading suppliers.
Chapter 12 - BACKHAUL VENDORS Backhaul vendors can be divided into two distinct groups. The macro backhaul vendors are now in a mature industrial ecosystem, but typically for a new technology the small cell vendors are in the earliest stage of development, consisting of a large number of small companies and start-ups, many of which will fail or be acquired by larger rivals, before the industry coalesces into a mature ecosystem. The top 48 companies are listed by participation in the macro and/or small cell backhaul markets.
Chapter 13 - INFRASTRUCTURE SHARING Tower sharing allows operators to cut down on capital expenditure. Infrastructure cost for operators is estimated to decline by 16% to 20%. Network sharing may take many forms, ranging from passive sharing of cell sites and masts to sharing of radio access networks (RANs) and other active elements such as network roaming and the core. In countries where there are a large number of MNOs, there is a higher likelihood of more competitive and innovative services being introduced. Sharing has taken two forms. In some countries the telcos cooperate with each other in sharing or setting up joint–ventures to provide