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E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide

E-waste (electronic and electrical waste) recycling and reuse (R&R) services include a wide plethora of business types, such as collectors, de-manufacturers, material processors, asset managers, recyclers and refurbishers. Companies involved in the e-waste R&R industry purchase, refurbish, recycle and sell used (working or non-working), obsolete or surplus electronic and electrical (E&E) items – including everything from computers and cell phones to refrigerators and microwaves, as well as E&E components and parts – including CRT tubes, plastics and precious metals).

The e-waste R&R services industry is complex and sometimes could even be referred to as elusive. A simple route for an electronic item on its way to be recycled may entail collection from a garbage collector, triage by a dismantling company and then final processing by an end processor, such as a smelter or refiner. More complex routes may be more difficult to track and E&E items may find themselves undocumented in storage somewhere, overseas illegally or even in landfills. It is not uncommon for an e-waste collector, or even dismantler, to have little or no knowledge regarding the destination of its products. This situation is changing, however, as the regulatory framework for e-waste R&R services becomes more established – at least in some regions –and as the market continues to evolve and grow.

In 2010 the e-waste R&R services market value totaled close to $6.8 billion, up from $6.2 billion in 2009. Industry growth is expected to continue on its uphill path at least through the next decade, with collection services alone more than tripling by 2020. In 2010, China and India (out of the top ten country pool) are estimated to retain the largest market shares, in terms of value, with approximate shares of 23.7% and 21.6% respectively.

Growth in the e-waste R&R services industry is being spurred by the ever-increasing amounts of e-waste being created around the world, as purchases of electronic products are on the rise – in some regions dramatically, and as old E&E items become obsolete at an accelerated rate. Another driving factor in e-waste market growth is the growing recognition of valuable substances, such as lead, copper and gold, found in some e-waste components. These resources may be reclaimed at a profit and subsequently reused, which makes a lot more sense than simply throwing them away.

Instances of corruption and “backyard recycling” may be somewhat exaggerated by the media, with both good and bad consequences. Pictures depicting hazardous working conditions, such as those of African children breathing fumes from burning copper wire, have helped to incite an increase in e-waste regulations and enforcement and have spurred the persistence of environmental watchdogs, such as the Basel Action Network and Greenpeace. Due to the persistence of groups such as these, the e-waste R&R services market is being upheld to a higher standard, although this increased scrutiny has also hindered growth for many involved in the industry.

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide contains comprehensive historical data (2006-2010) and forecast data (2011-2020). This report identifies key trends and factors (such as the regulatory scene, new technologies, employment opportunities and economic drivers and challenges), which affect the size and direction of e-waste R&R market growth around the world. Profiles of more than a dozen major – or simply interesting – companies involved in the e-waste recycling and reuse industry are also included.

Report Methodology

The information contained in E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide has been gathered from trade associations; business, science and law journals; company literature and websites; interviews with at least ten key individuals, research services and institutes around the world; and is based on data from government agencies and other industry sources.

How You Will Benefit From This Report

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide details significant trends, schemes and market numbers for a clear overview of the complex e-waste R&R market.

This report will help:

  • Managers identify market opportunities and develop solid implementation plans for e-waste R&R activities.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and understand the developments and obstacles within the e-waste R&R services market.
  • Business development executives work within the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians access vital information.
  • Policy makers and government officials understand the dynamics and scope of the market they are working to affect.
  • Advertising agencies working with clients involved in the e-waste industry to help design appropriate messages and images.
  • Investors and stakeholders gain a well-rounded view of the e-waste R&R services market, including its strengths, weaknesses and likely future direction.


New York, NY - 5 December, 2011-- Purchases of electronic products are on the rise - in some regions dramatically, and as old E&E items become obsolete at an accelerated rate, growth in the e-waste R&R services industry is being spurred by the ever-increasing amounts of e-waste being created around the world. Another driving factor in e-waste market growth is the growing recognition of valuable substances, such as lead, copper and gold, found in some e-waste components. These resources may be reclaimed at a profit and subsequently reused.

E-waste is estimated to comprise only .01% to 3% of the world's total solid waste stream. Despite being such a small portion of world waste, e-waste is receiving a lot of attention due to both its high toxicity and its rapid growth (2-3 times faster than any other waste stream). Because of its economic value, e-waste is quickly becoming less of an environmental problem and more of a market opportunity.

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide, a new market research study from industry leader SBI Energy, finds that in 2010 the e-waste R&R services market value totaled close to $6.8 billion, up from $6.2 billion in 2009, nearly a 10% increase. Industry growth is expected to continue on its uphill path at least through the next decade, with collection services alone more than tripling by 2020. In 2011, China and India are estimated to retain the largest market shares, in terms of value, with approximate 24% and 22% respectively.

The e-waste R&R services industry is complex and sometimes even elusive. Nana Lapham, SBI Energy analyst, explains, "A simple route for an electronic item on its way to be recycled may entail collection from a garbage collector, triage by a dismantling company and then final processing by an end processor, such as a smelter or refiner. More complex routes may be more difficult to track and E&E items may be undocumented in storage somewhere, overseas illegally or even in landfills. It is not uncommon for an e-waste collector, or even dismantler, to have little or no knowledge regarding the destination of its products. This situation is changing, however, as the regulatory framework for e-waste R&R services becomes more established-at least in some regions-as the market continues to evolve and grow.

E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services Worldwide contains comprehensive historical data (2006-2010) and forecast data (2011-2020). This report identifies key trends and factors (such as the regulatory scene, new technologies, employment opportunities and economic drivers and challenges), which affect the size and direction of e-waste R&R market growth around the world. Profiles of more than a dozen companies involved in the e-waste recycling and reuse industry are also included.

  • Executive Summary
    • Introduction
      • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services, Defined
      • The Growth of E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
    • Market Size and Growth
      • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
      • Total E-Waste Services Market Rests at $6.8 Billion In 2010
      • E-Waste Collection Services Total $.41 Billion in 2010
      • E-Waste Services Market to Reach Nearly $20 Billion by 2020
      • Collection Services Market Segment to Surpass $1.6 Billion
      • E-Waste Product Collected for R&R: Value vs. Volume
      • Appliances Collected for R&R Valued at $2.11 Billion in 2010
      • Household Appliances Collected for R&R Total $6.26 Billion
      • Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $958 Million
      • Value of Iron and Steel from E-Waste to Near $1.5 Billion in 2020
    • Factors in Market Size and Growth
      • E-Waste Volume Growing Fast
      • E&E Product Sales Expected to Soar in Some Regions
      • Public Awareness Growing: E-Waste Industry in Spotlight
      • Informal & Formal E-Waste R&R Services
    • Technological Innovations and Schemes
      • Reusable Elements and Components Found in E&E
        • Table Substances & Elements Found in E&E Prevalence, Toxicity Level and Use
      • Traditional E-Waste Recycling Processes
    • Around the World
      • E-Waste R&R around the World
      • South America and Central America: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Europe: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Africa: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Asia: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Middle East: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Australia and Oceania: E-Waste R&R Overview
    • Employment Opportunities
      • Variety of Employment Opportunities in the E-Waste Industry
      • About 8.3 Million Employed in E- Waste R&R Market
        • Table Global E-Waste R&R Market: Employee Count In Millions (2006-2020)
  • Introduction
    • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services, Defined
    • E-Waste R&R: How it Works
      • Table Well-Known Importers And Exporters of E-Waste
    • Toxic Substances Found in E-Waste
    • E-waste R&R Certification
    • International Regulations and Associations
    • The Growth of E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
  • Market Size and Growth
    • E-Waste Recycling and Reuse Services
    • Total E-Waste Services Market Rests at $6.8 Billion In 2010
    • E-Waste Collection Services Total $.41 Billion in 2010
    • E-Waste Refurbishment and Reuse Settles at $.75 Billion in 2010
    • E-Waste Asset Management and Logistics Exceeds $1.2 Billion
    • Triage and De-manufacturing Reach $1.7 Billion in 2010
    • E-Waste Material Processing & Recovery Reaches $2.72 Billion
    • E-Waste Services Market to Reach Nearly $20 Billion by 2020
    • Collection Services Market Segment to Surpass $1.6 Billion
    • Refurbishment and Reuse Services Raises to $2.15 Billion
    • Asset Management and Logistics Market to Near $3.8 Billion
    • Triage and De-manufacturing to Reach $4.77 Billion in 2020
    • Material Processing and Recovery Projected at $7.56 Billion
    • Material Processing and Recovery Dominates E-Waste R&R
    • E-Waste Product Collected for R&R: Value vs. Volume
    • Appliances Collected for R&R Valued at $2.11 Billion in 2010
    • Computer Displays Collected for R&R Valued at Over $1 Billion
    • Televisions Collected for R&R Valued at Almost $1 Billion in 2010
    • Computers Collected for R&R Total $1.2 Billion in 2010
    • Hard Copy Devices Collected for R&R Valued at $.73 Billion
    • Value of Collected `Other' E-Waste Valued at $.82 Billion in 2010
    • Household Appliances Collected for R&R Total $6.26 Billion
    • Computer Displays Collected for R&R Valued at $2.19 Billion
    • Televisions Collected for R&R Valued at $2.49 Billion in 2020
    • Computers Collected for R&R Valued at $3.98 Billion in 2020
    • Hard Copy Devices Collected for R&R Valued at $2.59 Billion
    • `Other' Category Collected for R&R Valued at $2.38 Billion
    • Household Appliances Commandeer Market Share
    • End Products Reclaimed from E-Waste Recycling Services
    • Iron and Steel Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $958 Million
    • Value of Reclaimed Plastic from E-Waste Exceeds $1 Billion
    • Copper Produced from E-Waste Reaches $2.4 Billion in 2010
    • Value of Reclaimed Glass Surpasses $9 Million in 2010
    • Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $484 Million
    • Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $1.5 Billion
    • Value of Iron and Steel from E-Waste to Near $1.5 Billion in 2020
    • Reclaimed Plastic from E-Waste Valued at $2.1 Billion in 2020
    • Copper Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued over $3.9 Billion in 2020
    • Glass Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $11.2 Million in 2020
    • Aluminum Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $880 Million
    • Circuit Boards Reclaimed from E-Waste Valued at $3.2 Billion
    • Estimates for Regional Market Shares Rough
    • Top Ten Countries Have 72% Market Share in 2010
    • China To Process E-Waste Volume Valued at $4.06 Billion
      • Table E-Waste R&R Services Market: Top Ten Countries In Billion Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • China Projected to Process 3.83 Million Tons of E-Waste in 2020
      • Table E-Waste R&R Services Market In Million Tons (2006 - 2020)
    • China's E-Waste Market Dominated by Material Processing
      • Table China's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
      • Refurbishment and Reuse Services Claim 31% of India's E-Waste R&R
        • Table India's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • United States Sees Steady Growth
      • Table United States' E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • Germany's Material Processing Claims a 35% Market Share
      • Table Germany's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • U.K.'s Material Processing Segment Sees Growth
      • Table United Kingdom's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • Spain's Material Processing and Recovery Segment Loses Share
      • Table Spain's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • France's E-Waste R&R World Growing
      • Table France's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • Sweden Heavily Dominated by Material Processing Segment
      • Table Sweden's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • Italy's E-W R&R Sees Steady Climb
      • Table Italy's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • Ghana Has Large Refurbishment and Reuse Segment
      • Table Ghana's E-Waste R&R Market, by Service Type In Million Dollars (2006 - 2020)
    • Potential E-waste R&R Services Industry Huge, but Has Limits
  • Factors in Market Size and Growth
    • E-Waste Volume Growing Fast
    • E&E Product Sales Expected to Soar in Some Regions
    • Public Awareness Growing: E-Waste Industry in Spotlight
    • Informal & Formal E-Waste R&R Services
    • Why Export?
    • Backyard E-Waste Recyclers Paint Dark Picture
    • Corruption Levels High in Some E-Waste Markets
    • E-Waste Recycling Can Be Costly
      • Table Recycling Fees Found in the United States
    • OEMs Take on E-Waste Responsibility
    • Communities Host Own Electronic Collection Events
    • Consumer Recycling Fees and… Payouts?
    • Secondary Market for Used and Refurbished Electronics
    • E-Waste Industry Involvement May Be Low National Priority
    • E-Waste Reclamation to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    • High Value of Recovered Raw Materials
    • Data Destruction: Incentive for Formal Recycling Measures
    • Reports Say 38 Million Tons of E-Waste Unaccounted For
    • Some E-Waste Markets Built on Immature Infrastructure
    • Electronics Refurbishment, a Threat to Manufacturers?
    • Some Turn to Prisons for Cheap Labor
    • Green Computing May Help Reduce E-Waste
    • Environmental & Occupational Concerns Re: E-Waste Recycling
    • Environmental Groups Have Big Impact on E-Waste Industry
    • Recycling Associations and Others Help Propel Market Growth
  • Technological Processes and Innovations
    • Reusable Elements and Components Found in E&E
      • Table Substances & Elements Found in Electronics Prevalence, Toxicity Level and Use
    • Traditional E-Waste Recycling Processes
    • Hazardous Processing Methods Not Uncommon
    • CRT Recycling
    • Scientists Look at Cryogenic Recycling of Printed Circuit Boards
    • Bio-treatment of E-Waste Promising
    • EcoATMs Dispense Cash for Used Phones!
    • Shanghai University Studies E-Waste Processes
    • Stanford University's Bloom Laptop
    • Circuit Board Recycling Innovations
  • Around the World
    • E-Waste R&R around the World
      • North America: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • U.S. Did Not Ratify Basel Ban Amendment
      • The National Recycling Coalition, Inc.
      • EPA's Plug-in to E-Cycling Guidelines
      • The Sustainable Electronics Initiative
      • Proposed Electronic Device Recycling Research and Development Act
      • The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Covers Cathode Ray Tubes
      • The ISO 14000 Family
      • The Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
      • U.S. States Enact Own Disposal Laws for Electronics
      • E-Cycling Central
      • ReCellular Provides Used Phones to Soldiers
      • Manitoba's E&E Equipment Stewardship Regulation Program
      • Canada's Computers for Schools Initiative
      • Canadian Provinces Implement Recycling Fees
      • Mississauga E-Waste Plant Processes 20,000 Pounds per Hour
    • South America and Central America: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Mercosur Policy Agreement from 2006
      • Computers for Education in Latin America
      • Peruvian Government Expresses Interest in E-waste R&R
      • Mexico Lacks Formal Electronic Recycling Program
      • Brazil's E-Waste Market Leads the Way for Latin America
      • Bolivia Houses Informal E-Waste Market
      • Electronic Waste Toolkit for Latin America and the Caribbean
      • Argentina Has Toe in E-Waste Industry
      • Costa Rica Has Extended Producer Responsibility Policy
      • Venezuela Spends $55 Million on 25 Environmental Projects
      • Chile's Environmental Legislation Weak
      • Foreign Companies Offer E-Waste Recycling Services in Latin America
      • Small Localized Businesses Gather Computers for Reuse
    • Europe: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Table E-Waste Collection Rates from Private Households in Europe, Per Capita In Kilograms (2008)
      • Europe's WEEE Directive Provides Uniform Legislation across Europe
      • RoHS Directive
      • European Union's REACH
      • Switzerland's SWICO
      • Switzerland's EMPA Impacts Global E-Waste Market
      • United Kingdom and Netherland Guilty of Illegal Exports
      • France's Roma People Scavenge E-Waste
      • France's Ordi 2.0
      • Germany's Electrical and Electronic Equipment Act Spurs E-Waste R&R
      • Norway Is European Leader in E-Waste R&R
      • Sweden Leads by Example
    • Africa: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Refurbishment and Repair
      • The Durban Declaration on E-Waste Management in Africa
      • E-Waste Association of South Africa
      • HP Has Presence in African E-Waste Market
      • Kenya's E-Waste Program Lacks Infrastructure Support
      • Computers for Schools Kenya
      • Many African Countries Considering Formalizing E-Waste Industry
      • Pilot E-Waste project in Cape Town, South Africa
      • About 500 Containers of Used Computers Arrive at Nigeria's Ports Each Month
      • Ghana Tagged as E-Waste Capital of Africa
    • Asia: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Asia's Network of Illegal Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste
      • China Has Resources to Capitalize on E-Waste Market
      • China's E-Waste Industry Mostly Semi-informal
      • Chinese Government Creates E-Waste Recycling Incentive
      • Guiyu Polluted by China's Largest E-Waste Site
      • China RoHS
      • China WEEE
      • Japan's Home Appliance Recycling Law
      • Japan's RoHS
      • Japan's Law for the Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances
      • Japan Recycles 2.5 kg per Capita Each Year
      • India Recycles 5% of its E-Waste
      • India Houses Extensive Informal E-Waste Industry
      • E-Waste Policy in India
      • The E-Waste Guide, India
      • Delhi's E-Waste Collection Bins
      • Malaysia Supports 138 E-Waste Recovery Facilities
      • Thailand Adds Regulation to Limit Imports
      • Pakistan Plays Role in Global E-Waste Industry
      • Port of Hong Kong Is Large E-Waste Hub
      • Some Asian E-Waste Markets Difficult to Pinpoint
    • Middle East: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • The Middle East Has Weak E-Waste R&R Legislation
      • Emirates Environmental Group
      • Tunisia's E-waste Facility Has a Capacity of 1,000 Tons Per Year
      • UAE Telecoms Recycling Campaign
      • HP's Touch the Green campaign in the UAE
      • Jordan Environment Society Reuse Project
      • Morocco's Green Chip Project
      • CEDARE
    • Australia and Oceania: E-Waste R&R Overview
      • Victoria's Byteback Program
      • Microsoft Authorized Refurbisher Program in Australia
      • New Zealand Government Invests in E-waste Recycling Schemes
  • Employment Opportunities
    • Variety of Employment Opportunities in the E-Waste Industry
    • About 8.3 Million Employed in E- Waste R&R Market
      • Table Global E-Waste R&R Market: Employee Count In Millions (2006-2020)
    • Wide Range of Experience and Salary in E-Waste R&R Market
      • Table E-Waste R&R Job Earnings and Educational Requirements In Developed Regions (By Occupation)
    • Increased E-Waste R&R Regulations Bode Well for Job Market
    • E-Waste R&R and Occupational Health
    • E-Waste Jobs Advertised on Internet Job Sites
    • ERI Holds Job Fair for New E-Waste Plant
    • TNEP Teams up with Griffith University for E-Waste Curriculum
    • Educational Opportunities in E-Waste
  • Company Profiles
    • Wide Range of Companies in E-Waste R&R Industry
    • 1800 E-Waste Pty. Ltd.
      • Table 1800 E-Waste Pty. Ltd. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Africa E-Waste
      • Table Africa E-Waste Profile
      • Company Overview
    • American Retroworks, Inc.
      • Table American Retroworks, Inc. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Attero Recycling Pvt. Ltd.
      • Table Attero Recycling Pvt. Ltd. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Boliden A.B.
      • Table Boliden A.B. Profile
      • Company Overview
      • Boliden's Performance
    • California Electronic Asset Recovery, Inc.
      • Table California Electronic Asset Recovery, Inc. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Dowa Holdings Co. Ltd.
      • Table Dowa Holdings Co. Ltd. Profile
      • Company Overview
      • Performance
    • Egyptian Electronic Recycling Co.
      • Table Egyptian Electronic Recycling Co. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Electronic Recyclers International, Inc.
      • Table Electronic Recyclers International, Inc. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Exitcom Recycling GmbH
      • Table Exitcom Recycling GmbH Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Redemtech, Inc.
      • Table Redemtech, Inc. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Sims Recycling Solutions AB/Sims Metal Management Ltd.
      • Table Sims Recyling Solutions AB Profile
      • Company Overview
    • NextStep Recycling
      • Table NextStep Recycling Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Nonprofit Technology Resources, Inc.
      • Table Nonprofit Technology Resources, Inc. Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Umicore SA/NV
      • Table Umicore SA/NV Profile
      • Company Overview
    • Waste Management, Inc.
      • Table Waste Management, Inc. Profile
      • Company Overview

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