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Thin Film Solar PV Manufacturing Equipment Worldwide

Out of the over 38.2 gigawatts (GW) of production capacity added to the global solar photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing industry during the past five years, nearly 20% or 7.5 GW of the capacity was for the production of thin film solar photovoltaic (TFPV) technologies. Thin film PV technologies are produced through deposition processes and production line equipment distinct from conventional, market leading crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar PV technologies. Thin film PV technologies use “thin” vapor deposited or physically applied semiconductor active layers that use substantially less of alternative materials. Other PV technologies using TFPV manufacturing equipment and similar production processes include multijunction / III-V elemental compound solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC), and organic PV (OPV).

The crystalline silicon PV supply chain - silicon feedstocks, ingots, wafers, cells and modules - is the primary beneficiary of global industry investment. The global production capacity for c-Si PV cells is over four times that for all TFPV technologies. The current global market share for c-Si PV modules is above 80% with the remaining share largely represented by CdTe TFPV module production.. First Solar’s expansion in the production of CdTe TFPV modules and a rising bubble in investment in thin film silicon PV technologies led phenomenal growth in the market for TFPV manufacturing equipment. While the commanding global market share has not been lost by c-Si PV, it has been pressured by c-Si PV technology’s more intricate supply chain. Shortages in solar-grade silicon metal and polysilicon pushed up c-Si PV supply chain prices from silicon feedstocks to modules. New and existing PV producers responded by investing in TFPV technologies as a means of reducing material consumption (in the case of thin film silicon technologies) and eliminating dependence upon crystalline silicon supplies.

The diversity of thin film PV technologies had aided continued growth in industry capital expenditures for TFPV manufacturing equipment. Thin film PV technologies will continue to capture shares of global PV industry investment based upon their individual strengths in production and performance: CIGS PV has the highest demonstrated efficiency for major thin film technologies, CdTe is an established low-cost PV product, and thin film silicon PV technologies are well represented by OEM suppliers in terms of turnkey production lines and a broad base of industry experience in production.

Supported by persistent industry interest in the production advantages and design flexibility of thin film PV technologies, thin film solar PV manufacturing equipment will continue to represent a diverse range of high-growth capital equipment markets. From a total market value of $384 million in 2006, the global TFPV manufacturing equipment market is estimated by SBI Energy to have reached $3.2 billion in 2010 for a CAGR of 70.3%. The total market is projected to reach approximately $4.3 billion in 2015 and $15.7 billion in 2020 on the basis of continuing advances in TFPV manufacturing and improved cost-competitiveness with c-Si PV production. Asian countries are expected to predominate among many of the TFPV technology and equipment type market categories, particularly China, Taiwan, and several Southeast Asian countries like Malaysia and Vietnam. Equipment markets already exist and are projected as well in Japan, India, and Korea. Other notable markets include the United States, Germany, Spain and Italy, with promising expansion markets in the Americas and Europe projected in countries such as Mexico, Brazil, Russia, and several Eastern European countries.

Thin Film Solar PV Manufacturing Equipment Worldwide contains comprehensive market data on the global market for thin film photovoltaic manufacturing equipment (plasma deposition equipment [sputtering, PECVD], thermal deposition equipment [evaporation, sublimation], other vacuum deposition equipment, printing equipment, laser tools, wet process equipment, glass washers, furnaces and other thermal processing equipment, product conveyance and handling systems including automation and MES, back-end equipment [bussing, simulation, lamination, encapsulation], and inline water, gas and chemical treatment and disposal systems) by equipment type and thin film PV technology (thin film silicon [amorphous - a-Si, microcrystalline - µc-Si and tandem], cadmium telluride, copper-indium-diselenide-type [including CIGS / CIGSS], multijunction [III-V], dye-sensitized, and organic) with historical and forecast market size data in terms of dollar value by product shipments, with breakdowns at the national and regional levels for major markets. The report identifies key trends affecting the marketplace, along with trends driving growth, and central challenges to further market development. The report also provides in-depth company profiles for leading TFPV manufacturing equipment OEMs and suppliers with analysis of their positioning within the market. An effective technical overview of the inline production process is also provided for each thin film PV technology in the report.

Report Methodology

The information in Thin Film Solar PV Manufacturing Equipment Worldwideis based on data from the U.S. Energy Information Agency (EIA), U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. national laboratories, the European Commission, along with information from trade associations, business journals, scientific journals, company literature and websites, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) documents, and research services such as Simmons Market Research Bureau.

Comprehensive and detailed market data provided in this report are based upon historical industry trends isolated by SBI Energy and the fastidious and far-reaching compilation of operational data and business development strategies from over 300 crystalline silicon and thin film PV producers worldwide. Additional information regarding production and equipment costs was collected from industry and research publications and interviews with equipment suppliers and public sector researchers.

What You’ll Get in This Report

Thin Film Solar PV Manufacturing Equipment Worldwide makes geographically detailed and technology specific predictions and recommendations regarding the near-term future of the thin film solar PV manufacturing equipment market, with longer-term future projections providing relevant and informed guidance regarding market development in emerging markets. In addition, this report provides unparalleled company information specific to the involvement of leading players in thin film solar PV manufacturing equipment markets. It also pinpoints trends in equipment purchasing and investment that current and prospective industry players can capitalize upon, spearhead, and develop as regional and specialty market opportunities. Thin Film Solar PV Manufacturing Equipment Worldwide is unmatched by any other single market research publication in terms of the detail, breadth and clarity in presentation of market data.

How You’ll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already marketing or developing equipment and turnkey solutions for the thin film PV manufacturing equipment market, in associated crystalline silicon PV, semiconductor device, FPD or LED manufacturing industries, or is considering making the leap, you will find this report invaluable and incomparable in its scope of market information, projections, and insight not offered in any other single source. Thin film PV technology startup companies and developers, private equity firms including venture capital groups, other investors, thin film PV marketers, equipment re-sellers, distributors and other suppliers will also benefit from key insights into market structure, supply chain, projects worldwide, and industry developers and leaders associated with thin film PV manufacturing. The report provides an extensive review of markets for thin film PV manufacturing from 2006 as well as business expansion projects and trends through 2020.

This report will also help:

  • Marketing managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for thin film PV manufacturing equipment, technologies, components, materials, and services.

  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for thin film PV products, production equipment, components, materials, and associated services.

  • Business development executives and entrepreneurs understand the dynamics of the industry/market and identify possible partnerships.

  • Advertising agenciesworking with clients in the thin film PV production industry and equipment manufacturing industry to understand the markets for thin film PV manufacturing equipment, their application, and thin film PV technology production processes; to develop messages and images that compel consumers to invest in companies supplying or manufacturing equipment used in thin film PV manufacturing.

  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.


  • Executive Summary
    • Scope
    • Emergence and Expansion of the Global Thin Film PV Industry
      • The Thin Film PV and Crystalline Silicon PV Industries
    • Thin Film PV Manufacturing and Production Processes
      • Thin Film PV Manufacturing Development
        • Table Cross-Industry Reference Chart for TFPV Manufacturing Stages
    • Markets for Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Equipment Demand by Regions and Countries
      • Equipment Demand by Thin Film PV Technology
        • Table Thin Film PV Comparison Chart
      • Markets for Core and Emerging Global Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment
    • Summary
  • Overview of Thin Film PV Manufacturing Technologies and Equipment
    • Scope
    • Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment Design and Development
      • Equipment Applications from Other Manufacturing Industries
        • Table Cross-Industry Reference Chart for TFPV Manufacturing Stages
      • Turnkey Development of TFPV Production Lines
      • Proprietary Production Line Development
      • Production Line Customization
    • Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment Categories
      • Surface and Substrate Cleaning Equipment
      • Physical Vapor Deposition Equipment
        • Table PVD Methods in Commercial TFPV Manufacturing
        • Table Pressure Requirements for PVD Methods used in TFPV Manufacturing
      • Chemical Vapor Deposition Equipment
        • Table Pressure Requirements for CVD Methods used in TFPV Manufacturing
        • Table Thin Film Deposition Methods in Commercial TFPV Manufacturing
      • Printing Equipment
      • Water, Gas and Chemical Treatment Equipment
      • Laser Tools
      • Mechanical Scribing Equipment
      • Wet Chemical Etching Equipment
      • Thermal Processing Equipment
      • Panel Conveyance and Handling Systems
      • Back-End Equipment
    • Thin Film PV Manufacturing Processes
      • Table Primary Deposition Applications in Industry TFPV Manufacturing
      • Table Thin Film PV Comparison Chart
      • Cadmium Telluride (CdTe)
      • Thin Film Silicon (TF-Si)
      • Copper Indium (Gallium) Diselenide (CIS/CIGS)
      • Multijunction (III-V)
      • Organic (Emerging)
      • Dye-Sensitized (Emerging)
    • Summary
  • Market Trends and Factors for Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment
    • Scope
    • Global PV Production Capacities
      • Table Thin Film and c-Si PV Production Capacity Growth Worldwide, Year-over-Year and Compound Annual Growth Rate (2006-2010)
      • Table Global Proliferation of PV Industries by Country (2000-2020)
      • The Americas
        • Table Major World PV Markets and Industries
        • Table U.S. PV Production Capacity Additions (2006-2010) (MW)
        • Table PV Production Capacity Additions in the Americas (2011-2020) (MW)
      • Europe
        • Table Cumulative PV Installations - Spain, Germany, Italy (2006-2010) (MW)
        • Table European PV Production Capacity Additions (2006-2010) (MW)
        • Table European PV Production Capacity Additions (2011-2020) (MW)
      • Asia/Pacific
        • Table Asia/Pacific PV Production Capacity Additions (2006-2010) (MW)
        • Table Asia/Pacific PV Production Capacity Additions (2011-2020) (MW)
      • Africa and the Middle East
    • Trends in Thin Film and Crystalline Silicon PV Product Prices
      • Silicon Price Trends
      • Prices and Demand for Thin Film Materials
        • Table U.S. Prices for Thin Film PV Materials (1995-2010) (real $/metric ton)
      • Cost Reductions in PV Manufacturing
    • Trends in PV Technology Efficiency
      • Historical Trends and Advances in PV Efficiency
        • Table Best Research Cell Efficiencies by PV Technology (1975-2011) (%)
      • Efficiency and PV Sales
      • Efficiency and Rated Production Capacities
    • PV Products as Commodities
    • Summary
  • Markets for Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment
    • Scope
    • Markets by Technology
      • Cadmium Telluride
        • Table CdTe Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment Markets - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific (Historical: 2006-2010) ($ millions)
        • Table CdTe Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment Markets - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa and the Middle East (Projected: 2011-2020) ($ millions)
      • Thin Film Silicon
        • Table Thin Film Silicon PV Manufacturing Equipment Markets - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific (Historical: 2006-2010) ($ millions)
        • Table Thin Film Silicon PV Manufacturing Equipment Markets - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa and the Middle East (Projected: 2011-2020) ($ millions)
      • CIGS
        • Table CIGS Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment Markets - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific (Historical: 2006-2010) ($ millions)
        • Table CIGS Thin Film PV Manufacturing Equipment Markets - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa and the Middle East (Projected: 2011-2020) ($ millions)
      • Multijunction
      • Organic
      • Dye-Sensitized
    • Markets by Equipment Type
      • Plasma Source Deposition Equipment
        • Table Markets for Plasma Source Deposition Equipment (including Sputtering and PECVD Equipment) (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Thermal Deposition Equipment
        • Table Markets for Thermal Deposition Equipment (including Evaporation, Sublimation, MBE, LPCVD, and Selenization Equipment) (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Printing Deposition Equipment
        • Table Markets for Inkjet and Screen Printing Equipment (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Wet Process Equipment
      • Thermal Processing Equipment
        • Table Markets for Wet Process Equipment (including Wet Etching Benches/CBD Equipment/Washers/Chemical Layer Activation Equipment) - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa/Middle East (2006-2020) ($ millions)
        • Table Markets for Thermal Processing Equipment (including Furnaces/Annealing/Layer Activation/Sintering) - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa/Middle East (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Laser Tools
        • Table Markets for Laser Tools - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa/Middle East (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Water , Gas and Chemical Treatment Equipment
        • Table Markets for Water, Gas and Chemical Treatment Equipment - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa/Middle East (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Product Conveyance and Handling Systems
        • Table Markets for Product Handling and Conveyance Systems (including Automation / MES / Robotics / Metrology) - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa/Middle East (2006-2020) ($ millions)
      • Back-End Equipment
        • Table Markets for Back-End Equipment (including Buswire Application, Junction, Testing/Simulation, Lamination/Encapsulation) - Americas, Europe, Asia/Pacific, Africa/Middle East (2006-2020) ($ millions)
    • Employment in Thin Film PV Equipment Manufacturing
      • Table Global Employment in the Thin PV Manufacturing Equipment Production and Support (Customer Service / Installation / Contracting / Sales / Marketing / R&D) (2006-2020)
    • Summary
  • Equipment Manufacturer Profiles
    • Scope
    • Methodology and Selection of Profiles
    • Apollo Solar Energy Technology
      • Table Apollo Solar Energy Technology
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Apollo Solar Energy Technology TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Outlook
    • Applied Materials
      • Table Applied Materials
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Applied Materials TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
    • BTU International
      • Table BTU International
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table BTU International TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Outlook
      • Personnel Changes
    • Centrotherm Photovoltaics
      • Table Centrotherm Photovoltaics
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Centrotherm Photovoltaics TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
      • Personnel Changes
    • Coherent
      • Table Coherent
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Coherent TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
    • Edwards Vacuum
      • Table Edwards Vacuum
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Edwards Vacuum TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Company News
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
      • Personnel Changes
    • Gebr. Schmid
      • Table Gebr. Schmid
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Gebr. Schmid TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
    • GreenSolar
      • Table GreenSolar
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table GreenSolar TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Outlook
    • Grenzebach
      • Table Grenzebach
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Grenzebach TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Company News
      • Personnel Changes
    • Leybold Optics
      • Table Leybold Optics
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Leybold Optics TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Company News
      • Outlook
    • Manz Automation
      • Table Manz Automation
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Manz Automation TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
    • Mirle Automation
      • Table Mirle Automation
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Mirle Automation TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Outlook
    • Oerlikon Solar
      • Table Oerlikon Solar
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Oerlikon Solar TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
      • Personnel Changes
    • Pall Corporation
      • Table Pall Corporation
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Pall Corporation TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Outlook
      • Personnel Changes
    • Roth & Rau
      • Table Roth & Rau
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Roth & Rau TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
    • Singulus
      • Table Singulus
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Singulus TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
    • Smit Ovens
      • Table Smit Ovens
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Outlook
    • Tokyo Electron
      • Table Tokyo Electron
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Outlook
    • ULVAC
      • Table ULVAC
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table ULVAC TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Outlook
    • Veeco Instruments
      • Table Veeco Instruments
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Veeco Instruments TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Performance
      • Company News
      • Acquisitions and Divestitures
      • Outlook
      • Personnel Changes
    • Von Ardenne Anlagentechnik
      • Table Von Ardenne Anlagentechnik
      • Corporate Background
      • Product Portfolio
        • Table Von Ardenne Anlagentechnik TFPV Manufacturing Equipment
      • Company News
      • Orders and Innovation
      • Outlook

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