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China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2017-2020

China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2017-2020

China produced 517,000 new energy vehicles in 2016, surging by 51.7% from a year earlier, including 263,000 battery-electric passenger vehicles, soaring 73.1% year on year, and 81,000 plug-in hybrid passenger vehicles, up 29.9%, 154,000 battery-electric commercial vehicles, rising by 50.2% year on year, and 18,000 plug-in hybrid commercial vehicles, decreasing by 22.5% year on year. In 2016, new energy vehicles made up 1.8% of China’s total production and sales of vehicles (output: 28.119 million units, sales: 28.028 million units), an increase of four percentage points from a year ago. New energy vehicle ownership approximated 1 million units in China in 2016, basically accomplishing phased target of the Planning for the Development of New Energy Vehicle during 2012-2020. It is expected that EV sales will reach 2.11 million units in 2020 with EV ownership exceeding 5 million units.

Driven by rapid development of new energy vehicles, the supporting facilities like charging station and charging pile also flourish. Charging station ownership in China increased from 76 in 2010 to 5,600 in 2016 at a CAGR of 104.8%. The number of public charging piles grew from 1,122 to 150,000 at a CAGR of 126.1% during the same period. In addition to public charging piles, private charging pile ownership reached about 170,000 units in 2016, thus bringing the country’s total number of charging piles up to nearly 310,000.

The construction of charging piles in major cities that promote new energy vehicles in China is as follows:
(1) By the end of 2016, Beijing has built 612 charging stations and approximately 60,000 charging piles (public +private). In particular, 23 charging operators are accessed onto public management platform and more than 6,000 charging piles are available; and 5,000 communities or more have installed a total of 26,000 self-use charging piles. Additionally, Beijing Municipal Commission of Housing and Urban-Rural Development collaborated with State Grid to finish altering the charging conditions in 327 communities.

(2) By the end of 2016, Shanghai has built 227 pubic fast charging stations, 22 fast charging stations on expressways, 12 bus charging stations, 2 public charging stations for energy storage, and a total number of 5,084 charging piles.

As to industrial policies, China introduced a series of documents, such as the Circular on Issues Related to the Policy on Price of Electricity Used by EVs, the Circular on Rewarding the Construction of New Energy Vehicle Charging Facilities, and the Circular on Incentive Policies on New Energy Vehicle Charging Facilities and Strengthening the Popularization and Application of New Energy Vehicles during the 13th Five-year Plan Period (Exposure Draft), encouraging the construction of charging piles and allocating central fiscal funds to subsidize the provinces and enterprises which construct and operate charging piles in a sound way so as to stimulate enthusiasm of the society to participate in the construction of charging piles.

China aims to build 12,000 centralized charging/battery swap stations and 4.8 million scattered charging piles across the country by 2020 to meet charging demand of 5 million EVs in principle of 1 vehicle to 1 charging pile. Regionally, the EV charging stations that have been built are primarily concentrated in eastern provinces in East China, North China, and South China, of which Beijing, Shanghai, and Qingdao are the cities with massive construction of EV charging stations in China.

With introduction of incentive policies on charging facilities, all parts of the countries have ramped up their efforts to build charging piles, and the companies that run charging pile business also announce to build tens of thousands of charging piles in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. Operators of charging facilities, manufacturers of equipment, and providers of integrated solutions are three major roles in charging pile industry chain. There are three main business models in charging pile industry: “charging pile + commodity retail + service consumption”, “carmakers + equipment manufacturers + operators + users”, and “charging APP + cloud services + remote intelligent management”.

China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2016-2020 by ResearchInChina highlights the following:
Industrial policies on car charging station/pile, including policies on subsidies for new energy vehicles, policies on subsidies and rewards for construction of charging piles, the planning for promotion of new energy vehicles, the planning for construction of charging piles, policies on basic electricity tariff of charging and service charges over the next five years;
Development status of new energy vehicles around the world and in China, including output and sales data in major markets (global, USA, Europe, Japan, and China), and status quo & trends of new energy vehicles (passenger vehicles, buses, logistic vehicles) in China;
Development characteristics of charging pile globally, covering policies on subsidies for charging pile in major countries, in-depth analysis of charging port standards (America’s SAE, Europe’s ICE, Japan’s CHAdeMO, and China’s GB/T), and study of mainstream charging equipment and operators;
Development of car charging station/pile industry in China, including analysis of 5-year planning for construction of charging pile, particularly profit models and crowdfunding models of charging pile, and driving habits and charging behaviors of new energy vehicle users;
Construction of charging piles in more than 30 provinces and cities by the end of 2016 and construction plans
13 global and Chinese charging operators (operating models, profit models, APP, partners);
Operation and development strategies of 8 Chinese suppliers of car charging equipment;
Major Chinese carmakers’ strategic layout in charging field and cooperation with charging equipment suppliers and charging operators.

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1 Overview of EV Charging Station/Pile Industry
1.1 Electric Vehicle
1.1.1 Definition
1.1.2 Classification
1.2 EV Charging Station
1.2.1 Definition and Classification
1.2.2 Charging Modes
1.2.3 Composition and Cost Structure
1.2.4 Configuration
1.2.5 Industry Chain
1.3 Charging Port
2 Policies on Charging Infrastructure Industry in China
2.1 Electric Vehicle
2.1.1 Purchase Tax Breaks
2.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase
2.1.3 Fiscal Subsidies for Use
2.1.4 Policies on Promotion
2.2 EV Charging Station
2.2.1 Subsidies for Charging Facilities (by Country)
2.2.2 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (by Country)
2.2.3 Policies on Promotion of Charging Facilities (by City)
2.3 Other Policies
2.3.1 Basic Electricity Price for EV Charging
2.3.2 Service Charge for EV Charging
2.3.3 Charging Port Standards
2.3.4 Regulations on New Energy Vehicle Makers and Product Access
2.3.5 EV Charging/Battery Swap Service Information Exchange
3 Development of EV around the World and in China
3.1 Global EV Market
3.1.1 Overall
3.1.2 United States
3.1.3 Europe
3.1.4 Japan
3.2 Chinese EV Market
3.2.1 Overall
3.2.2 Passenger Vehicle
3.2.3 Commercial Vehicle
3.3 EV Charging Solutions in China
4 Development Status of EV Charging Facilities in Foreign Countries
4.1 Policies and Characteristics
4.2 Global Layout of Charging Equipment Market
4.3 Global Objective of Charging Equipment Market
4.4 Major Foreign Charging Port Standards
4.4.1 AC Charging Port
4.4.2 DC Charging Port
4.4.3 Combined Charging Port
4.4.4 Charging Port Standards for Main Auto Models
4.5 Typical Company-Tesla
4.5.1 Profile
4.5.2 Operation
4.5.3 R&D and Capacity
4.5.4 Development of EV
4.5.5 Suppliers
4.5.6 Distribution of Tesla’s Charging Stations
4.6 Typical Organization- CHAdeMO Association
4.6.1 Profile
4.6.2 Constitution
4.6.3 Technical Structure
4.6.4 Main Auto Models
4.6.5 Development of Charging Station
4.7 “Internet Plus” Service Mode- ChargePoint
4.7.1 Profile
4.7.2 Intelligent Charging System of ChargePoint
4.7.3 Development Status of ChargePoint
4.7.4 Profit Model of ChargePoint
4.8 Wireless Charging
4.8.1 Policies
4.8.2 Tesla -- Model S Wireless Charging System PluglessPower
4.8.3 Volvo -- Utilizes Roads for Wireless Charging
4.8.4 Qualcomm -- Halo EV Wireless Charging Technology
4.8.5 Japanese Wireless Charging Bus
4.8.6 ZTE -- Contactless Electromagnetic Induction Mode
4.8.7 BYD -- WAVE Wireless Charging Cushion
4.8.8 Audi -- Liftable Wireless Charging System
4.9 Technical Trends -- V2V/V2H
5 Development of Charging Station/Pile in China
5.1 Construction of Charging Station/Pile in China
5.2 Business Model for Charging Facilities in China
5.2.1 Crowdfunding Model for Charging Pile in China
5.3 Operation of Charging Facilities in China
5.3.1 Profit Model of Charging Facilities in China
5.4 Driving and Charging Habits of Chinese EV Users
5.5 Challenges to EV and Charging Facilities
5.5.1 Long Charging Time
5.5.2 Immature Technologies, Costly
5.5.3 Market Enclosure, Different Standards
5.5.4 Strong Local Protectionism
5.5.5 Irrational Distribution of Charging Facilities
6 Construction of Charging Station/Pile in Major Cities
6.1 Charging Stations on Expressways
6.1.1 Configuration Standards
6.1.2 Charging Cards for Charging Stations on Expressways
6.1.3 Charging Fees
6.1.4 Development Planning
6.1.5 G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway
6.1.6 G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway
6.1.7 G15 Shenyang-Haikou Expressway
6.1.8 G25 Changchun-Shenzhen Expressway
6.1.9 G3 Beijing-Taipei Expressway
6.2 Northeast China
6.2.1 Heilongjiang
6.2.2 Jilin
6.2.3 Liaoning
6.3 North China
6.3.1 Beijing
6.3.2 Tianjin
6.3.3 Hebei
6.3.4 Shanxi
6.3.5 Inner Mongolia
6.4 East China
6.4.1 Shanghai
6.4.2 Shandong
6.4.3 Jiangsu
6.4.4 Anhui
6.4.5 Jiangxi
6.4.6 Zhejiang
6.4.7 Fujian
6.5 Central China
6.5.1 Henan
6.5.2 Hubei
6.5.3 Hunan
6.6 South China
6.6.1 Guangdong
6.6.2 Hainan
6.6.3 Guangxi
6.7 Southwest China
6.7.1 Chongqing
6.7.2 Sichuan
6.7.3 Guizhou
6.7.4 Yunnan
6.7.5 Tibet
6.8 Northwest China
6.8.1 Shaanxi
6.8.2 Gansu
6.8.3 Qinghai
6.8.4 Ningxia
6.8.5 Xinjiang
7 Major Charging Operators in China
7.1 State Grid Corporation of China
7.1.1 Planning for Construction of Charging Stations
7.1.2 Construction of Charging Stations
7.1.3 EV Charging Equipment Bidding in 2014
7.1.4 EV Charging Equipment Bidding in 2015
7.1.5 EV Charging Equipment Bidding in 2016
7.2 China Southern Power Grid
7.2.1 Planning for Construction of Charging Stations
7.2.2 Construction of Charging Stations
7.2.3 EV Charging Equipment Bidding in 2016
7.3 Potevio New Energy
7.3.1 Profile
7.3.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
7.3.3 R&D Capability and Developments
7.3.4 Distribution of Charging Stations
7.3.5 Cooperative Enterprises
7.3.6 Charging Business and Revenue
7.4 Beijing Huashang Sanyou New Energy Technology
7.4.1 Profile
7.4.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
7.4.3 eVehicle (evehicle.cn)
7.4.4 Charging Business and Revenue
7.5 Zhejiang Wanma New Energy
7.5.1 Profile
7.5.2 Affiliated Company
7.5.3 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
7.5.4 iCharge (eichong.com)
7.5.5 Cooperative Enterprises
7.5.6 Supply System
7.5.6 Charging Business and Revenue
7.6 Star Charge
7.6.1 Profile
7.6.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
7.6.3 Distribution of Charging Piles
7.6.4 Charging Business and Revenue
7.7 Qingdao TGOOD Electric
7.7.1 Profile
7.7.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
7.7.3 R&D Capability and Developments
7.7.4 Distribution of Charging Stations
7.7.5 Cooperative Enterprises
7.7.6 Charging Business and Revenue
7.8 Dianzhuang
7.8.1 Profile
7.8.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
7.8.3 Charging Business and Revenue
7.9 Other Potential Charging Service Providers
7.10 Conclusion
8 Major Charging Equipment Suppliers in China
8.1 NARI Technology Co., Ltd.
8.1.1 Profile
8.1.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.1.3 Charging Business and Revenue
8.2 Shenzhen Auto Electric Power Plant Co., Ltd.
8.2.1 Profile
8.2.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.2.3 R&D
8.2.4 Charging Business and Revenue
8.3 XJ Electric Co., Ltd.
8.3.1 Profile
8.3.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.3.3 Charging Business and Revenue
8.4 Sieyuan Electric Co., Ltd.
8.4.1 Profile
8.4.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.5 Shenzhen Golden Highway Technology Co., Ltd.
8.5.1 Profile
8.5.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.5.3 Charging Business and Revenue
8.6 Hangzhou Zhongheng Electric Co., Ltd.
8.6.1 Profile
8.6.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.6.3 Charging Business and Revenue
8.7 Zhejiang Tofine Technology Co., Ltd.
8.7.1 Profile
8.7.2 Major Customers
8.8 UTEK New Energy Technology Co., Ltd.
8.8.1 Profile
8.8.2 Charging/Battery Swap Equipment
8.8.3 Major Customers
8.8.4 Charging Business and Revenue
9 Strategic Moves of Major Chinese Carmakers in Charging Field
9.1 BYD
9.2 BAIC BJEV
9.3 ZOTYE
9.4 Geely
9.5 SAIC Motor
9.6 Conclusion

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