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Survey of Emerging Cataloging Practices:Use of RDA by Academic Libraries

Survey of Emerging Cataloging Practices:Use of RDA by Academic Libraries

The study presents data and commentary from 60 predominantly academic libraries about their use of Resource Description and Cataloging, or RDA.  The questionnaire was largely designed and the summary written by award winning cataloging and metadata librarian Salman Haider, currently working as Cataloging Librarian at the U.S. Library of Congress. Data is broken out by of academic institution, tuition level, and type or Carnegie class among other variables. The study reports on library perceptions of RDA, ease of implementation, librarian training and use, and reception by patrons, among other issues.  The study presents detailed commentary on the integration of RDA with ILS systems, and reports on the impact of RDA on cataloging productivity and use of staff time.  The report also looks at the general state of cataloging in academic libraries with questions about budget, staffing, technology use and more. Many major academic libraries in the USA, Canada, Australia and the UK participated. Just a few of the report’s many finding are that: According to the survey participants 111.72 minutes is the mean extra time needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures;  A plurality of survey participants were not in favor of retro-conversion services for RDA cataloging as they do not think that it will result in saving of time and money, and high quality records; Out of all 56 responses received 26 were against retro-conversion, 12 favored it, and 18 responses contained mixed opinions; 35.59 percent  of all survey participants say the library has spent “about the same” on cataloging over the past five years, while 32.20 percent estimate that they have spent “somewhat less” and just 8.47 percent of participants say their institutions have spent “somewhat more” on cataloging.


THE QUESTIONNAIRE
PARTICIPANTS LIST
Characteristics of the Sample
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
SUMMARY OF MAIN FINDINGS
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: With the new Resources Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules that are formally adopted by the Library of Congress and other national libraries, has your library transitioned to adopting Resource Description and Access (RDA)?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What are your initial first impressions of RDA?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: Rate the extent to which you believe that RDA will enhance cataloger’s roles in future library decisions.
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: How does your Integrated Library System (ILS) handle these new RDA records?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: For creating or updating a bibliographic record using RDA and MARC 21, there are many new fields prescribed, e.g., 336 for RDA Content Types, 337 for RDA Media Types, 338 for RDA Carrier Types. Also, RDA puts more emphasis on relationships and linking of records. Does following the new cataloging rules RDA require more time to complete the descriptive cataloging of a library item?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: For creating or updating an authority record in RDA for personal name, corporate name, family, or place name, there are many new MARC 21 fields prescribed, e.g. 046 for Special Coded Dates, 368 for Other Attributes for Person or Corporate Body, 370 for Associated Place, 371 for Address, 372 for Field of Activity, 373 for Associated Group, 374 for Occupation, 375 for Gender, 373 for Family Information, 378 for Fuller Form of Personal Name. Does RDA require more time to complete an authority record?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: If so, how much time in minutes, would you say are needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What are your opinions about professional RDA retro-conversion services? Do you think outsourcing retro-conversion job for your library will result in the saving of time and money, and high-quality records?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: If you can recommend any RDA retro-conversion services please list them here:
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: How much has your library spent in the past year on any of the following?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: How convenient is it to search cataloging rules for Resource Description and Access (RDA) in the RDA Toolkit?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What tools (such as blogs, wikis, websites, etc.) do you use besides RDA Toolkit to find RDA rules and solutions to cataloging problems?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What is your opinion about the RDA Blog on Resource Description and Access?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: If your library has implemented RDA, then what is the one benefit of RDA which you found is most important to your library?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What courses related to cataloging and metadata from ALA-accredited library and information school do you find most helpful in your use of RDA?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: Has your cataloging department got a name change or do you wish a name change for your cataloging department, such as Cataloging and Metadata Department, Discovery Enhancement Services Department, Metadata Services Department, Resource Access Services Department, Resource Management, Description and Discovery Department?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: Do you think that changes to catalog displays of your current library systems and OPACs are required to take full advantage of data created using RDA, with its underlying FRBR structure of work, expression, manifestation, and item?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: Following the replacement of AACR2 by RDA, BIBFRAME is widely viewed as the replacement for MARC. Do you think MARC should be replaced by BIBFRAME to use Linked Data principles to make bibliographic data more useful and visible, both within and outside the library community?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What are your first impressions of BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework) Initiative by Library of Congress?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What are your first impressions of the Libhub Initiative by Zepheira that aims to convert hundreds of library’s bibliographic records and publish them on the Web to build a core set of library data on the Web?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: As a cataloger, do you believe that the future of cataloging looks: Good, Stable, Weak, Poor?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: Over the past five years the library appears to have spent a lot more, more, somewhat less, less or about the same on cataloging?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: How would you characterize the future of consortia in cataloging? Do you believe that central consortia cataloging will be the future of cataloging?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: What should library administrators understand about cataloging that they do not seem to understand?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: To what extent has technology usurped the need for catalogers and the library catalog?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: How do other librarians view catalogers?
Summary of Results for: We asked the librarians sampled: Briefly list and explain what you consider the most useful new technologies (hardware, software, etc.) in cataloging and metadata today, such as wikis, blogs, harvesting software, DSpace for institutional repositories, any OCLC or vendor products or services, etc.
Table 1.1 With the new Resources Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules that are formally adopted by the Library of Congress and other national libraries, has your library transitioned to adopting Resource Description and Access (RDA)?
Table 1.2 With the new Resources Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules that are formally adopted by the Library of Congress and other national libraries, has your library transitioned to adopting Resource Description and Access (RDA)? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 1.3 With the new Resources Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules that are formally adopted by the Library of Congress and other national libraries, has your library transitioned to adopting Resource Description and Access (RDA)? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 1.4 With the new Resources Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules that are formally adopted by the Library of Congress and other national libraries, has your library transitioned to adopting Resource Description and Access (RDA)? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 1.5 With the new Resources Description and Access (RDA) cataloging rules that are formally adopted by the Library of Congress and other national libraries, has your library transitioned to adopting Resource Description and Access (RDA)? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
What are your initial first impressions of RDA?
Table 2 Rate the extent to which you believe that RDA will enhance cataloger’s roles in future library decisions.
Table 2.1.1 RDA's impact on catalogers role in library decisions
Table 2.1.2 RDA's impact on cataloger’s role in library decisions Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 2.1.3 RDA's impact on catalogers role in library decisions Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 2.1.4 RDA's impact on catalogers role in library decisions Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 2.1.5 RDA's impact on catalogers role in library decisions Broken out by Annual tuition, $
How does your Integrated Library System (ILS) handle these new RDA records?
Table 3.1 For creating or updating a bibliographic record using RDA and MARC 21, there are many new fields prescribed, e.g., 336 for RDA Content Types, 337 for RDA Media Types, 338 for RDA Carrier Types. Also, RDA puts more emphasis on relationships and linking of records. Does following the new cataloging rules RDA require more time to complete the descriptive cataloging of a library item?
Table 3.2 For creating or updating a bibliographic record using RDA and MARC 21, there are many new fields prescribed, e.g., 336 for RDA Content Types, 337 for RDA Media Types, 338 for RDA Carrier Types. Also, RDA puts more emphasis on relationships and linking of records. Does following the new cataloging rules RDA require more time to complete the descriptive cataloging of a library item? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 3.3 For creating or updating a bibliographic record using RDA and MARC 21, there are many new fields prescribed, e.g., 336 for RDA Content Types, 337 for RDA Media Types, 338 for RDA Carrier Types. Also, RDA puts more emphasis on relationships and linking of records. Does following the new cataloging rules RDA require more time to complete the descriptive cataloging of a library item? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 3.4 For creating or updating a bibliographic record using RDA and MARC 21, there are many new fields prescribed, e.g., 336 for RDA Content Types, 337 for RDA Media Types, 338 for RDA Carrier Types. Also, RDA puts more emphasis on relationships and linking of records. Does following the new cataloging rules RDA require more time to complete the descriptive cataloging of a library item? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 3.5 For creating or updating a bibliographic record using RDA and MARC 21, there are many new fields prescribed, e.g., 336 for RDA Content Types, 337 for RDA Media Types, 338 for RDA Carrier Types. Also, RDA puts more emphasis on relationships and linking of records. Does following the new cataloging rules RDA require more time to complete the descriptive cataloging of a library item? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
Table 4.1 For creating or updating an authority record in RDA for personal name, corporate name, family, or place name, there are many new MARC 21 fields prescribed, e.g. 046 for Special Coded Dates, 368 for Other Attributes for Person or Corporate Body, 370 for Associated Place, 371 for Address, 372 for Field of Activity, 373 for Associated Group, 374 for Occupation, 375 for Gender, 373 for Family Information, 378 for Fuller Form of Personal Name. Does RDA require more time to complete an authority record?
Table 4.2 For creating or updating an authority record in RDA for personal name, corporate name, family, or place name, there are many new MARC 21 fields prescribed, e.g. 046 for Special Coded Dates, 368 for Other Attributes for Person or Corporate Body, 370 for Associated Place, 371 for Address, 372 for Field of Activity, 373 for Associated Group, 374 for Occupation, 375 for Gender, 373 for Family Information, 378 for Fuller Form of Personal Name. Does RDA require more time to complete an authority record? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 4.3 For creating or updating an authority record in RDA for personal name, corporate name, family, or place name, there are many new MARC 21 fields prescribed, e.g. 046 for Special Coded Dates, 368 for Other Attributes for Person or Corporate Body, 370 for Associated Place, 371 for Address, 372 for Field of Activity, 373 for Associated Group, 374 for Occupation, 375 for Gender, 373 for Family Information, 378 for Fuller Form of Personal Name. Does RDA require more time to complete an authority record? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 4.4 For creating or updating an authority record in RDA for personal name, corporate name, family, or place name, there are many new MARC 21 fields prescribed, e.g. 046 for Special Coded Dates, 368 for Other Attributes for Person or Corporate Body, 370 for Associated Place, 371 for Address, 372 for Field of Activity, 373 for Associated Group, 374 for Occupation, 375 for Gender, 373 for Family Information, 378 for Fuller Form of Personal Name. Does RDA require more time to complete an authority record? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 4.5 For creating or updating an authority record in RDA for personal name, corporate name, family, or place name, there are many new MARC 21 fields prescribed, e.g. 046 for Special Coded Dates, 368 for Other Attributes for Person or Corporate Body, 370 for Associated Place, 371 for Address, 372 for Field of Activity, 373 for Associated Group, 374 for Occupation, 375 for Gender, 373 for Family Information, 378 for Fuller Form of Personal Name. Does RDA require more time to complete an authority record? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
Table 5.1 If so, how much time in minutes, would you say are needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures?
Table 5.2 If so, how much time in minutes, would you say are needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 5.3 If so, how much time in minutes, would you say are needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 5.4 If so, how much time in minutes, would you say are needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 5.5 If so, how much time in minutes, would you say are needed for every 10 library items cataloged using RDA vs. prior procedures? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
What are your opinions about professional RDA retro-conversion services? Do you think outsourcing retro-conversion job for your library will result in the saving of time and money, and high-quality records?
If you can recommend any RDA retro-conversion services please list them here:
Table 6 How much has your library spent in the past year on any of the following? (Please put in 0 if you have not spent anything and do not leave the space blank)
Table 6.1.1 How much has your library spent in the past year on RDA conversion services?
Table 6.1.2 How much has your library spent in the past year on RDA conversion services? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 6.1.3 How much has your library spent in the past year on RDA conversion services? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 6.1.4 How much has your library spent in the past year on RDA conversion services? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 6.1.5 How much has your library spent in the past year on RDA conversion services? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
Table 7.1 How convenient is it to search cataloging rules for Resource Description and Access (RDA) in the RDA Toolkit?
Table 7.2 How convenient is it to search cataloging rules for Resource Description and Access (RDA) in the RDA Toolkit? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 7.3 How convenient is it to search cataloging rules for Resource Description and Access (RDA) in the RDA Toolkit? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 7.4 How convenient is it to search cataloging rules for Resource Description and Access (RDA) in the RDA Toolkit? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 7.5 How convenient is it to search cataloging rules for Resource Description and Access (RDA) in the RDA Toolkit? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
What tools (such as blogs, wikis, websites, etc.) do you use besides RDA Toolkit to find RDA rules and solutions to cataloging problems?
What is your opinion about the RDA Blog on Resource Description and Access?
Table 8.1 If your library has implemented RDA, then what is the one benefit of RDA which you found is most important to your library?
Table 8.2 If your library has implemented RDA, then what is the one benefit of RDA which you found is most important to your library? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 8.3 If your library has implemented RDA, then what is the one benefit of RDA which you found is most important to your library? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 8.4 If your library has implemented RDA, then what is the one benefit of RDA which you found is most important to your library? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 8.5 If your library has implemented RDA, then what is the one benefit of RDA which you found is most important to your library? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
What courses related to cataloging and metadata from ALA-accredited library and information school do you find most helpful in your use of RDA?
Has your cataloging department got a name change or do you wish a name change for your cataloging department, such as Cataloging and Metadata Department, Discovery Enhancement Services Department, Metadata Services Department, Resource Access Services Department, Resource Management, Description and Discovery Department?
Do you think that changes to catalog displays of your current library systems and OPACs are required to take full advantage of data created using RDA, with its underlying FRBR structure of work, expression, manifestation, and item?
Table 9.1 Following the replacement of AACR2 by RDA, BIBFRAME is widely viewed as the replacement for MARC. Do you think MARC should be replaced by BIBFRAME to use Linked Data principles to make bibliographic data more useful and visible, both within and outside the library community?
Table 9.2 Following the replacement of AACR2 by RDA, BIBFRAME is widely viewed as the replacement for MARC. Do you think MARC should be replaced by BIBFRAME to use Linked Data principles to make bibliographic data more useful and visible, both within and outside the library community? Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 9.3 Following the replacement of AACR2 by RDA, BIBFRAME is widely viewed as the replacement for MARC. Do you think MARC should be replaced by BIBFRAME to use Linked Data principles to make bibliographic data more useful and visible, both within and outside the library community? Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 9.4 Following the replacement of AACR2 by RDA, BIBFRAME is widely viewed as the replacement for MARC. Do you think MARC should be replaced by BIBFRAME to use Linked Data principles to make bibliographic data more useful and visible, both within and outside the library community? Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 9.5 Following the replacement of AACR2 by RDA, BIBFRAME is widely viewed as the replacement for MARC. Do you think MARC should be replaced by BIBFRAME to use Linked Data principles to make bibliographic data more useful and visible, both within and outside the library community? Broken out by Annual tuition, $
What are your first impressions of BIBFRAME (Bibliographic Framework) Initiative by Library of Congress?
What are your first impressions of Libhub Initiative by Zepheira that aims to convert hundreds of library’s bibliographic records and publish them on the Web to build a core set of library data on the Web?
Table 10.1 As a cataloger, do you believe that the future of cataloging looks:
Table 10.2 As a cataloger, do you believe that the future of cataloging looks: Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 10.3 As a cataloger, do you believe that the future of cataloging looks: Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 10.4 As a cataloger, do you believe that the future of cataloging looks: Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 10.5 As a cataloger, do you believe that the future of cataloging looks: Broken out by Annual tuition, $
Table 11.1 Over the past five years the library appears to be:
Table 11.2 Over the past five years the library appears to be: Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 11.3 Over the past five years the library appears to be: Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 11.4 Over the past five years the library appears to be: Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 11.5 Over the past five years the library appears to be: Broken out by Annual tuition, $
How would you characterize the future of consortia’s in cataloging? Do you believe that central consortia cataloging will be the future of cataloging?
What should library administrators understand about cataloging that they do not seem to understand?
To what extent has technology usurped the need for catalogers and the library catalog?
Table 12.1 How do other librarians view catalogers:
Table 12.2 How do other librarians view catalogers: Broken out by Carnegie class or type of institution
Table 12.3 How do other librarians view catalogers: Broken out by Full time equivalent enrollment
Table 12.4 How do other librarians view catalogers: Broken out for public and private colleges
Table 12.5 How do other librarians view catalogers: Broken out by Annual tuition, $
Briefly list and explain what you consider the most useful new technologies (hardware, software, etc.) in cataloging and metadata today, such as wikis, blogs, harvesting software, DSpace for institutional repositories, any OCLC or vendor products or services, etc.

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