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International Survey of Research University Leadership: Views on Supporting Open Access Scholarly & Educational Materials

International Survey of Research University Leadership: Views on Supporting Open Access Scholarly & Educational Materials

This report looks closely at the attitudes on open access of a sample of 314 deans, chancellors, department chairmen, research institute directors, provosts, trustees, vice presidents and other upper level administrators from more than 50 research universities in the USA, Canada, the UK, Ireland and Australia. Data in the report is broken out by country, university ranking, work title, field of work responsibility, level of compensations, age, gender and other variables. The report gives detailed information on what they think of the cost of academic journal subscriptions, and how they understand the meaning of the term “open access.” The study also gives highly detailed data on what kind of policies the research university elite support or might support in the area of open access, including policies such as restricting purchases of very high-priced journals, paying publication fees for open access publications, mandating deposit of university scholarship into digital repositories, and developing open access educational materials from university resources. Just a few of the report’s many findings are that: * The lowest percentage of those interviewed considering the high cost of journals a big problem was in the United States, where only 11.56% of higher education leadership had this opinion; the highest share, in Canada, 27.45% had this view. * More than 40% of administrators from public universities in the sample supported the idea of using university funds to develop open access textbooks from materials developed or owned by the university or its scholars. * Support for mandatory deposit requirements for scholarly output into university digital repositories was highest among the universities ranked in the top 41 worldwide.


THE QUESTIONNAIRE
INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATIONS OF THE SURVEY PARTICIPANTS
Characteristics of the Sample
SUMMARY OF MAIN FINDINGS
How Significant a Problem is the High Cost of Scholarly Journals?
What does the Term “Open Access” Mean to You?
What should University Policy be Regarding University Library Requests for Support of Open Access Policies?
Strength of Support for the Development and Use of Open Access Textbooks
Strength of Support for the Development of Open Access Textbooks from University Resources Using University Funds
Strength of Support for Mandatory University Repository Deposit Requirements for Scholarly Articles Published by Faculty
Strength of Support for Prohibiting Faculty from Publishing in Journals that Fail to Respect Requirements of Major Funding Sources to Make Research Results Publicly Available Without Embargo Periods or Restrictions
Support for University Restrictions on Use of Textbooks that Cost in Excess of a Certain Amount
Support for University Restrictions on the Subscribing to Academic Journals Whose Costs Exceed a Certain Amount
Support for University Funding for Open Access Publication Fees
Should Your University Spend More, Spend Less, or Spend About the Same on Open Access Publication Fees and other Fees to Support Open Access
Should Your University Library Continue to Pay Publication Fees in the Future?
Table 1.1 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals?
Table 1.2 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by country
Table 1.3 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 1.4 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by public or private status
Table 1.5 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 1.6 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 1.7 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 1.8 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 1.9 How great a problem is it for your institution the high cost of subscriptions to academic and scholarly journals? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
What does the term open access mean when applied to educational and scholarly materials?
Table 2.1 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees.
Table 2.2 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees. Broken out by country
Table 2.3 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees. Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 2.4 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees. Broken out by public or private status
Table 2.5 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees. Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 2.6 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees. Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 2.7 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees. Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 2.8 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 2.9 What policy should the university adopt with regard to the growing movement of academic libraries to strongly encourage the university's scholars to deposit their scholarly articles and other works in the university's institutional digital repository and to make those works available in open access journals rather than those that restrict access to subscribers and charge high subscription fees? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 3 Open access educational materials are generally cost free to end users. Should the university administration take measures to encourage the use of open access materials to lower costs to students and to the institution itself. Which of the following policies would you support? (check all that apply)
Table 3.1.1 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content?
Table 3.1.2 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by country
Table 3.1.3 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.1.4 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by public or private status
Table 3.1.5 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 3.1.6 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 3.1.7 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 3.1.8 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 3.1.9 Would you support: Developing Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 3.2.1 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content?
Table 3.2.2 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by country
Table 3.2.3 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to Help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.2.4 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to Help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by public or private status
Table 3.2.5 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 3.2.6 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 3.2.7 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 3.2.8 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 3.2.9 Would you support: Appropriating University Funds to help to Develop Open Access Textbooks and other Materials from the University's Own Scholars and Content? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 3.3.1 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected?
Table 3.3.2 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories as Long as Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by country
Table 3.3.3 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories as Long as Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.3.4 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by public or private status
Table 3.3.5 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 3.3.6 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open
Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 3.3.7 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 3.3.8 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 3.3.9 Would you support: Mandating that University Scholars Deposit Journal Articles That They Author or Co-Author Into a University Repository and Other Open Access Repositories As Long As Copyright and Other Legal Requirements Are Respected? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 3.4.1 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods?
Table 3.4.2 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by country
Table 3.4.3 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.4.4 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by public or private status
Table 3.4.5 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 3.4.6 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 3.4.7 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 3.4.8 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 3.4.9 Would you support: Prohibiting Faculty from publishing in journals that fail to respect requirements from major research funding sources that research results be made publicly available without restrictions or embargo periods? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 3.5.1 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount?
Table 3.5.2 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by country
Table 3.5.3 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.5.4 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by public or private status
Table 3.5.5 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 3.5.6 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 3.5.7 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant 55
Table 3.5.8 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 3.5.9 Would you support: not allowing the adoption of textbooks which cost over a certain defined amount? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 3.6.1 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount?
Table 3.6.2 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by country
Table 3.6.3 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.6.4 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by public or private status
Table 3.6.5 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 3.6.6 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 3.6.7 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 3.6.8 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 3.6.9 Would you support: not allowing subscriptions to academic journals that charge over a certain defined amount? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 4.1 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars?
Table 4.2 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by country
Table 4.3 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 4.4 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by public or private status
Table 4.5 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 4.6 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 4.7 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 4.8 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 4.9 Open access journals do not charge subscription or other fees to readers. However, they cover their costs and in some cases profits by charging authors, their parent institutions or funding sources fees to publish articles. Should your university pay these fees for its scholars? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 5.1 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing?
Table 5.2 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by country
Table 5.3 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 5.4 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by public or private status
Table 5.5 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 5.6 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 5.7 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 5.8 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 5.9 Your university should spend more, spend less, or spend about the same to support publication fees, membership fees and other fees to support open access publishing? Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
Table 6.1 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees?
Table 6.2 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by country
Table 6.3 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 6.4 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by public or private status
Table 6.5 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by gender of survey participant
Table 6.6 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by age of survey participant
Table 6.7 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by academic title or role of the survey participant
Table 6.8 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by major field of work of the survey participant
Table 6.9 Which policy do you think that your academic library should pursue regarding these fees. Broken out by compensation level of survey participant
If traditional academic journals supported by a subscription model decline how should the quality of academic journal articles be assessed?

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