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International Survey of Medical & Other Life Sciences Faculty: Opinion of the Peer Review Process

International Survey of Medical & Other Life Sciences Faculty: Opinion of the Peer Review Process

This 75-page report presents detailed data about what medical and other life sciences faculty from 50 major research universities think of the peer review process, and how they have experienced that process. The study gives data on the percentage of scholars who have participated as peer review referees over the past three years, how many times that they have done so, and what level of confidence they have in the peer review process. They give their opinions of the efficacy of blind review, double-blind review, and open review. It also pinpoints the percentage of faculty who have been paid for peer review, and the forms of compensation. In addition, the study presents precise data on the percentage of faculty who have been approached by open access journals to be reviewers, and the percentage who have been approached by digital repositories to serve the same role. Finally, the study reports on the opinion of the 175 scientists and scholars sampled about how the peer review process can be improved. Data and analysis in the report is presented separately for cohorts broken out by ten criteria including academic title, academic department, gender, university size, university ranking, university host nation, university public/private status and other variables. Just a few of the report’s many findings include: * Nearly 65% of those sampled had served as a referee for a peer reviewed journal over the past three years. The service level was lowest in the USA where 58.33% had served, and highest in Australia, where 90% had done so. * The oldest scholars were far more sceptical than others about the peer review process; more than 14% of scholars aged 60 or over were not very or not at all confident in the quality of the peer review process. * Close to half of faculty working in universities that charge less than $29,500 per year in annual tuition had been approached by open access journals to be peer reviewers for them.


THE QUESTIONNAIRE
INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATIONS OF THE SURVEY PARTICIPANTS
Characteristics of the Sample
SUMMARY OF MAIN FINDINGS
Percentage of Faculty who have Served as Peer Reviewers
Number of Journal Articles Reviewed Over the Past Three Years
Percentage of Faculty Who have been Approached by an Open Access Journal to be Peer Reviewers
Percentage of Faculty Who have been Approached by a Digital Repository to be Peer Reviewers
Degree of Confidence in the Efficacy of the Peer Review Process
Ranking the Level of Confidence in Three Forms of Peer Review: Double Blind Peer Review, Open Peer Review and Blind Peer Review
Payment for Peer Review
Improving the Peer Review Process
Table 1.1 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years?
Table 1.2 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by country
Table 1.3 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 1.4 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by annual tuition
Table 1.5 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by public and private status
Table 1.6 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 1.7 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by FTE
Table 1.8 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 1.9 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 1.10 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 1.11 Have you served as a referee for any peer reviewed journal in the past three years? Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 2.1 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively?
Table 2.2 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by country
Table 2.3 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 2.4 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by annual tuition
Table 2.5 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by public and private status
Table 2.6 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 2.7 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by FTE
Table 2.8 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 2.9 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 2.10 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 2.11 If so how many articles have you reviewed over the past three years cumulatively? Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 3 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for any of the following? (choose all that apply)
Table 3.1.1 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for an Open Access Journal?
Table 3.1.2 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for an Open Access Journal? Broken out by country
Table 3.1.3 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.1.4 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by annual tuition
Table 3.1.5 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by public and private status
Table 3.1.6 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 3.1.7 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by FTE
Table 3.1.8 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 3.1.9 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 3.1.10 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 3.1.11 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Open Access Journal? Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 3.2.1 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository?
Table 3.2.2 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by country
Table 3.2.3 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 3.2.4 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by annual tuition
Table 3.2.5 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by public and private status
Table 3.2.6 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 3.2.7 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by FTE
Table 3.2.8 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 3.2.9 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 3.2.10 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 3.2.11 Have you ever been approached to serve as a peer reviewer or referee for Digital Repository? Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 4.1 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process?
Table 4.2 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by country
Table 4.3 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 4.4 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by annual tuition
Table 4.5 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by public and private status
Table 4.6 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 4.7 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by FTE
Table 4.8 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 4.9 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 4.10 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 4.11 How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
How much confidence do you have in the peer review process? Other answers
Table 5.1 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it
Table 5.2 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by country
Table 5.3 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 5.4 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by annual tuition
Table 5.5 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by public and private status
Table 5.6 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 5.7 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by FTE
Table 5.8 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 5.9 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 5.10 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 5.11 Rank Double Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 6.1 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it
Table 6.2 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by country
Table 6.3 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 6.4 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by annual tuition
Table 6.5 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by public and private status
Table 6.6 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 6.7 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by FTE
Table 6.8 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 6.9 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 6.10 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 6.11 Rank Open Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 7.1 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it
Table 7.2 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by country
Table 7.3 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 7.4 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by annual tuition
Table 7.5 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by public and private status
Table 7.6 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 7.7 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by FTE
Table 7.8 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 7.9 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 7.10 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 7.11 Rank Blind Peer Review first, second or third for the degree of confidence you have in it Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
Table 8.1 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review?
Table 8.2 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by country
Table 8.3 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by US News and World Report World Ranking
Table 8.4 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by annual tuition
Table 8.5 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by public and private status
Table 8.6 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by gender of the survey participant
Table 8.7 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by FTE
Table 8.8 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by age range of the survey participant
Table 8.9 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by tenure status of the survey participant
Table 8.10 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by work rank or title of the survey participant
Table 8.11 Have you ever been paid to conduct a peer review? Broken out by academic department or school of the survey participant
What should be done to improve the quality of the peer review process?

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