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Public Safety Communications – From LMR to 5G

Public Safety Communications – From LMR to 5G

Practel is involved in the research of Public Safety Communications (PSC) for a number of years; and published several related reports. This particular report addresses in details one of the major changes in PSC: introduction of LTE (Long Term Evolution) technology to support critical communications tasks; until recently, such support was exclusively P25 and TETRA and some other LMRs (Land Mobile Radios) systems prerogative. It also concentrates on efforts to build a LTE-based broadband nationwide PSC networks in U.S. (the FirstNet) and in England.

The report provides up-to-date information on the nationwide PSC LTE-based networks development, on recent 3GPP releases that affect PSC and on industry consolidated efforts to support coexistence of LTE and LMR (both P25 and TETRA) as PSC are preparing to enter the 5G era. Marketing aspects are also detailed.

5G wireless access - in contrast to earlier generations - should not be seen as a specific radio access technology. It is, rather, the overall wireless-access solution addressing the demands and requirements of mobile communication beyond 2020. LTE, which was born as a 4G technology, will continue to develop in a backwards-compatible approach and will be an important part of the 5G solution for frequency bands below 6 GHz. In parallel, new radio access technologies will emerge, at least initially targeting new spectrum. As such, LTE will play an important role in advancing Public Safety Communications.

This report is about current and future technological and marketing trends in PSC. Particular, it addresses the following items:
-Introduction of PSC based on the LTE technology and its evolution. LTE marketing and technological analysis is performed, emphasizing applicability of this technology for PSC. The survey of LTE vendors is conducted.
-The U.S. first nationwide PSC LTE-based network – FirstNet- launch and current developmental status are presented. Technical details, structure and governing of FirstNet are also addressed.
-The current status of the P25 technology and markets are discussed. The survey of P25 vendors’ portfolios is presented. Current trends in this industry development are emphasized.
- The current status of the TETRA technology and markets are discussed. The survey of TETRA vendors’ portfolios is presented. Current trends in this industry development are emphasized.
- PSC LTE-related activities in Europe are addressed. Construction of the PSC LTE nationwide network in England is discussed.
- Specifics of PSC with co-existence of conventional P25 and TETRA technologies and LTE technology are discussed. Marketing aspects of PSC utilizing LTE are addressed.

Altogether, the report objective was to discuss the aspects of PSC future. At the present time, P25 and TETRA dominate PSC. Already in 2012, PSC LTE-based private systems have been introduced. Such systems benefits include high speed of transmission and economics of scales of commercially available equipment, among others.
At the same time, LTE systems, currently, cannot fulfil all requirements of PSC users. The report is discussing such limitations; 3GPP standards that supposed to address some of these issues will not be ready until 2019-2020. The report emphasizes that in foreseeable future LTE and P25/TETRA technologies will, probably, co-exist in PSC.
The report is written for a large audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the design and implementation of PSC networks as well as for users such networks. 


1.0 Introduction
1.1 Status
1.2 Union
1.3 Scope and Goals
1.4 Research Methodology
1.5 Target Audience
2.0 Bridging 4G and 5G - LTE Place in PSC
2.1 Interest
2.1.1 NPSTC
2.1.2 TCCA
2.2 3GPP and LTE
2.2.1 Releases and PSC
2.3 LTE Timetable
2.4 Broadband Wireless Communications Stages and LTE Place
2.4.1 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
2.5 Key Features of LTE
2.6 Details
2.6.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) - eNB
2.6.2 UE Categories
2.6.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
2.6.4 LTE Layers
2.7 LTE Advanced
2.8 Self-organized Network (SON)
2.9 SAE/EPS - Details
2.9.1 Functional Structure
2.9.2 Interfaces
2.10 Market
2.10.1 General
2.10.2 Drivers
2.10.3 Demand: Wireless Broadband
2.10.4 LTE Market Projections
2.11 Summary of LTE Benefits
2.12 Vendors
Agilent
Altair Semiconductor
Alcatel-Lucent-NEC
Altera
Aricent
AceAxis
Cisco
CommAgility
Ericsson
Fujitsu
Huawei
Lime Microsystems
Motorola Solutions
Nokia Siemens Networks
NXP
Qualcomm
Samsung
Sequans
TI
u-blox
ZTE
3.0 FirstNet: Features and Characteristics
3.1 General
3.1.1 Beginning - Plan
3.1.2 Governing
3.2 Differences – PSG Communications
3.3 RFIs and RFPs Process
3.4 FirstNet – LTE
3.4.1 Standards Compliance
3.5 FirstNet and LTE Current Limitations: 3GPP Releases
3.5.1 LTE –P25
3.5.2 FirstNet- Adopting Commercial Technology
3.5.3 Challenges and Coexistence
3.6 Vendors
Athena
CalAmp
Elektrobit
Elbit
Harris
In Motion Technology –Sierra Wireless
Motorola Solutions
Oceus
Star Solutions
3.7 Interoperability Testing
3.7.1 Alcatel-Lucent, NSN, Cisco, Harris
3.7.2 Rohde & Schwarz and Elektrobit
3.8 Spectrum - Details
3.9 Pilot Projects
4.0 Project 25 (P25)
4.1 Standardization and Technologies
4.1.1 General: P25 Standard
4.1.2 Process
4.1.3 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope
4.1.4 Status
4.1.5 CAP
4.2 P25 Development-Phase I
4.2.1 General Mission and Objectives
4.2.2 Compliance
4.2.3 Benefits and Issues
4.2.4 Technical Highlights- Interfaces
4.2.5 Security
4.2.6 Coding
4.2.7 P25 Voice Messaging
4.2.8 Frequency Bands
4.2.9 Spectrum: Problems
4.2.10 Major Contributions
4.2.11 Services
4.2.12 Network Scenario
4.2.13 Summary
4.3 P25 Phase II
4.3.1 Transition
4.3.2 Scope
4.3.3 Interfaces – Phase II
4.3.4 Attributes
4.3.5 Data Services Standards
4.3.6 Enhancements - Details
4.3.7 Time and Documentation
4.4 P25 Radio Market Analysis
4.4.1 General
4.4.2 Geography
4.4.3 Market Drivers
4.4.4 Market Forecast
4.4.5 P25 Industry
Avtec
Airbus Defense and Space Communications (formerly Cassidian)
Codan
Digital Voice System
Etherstack
Harris
Kenwood
Midland
Motorola Solutions
Objective Interface Systems
PowerTrunk
Relm
Raytheon JPS
Simoco
Technisonic Industries
Thales
Tait Electronics
Vertex Standard
Westel
5.0 TETRA
5.1 General
5.1.1 Major Milestones
5.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I
5.2.1 General
5.2.2 Spectrum Regulations
5.2.3 TETRA and GSM
5.2.4 Main Features
5.2.5 Benefits
5.2.6 Networking
5.2.7 Release I Details
5.3 Security
5.4 Summary
5.5 TETRA Release II
5.5.1 Drivers
5.5.2 Applications
5.5.3 Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension
5.5.4 Adaptive Multiple Rate (AMR) Voice Codec
5.5.5 Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, Enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec
5.5.6 Data Services Development
5.5.7 Comparison
5.5.8 Enhancements
5.6 Market Analysis
5.6.1 General
5.6.2 Certification
5.6.3 Geography
5.6.4 Market Drivers-Industries-Applications
5.6.5 Market Forecast
5.7 Industry
Artevea
Airbus DS
ClearTone
DAMM Cellular
EtherStack
Hytera
Motorola Solutions
Pegasus Network
Portalify
Rohill
Public Safety Communications – From LMR to 5G
Sepura
Selex ES
Teltronic
Team Simoco
Thales
5.8 P25 and TETRA
5.8.1 General
5.8.2 Characteristics
5.8.3 Modifications
5.8.4 TETRA in North America: Trials and Deployments
6.0 TETRA – LTE
6.1 Possibility – Union
6.1.1 ETSI - TCCA
6.2 England – LTE PSC Network
7.0 Conclusions
Appendix I: 3GPP Releases
Appendix II: References

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