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“Progress in Development Wired Access Broadband Networks” Technologies, Markets and Applications

“Progress in Development Wired Access Broadband Networks” Technologies, Markets and Applications

Wired broadband access technologies are playing an important role in today networks. Until recently, technical and economic problems with such access did not allow effective use of a broadband pipe from a core to a subscriber side, minimizing a value of broadband communications.

The problems have been known for a long time, but absence of a cost-effective technology in the distribution plant prevented making any practical improvements. The specifics of access, such as the necessity to create highly distributed infrastructure and the price to support access service always contradicted each other. The situation changed with appearance Passive Optical Networks and vectoring DSL.

The goal of this report is to address current and near-term advances in wired broadband access networks that are transforming them into broadband pipes with characteristics similar to characteristics of the core networks. Particular, the report concentrates on the analysis technologies and markets for the following access architectures:

  • Passive Optical Networks (PONs) – standardized or planning to be standardized by the IEEE and ITU-FSAN. Evolving PONs will allow transmission up to 100 Gb/s (shared).
  • New generations DSL – in the development and standardization by the ITU and the industry, including vectoring and G.fast. The technology may support short reaches connectivity on the existing copper structures with speeds 1 Gb/s and up (non-shared).
The report shows that the copper infrastructure continues playing an important role for connecting last hundreds meters from/to a subscriber equipment (with the rest of network). Advanced gigabit speed access technologies, such as DSL (G.fast, VDSL2-vec), are key in creating a homogenous and cost efficient core-access infrastructure.

PONs provide cost-efficient connectivity of the core with subscriber’s equipment, supporting required by users characteristics, such as speed of transmission and other.

The report also stresses an important trend in the broadband wired access: utilization of multi-functional platforms that allow flexibility and cost efficiency to serve a diversified group of users required different technologies.

The standardization processes are analyzed in details. Marketing statistics have been developed. The report also presents detailed surveys of companies that are working in the related industries and their products portfolios. Attachments contain the survey of recently approved patents related to the subject of this report.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, managerial and sales staff involved in the development wired broadband access networks, addressing advances in their technologies as well as applications and markets.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 Issue
1.2 Changes
1.3 PON Appearance
1.4 DSL Developments
1.5 Scope
1.6 Research Methodology
1.7 Target Audience
2.0 PON: Today and Tomorrow
2.1 Concept
2.1.1 PON Benefits
2.1.2 The PON Proposition
2.1.3 Details
2.1.4 PON Classification
2.1.5 PON Elements
2.1.5.1 Optical Line Termination (OLT)
2.1.5.1.1 PON Core Shell
2.1.5.1.2 Cross-connect Shell
2.1.5.1.3 Service Shell
2.1.5.1.4 OLT Responsibilities
2.1.5.1.4.1 Bandwidth Allocation
2.1.5.1.4.2 Grant mechanism
2.1.5.1.4.3 Capture Effect
2.1.5.1.4.4 Ranging
2.1.5.1.4.5 Burst Mode Transceiver
2.1.5.2 Optical Network Unit (ONU)
2.1.5.3 Optical Distribution Network (ODN)
2.2 PON: ITU-FSAN Family
2.2.1 A/B-PON – G.983.x
2.2.2 G-PON – G.984.x
2.2.3 G.987x –XG-PON
2.2.4 G.989x-NG-PON2
2.2.4.1 Project
2.2.4.2 NG-PON2 – General
2.2.4.3 Major Properties
2.2.4.4 Characteristics
2.2.4.4.1 Support
2.2.4.4.2 Rates and Reaches
2.2.4.4.3 Combinations
2.2.4.5 Services
2.2.4.6 Capacity
2.2.4.7 Spectrum Allocation
2.2.4.8 Line Rate Summary
2.2.5 XGS-PON
2.3 PON: IEEE Family
2.3.1 802.3ah – GE - PON
2.3.2 802.3av- 10GE-PON
2.3.2.1 Goal
2.3.2.2 Status
2.3.2.3 Standard’s Scope and Objectives
2.3.2.4 10GE-PON Technology Specifics
2.3.2.4.1 Inheritance
2.3.2.4.2 Properties
2.3.2.4.3 Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation
2.3.2.5 10GE-PON: Drivers and Target Applications
2.3.3 IEEE P802.3ca PON
2.4 PON Market
2.4.1 PON Commercialized
2.4.2 Factor
2.4.3 Services
2.4.4 Market Estimate
2.4.4.1 Equipment Sale
2.4.4.3 Market Geography
2.4.4.2 Service Providers Revenue
2.5 Industry
Ad-Net
Adtran
Alphion
Broadcom
Calix
Cisco
Corecess
Dasan Networks
GigaLight
Hisense
Hitachi
Huawei
Marvell
Mitsubishi Electric
NeoPhotonics
NEC
Nokia
OBN
PBN
Qualcomm Atheros
Raisecom
Source Photonics
Sun Telecom
Sumitomo Electric Networks
Tainet
Zhone
ZTE
3.0 DSL Evolution
3.1 Developments
3.2 DSL Family
3.2.1 ADSL
3.2.2. R-ADSL
3.2.3 HDSL
3.2.4 IDSL
3.2.5 VDSL
3.2.6 SDSL
3.2.7 Summary
3.3 Vectored DSL – G.993.5-2010
3.3.1 Scope
3.3.2 Details
3.3.2.1 Broadband Forum Efforts
3.3.3 Initial Market
3.3.4 Vendors
Adtran
Assia
Broadcom
Calix
Huawei
Lantiq
Nokia
Siligence
Zhone
Zyxel
ZTE
3.4 G.fast
3.4.1 Standard
3.4.2 Improvements over Vectoring
3.4.3 Models
3.4.4 Major Characteristics
3.4.5 Testing and Trialing
3.4.6 FTTdp
3.4.7 Industry
Adtran
Alcatel-Lucent (Nokia)
Broadcom
Calix
Huawei
Qualcomm/Ikonos
Sagemcom
Sckipio
XAVi
Zinwell
3.4.8 Market
4.0 Conclusions
Attachment 1: Vectoring DSL-related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Attachment 2: NG-PON2-related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Figure 1: PON Reference Model
Figure 2: PON Details
Figure 3: PON Architecture Illustration
Figure 4: OLT Functional Block Diagram
Figure 5: ONU Functional Block Diagram
Figure 6: B-PON Frequency Arrangements
Figure 7: ITU Process
Figure 8: Functional Diagram – G.989 System
Figure 9: NG-PON2 Frequency Plan
Figure 10: GE-PON – 10GE-PON Scenario
Figure 11: 10GE-PON Spectrum Allocation
Figure 12: 802.3ca Time Schedule (as of June, 2016)
Figure 13: Penetration Dependence
Figure 14: Estimate-PON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 15: Estimate-PON ONUs Global Sales ($B)
Figure 16: Estimate – xGPON Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 17: PON Technology Geography – Major Regions (2016)
Figure 18: PON U.S. Providers (2016)
Figure 19: Estimate: U.S. PON Service Providers Revenue ($B)
Figure 20: Market Share (%) - Major Broadband Access Technologies (2015)
Figure 21: FEXT Illustration
Figure 22: Reference Model – Vectored System (ITU Rec. G.993.5)
Figure 23: Vectored DSL – Characteristics Improvement
Figure 24: Vectored DSL Channel
Figure 25: Estimate: Premises Passed –VDSL2 – Global (Mil.)
Figure 26: Estimate: Global Shipments of Vectored VDSL2 Ports (Mil. units)
Figure 27: G.fast Illustration
Figure 28: Illustration – G.fast Link Arrangements
Figure 29: FTTdp
Figure 30: Estimate: G.fast Chips Market Size – Global (Bil. Units)
Table 1: G-PON Transmission Rates
Table 2: G.987 Family
Table 3: NG-PON2 – Line Rates
Table 4: EFM Signaling Schemes
Table 5: Interfaces - 10GE PON
Table 6: PONs Compared
Table 7: PON Service Scenarios
Table 8: DSL Family Evolution
Table 9: ADSL Characteristics
Table 10: Parameters
Table 11: Profiles

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