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MIMO-based Wireless and Wireline Communications Systems : Technologies, Markets and Applications

MIMO-based Wireless and Wireline Communications Systems : Technologies, Markets and Applications

This report researches advanced technologies and markets for wireless and wired communications systems that utilize MIMO – Multiple Input/Multiple Output structures – to enhance their performance.

Users’ demand for more efficient networking brought to life many technological innovations. One of them is MIMO, which became very popular in wireless systems – almost all recent and future 3GPP standards use (or will be using) variations of such a technique. MIMO also can be used in wireline systems.

This report is based on the Practel analysis of MIMO-based communications systems, their technologies and markets specifics. Particular, the following industry standards that utilize MIMO have been considered:

IEEE 802.11n
IEEE 802.11ac
IEEE 802.11ah
HomePlug AV2

The goal of this report is to characterize MIMO advantages and specifics for each standard. It also addresses market characteristics of discussed technologies. Report concentrates on corresponding industries players and their products.

MIMO characteristics, structures and types are also addressed and compared.

The report also contains a survey of 802.11ah-related patents.

The report is written for a wide audience of managers and technical staff that involved in the design and implementation of advanced communications systems.

1.0 Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Goal
1.3 Structure
1.4 Research Methodology
1.5 Target Audience
2.0 MIMO – Concept, Functions and Types
2.2 Concept: MIMO in Wireless Communications
2.3 Types of MIMO: Examples
2.3.1 CoMP MIMO
2.3.2 Massive MIMO
2.3.3 MU-MIMO
2.3.5 Mobile Networked MIMO
2.3.6 MIMO - by Type of Communications Media
2.3.7 Summary
2.4 MIMO Benefits (Wireless Systems)
3.0 MIMO Role – Wireless Systems
3.1 MIMO Role in LTE Development
3.1.1 Releases – 3GPP
3.1.2 LTE Timetable
3.1.3 Broadband Wireless Communications-Phases
3.1.4 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
3.1.5 Industry Initiative
3.1.6 Intellectual Property
3.1.7 Key Features of LTE
3.1.8 Details Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN) UE Categories Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
3.1.9 LTE Advanced
3.1.10 SON
3.1.11 Voice Support VoLTE
3.1.12 Market Drivers Demand: Wireless Broadband LTE Market Projections
3.1.13 Summary: Major LTE Benefits
3.1.14 Industry
Agilent (Re-branded as Keysight in 2014)
Altair Semiconductor
Lime Microsystems
mimoON (acquired by CommAgility Ltd in 2015)
Motorola Solutions
Nokia Siemens Networks
3.1.15 Specifics LTE MIMO Techniques Major Applications Modes MIMO: LTE Release 8 MIMO: LTE Release 9 MIMO: LTE Advanced LTE/LTE-A - MIMO Benefits Market Projections
3.2 MIMO Role in 802.11n Development
3.2.1 802.11n Status
3.2.2 Environment
3.2.3 Draft v. 1.0
3.2.4 Draft v. 2.0
3.2.5 Further Developments and IEEE Approval
3.2.6 IEEE 802.11n and Wi-Fi Alliance
3.2.7 802.11n Technology Details Major Advances MIMO Spatial Division Multiplexing OFDM Channel Bonding Packet Aggregation PHY and MAC Features: Summary Specifics Channel Bandwidth Backward Compatibility Adaptation Security Enhancements
3.2.8 Benefits and Applications Benefits Applications
3.2.9 Market Drivers Market Forecast Model Forecast
3.2.10 Industry
Aerohive (APs)
Aruba (APs) - HP
Atheros-Qualcomm (Chipsets, WUSB)
Buffalo (Router, AP)
Broadcom (Chipsets, WUSB)
Cisco (AP)
Celeno (Chips)
Marvell (Chipsets)
Motorola Solution (Tools, AP)
Netgear (Router, AP)
OvisLink (Router, WUBS)
Redpine Signals (Chipsets)
Ruckus (AP, Multimedia)
Quantenna (chipsets)
TrendNet (Routers, AP, WUSB)
ZyXel (AP, Router, WUSB)
3.2.11 MIMO and 802.11n MIMO Specifics: 802.11n High Throughput (HT) Station (STA) Features Basic Concept MIMO Contributions
3.3 MIMO Role in 802.11ac Development
3.3.1 General – Improving 802.11n Characteristics
3.3.2 Approval
3.3.3 Major Features: Summary
3.3.4 Major Benefits
3.3.5 Usage Models
3.3.6 Waves
3.3.7 Market Projections
3.3.8 Industry
Aruba – HP
Meru (now Fortinet)
Redpine Signals
3.3.9 MIMO and 802.11ac Standard Comparison Market Projections
4.0 MIMO in Wireline Communications
4.1 HomePNA and ITU MIMO-based Technologies
4.1.1 HomePNA Alliance (now HomeGrid Forum) Specifications General HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features Fast EoC HomePNA Major Benefits
4.1.2 ITU General Details Differences …… Common Features Acceptance HomePNA and Documents – G.9963 Drivers G.9963 Details General Wireline Specifics – Scope Performance
4.1.3 Industry
Sigma Designs
4.2 HomePlugAV2-mimo
4.2.1 General Certification
4.2.2 Major Improvements
4.2.3 Specification Details MIMO Role
4.2.4 Industry
Gigafast Ethernet
Lea Networks
Qualcomm Atheros
5.0 Conclusions
Appendix I: IEEE802.11ah and MIMO
A.1 General
A.2 Goal and Schedule
A.3 Sub-1 GHz Transmission Specifics
A.3.1 Spectrum
A.4 Use Cases
A.5.1 Bandwidth
A.5.2 Channelization
A.5.3 Transmission Modes and MIMO
A.6 MAC Layer
Appendix II: G.9963 Brief
Appendix III Patents Survey
Figure 1: 2x2 MIMO
Figure 2: Major Antenna Configurations
Figure 3: MIMO Concept (2x2)
Figure 4: Illustration - Beamforming
Figure 5: MU-MIMO – Downlink
Figure 6: SU-MIMO and MU-MIMO
Figure 7: Evolution Path
Figure 8: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
Figure 9: LTE – IP
Figure 10: EPC – Reference Architecture
Figure 11: Projections: 4G Global Subscribers Base (Bil.)
Figure 12: Projections: LTE Global Subscribers Base (Bil.)
Figure 13: TAM: LTE Global Equipment Sale ($B)
Figure 14: Spectral Efficiency DL
Figure 15: Projections: Global - LTE MIMO Sales ($B)
Figure 16: 802.11n MAC
Figure 17: 802.11 Protocol Family MAC Frame Structure
Figure 18: TAM: Global – Wi-Fi Chipsets ($B)
Figure 19: TAM: Global – Wi-Fi Chipsets (Bill. Units)
Figure 20: TAM: Global – 802.11n Chipsets ($B)
Figure 21: TAM: Global – 802.11n Chipsets (Bil. Units)
Figure 22: 802.11n Market Geography
Figure 23: Channel Assignment
Figure 24: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Mil. Units)
Figure 25: 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global ($B)
Figure 26: Estimate: Global Shipping – 802.11ac MU-MIMO Consumers AP ($B)
Figure 27: Projections: Global 802.11ac Consumers AP MIMO Sales ($B)
Figure 28: PLC-MIMO (2x2)
Figure 29: MIMO -Details
Figure 30: Maximum Theoretical PHY Rates (home media) based on published figures
Figure 31: HomePlug AV2 Features
Figure 32: MIMO PLC Channels
Figure 34: Frequency Spectrum
Figure 35: 802.11ah – Channelization Plan in U.S.
Table 1: MIMO Variations
Table 2: MIMO Benefits
Table 3: 3GPP Releases
Table 4: Dates
Table 5: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration
Table 6: LTE Frequency Bands
Table 7: Users Equipment Categories (Rel. 8)
Table 8: UE Categories (Rel. 10)
Table 9: LTE Transmission Modes - MIMO
Table 10: Additional Details
Table 11: 802.11 Standard Characteristics – Draft 1.0
Table 12: 802.11n PHY
Table 13: Comparison: 802.11 Family Members Transfer Rates
Table 14: 802.11n Enhancements
Table 15: 802.11n Advantages
Table 16: MIMO PHY Characteristics
Table 17: Functionalities – 802.11ac
Table 18: Specifics
Table 19: Rates
Table 20: Usage Models
Table 21: 802.11ac Waves
Table 22: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac
Table 23: ITU and HomePNA Standards
Table 24: Comparative Characteristics
Table 25: Frequency-Rate Characteristics

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