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Driverless Car – 5G Use Case - Markets, Standardization, Technologies

Driverless Car – 5G Use Case - Markets, Standardization, Technologies

Though never managing to successfully predict what each forthcoming generation of mobile technology should deliver to satisfy future users, the industry has nonetheless reached some consensus on the use cases for 5G communications. Machine to machine communications is one. 5G should enable the IoT, the future where all online-enabled objects will quietly pass on data to each other or to a central computer.

Facilitating the use of mobile networks by connected or autonomous cars, remotely controlled industrial robots, telehealth systems, and smart city infrastructure are also all expected to figure large in 5G thinking. There is a common notion the industry is hoping that 5G will solve problems we don't have today, but those that could hold us back years in the future – and one of the best examples to such a statement is a driverless car.

  • This particular report addresses the Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) progress in reaching its ultimate goal - to make a car “intelligent” enough to safely drive without a human participation. It also updates the status of a driverless car development in connection with transition to the 5G era: the industry identified driverless cars as most viable form of ITS, dominating the roadways by 2040 and sparking dramatic changes in vehicular travel. The report discusses the specifics of the 5G era as they are seen by the industry at the present time with emphasis on what 5G technologies can bring to the driverless car.
  • Such a car was considered by many as a scientists’ dream only 10-15 years ago; now it is a reality and all predictions are that driverless cars hit the roads in 6-8 years; with commercial introduction already in 2017. Fully developed driverless car needs support of communications systems evolving in the transition to 5G; and these two developments are interrelated - a driverless car becomes a 5G use case.
The report provides overview of the current status of the driverless car development, pictures the future steps, which the industry is planning, analyzes roadblocks, and emphasizes the importance of standardization – several organizations are working in this direction. The analysis concentrates on technological and marketing aspects of driverless cars and also on the status of the industry.

The survey of driverless cars projects currently underway is conducted; as well as the survey of related patents (2015-2016). Initial marketing statistics are included.
  • The detailed analysis of two important components of a driverless car – lidar (one of the main components of ADAS) and the communications gear - “connected car” - is performed.
A driverless car, for simplicity, may be described as a combination of a connected car, ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems); and other parts. The ADAS important part is driverless car “eyes” – an instrument that can “see” surroundings and provide the information to the car for the analysis and taking relevant actions. One of most promising technologies that makes cars “to see” is lidar, which is composed of laser and other parts. The report provides the detailed analysis of lidar technical and marketing characteristic and the survey of the industry.

The detailed analysis of connected cars specifics, standardization, technical characteristics and economics are presented in this report. The companies – contributors to the connected car market development – are identified and their portfolios are analyzed.

The report also emphasizes the importance of 5G mobile networking as a basis for driverless car ITS revolution. With “ultimate” ITS, it is expected that safety on the roads will be drastically improved and the society will be free from massive amount of injuries and deaths on the roads as well as from damages to the economy due to accidents and traffic jams.

The report is intended to a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in the advanced ITS development; and for specialists in communications technologies that support such a development.


1.0 Introduction
1.1 Overview
1.2 Roads Statistics: U.S. and Global
1.3 Report Goal
1.4 Report Scope
1.5 Research Methodology
1.6 Target Audience
2.0 ITS: Roads to Perfection
2.1 Response
2.2 Structure
2.3 ITS Key Technologies
2.4 ITS Main Subsystems – Driverless Car Basis
2.5 ITS Standardization: In Progress
2.5.1 Overview
2.5.2 ETSI - Europe
2.5.3 U.S.
2.5.3.1 General
2.5.3.2 National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP)
2.5.4 China
2.5.5 International
2.5.5.1 General
2.5.5.2 ITU
2.5.6 Summary
2.6 ITS Applications
2.6.1 V2V and V2I
2.6.2 Intelligent Vehicles
2.7 ITS Market Statistics
2.7.1 General
2.7.2 Estimate
3.0 5G Era
3.1 5G Timetable (3GPP-ITU)
3.2 Contributors
3.3 5G Activity Survey
3.3.1 Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) Ltd
3.3.1.1 5G White Paper
3.3.2 5G-PPP (5G Public Private Partnership)
3.3.3 5G Americas
3.3.4 GSMA
3.3.4.1 GSMA Report
3.3.4.1.1 Views
3.3.4.1.2 The Evolution: From 4G to 5G
3.3.4.1.3 5G Use Cases
3.3.5 Verizon 5G Technology Forum (TF)
3.3.6 3GPP – New Radio (NR)
4.0 5G Technologies
4.1 Look into the Future
4.2 Promising Directions
4.2.1 Requirements
4.2.2 Common Views
4.2.2.1 5G Spectrum
4.2.3 Future – Starts Today
4.3 Issues
4.4 Use Cases
4.4.1 General –Characteristics
4.4.2 Mobile Broadband
4.4.3 Automotive
4.4.4 Smart Society
5.0 Driverless Car – Developments
5.1 Growing Together
5.2 Directions and Issues
5.3 ADAS
5.4 Current Status – Legislation and Insurance
5.5 Major Benefits
5.6 Alternatives
5.7 Market Projections and Price
5.8 Phases
5.8.1 Required Characteristics
5.9 Industry and R&D
5.9.1 Automakers
5.9.1.1 Audi
5.9.1.2 Ford
5.9.1.3 GM
5.9.1.4 Nissan
5.9.1.5 Daimler/Mercedes
5.9.1.6 VW and AdaptIVe Consortium
5.9.1.7 Volvo Cars
5.9.1.8 Tesla Motors
5.9.1.9 Other
5.9.2 R&D and Competitors
5.9.2.1 Alphabet/Google - ProjectX
5.9.2.2 Baidu
5.9.2.3 DOTs
5.9.2.4 Telecom Readiness: Driverless Car - 5G Communications
5.9.2.4.1 Huawei
5.9.2.4.2 Swisscom
5.9.2.5 QNX
5.9.2.6 Continental Automotive
5.9.3 Sturt-ups
5.9.3.1 Uber
5.10 Standardization
5.10.1 NHTSA
5.10.2 SAE International
5.10.3 IEEE
5.10.4 Summary
6.0 Connected Car
6.1 General – Definition
6.2 Policies
6.3 Choices
6.3.1 Network Requirements
6.3.2 Functional Technologies
6.3.2.1 Over the Air (OTA) Updates
6.4 Driving Forces
6.5 Major Applications
6.6 Market
6.7 Industry
AT&T
Airbiquity Inc.
Apple
Broadcom
Ericsson
Ficosa
GM
Luxoft
MobilEye
Nvidia
Nokia
Qualcomm
Sierra Wireless
Streetline
Verizon
Visteon
Wind River
Zubie
6.8 Connected Car - Groups and Alliances
6.8.1 Open Automotive Alliance
6.8.2 4G Venture Forum for Connected Cars
6.8.3 Apple – iOS in the Car
6.9 Standards and Regulations
6.9.1 Joint Efforts
6.9.2 EU
6.9.3 U.S.
6.9.4 WWW Consortium
6.9.5 SAE
6.9.6 GSMA Connected Car Forum
6.9.7 Car Connectivity Consortium
6.10 M2M/IoT and Driverless/Connected Car
7.0 Lidar
7.1 General
7.1.1 Typical Characteristics
7.2 Structure and Functionalities
7.2.1 Comparison with other Sensors
7.3 Sensors and Bad Weather
7.4 Industry
Aerostar
ASC
Ibeo
LeddarTech
Osram/Phantom Intelligence
Quanergy
TriLumina
Velodyne
7.5 Benefits and Limitations
7.6 Market
8.0 Conclusions
Attachment I: Driverless/Connected Car-related Patents Survey (2015-2016)
Figure 1: Wireless Communications: ITS Environment
Figure 2: Europe – Standardization Organizations
Figure 3: U.S. - ITS Standardization Bodies
Figure 4: NTCIP Structure
Figure 5: International –Standardization Bodies - ITS
Figure 6: TAM: Global ITS Devices ($B)
Figure 7: TAM: ITS WICT- Global ($B)
Figure 8: ITS Equipment Sales by Regions ($B)
Figure 9: ITU-R Schedule and Process for IMT-2020
Figure 10: 3GPP – Tentative Timeline – 5G Standardization
Figure 11: Transition - Current View
Figure 12: 5G Spectrum
Figure 13: 5G Technologies Directions
Figure 14: 5G Use Cases-General
Figure 15: 5G Use Cases – Rate of Transmission and Latency
Figure 16: U.S. – Driverless Car Legislative Status
Figure 17: Evolution Path – Driverless Car
Figure 18: NHTSA Car Automation Levels
Figure 19: Connected Car - Sensors
Figure 20: Network Requirements – Car Connectivity
Figure 21: Connected Car Functionalities
Figure 22: Estimate – Global Connected Car Market Value ($B)
Figure 23: Estimate: Global Automotive Wireless Market – Equipment Sales ($B)
Figure 24: Estimate – Global – Service Providers Revenue – Connected Car ($B)
Figure 25: Estimate – Global Sales – Connected Cars (Mil. Units)
Figure 26: Connected Car Penetration – U.S. (%)
Figure 27: Lidar and Radar Properties
Figure 28: Estimate: Global Lidar Market ($M)
Figure 29: Estimate: Global Automotive Lidar Market ($M)
Table 1: Road Crashes Statistics – U.S. and Global
Table 2: 5G Major Characteristics
Table 3: 5G Use Cases
Table 4: Lidar Characteristics – Automotive Applications
Table 5: Lidar and Video Camera Properties

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