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Vietnam - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Vietnam – 2015
    • Table Telephone network statistics – 2015
    • Table Internet user statistics – 2015
    • Table Broadband statistics – 2015
    • Table Mobile statistics – 2015
    • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
    • WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION (WTO)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile operators
      • Foreign investment
      • The government's role
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC)
      • Viet Nam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA)
    • GOVERNMENT POLICIES
      • Liberalisation
      • Privatisation of state-owned enterprises: VNPT
      • Decree limiting shares in telecom companies
    • TELECOM LICENCES
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
  • COMPETITION ISSUES
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Historical - Fixed-line subscribers and market share by operator – 2011
    • VIETNAM POST &TELECOMMUNICATIONS (VNPT)
      • Overview
      • Statistics
        • Table Historical - VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2000 – 2005
        • Table VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration – 2006 – 2015
    • VIETTEL
    • FPT TELECOM
    • GTEL
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Overview
      • Statistics
        • Table Historical - Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 1990 – 2004
        • Table Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration – 2005 – 2015
      • Forecasts – fixed-line subscribers – 2016; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates – 2016 - 2017; 2020
    • NEW DEVELOPMENTS
      • Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • Proposed Samsung investment
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Background to development
        • Table Total international internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2015
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market Analysis
      • Broadband Development Plan
      • Statistics
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers and household overview – 2015
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2015
        • Table Historical - Internet users and penetration – 1998 - 2005
        • Table Internet users and penetration – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Historical - Fixed internet subscribers – 1998 - 2008
        • Table Estimated fixed internet subscribers – 2009 - 2015
        • Table Households with internet access – 2005 - 2015
        • Table Total international internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2015
        • Table Key internet statistics – May 2015
      • Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rates – 2016 - 2017; 2020
      • Government control
      • Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC)
      • Vietnam National Internet eXchange (VNIX)
      • IPv6 v. IPv4
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL)
      • Introduction
        • Table Fixed broadband DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2016
      • Service providers
        • Table DSL subscribers and market share by provider – May 2014
        • Table Historical - VNPT/VDC DSL subscribers – 2005 - 2007
        • Table VNPT/VDC fixed broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2015
        • Table VNPT fixed broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009 – 2015
        • Table Viettel's DSL subscribers – 2007; 2015
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH)
      • Introduction
        • Table FttH subscribers – 2008 - 2015
      • Service providers
        • Table FttH subscribers and market share by provider – 2014
        • Table Viettel's FttX subscribers – 2014 - 2015
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Fixed wireless broadband
      • WiMAX
      • Cable modem
      • Satellite internet
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Key broadcasting statistics – July 2015
      • Cloud services
      • VTVcab
    • DIGITALISATION
    • PAY TV
      • Table Historical - VTV's TV broadcasting units – subscribers - 2013
    • ADVERTISING
      • Table Market share of online advertising revenue – by enterprise - 2014
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
      • Table MyTV - subscribers – 2013 - 2015
    • SOCIAL MEDIA
      • Introduction
        • Table Facebook users and penetration – 2012; 2015
    • MEDIA TABLETS
    • VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP)
      • Background
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Internet users and penetration – 2006 - 2015
      • Table Internet users by age – 2014
      • E-Commerce Development Master Plan – 2011- 2015
    • E-COMMERCE
      • Overview
        • Table Vietnam B2C e-commerce sales indicators – 2013; 2015
        • Table E-commerce sales – popularity of product categories – 2013
        • Table Top 10 most popular websites for online shopping – 2013
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Overview
      • E-taxation
    • E-HEALTH
      • E-Medicine
      • Vaccination management
    • E-EDUCATION
      • E-Learning
    • TECHNOLOGY PARKS/FOCUS AREAS
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historical - mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2016
        • Table Mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2015 (alternative version)
        • Table Total 3G mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2015
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2015; 2020
        • Table Mobile operators – networks and total subscribers – 2014
        • Table Mobile operators – networks and total subscribers – 2015
        • Table Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2014
        • Table Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2015
        • Table Mobile services revenue – 2003 - 2015
        • Table Mobile services sector estimated ARPU – 1998 - 2015
      • Forecasts – mobile services – 2016; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates – 2016; 2017; 2020
      • Mobile Data
        • Table Total international internet bandwidth – 2003 - 2015
      • Mobile Broadband Statistics
        • Table Total 3G mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2015
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2015
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Numbering
      • Registration of prepaid services/SIM cards
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Total 3G mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2015
        • Table 3G mobile subscribers by operator – 2014
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Operators
      • VNPT
        • Table Historical - VNPT subscribers – 1998 – 2014
      • MobiFone
        • Table MobiFone subscribers – 1998 - 2015
        • Table MobiFone's 3G subscribers – 2012 - 2015
      • VNPT-Vinaphone
        • Table Vinaphone subscribers – 1998 - 2015
        • Table Vinaphone: 3G subscribers – 2010 - 2015
      • Viettel
        • Table Viettel subscribers – 2004 - 2015
        • Table Viettel's 3G subscribers – 2012 - 2015
      • Vietnamobile (formerly Hutchison Vietnam/HT Mobile)
        • Table Historical - HT Mobile (CDMA) subscribers – 2006 - 2009
        • Table Vietnamobile (GSM) subscribers – 2009 - 2015
        • Table Vietnamobile's 3G subscribers – 2012 - 2015
      • Gmobile (formerly Beeline)
        • Table Gmobile (Beeline) subscribers – 2009 - 2015
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-Commerce
      • M-Banking
      • Mobile Apps
      • Other m-content
    • MOBILE HANDSETS

Vietnam - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Vietnam transitions to potentially more open mobile market

The Vietnamese government is finally addressing the restructure of the state-owned telecom conglomerate VNPT. After numerous false starts and a variety of proposals, it finally decided to hive off MobiFone from the state-owned parent and eventually sell shares via an IPO. The process is now irreversible. VNPT’s internal restructure also saw some major changes which included Vinaphone, its remaining mobile subsidiary. The revamped Vinaphone-VNPT was launched in August 2015.

Vietnam’s mobile market is growing, but growth had slowed significantly in 2015 and into 2016; fixed-line subscriber numbers have declined sharply; and broadband is booming, boosted by mobile broadband services and fibre-based fixed broadband. Much earlier, the government had set ambitious targets in the telecom sector for the expansion of infrastructure. But it fell well short of these targets. Things began to change, however, mainly on the back of an increasingly competitive mobile market. Vietnam’s mobile market has grown strongly over the last decade in particular. This was evidence that the competition model the government had put in place, although limited, was in fact working. The mobile market stalled in 2013, suffering a major correction in that year. By 2015/16 growth had returned but was generally slower, as already noted.

In the meantime, having come late to the internet, Vietnam is finally embracing the higher access speeds offered by the various broadband platforms. Although there has been a surge in subscriber numbers, fixed broadband remains a relatively small but expanding market segment. The fixed broadband services have been largely based on DSL technology; more recently, fibre-based broadband services are starting to replace DSL as the fixed broadband option, with FttH subscriptions growing by more than 150% in 2014. Most significantly, the arrival of mobile broadband has seen much wider access to faster internet speeds. The penetration of mobile broadband services was more than four times that of fixed broadband by 2015. An important aspect of the internet market is that the government has been particularly active in the development of cyber laws, no doubt because of its deeply ingrained political culture of central control.

The significant presence of fixed-line services throughout the country had been against the global trend for a developing economy (a high point of 20% penetration in 2009); however, fixed-line numbers have declined dramatically in recent years and by 2015 penetration had fallen to around 5%.

It needs to be said that the broad telecom market growth in Vietnam is happening amidst a sometimes confusing set of statistics. The figures published both by the government, the operators and other industry sources are often contradictory and earlier figures are often revised. In this report, where there is any doubt about the statistics issued, BuddeComm publishes in its tables what are considered the most likely figures or provides estimates.

Key developments:

Vietnam’s broadband market is growing strongly, on the back of the mobile broadband sector;
the mobile market had reached 147% penetration milestone coming into 2016;
overall growth in mobile subscribers has slowed;
despite extensive nationwide 3G rollout, subscriber numbers were lower still than expected;
the MIC had been preparing for 4G in 2015, with the licensing process expected in 2016;
the fixed-line market continues to be in decline, having dropped by 70% from its 2009 peak;
Vietnam’s second satellite, Vinasat-2, has been launched;
MobiFone, having been hived off from VNPT, by 2015 was being prepared for an IPO;
a revamped VNPT-Vinaphone operation was formally launched in August 2015;
fibre-based broadband subscribers were growing at an annual rate of 100%+ into 2015;
Samsung became the largest foreign investor in Viet Nam when it launched its project for a US$3 billion telephone handset manufacturing and assembling plant;
the MIC has set 2017 as the target date for introducing Mobile Number Portability (MNP).
The government continues to exercise tight control of internet, with clamp downs from time to time.

Companies mentioned in this report:

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom; Vietnamobile (Hanoi Telecom); GMobile/GTel; Vietnam Datacommunications Company (VDC); FPT Telecom; SaiGonNet; NetNam; Vietnam Television Technology Investment and Development Company (VTC); FPT Telecom; Vietnamobile (Hanoi Telecom); Gmobile (formerly Beeline); Facebook; Google; Vietnam Cable TV (VCTV); SCTV; K+; Alibaba, EBay; BTS-Hanoi; HTVC-HCM City; VTC; Qualcomm; Red River Delta; CMC; DN khac.


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