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Vietnam - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Vietnam - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Mobile Broadband Driving Vietnam’s Internet Growth

After peaking in 2009 Vietnam’s fixed line market in Vietnam has seen a significant decline. Market penetration has fallen from 20.1% in 2009 to 10.5% in 2012 and 5.7% in 2016.

In the meantime, having come late to the internet, Vietnam is finally embracing the higher access speeds offered by the various broadband platforms. Although there has been a surge in subscriber numbers, fixed broadband remains a relatively small but expanding market segment. Most significantly, the arrival of mobile broadband has seen widespread access to faster internet speeds.

Vietnam’s mobile market has grown strongly over the last decade, evidence that the competition model the government has put in place, although with some limitations, has been working. At the same time, demand for new mobile services appeared to have dropped and growth had generally slowed. There has been a gradual shift to value added services, with the arrival of 3G and 3G+ and ahead of the launch of 4G.

The highly competitive nature of Vietnam’s mobile segment is due in no small part to it being opened up to new players, importantly including some with no involvement of the state-owned VNPT. As with most other Asian mobile markets, growth in Vietnam was boosted by the early introduction of prepaid mobile services and prepaid remains a vital component of the business today.

Viettel is the largest mobile operator in Vietnam with over 40% market share, followed by MobiFone VTNL-Vinaphone and Vietnamobile. The Vietnamese mobile market has shown moderate growth over the past few years, increasing from mobile penetration of 135% in 2013 to 147% in 2016. However over the past two years the market has reached a saturation point, as mobile growth slow significantly. Further slow growth is expected to continue over the next five years to 2021. By that time penetration is expected to reach over 150%.

The initial roll-out of fixed broadband services win Vietnam as followed by a strong surge in growth; however, broadband remained a small but expanding market segment. It needed a stronger market focus by the providers; this seemed to have finally happened with the arrival of mobile broadband. As with other developing markets in Asia, there has been major shift in Vietnam’s broadband market with the widespread adoption of mobile broadband, with lower tariffs, ready availability and the convenience of mobility being the big attractions. Mobile broadband has been growing strongly in Vietnam over the past five years. Penetration has increased from 14% in 2011 to 31% in 2014 and 43% in 2016. Further strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2021.

The fixed broadband subscriber market in Vietnam has been growing moderately over the past few years from a relatively small base. Penetration has increased from 6% in 2013 to 8% in 2015 and 9% in 2016. Fixed broadband penetration is predicted to grow moderately over the next five years, reaching between 14% and 17% by 2021.

Incumbent operator VNPT has been leading Vietnam’s charge into the broadband market. It has doing this largely as part of its Next Generation Network (NGN) development.

In the meantime, the digital economy in Vietnam has been flourishing, although its reach may not be as great as government policy would wish. The government has been the driving force behind the country’s move into the age of the digital economy. It has been constantly emphasising the need to use e-commerce to improve the country’s economic competitiveness. The government has also been particularly active in the development of cyber laws, no doubt because of its deeply ingrained political culture of central control. On another related front, Vietnam is moving quickly towards the digitalisation of TV broadcasting. A strategy plan for conversion to digital TV should see the country’s television stations broadcasting completely digital by 2020.

Key developments:

Vietnam’s broadband market is growing strongly, on the back of the mobile broadband sector;
fibre-based broadband subscribers continue to grow strongly.
The MIC has set 2017 as the target date for introducing Mobile Number Portability (MNP).
Viettel Telecom announced plans to launch its 4G LTE network.
Vietnamobile, announced plans to expand the coverage of its 3G network nationwide.
after a long period of low fixed broadband penetration, the market has started to grow strongly;
most significantly, fibre-based broadband (FttH) subscribers have been growing rapidly;
DSL technology continues to support the majority of fixed broadband services;
the MIC issued a set of digital TV standards ahead of the planned digitalisation.

Companies mentioned in this report:

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; Viettel; Vietnamobile


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Vietnam - 2016
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2016
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2016
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2016
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2016
    • Table National telecommunications authorities
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
      • Background
      • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Mobile operators
      • Foreign investment
      • The government's role
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC)
      • Viet Nam Telecommunications Authority (VNTA)
    • GOVERNMENT POLICIES
      • Liberalisation
      • Privatisation of state-owned enterprises: VNPT
      • Decree limiting shares in telecom companies
    • TELECOM LICENCES
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
  • COMPETITION ISSUES
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Historical - Fixed-line subscribers and market share by operator - 2011
    • VIETNAM POST & TELECOMMUNICATIONS (VNPT)
      • Overview
      • Statistics
        • Table Historical - VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2005
        • Table VNPT fixed-line subscribers and penetration - 2006 - 2016
    • VIETTEL
    • FPT TELECOM
    • GTEL
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Overview
      • Statistics
        • Table Historical - Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration - 1990 - 2004
        • Table Fixed line subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2005 - 2016
      • Forecasts - fixed-line subscribers - 2016; 2017; 2020
        • Table Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates - 2016 - 2017; 2020
    • NEW DEVELOPMENTS
      • Next Generation Networks (NGNs)
      • Proposed Samsung investment
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Background to development
      • Statistics
        • Table Total international internet bandwidth - 2003 - 2016
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market overview and Analysis
      • Broadband Development Plan
      • Statistics
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers - 2003 - 2016
        • Table Historical - Internet users and penetration - 1998 - 2005
        • Table Internet users and penetration - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Historical - Fixed internet subscribers - 1998 - 2015
        • Table Households with internet access - 2005 - 2016
      • Forecasts - fixed broadband subscribers - 2016 - 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rates - 2016 - 2018; 2021
      • Government control
      • Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC)
      • Vietnam National Internet eXchange (VNIX)
      • IPv6 v. IPv4
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL)
      • Introduction
        • Table Fixed broadband DSL subscribers - 2003 - 2016
      • Service providers
        • Table Historic - DSL subscribers and market share by provider - 2014
        • Table VNPT/VDC fixed broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2016
        • Table VNPT fixed broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Viettel's DSL subscribers - 2007 - 2016
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH)
      • Introduction
        • Table FttH subscribers - 2008 - 2016
      • Service providers
        • Table Historic - FttH subscribers and market share by provider - 2014
        • Table Viettel's FttX subscribers - 2014 - 2016
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Fixed wireless broadband
      • WiFi
      • WiMAX
      • Cable modem
      • Satellite internet
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Key broadcasting statistics
      • Cloud services
      • VTVcab
    • DIGITALISATION
    • PAY TV
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
      • Table MyTV - subscribers - 2013 - 2015
    • SOCIAL MEDIA
      • Introduction
        • Table Facebook users and penetration - 2012; 2015
    • MEDIA TABLETS
    • VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP)
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Internet users and penetration - 2006 - 2016
      • E-Commerce Development Master Plan - 2011- 2015
    • E-COMMERCE
      • Overview
        • Table Vietnam B2C e-commerce sales indicators
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Overview
    • E-HEALTH
      • E-Medicine
      • Vaccination management
    • E-EDUCATION
      • E-Learning
    • TECHNOLOGY PARKS/FOCUS AREAS
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Operational
        • Table Historical - mobile subscribers - 1995 - 2005
        • Table Mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Total 3G mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2015
      • Financials
        • Table Mobile services revenue - 2003 - 2016
        • Table Mobile services sector estimated ARPU - 1998 - 2016
      • Forecasts - mobile services - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers and penetration rates - 2016; 2018; 2021
      • Mobile Data
        • Table Total international internet bandwidth - 2003 - 2016
      • Mobile Broadband Statistics
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Numbering
      • Registration of prepaid services/SIM cards
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Total 3G mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2015
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Overview
      • Statistics
        • Table Mobile operators - networks
        • Table Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2016
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and market share by operator - 2014
      • International
      • VNPT
        • Table Historical - VNPT subscribers - 1998 - 2014
      • MobiFone
        • Table MobiFone subscribers - 1998 - 2016
      • VNPT-Vinaphone
        • Table VNPT - Vinaphone subscribers - 1998 - 2016
      • Viettel
        • Table Viettel subscribers - 2004 - 2016
      • Vietnamobile
        • Table Historical - HT Mobile (CDMA) subscribers - 2006 - 2009
        • Table Vietnamobile (GSM) subscribers - 2009 - 2016
      • GTel Mobile / Gmobile (formerly Beeline)
        • Table Historic - Gmobile (Beeline) subscribers - 2009 - 2015
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-Commerce
      • M-Banking
      • Mobile Apps
      • Other m-content
    • MOBILE HANDSETS

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