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Vietnam - Key Statistics, Telecommunications Market and Regulatory Overview, and Broadcasting


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Vietnam initially fell well short of the ambitious targets it set for the wider expansion of its telecommunications infrastructure. However, after reviewing its approach and introducing some competition into the market, this ‘socialist oriented market economy’ has built a fresh growth momentum. The mobile market has been especially dynamic, internet is now certainly on the move, with broadband internet having taken off at last. The previously heavy reliance on DSL is changing with the wider deployment of wireless broadband services. And the significant presence of fixed-line services (teledensity of 17%) throughout the country has been against the global trend for a developing economy. The continuing government involvement in the telecom sector, however, still raises major questions about its commitment to deregulation and liberalisation. The administration seems to be finding it hard to ‘let go’.

This report presents a set of the most currently available statistics and provides a general overview of country’s telecoms sector and its regulatory environment.

Key developments:

The broadband market has started to grow, although it stalled in early 2011; wireless broadband services are increasingly popular; the booming mobile market reached a penetration of 180% in 2011; a downturn in demand has hit the market, however; it is yet to be seen how this will play out; the operators will continue to fuel a highly competitive situation; Viettel has taken control of EVN Telecom; the government continues to explore strategies for part privatising the state-owned telcos; Vietnam’s second telecom satellite, Vinasat-2, has been successfully launched; the MIC fined mobile operators for not correctly managing the registration of subscribers; the MIC revoked the licences of service providers for failure to roll out networks in time.

Companies covered in this report include:

VNPT; Vinaphone; Mobifone; Viettel; S-Fone; EVN Telecom; Vietnamobile (Hanoi Telecom); GMobile.


1. Synopsis
2. Key statistics
3. Country Overview
3.1 Background
3.2 Economy
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Overview of Vietnam’s telecom market
4.1.1 Mobile operators in a growth market
4.1.2 Introduction of 3G
4.1.3 ICT Development Index 2011
4.2 Background to development
4.3 Analysis: the government’s role
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Background
5.1.1 Ministry of Posts and Telematics (MPT)
5.1.2 Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC)
5.2 Management of subscriber registration
5.3 Domestic fixed-line competition
5.4 Monopoly behaviour and backbone fees
5.5 Licences revoked
5.6 Tariffs
5.7 Numbering plans
5.8 Foreign investment
5.8.1 Vietnam-US Bilateral Trade Agreement
5.8.2 World Trade Organization (WTO) accession
5.9 Liberalisation
5.10 Privatisation of state-owned enterprises: ‘equitisation’ process
5.11 Decree limiting shares in telecom companies
5.12 Telecom licences and investment requirements
5.13 Registration of prepaid mobile services
5.14 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
6. Vietnam’s broadcasting market
6.1 Overview
6.2 Pay TV
6.3 Cable TV
6.4 Satellite TV
6.5 Mobile TV
6.6 Film content censorship
7. Related reports
List of Tables and Exhibits
Table 1 – Country statistics Vietnam – 2012
Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – August 2012
Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2011
Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2011
Table 5 – Mobile statistics – June 2012
Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 7 – Vietnam’s GDP real growth rate – 2006 - 2013
Table 8 – Key broadcasting statistics – 2011
Exhibit 1 – Overview of telecommunications development in Vietnam – 1993 - 2011

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