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Vietnam - Fixed Broadband Market - Statistics and Analyses

Vietnam - Fixed Broadband Market - Statistics and Analyses

Having come late to the internet, Vietnam has only recently been exploring the possibilities to be found in higher access speeds. The initial roll-out of fixed broadband services was followed by a strong surge in growth, but broadband remained a small but expanding market segment. It needed a stronger market focus by the providers; this seemed to have finally happened with the arrival of mobile broadband. Nonetheless, fixed broadband has provided the firm foundation needed to get the market started and is now continuing to grow in a positive fashion. It remains strategically important for the country.

Coming into 2015 there were an estimated 31 million internet users in this country of around 92 million people. On top of 6 million fixed broadband subscriptions there were around five times that many mobile broadband subscribers. Broadband household penetration was estimated at 29%. The fixed broadband access has been built on the back of an extensive Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) network, with the more recent focus being on fibre-based services. Fixed broadband in general was growing at around 20% per annum, while subscriber growth in fibre-based services was running at around 50% coming into 2015. Not surprisingly the advent of mobile broadband has been pushing down the price of fixed broadband, thereby boosting opportunities for fixed services to expand further.

In the meantime, the government has been particularly active in the development of cyber laws, no doubt because of its deeply ingrained political culture of central control. This report looks at the development of broadband in Vietnam, as well as providing some general background on the country's internet market; it also presents some information on the embryonic e-commerce market.

This report covers fixed broadband services and operators; at the same time, in presenting some statistics on the broadband market it also includes scenario forecasts for fixed internet subscriber growth by 2015, 2017 and 2020.

Key developments:

after a long period of low fixed broadband penetration, the market has started to grow strongly;
annual growth in fixed broadband subscribers was running at 16% in 2014 and similarly into 2015;
most significantly, fibre-based broadband (FttH) subscribers grew an amazing 189% in 2014;
DSL technology was nonetheless still supporting the majority of fixed broadband services;
by end-2014 Viettel was a clear leader in the FttH market with 55% share of the subscriber base;
VNPT was the leading supplier of DSL services with over 60% of that subscriber base;
in 2015 the MIC announced widespread implementation of IPv6, particularly for mobile networks;
government controls over the internet continued to be a subject of some controversy.

Companies mentioned in this report:

VNPT; Vietnam Datacommunications Company (VDC); FPT Telecom; SaiGonNet; NetNam; Vietnam Television Technology Investment and Development Company (VTC); Viettel; FPT Telecom; CMC; DN khac.


1. Synopsis
2. Market Analysis
3. Statistics
3.1.1 Broadband statistics
3.1.2 General internet statistics
3.1.3 Forecasts fixed broadband subscribers 2015; 2017; 2020
3.1.4 Notes on scenario forecasts
4. Regulatory
4.2 Introduction
4.3 Government control
4.3.1 Overview
4.3.2 Internet security issues
4.4 Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC)
4.5 Vietnam National Internet eXchange (VNIX)
4.6 IPv6 v. IPv4
5. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Service providers
6. Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Service providers
7. Other fixed broadband services
7.1 Fixed wireless broadband
7.2 WiFi
7.3 WiMAX
7.4 Cable modem
7.5 Satellite internet
8. Mobile broadband
9. Competition Issues
10. Related reports
Table 1 Fixed broadband subscribers 2003 - 2015
Table 2 Fixed broadband subscribers and household overview 2014
Table 3 Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 - 2015
Table 4 Historical - Internet users and penetration 1998 - 2005
Table 5 Internet users and penetration 2006 - 2015
Table 6 Historical - Fixed internet subscribers 1998 - 2008
Table 7 Estimated fixed internet subscribers 2009 - 2014
Table 8 Households with internet access 2005 - 2015
Table 9 Total international internet bandwidth 2003 - 2015
Table 10 Key internet statistics November 2014
Table 11 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rates 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 12 Fixed broadband DSL subscribers 2003 - 2014
Table 13 DSL subscribers and market share by provider May 2014
Table 14 Historical - VNPT/VDC DSL subscribers 2005 - 2007
Table 15 VNPT/VDC fixed broadband subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 16 VNPT fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2015
Table 17 Viettel's DSL subscribers 2007; 2014
Table 18 FttH subscribers 2008 - 2015
Table 19 FttH subscribers and market share by provider 2014
Table 20 Viettel's FttX subscribers 2014
Chart 1 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2015
Chart 2 Internet users and penetration 2006 - 2015
Chart 3 Fixed broadband DSL subscribers 2005 - 2014
Exhibit 1 Vietnam's Cyber Law legislative instruments

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