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Vanuatu - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Rural satellite broadband and new LTE services come to Vanuatu

Telecoms services have progressed significantly in Vanuatu in recent years and in 2016 there have been two milestones reached with both the launch of LTE services by one of the leading players, Digicel, and the introduction of a rural satellite broadband service by Kacific.

Mobile phones have become the primary mode of communication across the country, bringing deep social changes. As of 2015, more than 92% of the population is covered by a mobile network TVL's reaches about 80% of the population, and Digicel's around 90%. However, in rural areas mobile phone use is sometimes limited by electricity shortage, having to rely on solar cells, batteries, and diesel generators.

While fixed broadband penetration remains low in Vanuatu (1.63% per 100 inhabitants in 2015), it did grow significantly between 2013 and 2014 when operators began investing more heavily in fibre optic cables and the ICN1 submarine cable landed. This resulted in an increase in capacity and subsequent reduction in broadband pricing.

Following this, mobile broadband infrastructure also expanded and improved with pricing drops also applied to mobile internet subscriptions. Mobile and fixed broadband penetration in Vanuatu now sits at a more

robust penetration rate of around 45%.

Vanuatu has developed a Universal Access Policy (UAP) which aims to make the following ICT services available to 98% of the population by 2018:

voice communication;

narrowband data services, including text messaging;

broadband with a download speed of at least 21Mb/s and an upload speed of at least 12Mb/s.

The UAP fund is subsidised primarily by AusAID. In September 2015 the TRR announced it had signed Undertaking Agreements in regards to the UAP with Telecom Vanuatu, Telsat Broadband and Digicel Vanuatu.
Key telecom parameters 2013; 2015
Sector | 2013 | 2015
Approximate subscribers to telecoms services: (e)
Fixed Broadband subscribers | 310 | 4,297
Fixed-line telephony | 5,500 | 4,800
Mobile phone subscribers | 127,200 | 174,818
(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)

Key developments:

Mobile subscriber growth grew strongly in 2015, despite the devastating impact of Cyclone Pam in March of the same year. This was attributed to the fast recovery efforts by the mobile operators to both fix the damaged networks and reconnect users as quickly as possible.
Multiple SIM ownership continues to be common in Vanuatu, with many customers subscribing to both mobile networks in order to take advantage of discounts and special offers.
Mobile broadband internet growth is expected to remain strong in Vanuatu in the coming years, in comparison to other Pacific islands where adoption is already high.

Companies covered in this report include:

Telecom Vanuatu Ltd (TVL), Digicel Vanuatu, WanTok Network, Telsat Broadband, Spim Ltd, Global Telecom Pacific Ltd, Kacific, O3b, Interchange Cable Network , Hawaiki Cable Ltd.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
4.2 Recent developments
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Historic overview
5.2 Regulatory projects
5.3 Regulatory authority
5.3.1 Telecommunications and Radiocommunications Regulator (TRR)
5.4 Privatisation of Telecom Vanuatu
5.5 Liberalisation
5.6 Interconnect
5.7 Spectrum
5.8 National ICT Policy
5.9 Universal Access Policy (UAP)
6. Competition issues
7. Fixed network operators
7.1 Telecom Vanuatu Ltd
8. Telecommunications infrastructure
8.1 National telecom network
8.2 International infrastructure
8.2.1 Submarine
8.2.2 Satellite broadband
9. Smart infrastructure
9.1 Smart energy
10. Broadband access market
10.1 Introduction and statistical overview
10.1.1 Market analysis
10.2 Broadband statistics
11. Digital economy
11.1 Introduction
11.2 e-Government
11.3 e-Health
11.4 e-Education
12. Mobile communications
12.1 Market analysis
12.2 Mobile statistics
12.3 Mobile broadband statistics
13. Mobile infrastructure
13.1 GSM, 3G
13.2 4G LTE
13.3 Major mobile operators
13.3.1 Telecom Vanuatu Ltd
13.3.2 Digicel Vanuatu
14. Mobile handsets
15. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics 2015
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2015
Table 3 Broadband statistics 2015
Table 4 Mobile statistics 2015
Table 5 National telecommunications authorities
Table 6 Evolution of GDP in Vanuatu 2000 - 2016
Table 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1997 - 2015
Table 8 Percentage of Internet users 2010 - 2016
Table 9 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2005 - 2015
Table 10 Mobile subscribers and penetration 2002 - 2016
Table 11 Mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2011 - 2015
Exhibit 1 Telecommunications licences
Exhibit 2 Telecom Vanuatu at a glance
Exhibit 3 Kacific satellite broadband

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