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USA - Telecoms, Wireless, Broadband and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

For those seeking high level strategic information and objective analysis on this region, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:

  • Forecast growth in select telecommunication markets.
  • The emerging trends and convergence in the USA voice, broadband and digital TV sectors.
  • How the USA is faring in terms of global broadband development.
  • The current and emerging broadband technologies and their long-term projections.
  • The growth of wireless voice and data and the deployment of 3G and 4G technologies.
  • Key information on the major telecommunication operators.


"EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

BuddeComm’s annual publication, USA Telecoms, Wireless, Broadband and Forecasts, profiles the fixed-line, wireless (mobile) and broadband markets in the USA. The publication also examines the convergence of these technologies with each other and with digital media such as digital TV and the emergence of new telecommunication services such as VoIP and IPTV.

The cable companies continued to be the beneficiaries of the telcos’ wireline losses, with cable VoIP subscriber numbers expected to continue growing strongly in 2009. In addition, cable companies retained the lead in broadband market share, as cable modem subscriber growth exceeded DSL subscriber growth in 2008, reversing the trend of recent years. This was partly explained by the fact that the telcos were concentrating on their FttH network deployments.

In the wireless market, the WiMAX and LTE open access 4G platforms, to which Sprint-Clearwire and Verizon Wireless respectively have committed; both offer significant scope for increased convergence among services and devices.

The country’s telecommunications industry had yet to feel the full effect of the economic downturn, with total industry revenues growing at approximately 10% during 2008. Now faced with a deepening recession, in January 2009 the new Obama administration put to Congress the American Recovery and Reinvestment Bill which designates $6 billion for wireless and broadband in underserved areas and a further $11 billion assistance for the development of smart grids.

This report contains overviews, analyses and detailed statistics of the US fixed-line, wireless and broadband markets including their sub-markets such as DSL, cable, FttH, wireless broadband, utilities broadband, the Internet, VoIP and IPTV.

Key highlights:

  • Total revenue for the telecommunications industry grew by around 10% in 2008 to reach over $1.1 trillion. Growth in 2009 will continue to be underpinned by broadband uptake and wireless data revenues.
  • During 2009 the number of traditional fixed-line customers will continue to fall, following a nearly 10% decline in 2008. Conversely, VoIP will continue to post strong gains.
  • The FttH network deployment will continue to gather pace in 2009, allowing Verizon and AT&T to become notable competitors in the TV market. IPTV subscriber numbers will maintain strong growth, having reached nearly 2 million for Verizon FiOS TV and 1 million for AT&T U-Verse TV by late 2008.
  • Broadband continues its strong growth, achieving a penetration of nearly 25% in 2008, although the US still has only the 15th highest penetration rate in the OECD, down from 4th place in 2001. The total number of broadband subscribers is expected to continue to grow solidly over the next five years, although at a declining growth rate as household penetration approaches saturation. DSL is expected to return to higher growth rates as a deepening recession makes the price competitive offering of DSL more attractive.
  • WiFi had become commonplace in the USA during 2007, with a burgeoning hotspot network and WiFi moving beyond the laptop to cellular handsets. The significance of the WiFi market was highlighted in 2008 with the purchase by AT&T of WiFi hotspot operator Wayport for $275 million, giving AT&T the largest number of WiFi hotspots in the country.
  • Wireless subscriber growth will slow during 2009 as penetration exceeds 90%. Despite declining subscriber growth rates, the significance of the wireless sector will continue to strengthen, with the percentage of wireless-only households having reached approximately 15% by early 2009.
  • In 2009 Verizon Wireless completed its acquisition of Alltel Corp, making Verizon Wireless the largest wireless operator in the country with over 30% market share and giving the top-three providers nearly 80% of the wireless market.
  • During 2009 wireless revenues will continue to enjoy strong growth, following growth of nearly 50% in 2008, underpinned by robust wireless data revenue growth. By early 2009 wireless data revenues accounted for approximately 25% of total wireless service revenues, up from around 18% in 2007. Significantly, the majority of wireless data revenues are now being generated by non-messaging applications and services such as music downloads, mobile TV, video blogs and Internet-accessed entertainment services.
  • The deployment of 4G wireless technologies will gain significance in 2009, following the 2008 launch by Sprint Nextel and Clearwire of their WiMAX network and the announcement by Verizon Wireless that it will start deploying LTE from late 2009.
  • The transition to digital TV gathered pace with mandatory analogue switch-off scheduled for February 2009. Nevertheless, in January 2009 President Obama requested Congress to postpone the switch-off date as substantial numbers of households had not reached digital TV readiness.
  • While it was originally thought BPL would grow out of the need for broadband services in underserved rural and regional areas, in 2008 it became clear that the urgent need to address climate change through measures such as smart grids will be the main force for deploying BPL networks. In California alone it is estimated that approximately 17.5 million smart meters will be deployed between 2008 and 2010.
  • In the area of policy, President Obama has indicated his support for a net neutrality law and for stronger antitrust enforcement. He appointed a new FCC Chairman, Julius Genachowski, which gives the FCC a greater mandate to regulate in the interests of competition and the consumer.
Forecast homes passed by fibre - 2009 - 2015
Year Non-RBOC1 Verizon AT&T2 Total Homes passed
2009 4,000,000 15,000,000 18,000,000 37,000,000
2010 6,000,000 17,000,000 20,000,000 43,000,000
2011 8,000,000 19,000,000 24,000,000 51,000,000
2012 9,000,000 21,000,000 28,000,000 58,000,000
2013 10,000,000 22,000,000 34,000,000 66,000,000
2014 11,000,000 23,000,000 37,000,000 71,000,000
2015 12,000,000 24,000,000 40,000,000 76,000,000
(Source: BuddeComm forecasts)

Notes:
1Non-RBOC includes CLECs, ILECs, Municipalities and Qwest, although Qwest is formally an RBOC.
2Includes FttH and FttN.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

The following notes provide some background to our scenario forecasting methodology:
  • This report includes what we term scenario forecasts. By describing long-range scenarios we identify a band within which we expect market growth to occur. The associated text describes what we see as the most likely growth trend within this band.
  • The projections shown in the tables in this report are based on our own historical information, as well as on telecommunication sector statistics from official and non-official, national and international sources. We assume a possible deviation of 15-20% around this data.
  • All statistics for GDP, revenue, etc are shown in US$, in order to maintain consistency within and between markets. At the same time we acknowledge that this can introduce some irregularities.
For those seeking high level strategic information and objective analysis on this region, this report is essential reading and gives further information on:
  • Forecast growth in select telecommunication markets.
  • The emerging trends and convergence in the USA voice, broadband and digital TV sectors.
  • How the USA is faring in terms of global broadband development.
  • The current and emerging broadband technologies and their long-term projections.
  • The growth of wireless voice and data and the deployment of 3G and 4G technologies.
  • Key information on the major telecommunication operators.

1. KEY STATISTICS
2. REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
2.1 Analysis
2.1.1 Unbundling
2.1.1.1 Battle began in the late 1980s
2.1.1.2 Local Loop Unbundling (LLU) launched in
2.1.1.3 Linesharing abandoned
2.1.2 Net neutrality
2.2 US regulatory environment
2.2.1 Overview
2.2.2 Regulatory authorities
2.2.3 Regulatory milestones - 1969 -
2.2.4 Brief historical overview
2.3 The Telecommunications Act 1996
2.3.1 Overview
2.3.2 Key pro-competitive provisions of the Telecom Act
2.3.2.1 Interconnection and unbundling (sections 251 and 252)
2.3.2.2 Universal service (section 254)
2.3.2.3 InterLATA market entry (section 271)
2.3.2.4 Bell company structural separation (section 272)
2.3.2.5 Advanced service deployment (section 706)
2.3.3 Kay market participants
2.3.3.1 IXCs and CLECs
2.3.3.2 RBOCs
2.3.3.3 Cable companies
2.3.3.4 Other regulations/bodies
2.3.4 Impact of the Act
2.3.4.1 Court challenges to the Act
2.3.4.2 RBOCs offering interLATA long-distance
2.3.4.3 Universal service fund
2.4 Foreign competition
2.5 The FCC and satellite services
2.6 Merger and acquisition activity
2.7 Access and unbundling
2.7.1 Unbundling network access
2.7.2 RBOCs ordered to share Internet lines
2.7.3 FCC unbundled network triennial review order of
2.7.4 Cable broadband and DSL confirmed as information services
2.8 Regulation of converging technologies
2.8.1 VoIP
2.8.1.1 Convergence and the new competitors
2.8.1.2 VoIP regulation
2.8.2 Video and TV
2.8.2.1 Franchise laws
2.8.2.2 TV white spaces
3. MAJOR TELCOS - STATISTICS & ANALYSIS
3.1 US telecom industry
3.1.1 RBOCs, ILECs, CLECs and IXCs
3.1.2 Cable MSOs, VoIP and other competition
3.1.3 Analysis - 2008/
3.2 Major players
3.2.1 Overview
3.2.2 AT&T Inc
3.2.2.1 BellSouth Corporation (historical)
3.2.3 Verizon Communications
3.2.4 Qwest Communications
4. INTERNET MARKET
4.1 Analysis
4.2 Overview
4.3 Internet statistics
4.4 US broadband
4.4.1 Broadband development
4.4.2 Broadband connectivity
4.5 USA Internet usage
4.5.1 Internet usage patterns and demographics
4.5.2 Web surfing statistics
4.5.3 Online advertising and e-commerce
4.6 ISP market
4.7 Email
4.7.1 Spam, viruses & other malware
4.7.2 Anti spam legislation
4.8 Instant Messaging (IM)
5. BROADBAND MARKET
5.1 Key highlights
5.2 broadband market
5.2.1 Broadband market overview
5.2.2 Regulatory overview
5.2.3 Broadband statistics
5.2.4 Cable MSOs versus telcos
5.3 Cable broadband
5.3.1 Market overview
5.3.2 Cable broadband statistics
5.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
5.4.1 DSL overview
5.4.2 DSL statistics
5.5 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
5.5.1 Overview
5.5.2 FttH network rollout
5.5.3 Policy and regulation framework
5.5.3.1 Federal policy
5.5.3.2 Network regulation
5.5.3.3 Video franchise rules
5.5.4 Choice of FttX technology
5.5.4.1 Why fibre?
5.5.4.2 FttN
5.5.4.3 FttC
5.5.4.4 FttH/FttP
5.5.4.5 Which FTTx?
5.5.5 Non-RBOC FttH networks
5.5.6 RBOC FttH roll-out
5.5.6.1 Verizon
5.5.6.2 AT&T
5.5.6.2.1 BellSouth (historical)
5.5.6.3 Qwest
5.6 Smart grids & BPL
5.6.1 Overview
5.6.1.1 Background
5.6.1.2 Smart grids
5.6.1.3 BPL
5.6.2 Smart grids
5.6.2.1 Introduction
5.6.2.2 Smart meters
5.6.2.3 GridWise
5.6.2.4 Smart grid developments
5.6.3 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
5.6.3.1 BPL technology
5.6.3.2 BPL opportunities
5.6.3.2.1 Smart meters and smart grids
5.6.3.2.2 Broadband and triple play
5.6.3.2.3 Home networking and consumer electronics
5.6.3.3 BPL deployment issues and obstacles
5.6.3.3.1 BPL technology hurdles
5.6.3.3.2 BPL competition issues
5.6.3.4 BPL regulations
5.6.3.4.1 FCC regulation
5.6.3.4.2 State-based regulations
5.6.3.5 BPL trials
5.6.3.6 BPL standard setting bodies
5.6.3.6.1 HomePlug Powerline Alliance
5.6.3.6.2 United Power Line Council (UPLC)
5.6.3.6.3 IEEE Standards Association
5.6.3.6.4 Universal Powerline Alliance
5.7 Wireless broadband
5.7.1 Overview
5.7.2 700MHz auction
5.7.3 Analysis - 2007 -
5.7.4 WiFi
5.7.4.1 WiFi statistics
5.7.4.2 Major WiFi hotspot providers
5.7.4.3 Municipal WiFi
5.7.4.3.1 Overview
5.7.4.3.2 Muni WiFi analysis - 2007 -
5.7.4.4 WiFi and cellular convergence
5.7.4.5 WiFi standards and certification
5.7.5 WiMAX
5.7.5.1 WiMAX market overview
5.7.5.2 WiMAX Forum
5.7.5.3 WiMAX and WiFi
5.7.5.4 WiMAX versus competing 3G and 4G technology
5.7.5.4.1 3G/HSDPA
5.7.5.4.2 Long-term evolution (LTE)
5.7.6 Satellite broadband
6. VOIP
6.1 Market overview
6.1.1 VoIP statistics
6.2 VoIP regulation
6.3 VoIP technology in the US
6.3.1 Overview
6.3.2 History
6.3.3 IP telephony gateways
6.3.4 Value-added features
6.3.5 Hosted VoIP solutions
6.3.6 Circuit-to-packet network migration
6.3.7 IP-based private networks and computer telephony integration
6.3.8 Mobile VoIP
6.4 Major VoIP providers
6.4.1 Cable VoIP
6.4.2 Alternative providers
6.4.3 Telco VoIP
7. CONVERGENCE
7.1 Market overview
7.1.1 Key developments
7.1.2 IP networks
7.1.3 Regulatory issues
7.2 Telco triple play
7.2.1 Triple play over fibre
7.2.2 Alliances with satellite TV
7.3 Cable triple play
7.3.1 Triple play over HFC
7.3.1.1 Cable TV
7.3.1.2 Cable broadband
7.3.1.3 Cable VoIP
7.4 Satellite over IP
7.5 Quadruple play
7.5.1 Verizon
7.5.2 AT&T
7.5.3 Sprint Nextel - cable initiatives
7.5.3.1 Pivot Joint Venture
7.5.3.2 Clearwire WiMAX
7.5.4 Qwest
7.6 Overview of the broadcasting market
7.6.1 Analysis
7.6.1.1 Satellite versus cable versus telco IPTV
7.6.1.2 High Definition TV (HDTV)
7.6.1.3 DVRs to impact US TV advertising market
7.7 Regulatory issues
7.7.1 Analogue switch-off
7.7.2 À la carte
7.8 Digital TV
7.8.1 IPTV
7.8.1.1 IPTV market overview
7.8.1.2 FttH/FttC/FttN networks
7.8.1.3 Verizon’s FiOS TV
7.8.1.4 AT&T’s U-Verse Video
7.8.1.5 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
7.8.2 Cable DTV
7.8.2.1 Overview
7.8.2.2 Cable statistics
7.8.3 Satellite Direct Broadcasting Service (DBS)
7.8.3.1 Overview
7.8.3.2 DISH Network
7.8.3.3 DirecTV
7.8.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.8.4.1 Overview
7.8.4.2 HD over-the-air
7.8.4.3 National FTA broadcasters
7.9 Consumer electronics
7.9.1 Digital TV sets and HDTVs
7.9.2 DVRs
8. WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
8.1 Market overview
8.1.1 Market analysis
8.1.2 Market consolidation
8.1.3 Market convergence
8.2 Wireless statistics
8.2.1 Market statistics
8.2.2 Wireless carrier statistics
8.2.3 ARPU statistics
8.3 Market trends
8.3.1 Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) market
8.3.2 Prepaid market
8.3.3 Third Generation mobile (3G)
8.3.4 WiMAX and VoIP versus 3G
8.3.5 WiFi and cellular convergence
8.3.6 Sprint/MSO joint venture
8.3.7 Key trends in
8.4 Major wireless operators
8.4.1 AT&T Mobility (formerly Cingular Wireless)
8.4.2 Verizon Wireless
8.4.3 Sprint Nextel Corporation
8.4.4 T-Mobile USA
8.4.5 Alltel Corporation
8.4.6 US Cellular Corporation
8.5 Wireless Data
8.5.1 Mobile TV
8.5.2 Mobile music
8.5.3 Non-voice messaging
8.5.4 Mobile Internet
8.5.5 Wireless Local Number Portability (WLNP)
9. FORECASTS
9.1 Forecasts - Internet market to 2013
9.2 Forecasts - broadband subscribers to 2015
9.3 Forecasts - fibre networks to 2015
9.4 Forecasts - VoIP market to 2013
9.5 Forecasts - wireless market to 2013
10. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


LIST OF TABLES


Table 1 - Country statistics USA - 2008
Table 2 - Telecom revenue statistics - 2008
Table 3 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 5 - Broadband statistics - 2008
Table 6 - Wireless statistics - September 2008
Table 7 - National telecommunications authority
Table 8 - Revenue comparisons for major telcos - 2001 - 2008
Table 9 - AT&T revenue summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 10 - AT&T subscriber statistics (historical) - 2002 - 2005
Table 11 - AT&T subscriber statistics - 2006 - 2008
Table 12 - AT&T segment operating revenues - 2007 - 2008
Table 13 - BellSouth revenue summary - 2000 - 2006
Table 14 - BellSouth Communications group operating statistics - 2001 - 2006
Table 15 - Verizon Communications financial summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 16 - Verizon Communications operating statistics & annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 17 - Qwest revenue and net profit - 2000 - 2008
Table 18 - Top ten ranking by country for Internet users - June 2008
Table 19 - Country comparison of monthly at-home Internet usage - 2007 - 2008
Table 20 - Select OECD countries’ broadband penetration - 2001; 2007 - 2008
Table 21 - Broadband access among Internet households - select countries - 2001 - 2007
Table 22 - Home Internet connection speeds - 1999 - 2007
Table 23 - At work Internet connection speeds - 2000 - 2007
Table 24 - US Internet users, annual change and penetration - 1996 - 2008
Table 25 - Total monthly US online searches - 2004 - 2008
Table 26 - US average monthly web usage - 2006 - 2008
Table 27 - Proportion of time online by activity - 2007
Table 28 - Top 10 search engines: growth and share of market - August 2008
Table 29 - Top ten websites and market share - 2008
Table 30 - Top ten websites by parent company, audience & time spent - October 2008
Table 31 - Fastest growing web properties: visitors & monthly growth - June 2008
Table 32 - Visitor & annual growth of selected global social networking sites - June 2008
Table 33 - Ten largest US global social networking sites, visitors & growth - June 2008
Table 34 - Top US online video sites statistics - October 2008
Table 35 - Online advertising revenues and market shares - 2007
Table 36 - Leading Internet advertising by industry and impressions - October 2008
Table 37 - E-commerce growth by sector - 2007 - 2008
Table 38 - Online retail sales and annual change - 2003 - 2008
Table 39 - ISP, access types, residential subscribers and market share - September 2008
Table 40 - Number of ISPs in the USA - 2003 - 2008
Table 41 - Email volume and annual change - 2000 - 2007
Table 42 - Email clients, personal email, by popularity - 2008
Table 43 - Email clients (business email), by popularity - 2008
Table 44 - Source of spam by country - 2008
Table 45 - Zombie IPs by country - 2008
Table 46 - Products pitched in spam emails - 2008
Table 47 - Fastest growing IM destinations and visitors per month - 2007
Table 48 - Broadband subscribers, annual change & penetration rate - 1999 - 2008
Table 49 - Broadband household penetration - 2000 - 2008
Table 50 - Broadband lines (>200Kb/s in both directions) - 2005 - 2007
Table 51 - Top cable and DSL providers, subscribers & market share - 2008
Table 52 - Broadband subscribers & penetration in selected OECD countries - 2001; 2008
Table 53 - USA broadband penetration & OECD ranking - 2001 - 2008
Table 54 - USA broadband speeds against top 14 OECD ranking - 2007
Table 55 - US cable industry infrastructure expenditure - 2000 - 2008
Table 56 - Top 10 cable MSOs’ coverage, subscribers & penetration by technology - Q3 2008
Table 57 - Cable modem subscribers and annual change - 1998 - 2008
Table 58 - Subscribers for top cable modem providers - 2002 - 2008
Table 59 - Cable versus DSL - market share & subscriber growth - 2006 - 2008
Table 60 - DSL subscribers and annual change - 1999 - 2008
Table 61 - DSL subscribers by major carrier - 2002 - 2008
Table 62 - ADSL subscribers, market share & annual change by provider type - June 2007
Table 63 - FttH homes passed and connected - 2001 - 2008
Table 64 - FttH video homes connected - 2001 - 2008
Table 65 - FttH market share by type of provider - 2006 - 2008
Table 66 - Non-RBOC and overall FttH take-up rates - 2002 - 2008
Table 67 - Top 10 countries - public WiFi hotspots - 2009
Table 68 - Top 10 US cities - WIFI hotspots - 2009
Table 69 - VoIP subscribers of major providers - 2007 - 2008
Table 70 - Cable VoIP subscribers and annual change - 2003 - 2008
Table 71 - US cable industry infrastructure expenditures - 2000 - 2008
Table 72 - Broadcasting coverage, subscribers, annual change and penetration - 2008
Table 73 - Market shares, major MSO, DBS & telco video providers - 2005; 2007 - 2008
Table 74 - Homes passed by cable HDTV service & annual change - 2002 - 2007
Table 75 - Cable CAPEX, customer and advertising revenues - 1996 - 2007
Table 76 - Basic cable and digital subscribers - 2000 - 2008
Table 77 - Top 25 cable MSOs ranked by subscribers & market share - 2008
Table 78 - DBS versus MSO market shares - 2001 - 2008
Table 79 - Satellite DBS subscribers by major network - 2000 - 2008
Table 80 - DISH ARPU, churn and subscriber acquisition costs - 2005 - 2008
Table 81 - DirecTV ARPU, churn and subscriber acquisition costs - 2005 - 2008
Table 82 - Digital TV set sales and revenues - 2000 - 2008
Table 83 - Wireless subscribers, penetration and annual change - September 2008
Table 84 - Wireless market ARPU, revenues, usage statistics & annual change - 2008
Table 85 - Wireless subscribers and annual change - 1995 - 2008
Table 86 - Wireless market revenue, roamer revenue, ARPU & employees - 1994 - 2008
Table 87 - Number of cell sites - 1995; 2000 - 2008
Table 88 - Wireless subscribers by operator - 2002 - 2008
Table 89 - Wireless operators’ market share - 2007 - 2008
Table 90 - ARPU of major operators & annual change - 2007 - 2008
Table 91 - Customer churn rate of national carriers - 2001 - 2008
Table 92 - Average local monthly bill & average local call length - 1995 - 2008
Table 93 - Prepaid wireless subscribers - 2007 - 2008
Table 94 - AT&T Mobility financial summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 95 - AT&T Mobility PoPs, subscribers, penetration, churn & ARPU - 2000 - 2008
Table 96 - Verizon Communications financial summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 97 - Verizon Wireless subscribers, churn, ARPU & revenue - 2001 - 2008
Table 98 - Sprint Nextel consolidated financial summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 99 - Sprint Nextel wireless subscribers, churn, ARPU & revenue - 2001 - 2008
Table 100 - T-Mobile revenue - 2000 - 2008
Table 101 - T-Mobile cell sites, subscribers, churn & ARPU - 2001 - 2008
Table 102 - Alltel financial summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 103 - Alltel wireless subscribers, churn & ARPU - 2001 - 2008
Table 104 - US Cellular financial summary - 2000 - 2008
Table 105 - US Cellular cell sites, subscribers, churn & ARPU - 2000 - 2008
Table 106 - Forecast Internet users and penetration - 2009 - 2013
Table 107 - Forecast online retail sales - 2009 - 2013
Table 108 - Forecast online advertising - 2009 - 2013
Table 109 - Forecast broadband subscribers & penetration - lower growth scenario - 2009 - 2015
Table 110 - Forecast broadband subscribers & penetration - higher growth scenario - 2009 - 2015
Table 111 - Forecast homes passed by fibre - high growth scenario - 2009 - 2015
Table 112 - Forecast homes passed by fibre - low growth scenario - 2009 - 2015
Table 113 - Forecast VoIP subscribers & revenue - lower growth scenario - 2009 - 2013
Table 114 - Forecast VoIP subscribers & revenue - higher growth scenario - 2009 - 2013
Table 115 - Forecast wireless subscribers, penetration & revenue - lower growth scenario - 2009 - 2013
Table 116 - Forecast wireless subscribers, penetration & revenue - higher growth scenario - 2009 - 2013


LIST OF EXHIBITS


Exhibit 1 - Significant telecom de-regulation milestones - 1969 - 2008
Exhibit 2 - Significant telecom consolidations - 1998 - 2009
Exhibit 3 - Definitions: DSL, cable and FttN/FttC broadband
Exhibit 4 - - Cable broadband drives cable VoIP
Exhibit 5 - Status of RBOC fibre network build out - September 2008
Exhibit 6 - Examples of non-RBOC FttH networks
Exhibit 7 - Smart grid applications
Exhibit 8 - Oncor (TXU) and the Current Group
Exhibit 9 - Smart meters planned for Massachusetts
Exhibit 10 - Current Group’s smart grid fault detection
Exhibit 11 - Xcel Energy’s Smart Grid Consortium
Exhibit 12 - Current deploys the US’s first utility HAN (home area network)
Exhibit 13 - BPL technology overview
Exhibit 14 - BPL in Manassas reduced to a smart metering system
Exhibit 15 - DirecTV and Current Communications terminate BPL venture
Exhibit 16 - Unsuccessful BPL trials highlight the difficulties
Exhibit 17 - Municipal WiFi case-study - City of Minneapolis
Exhibit 18 - IEEE WiFi standards - January 2009
Exhibit 19 - Sprint Nextel’s and Clearwire’s WiMAX developments
Exhibit 20 - VoIP pioneers - Net2Phone
Exhibit 21 - Components of network convergence
Exhibit 22 - Major cable VoIP operators - 2008
Exhibit 23 - Major alternative VoIP developments - 2008
Exhibit 24 - Major telco VoIP developments - 2008
Exhibit 25 - Examples of non-cable VoD services
Exhibit 26 - National FTA broadcasters - 2008
Exhibit 27 - Major carriers’ acquisitions of smaller carriers - 2007 - 2008
Exhibit 28 - Major developments in the US MVNO market - 2007 - 2008
Exhibit 29 - Mobile TV developers

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