Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Turkey's telecoms sector continues to make great strides with its 5G implementation and the operators have conducted significant trials, largely supported by Ericsson and Huawei. 4G LTE networks are already well established across Turkey and provide a population network coverage of over 93%, with many base stations upgraded to 4.5G.

Deployment of fibre-based broadband networks are also well underway in Turkey and while DSL services are still the leading fixed broadband access method - it will eventually lose its dominance due to the rapid growth in fibre subscriptions.

Turkey's fixed and mobile infrastructure will help to underpin its Smart City initiatives, which have become a key area of focus for the future. Turkey recently released its National Smart Cities Strategy and Action Plan which will run for 3 years, between 2020-2023

BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.
Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

Key developments:

Turkey has been identified as one of the key markets for mobile subscriber growth through to 2025 in the MENA region.
There are opportunities for substantial growth of both mobile and fixed broadband subscribers in Turkey.
The Ministry of Treasury and Finance approved the acquisition of a 55% share of Turk Telekom by a group of creditor banks in August 2018. In September 2019 the banks further announced they had appointed Morgan and Banks to sell their majority share.
Turkey has excellent international telecoms infrastructure with links to many cable networks due to its geographic location between Europe and Asia.
This report includes assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector.

Companies mentioned in this report include:

Turk Telekom, Turkcell, Vodafone Turkey, Turksat, Superonline, Millenicom.


  • Executive summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Turkey – 2020
  • Country overview
    • Table Turkey – Real GDP growth and inflation – 2020 - 2021
    • Table Turkey – GDP and inflation – 2014 – 2019
  • COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
    • ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS AND RESPONSES
    • MOBILE DEVICES
    • SUBSCRIBERS
    • INFRASTRUCTURE
    • IMPACT ON TURKEY
  • Telecommunications market
    • MARKET HISTORY
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
  • Regional Middle East market comparison
    • INTRODUCTION
    • MOBILE AND MOBILE BROADBAND PENETRATION
    • FIXED AND MOBILE BROADBAND PENETRATION
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORIC OVERVIEW
      • Electronic Communications Law 2008
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN TURKEY
    • PRIVATISATION
      • The 2005 privatisation
      • Privatisation background
    • FIXED-LINE DEVELOPMENTS
      • Interconnect
      • Access
      • Number Portability (NP)
      • Universal services
      • Tax levies
    • MOBILE NETWORK DEVELOPMENTS
      • Overview (recent general laws and regulations)
      • Third Generation (3G) licences
      • Third and fourth GSM licences
      • Significant market power (SMP)
      • MTRs
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Telsim privatisation
      • Retail Price Cap Regulation
  • Mobile Market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Turkey - mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2024
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Turkey - ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
      • Mobile broadband statistics
        • Table Turkey - active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2010 – 2024
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Tower infrastructure
      • 5G
      • 4G, LTE
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Table Turkey - mobile operators' spectrum and subscriber market share - 2018; Q2 2019
      • Table Turkey - mobile operators' revenue market share by service – Q3 2017
      • Table Turkey - mobile operators' market share by subscribers – 2009 – Q2 2019
      • Turkcell
        • Table Turkcell Turkey subscribers – 2016 - 2019
        • Table Turkcell Turkey – monthly mobile ARPU, mobile data usage, MoU – 2009 - 2019
        • Table Turkcell smartphone penetration – 2012 – Q2 2019
      • Vodafone Turkey
        • Table Vodafone Turkey financial and subscriber data – 2008 – 2020
      • Turk Telekom
        • Table Turk Telekom Group - prepaid, post-paid subscribers and blended ARPU – 2012 – 2019
  • Fixed broadband market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Turkey - fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2024
      • Table Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber – 2011 - 2019
      • Table Turk Telekom - fixed broadband ARPU – 2017-2019
      • Table Turkey - International Internet Bandwidth – 2010 – 2018
      • Fibre subscriptions
        • Table Turkey - fibre internet subscriptions – 2018 - 2019
      • DSL subscriptions
        • Table Turkey - xDSL subscriptions – 2015 – 2019
      • Cable internet subscriptions
        • Table Turkey - cable internet subscriptions – 2015 - 2019
    • FIBRE NETWORKS
      • Table Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom – 2011 – 2019
  • Fixed network operators
    • INTRODUCTION
    • TURK TELEKOM
      • Table Turk Telekom Group – revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Turk Telecom – percentage of subscribers by service – 2016 - 2019
    • TURKSAT
    • SUPERONLINE
      • Table Superonline financial data – 2009 – 2018
    • MILLENICOM
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Historical overview
      • Market insights
        • Table Turkey - fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2024
        • Table Turk Telekom Group – PSTN ARPU - 2012 – 2019
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Terrestrial cable networks
      • Communication Satellites
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • M2M
  • Historic data
    • Table Historic – Turkey - fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 – 2009
    • Table Historic – Turkey - mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Turkey - active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2009
    • Table Historic - Turkey - breakdown of mobile revenue – 2008 – Q1 2016
    • Table Historic - Turkey - ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2008
    • Table Historic - Turkey - mobile operators' market share by subscribers – 2007; 2008
    • Table Historic - Turkey - mobile operators' market share by revenue – Q3 2017
    • Table Historic - Vodafone Turkey pre and post-paid ARPU – 2006 – 2014
    • Table Historic - Vodafone Turkey smartphone penetration – 2011 – 2015
    • Table Historic - Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and mobile churn – 2001 – 2008
    • Table Historic - Turkey - 2G; 3G; 4G subscribers – 2009 – Q3 2017
    • Table Historic - Turk Telekom Group – mobile revenue and EBITDA – 2009 – 2016
    • Table Historic – Vodafone Turkey - CAPEX – 2008 - 2016
  • Glossary of abbreviations
  • Related reports

Download our eBook: How to Succeed Using Market Research

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.

Download eBook