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Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband


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Turkey - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

Mobile broadband is popular in Turkey which creates many opportunities

Turkey’s broadband market has witnessed considerable growth in the number of broadband subscribers. ADSL is no longer the most popular broadband access platform, with mobile broadband the most popular platform since 2012. ADSL is still the leading fixed broadband platform with strong growth rates recorded for fibre and cable. Turk Telekom is the dominant ISP despite the influx of competitors.

Turkey’s sizeable Internet user population has fostered an emerging digital economy, encompassing e-commerce, e-government, e-health and e-education services. E-commerce in particular, as well as m-commerce are showing considerable growth and Turkey is considered to be one of the leading e-commerce markets worldwide.

The country’s broadcasting sector is comprised of a large number of free-to-air operators and a number of satellite and cable-based pay TV operators. Digital TV offerings are available.

Turkey possesses one of the largest mobile markets in the region due to its large population, which is characterised as young and increasingly urbanised and technically literate. Mobile penetration has reached levels indicative of a mature market. In 2014 2G subscribers were in decline as 3G subscribers continue to grow.

LTE technology has been trialled by the operators and during 2013 the Turkish government awarded a contract to build a LTE network for civilian and military use. In September 2014 Turkey was still awaiting a 4G LTE licensing schedule to be introduced.

In 2014 competition in the mobile market increased as the operators began to more aggressively target the mobile data sector, offering competitive pricing and new bundled plans.

Increasing take up of mobile data services has in turn underpinned growth in mobile content and applications. Turkey has emerged as a noticeable front runner in the nascent mobile payments sector, supported by the country’s relatively young population and high credit card penetration.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Turkey - 2014
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2014
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2014
    • Table Fixed broadband subscriber statistics - 2014
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2014
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
      • Table GDP growth and inflation - 2005 - 2014
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW OF TURKEY'S TELECOM MARKET
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • BACKGROUND
      • Electronic Communications Law 2008
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • Information and Communications Technologies Authority (ICTA)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN TURKEY
    • PRIVATISATION
      • The 2005 privatisation
      • Privatisation background
    • INTERCONNECT
    • ACCESS
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICES
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERVIEW
    • TURK TELEKOM
      • Table Turk Telekom - Revenue, profit, EBITDA and CAPEX - 2007 - 2013
      • Table Turk Telekom - Fixed-line revenue, EBITDA and PSTN ARPU - 2007 - 2013
      • Table Turk Telekom - Fixed ARPU - 2011 - 2013
    • TURKSAT
    • SUPERONLINE
      • Table Superonline financial data - 2009 - 2013
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fibre optic cable lengths for Turk Telekom - 2011 - 2013
      • Table Fibre optic cable lengths for Alternative operators - 2011 - 2013
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2014
      • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2014
      • Table Internet user and penetration rate - 1998 - 2014
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine cable networks
      • Terrestrial cable networks
      • Satellite networks
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
    • INTERNET AND BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Internet user and penetration rate - 1998 - 2014
      • Table Broadband subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2014
      • Table Broadband subscribers by access technology - 2009 - 2013
      • Table ISP market share - June 2013
      • Table Fixed Broadband subscriptions by speed - June 2013
      • Table Average monthly data usage per Turk Telekom broadband subscriber - 2010 - mid 2014
      • Table International Internet Bandwidth - 2003 - 2013
    • BROADBAND SUBSCRIBER FORECASTS
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINES (ADSL)
      • Table Turk Telekom ADSL ARPU - 2007 - 2013
    • CABLE MODEMS
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH) NETWORKS
      • Superonline
        • Table Superonline FttX homes passed and subscribers - 2011 - 2013
  • DIGITAL MEDIA / DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • OVERVIEW
    • SERVICES
      • E-commerce
      • M-commerce
      • E-government
      • E-health
      • E-education
      • Electronic ID
    • DIGITAL BROADCASTING
      • Overview of broadcasting market
        • Table TV audience share by channel - January - June 2013
        • Table TV advertising revenue - 2009 - 2013
      • Broadcasting regulation
      • Digital TV
        • Table Cable TV subscribers - 2011 - 2013
        • Table D-Smart pay TV subscribers - 2008 - 2013
        • Table IPTV subscribers - 2011 - 2013
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF TURKEY'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2014
        • Table 2G and 3G subscribers - 2009 - Q1 2014
        • Table Mobile operators and subscribers - 2013
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Mobile operators' market share - 2007 - Q1 2014
        • Table Mobile telecom revenue and investment - 2004 - 2012
        • Table ARPU levels per operator - 2011 - Q1 2014
        • Table Mobile revenue per service type per operator - Q1 2014
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Third Generation (3G) licences
      • Third and fourth GSM licences
      • Significant market power (SMP)
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • Telsim privatisation
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Analogue
      • Digital
      • 3G
      • Long Term Evolution (LTE)
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Turkcell
        • Table Turkcell group financial data - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Turkcell Turkey average monthly ARPU - pre and postpaid - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Turkcell Turkey average monthly MOU and churn - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Turkcell smartphone penetration - 2012 - Q2 2014
      • Vodafone (Telsim)
        • Table Historical - Vodafone Turkey financial data - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone pre and postpaid ARPU - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone smartphone penetration - 2011 - 2013
      • Avea
        • Table Avea revenue and EBITDA - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Avea prepaid, postpaid and blended ARPU and blended MOU - 2007 - 2013
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2013
        • Table Turkcell prepaid subscribers - 2001 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone prepaid subscribers - 2006 - 2013
        • Table Avea prepaid subscribers - 2007 - 2013
    • MOBILE DATA
      • Short Message Service (SMS) and Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
        • Table Numbers of SMS and MMS sent - 2004 - 2013
      • Mobile broadband (Access)
        • Table Turkcell mobile broadband revenue - 2010 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone data usage - 2012 - 2013
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile TV
      • Mobile advertising
      • Mobile payments

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