Mobile broadband services in Turkey have been underpinned by 3G/HSPA infrastructure, which has overtaken ADSL as Turkey's most popular broadband access method. LTE technology has been trialled by the operators and during 2013 and the Turkish government awarded a contract to build a LTE network for civilian and military use. In August 2015 Turkey conducted its LTE Spectrum Auction and attracted US$4.5 billion in bids. The three incumbent operators, Vodafone, Avea and Turkcell all obtained licenses across the various frequencies.
Mobile operators are also increasingly focused on fixed line networks, acquiring existing alterative telcos and Internet Service Providers as well as spending capital to deploy fibre cable access networks. Increasing take up of mobile data services has in turn stimulated growth in mobile content and applications, with mobile payments receiving notable mention due to the country's relatively young population and high credit card penetration. Drawing upon a variety of useful statistics, this report offers an insight into Turkey's mobile sector, covering significant events that have occurred, regulatory developments, the mobile operators and the services they offer.
Mobile broadband has emerged as the most popular broadband access method. Mobile commerce is becoming popular in Turkey with around 20% of online shopping already conducted via mobile. In August 2015 Turk Telekom became the sole owner of Avea.