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Telecoms, Mobile and Internet - Mongolia

Telecoms, Mobile and Internet - Mongolia

Mongolia aims high to launch own satellite by 2015 as it drives towards ICT Vision 2021'

Since the Mongolian Government's telecommunications reform program in the mid-1990s, there has been effective liberalisation of all market segments, partial privatisation of the fixed-line incumbent operator, Mongolia Telecom, and establishment of an independent regulator. Mongolia acceded to the WTO in 1997.

Competition is in place for both fixed and mobile telephony including local, long-distance and international, internet, VoIP and VSATs. The internet market is a growing sector supported by government initiatives such as the e-Mongolia National Program and ICT Vision 2021.

Although the fixed-line network is declining as per other markets in Asia, the mobile phone market has seen strong growth, spurred by the launch of 3G networks more recently and the increased popularity of smart phones. The national policy has been to have a competitive telecommunications segment with two CDMA and two GSM mobile telephone service operators. Accordingly, two additional mobile licences were awarded in 2005/06 to Unitel (GSM) and rural mobile operator G-Mobile (CDMA).

As part of the transition to a market-based economy, Mongolia committed itself to modernising its telecommunications network and steadily introducing advanced communications services. The government considers national infrastructure development as a high priority and, in particular, it has focused on the development of the telecoms sector, seeing it as central to the overall development of the country, the improvement of living standards, increasing foreign investment, boosting tourism and private sector development, and implementation of innovative changes.

Market highlights:

Cabinet approved Mongolia's first satellite in late 2012, making clear the height of the country's ambitions for improving ICT and transforming the economy into a knowledge-based economy by 2021.

In addition to the satellite project, the National Broadband Programme (2011-15) is a government plan to ensure that over 50% of households have access to inexpensive broadband connections for bandwidth-intensive services, high-speed internet and television. The government also plans for 40% of households in remote areas to have access to a wireless broadband service.

Mongolia has been quickly rising through the ranks of global networking surveys. In the Networked Readiness Index 2011-12 released by the World Economic Forum, Mongolia achieved 63th place out of the 143 counties surveyed compared to 85th out of 138 nations in 2010-11.

Coverage in rural areas improved into 2013, with a World Bank-funded project creating a network of 152 satellite public telephones for herders in remote areas beyond the reach of mobile networks.

4G or long-term evolution (LTE) technologies are expected to be deployed in the next few years as the market shifts from traditional voice and message services and their associated declining margins, to a future revenue stream from services such as IPTV, high-speed mobile internet, VoIP, content and applications

Mongolia key telecom parameters 2006; 2009, 2013
Sector | 2006 | 2009 | 2013
Internet users | 310,000 | 355,000 | 520,000 (e)
Fixed-line subscribers | 195,000 | 189,000 | 175,000 (e)
Mobile phone subscribers | 775,000 | 2,250,000 | 4,250,000
Mobile penetration rate | 30% | 84% | 142%
(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)

Mongolia is a small country with predominantly basic telecommunications services. The report covers trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, internet and broadband.

Subjects include:

Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
Facts, figures and statistics;
Industry and regulatory issues;
Infrastructure;
Major players, subscribers;
Internet;
Mobile voice and data markets;
Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV).


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country Overview
3.1 Background
3.2 Mongolia's economy
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Communications Regulatory Commission (CRC)
4.3 Information Communication Technology and Post Authority of Mongolia (ICTPA)
4.3.1 National information technology park
4.3.2 National data centre
4.4 National ICT Committee
4.5 CIO Council
5. Telecommunications market
5.1 Overview of Mongolia's telecom market
5.2 Mongolia's telecom market financial statistics
5.3 Mongolian Information and Communications Vision 2010
5.4 Interconnection
5.5 Policy progress 2010
5.6 ICT Vision 2021
5.7 Number of licensees 2009 2012
5.8 Law on unfair competition
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 National telecom network
6.1.1 Rural services
6.2 Fixed-line statistics
6.3 Wireless local loop statistics
6.4 International infrastructure
6.5 Satellite program
6.6 Satellite band usage in Mongolia
6.7 Chronological data of ICT developments in Mongolia
7. Vision of e-Mongolia
7.1 e-Mongolia status June 2009
7.2 E-government
7.3 Online services
7.3.1 E-commerce and e-banking
7.3.2 E-Signatures
7.4 International ranking
8. Internet market
8.1 Overview
8.2 Internet statistics
8.3 Internet infrastructure statistics
8.4 Mongolia internet Exchange (MIX)
8.5 ISP market
8.6 ISP charges
9. Broadband market
9.1 Overview
9.2 National broadband program of Mongolia
9.3 Broadband statistics
9.4 Wi-Fi
10. Television services
10.1 Satellite and terrestrial television services
10.2 Cable, DTH and MMDS television services
10.3 Digital TV
10.4 IPTV and Mobile TV
10.5 Television broadcasting standards by network type
11. Mobile communications Market
11.1 Overview of Mongolia's mobile market
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.3 Mobile charges
11.4 3G Services
12. Fixed network operators in Mongolia
12.1 Mongolia Telecom
12.2 Mongolian Railways Communications
12.3 Ulusnet
13. Mobile network operators in Mongolia
13.1 MobiCom
13.2 SkyTel
13.3 Unitel
13.4 G-Mobile
14. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Mongolia 2013
Table 2 Telecom revenue and investment statistics 2012
Table 3 Telephone network statistics 2012
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2012
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2013
Table 6 National telecommunications authorities
Table 7 GDP and foreign direct investment: 2003 2015
Table 8 Total revenue and investment of ICT sector and tax contribution 2005 2011
Table 9 ICT sector revenue breakdown 2011
Table 10 Licensees by service 2009 2012
Table 11 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1990, 1995 2014
Table 12 Local fixed-line telephone traffic 1997 2009
Table 13 Wireless local loop (WLL) lines in service 2003 2011
Table 14 L and S band usage July 2012
Table 15 C band usage July 2012
Table 16 Ku band usage July 2012
Table 17 Internet users 1995 2014
Table 18 Total fixed-line internet subscribers 1998 2011
Table 19 Total internet subscribers 2005 2012
Table 20 Different types of access to the internet 2010
Table 21 International internet bandwidth 2000 2010
Table 22 Number of PCs 2000 2009
Table 23 Market share of ISPs 2009 2010
Table 24 Broadband internet subscribers 2001 2014
Table 25 DSL subscribers 2001 - 2010
Table 26 TV subscribers by technology and TV sets 2004 - 2009
Table 27 Cable, DTH and MMDS TV subscribers 2004 - 2011
Table 28 Market share of CATV operators 2009
Table 29 TV license type, frequency, technical standard and coverage 2012
Table 30 Historical - Mobile subscribers, total v. prepaid, annual change and penetration 1996 - 2010
Table 31 Mobile subscribers, annual change and penetration 2007 - 2014
Table 32 Mobile operators and subscribers June 2009, December 2010
Table 33 Mobile operators and subscribers 2013
Table 34 Domestic mobile telephone traffic 1999 - 2009
Table 35 MMS and SMS traffic 2000 - 2009
Table 36 Mobile communication charges per minute 2010
Table 37 Telecom Mongolia revenue, EBITDA, net income 2006 - 2011
Table 38 MobiCom subscribers and market share 2006 - 2013
Table 39 SkyTel subscribers and market share 2006 - 2013
Table 40 Unitel subscribers and market share 2006 - 2013
Table 41 G-Mobile subscribers and market share 2007 - 2013
Chart 1 Mongolia GDP, GDP per capita and foreign direct investment: 2003 2012
Chart 2 Total revenue and investment of ICT sector and tax contribution 2005 2011
Chart 3 ICT sector revenue breakdown 2011
Chart 4 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1998 2014
Chart 5 Types of access to the internet 2010
Chart 6 Mobile subscribers annual change and penetration 2005 - 2014
Chart 7 Mobile operator market share 2013
Chart 8 Mobile communication charges per minute by operator 2006 - 2010
Exhibit 1 Map of Mongolia
Exhibit 2 Chronological events of ICT developments in Mongolia 1921 2011
Exhibit 3 e-Mongolia programme targets 2009; 2012; 2015

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