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Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Tunisia

Tunisia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

Internet censorship abolished, legislative reform and latest broadband technologies launched

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Tunisia's telecommunications market. Subjects covered include:One of Africa's most advanced telecoms and broadband markets;
Key statistics;
Market and industry overviews;
The impact of the global economic crisis and the Arab Spring revolution;
Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
Telecoms operators privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
Infrastructure development;
Mobile voice and data markets, including 3G;
Average Revenue per User;
Internet and broadband development, including 3G mobile and FttP;
E-government, e-learning and e-commerce;
Internet censorship;
Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile).

As a result of heavy investments in the telecom sector since the mid-1990s, Tunisia has one of the most developed telecommunications and broadband infrastructures in Northern Africa, sporting some of the continent's highest market penetration rates and lowest prices. The events of the Arab Spring revolution in 2011 drove the country into a mild recession, but GDP growth returned to pre-crisis levels the following year and is expected to remain stable at around 4.5% from 2015 onwards.

0Offering a full range of services, Tunisie Telecom is the country's fixed-line incumbent. The company was partly privatised in 2006 when a 35% stake was sold to UAE-based EIT. The foreign investor is looking to exit the market but the sale has been delayed by a political crisis in 2013. TT also operates a mobile network under the name Tunicell.

The mobile sector has experienced exceptional growth since the introduction of a second GSM network in 2002, operated initially by Egypt's Orascom under the name Tunisiana and now by Qatar Telecom (Qtel) which is rebranding it to Ooredoo. France Telecom-owned Orange entered the market as the third operator in 2010 and launched Tunisia's first commercial 3G mobile service, followed by Tunicell in 2011 and Tunisiana in 2012. HSPA+ services with up to 42Mb/s using dual carrier technology are now available.

Tunisiana and Orange are also licensed as fixed-line operators and have launched DSL and Fibre to the Premises (FttP) broadband internet services. In addition, eleven ISPs are competing in this sector, supported by a nationwide fibre optic backbone network and international access via submarine and terrestrial fibre. The former government encouraged and promoted internet use but at the same time kept tight control by restricting access to certain websites. A reform of the country's Telecommunications Act was initiated in 2013 and government internet censorship was officially abolished. In addition, laws supporting e-commerce and digital signatures have been passed, which has led to one of the most active e-government and e-commerce sectors in Africa.

Market highlights:

Fibre to the Premises (FttP) and VDSL2 vectoring with up to 100Mb/s launched;
Minority stake in Tunisie Telecom up for sale;
Reform of Telecommunications Act initiated;
Government internet censorship officially abolished;
3G mobile broadband has become the preferred mode of internet access.

Market penetration rates in Tunisia's telecoms sector September 2013
Market | Penetration rate
Mobile | 118%
Fixed | 10%
Internet | 44%
(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Companies covered in this report:

Tunisie Telecom (Tunicell), Orange (France Telecom), Tunisiana (Orascom, Wataniya, Qatar Telecom/Qtel/Ooredoo), Planet Tunisie, 3S GlobalNet, HexaByte, Tunet, Topnet, Divona Telecom, Thuraya, Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN), Huawei Technologies, ZTE, Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson.


1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Davos World Economic Forum ranking 2008-2013
3.2 Market analysis 2013
4. Regulatory environment
4.1 Background
4.2 Telecommunications Act 2001
4.2.1 2008 amendments
4.2.2 2013 reform
4.3 Regulatory authorities
4.3.1 INT
4.3.2 ONT
4.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Tunisia
4.5 Number portability
5. Fixed network operators in Tunisia
5.1 Tunisie Telecom (TT)
5.1.1 Privatisation
5.1.2 Fixed-line statistics
5.1.3 National telecom network
5.2 Orange Tunisie
5.3 Tunisiana
6. International infrastructure
6.1 Submarine fibre
6.2 Terrestrial
6.3 Satellite
7. Data market
7.1 VSAT
8. Internet market
8.1 Overview
8.1.1 Internet statistics
8.2 PC market and penetration
8.3 Public Internet access locations
8.4 Agence Tunisienne d'Internet (ATI)
8.5 Internet censorship, Net neutrality
8.6 Tunisia's ISP market
8.6.1 Public sector ISPs
8.6.2 Private sector ISPs
9. Broadband market
9.1 Overview
9.2 DSL
9.2.1 ADSL
9.2.2 VDSL
9.3 WiMAX
9.4 Fibre to the Premises (FttP)
9.5 Satellite broadband
10. Digital Economy
10.1 VoIP
10.2 E-commerce
10.3 E-learning
10.4 E-government
11. Mobile communications
11.1 Overview of Tunisia's mobile market
11.1.1 Mobile statistics
11.2 Major mobile operators
11.2.1 Tunicell (Tunisie Telecom)
11.2.2 Tunisiana
11.2.3 Orange Tunisie
11.3 Mobile data services
11.3.1 SMS, MMS
11.3.2 GPRS, EDGE, WAP, Blackberry
11.4 Third Generation (3G)
11.5 4G/LTE
11.6 Mobile TV
11.7 Satellite mobile
11.8 GSM-R
12. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Tunisia 2014
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2014
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2014
Table 4 Internet statistics 2014
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2014
Table 6 National telecommunications authorities
Table 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Tunisia 1995 - 2014
Table 8 Data service subscribers by technology in Tunisia 2001 - 2013
Table 9 Tunisia's International Internet bandwidth 2001; 2006 - 2013
Table 10 Internet subscribers, users and penetration rate in Tunisia 1999 - 2014
Table 11 PC penetration in Tunisia 1999 - 2013
Table 12 Active mobile broadband subscribers in Tunisia 2010 - 2012
Table 13 ADSL subscribers vs total Internet subscribers in Tunisia 2002 - 2013
Table 14 Tunisiana FttP pricing 2013
Table 15 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia 1995 - 2014
Table 16 Tunisiana subscribers and blended monthly ARPU 2002 - 2013
Table 17 Orange Tunisie subscribers 2010 - 2013
Chart 1 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia 2002 - 2014
Exhibit 1 Map of Tunisia

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