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Tanzania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Tanzania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Tanzania's government orders suspension of licences to enforce IPOs

The government has actively embraced competition in the telecom market, and has encouraged the private sector despite it having retaken control of the incumbent telco TTC (formerly TTCL) in June 2016. Foreign participation has also been encouraged to promote economic growth and social development. Policy reforms have led to the telecom sector becoming among the most liberal in Africa. However, high import tariffs on telecoms equipment and taxes on telephone facilities by various authorities are still placing a burden on investors and operators.

Tanzania has two fixed-line operators (TTC and Zantel) and eight operational mobile networks, with four additional players licensed under a new converged regulatory regime. With four major operators Vodacom, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain), Tigo and Zantel mobile penetration has reached 83% by March 2017. In recent years a price war among these players has adversely affected the smaller operators, which have suffered from customer churn.

The converged licensing regime has brought a large number of new players into the market. The liberalisation of Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephony as well as the introduction of third and fourth generation (3G, LTE) mobile services and wireless broadband networks has boosting the internet sector which has been otherwise hampered by the low level of development of the traditional fixed-line network.

Following the launch of mobile broadband services the mobile network operators have become the leading internet service providers. Operators are hoping for revenue growth in the mobile data services market, given that the voice market is almost entirely prepaid and voice ARPU continues to fall. To this end they have invested in network upgrades. A fast developing source of revenue is from mobile money transfer and m-banking services.

The landing of the first fibre optic international submarine cables in the country in recent years has revolutionised the market which up to that point entirely depended on expensive satellite connections. In parallel, the government is working on the later phases of a national fibre backbone network aimed at connecting population centres around the country.

The government has become more determined to manage the telecom sector more effectively. It has cracked down on counterfeit smartphones, which were thought to account for up to 30% of devices in circulation at the start of the campaign, while in early 2016 the telecom regulator's board was dismissed after it had failed to update the Telecommunications Traffic Monitoring System (TTMS). This system was expected to deliver up to TZS400 billion to the government annually. In late 2016 a new tax collection system was launched to help generate revenue from telecom services.

The government in September 2017 completed a long-term process to reacquire the incumbent, buying out the 35% stake owned by Bharti Airtel. The company was reformed as the TTC in January 2018, with a mandate to develop telecom services and manage infrastructure.

Key developments:

Government orders suspension of licences to telcos failing to list 25% of shares on the stock market;
Tigo Pesa receives the GSMA Mobile Money Certification;
Halotel Tanzania launches Halopesa m-banking service;
TTCL reformed as TTC;
Liquid Telecom acquires the ISP Startel Tanzania;
GSMA initiates rural tower sharing partnership to provide services to rural areas;
TTC extends LTE-A service, launches investment program for its FttP project;
Mobile Number Portability introduced in March 2017;
Government sets up Telecommunications Revenue Assurance System (TRASS) to improve telecom tax raising ability;
Telecom regulator fines mobile operators for failing to register SIM cards;
TTC secures TZS600 billion loan to enable it to improve its telecom infrastructure and services in rural areas;
Vodacom Tanzania updated M-Pesa service with its G2 platform;
Tanzanian MNOs improve on full m-money interoperability;
Regulator sets voice interconnection rates to 2017;
Government allocates TZS17.5 billion to improve rural telecom infrastructure;
Report update includes regulator's market data to December 2017, operator data to Q4 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Tanzania Telecommunications Corporation(TTC); Zanzibar Telecommunications Corporation (Zantel); Vodacom Tanzania; Bharti Airtel (Zain); Millicom (Tigo); Benson Informatics Limited (BOL); Sasatel (Dovetel); Africa Online;; Tele2; Alink; SatCom Networks; SimbaNet; Afsat; Cats-Net.

1. Executive summary
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 National Telecommunications Policy 1997
5.3 National ICT Policy
5.4 Regulatory overhaul
5.5 Electronic and Postal Communication Act 2010
5.6 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.6.1 Converged licensing framework (CLF)
5.6.2 International gateways
5.7 Interconnection
5.8 Universal Communication Services Access Fund (UCSAF)
5.9 Foreign ownership restrictions
5.10 SIM card registration
5.11 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
5.12 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
6. Fixed network operators
6.1 TTC
6.1.1 Privatisation and exclusivity period 2000-2005
6.1.2 SaskTel management contract 2007-2009
6.1.3 Future direction
6.2 Zantel
6.3 BOL (Smart)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 TTC's fixed-line network
7.2 Wireless local loop (WLL)
7.3 Private networks
7.4 National fibre backbone
8. International infrastructure
8.1 Submarine fibre
8.2 Satellite
8.3 Terrestrial
9. Broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.1.1 Market analysis
9.1.2 Broadband statistics
9.1.3 Public internet access locations
9.1.4 ISP market
9.1.5 Tanzania Internet Exchange (TIX, AIXP)
9.2 Broadband infrastructure
9.2.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
9.2.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Networks
9.2.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
9.2.4 EV-DO
9.2.5 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
9.2.6 Satellite broadband
10. Digital economy
10.1 E-health
10.2 E-learning
11. Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.2.1 Mobile data services
11.2.2 Mobile broadband
11.2.3 Forecasts mobile subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
11.3 Regulatory issues
11.3.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11.3.2 Quality of Service
11.3.3 Spectrum auctions
11.3.4 Tariffs
11.3.5 International roaming
11.3.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
11.3.7 Network sharing
11.3.8 Roaming
11.4 Mobile infrastructure
11.4.1 Digital networks
11.5 Other infrastructure developments
11.5.1 Mobile satellite services
11.5.2 Tower infrastructure
11.5.3 Voice-over-LTE (VoLTE)
11.6 Major mobile operators
11.6.1 TTC Mobile
11.6.2 Vodacom Tanzania
11.6.3 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
11.6.4 Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
11.6.5 Zanzibar Telecommunication (Zantel)
11.6.6 Halotel (Viettel Tanzania0
11.6.7 Mobile Virtual network Operators (MVNOs)
11.7 Mobile content and applications
11.7.1 Money transfer, m-banking
11.7.2 Mobile TV
11.7.3 M-health
11.8 Handsets
12. Related reports
Table 1 Country statistics Tanzania 2017 (e)
Table 2 Fixed-line network statistics 2017
Table 3 Internet provider statistics 2018
Table 4 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Interconnection rates 2012- 2017
Table 8 TTC financial data 2010; 2012 - 2014
Table 9 BOL (Smart) mobile subscribers 2015 - 2017
Table 10 Historic - Fixed lines in service by operator and teledensity 1999 - 2009
Table 11 Fixed lines in service by operator and teledensity 2010 - 2018
Table 12 TTC fixed lines in service 2010- 2017
Table 13 Fixed lines in service 1995 - 2017
Table 14 International bandwidth 2001 - 2015
Table 15 Historic - Internet users and penetration rate 1999 - 2009
Table 16 Internet users and penetration rate 2010 - 2017
Table 17 Internet users and penetration rate 2005 2017
Table 18 Fixed-line internet subscribers 2001 - 2018
Table 19 Fixed-line broadband subscribers 2005 - 2018
Table 20 Cable modem broadband subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 21 Fixed wireless internet subscribers 2011 - 2018
Table 22 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1995 - 2009
Table 23 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 - 2018
Table 24 Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator 2011 - 2017
Table 25 Average use of services per subscriber 2012 - 2017
Table 26 SMS traffic 2012 - 2017
Table 27 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2008 - 2017
Table 28 Mobile internet subscribers 2011 - 2017
Table 29 Forecast mobile subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
Table 30 Average mobile tariffs 2005 - 2016
Table 31 TTC mobile subscribers 2006 - 2017
Table 32 Vodacom Tanzania subscribers 2000 - 2017
Table 33 Vodacom Tanzania data subscribers 2013 - 2016
Table 34 Vodacom Tanzania ARPU ($) 2003 - 2014
Table 35 Vodacom Tanzania ARPU (TZS) 2011 - 2016
Table 36 Airtel subscribers 2002 - 2017
Table 37 Zain Tanzania ARPU 2002 - 2009
Table 38 Millicom Tanzania mobile subscribers 2000 - 2017
Table 39 Zantel mobile subscribers 2000 - 2017
Table 40 Halotel mobile subscribers 2015 - 2017
Table 41 Mobile money subscriptions by operator 2015 - 2017
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service by operator and teledensity 2005 2018
Chart 2 Mobile subscribers in Tanzania 2005 - 2018
Exhibit 1 Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria

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