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Tanzania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

The Tanzania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband report includes all BuddeComm research data and analysis on this country. Covering trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, internet, broadband, infrastructure and regulation. Please review the Executive Summary and Table of Contents for more details.


Executive summary

Tanzania’s economy has been showing solid growth rates of between 5% and 8% every year since 2000. The International Monetary Fund predicts only a moderate decline of GDP growth to 5% in 2009 as a result of the global economic crisis, before 7% and more will be achieved again from 2011 onwards.

Mining and tourism are main industry sectors. However, the country continues to suffer from underdeveloped infrastructure, including roads, railways, electricity and telecommunications.

The government has actively embraced the principals of competition and a private sector including foreign participation as a means of rapidly advancing economic and social development. Policy reforms have led to the telecom sector becoming one of the more liberal ones in Africa. However, high import tariffs on telecoms equipment and taxes on telephone facilities by various authorities are still placing a burden on investors and operators.

Tanzania has two fixed-line operators (TTCL and Zantel) and seven operational mobile networks, with four additional players licensed under a new converged regulatory regime. Growing at more than 40% per annum, the mobile market passed the 14 million mark in mid-2009 with four major operators: Vodacom, Zain, Tigo and Zantel. At a penetration level of less than 40%, growth is set to continue. At the same time, however, the average revenue per user continues to fall.

A new converged licensing regime introduced in 2006 has brought a large number of new players into the market. The liberalisation of Voice over Internet Protocol telephony as well as the introduction of third generation mobile services and wireless broadband networks is boosting the Internet sector which has been hampered by the low level of development of the traditional fixed-line network.

The arrival of the first fibre optic international submarine cable to the country’s shores in July 2009 is set to revolutionise the market which up to that point completely depended on expensive satellite connections. A second cable is expected to go live in 2010. In parallel, the government has embarked on a national fibre backbone rollout to connect population centres around the country.

Key highlights:

  • Market analysis 2009;
  • Comparison with other countries in the region in terms of GDP, mobile, fixed and Internet market penetration;
  • Profiles of major players in all market sectors;
  • 7th mobile network has launched;
  • ARPU has fallen below US$5 per month for some operators;
  • Third 3G mobile service launched;
  • First fibre optic international submarine cable reaches the country, revolutionises market;
  • Government embarks on national fibre backbone rollout;
  • National telco is looking for new direction, management.This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Tanzania’s telecommunications market. Subjects covered include:
Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Regulatory environment and structural reform;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Infrastructure development;
  • Mobile voice and data markets, including 3G;
  • Average Revenue per User (ARPU) trends;
  • Internet development and pricing;
  • Broadband, including 3G mobile;
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile).

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics Tanzania - 2010
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2010
    • Table Internet provider statistics - 2010
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2010
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2010
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • MARKET ANALYSIS 2009
    • REGIONAL BENCHMARKING
      • Table GDP per capita in Tanzania and other countries in the region - 2009
      • Table Mobile penetration in Tanzania and other countries in the region - March 2009
      • Table Internet user penetration in Tanzania and other countries in the region - 2008
      • Table Fixed-line penetration in Tanzania and other countries in the region - 2008
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • BACKGROUND
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • TCRA
    • NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY 1997
    • NATIONAL ICT POLICY 2003
    • REGULATORY OVERHAUL 2005
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Converged licensing framework (CLF) 2005
        • Table Licences issued under the new CLF - 2006; 2008; 2009
      • International gateways
    • INTERCONNECTION
    • UNIVERSAL ACCESS FUND
    • FOREIGN OWNERSHIP RESTRICTIONS
    • REGISTRATION OF SUBSCRIBER DETAILS
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • TTCL
      • Privatisation and exclusivity period 2000-2005
      • SaskTel management contract 2007-2009
    • ZANTEL
    • BOL
  • FIXED-LINE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • Table Fixed-lines in service by operator and teledensity - 1995 - 2009
    • TTCL'S FIXED-LINE NETWORK
    • WIRELESS LOCAL LOOP (WLL)
    • PRIVATE NETWORKS
    • NATIONAL FIBRE BACKBONE
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Submarine fibre
      • Satellite
      • Terrestrial
  • INTERNET MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Internet statistics
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2010
    • LIMITED AVAILABILITY OF PCS
    • PUBLIC INTERNET ACCESS LOCATIONS
    • TANZANIA'S ISP MARKET
      • Major ISPs
      • Tanzania Internet Exchange (TIX, AIXP)
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • VERVIEW
    • ASYMMETRICAL DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table TTCL ADSL pricing - 2009
      • Table Raha.com ADSL pricing - 2009
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • iBurst
      • EV-DO
        • Table Zantel ZConnect EV-DO postpaid mobile data pricing - 2009
      • WiMAX
  • CONVERGENCE
    • VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL TELEPHONY
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF TANZANIA'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2010
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change - June 2009 (TCRA)
        • Table Mobile subscribers by operator, technology, annual change - March 2009 (GM)
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
      • Vodacom Tanzania
        • Table Vodacom Tanzania ARPU - 2003 - 2009
      • Zain Tanzania (formerly Celtel)
        • Table Zain Tanzania ARPU - 2002 - 2009
      • Zantel
    • TARIFFS
      • Special regional tariffs
      • Free international roaming
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES AND PRICING
      • Table Vodacom Tanzania mobile data pricing - 2009
      • Third generation (3G)
      • M-payment, m-banking

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