Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Spain's telecom market is one of the largest in Europe, supported by a population of more than 46 million. Mobile penetration is on a par with the European average and there remains room for further growth, particularly in the mobile broadband segment which has been supported by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators. With LTE almost universally available, the focus among operators has shifted to services based on 5G. Vodafone Spain was the first operator to launch a 5G network, in June 2019. The other players planned to wait until after the auction of spectrum in the 700MHz band, though the COVID-19 crisis has delayed this to June 2020.The fixed-line broadband sector has also been backed by investment in fibre infrastructure, enabling providers to develop improved bundled services and to compete more effectively. The regulator has fostered competition by providing access to Telefónica's DSL and FttP networks, while network sharing agreements have meant that Orange Spain, Vodafone Spain and Másmóvil have become significant operators. By the beginning of 2020 fibre accounted for about 67% of all fixed broadband connections. Telefónica alone expected to provide complete FttP coverage by 2024.This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiles of the main players. The report also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition, the report covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies, as well as analyses on the mobile sector, including an assessment of regulatory issues, a profile of the major providers, and a review of mobile data services and technologies including LTE and 5G. The report also provides fixed-line, broadband, mobile, and mobile broadband subscriber forecasts.BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the global telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may also be postponed or slowed down in some countries.On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments

Regulator delays 700MHz spectrum auction due to COVID-19;EllaLink submarine cable connecting Spain with Brazil to be ready later in 2020;Telefónica joins the 5G Technological Cities project;Orange and Vodafone sign revised network sharing agreement to include 5G;Orange Spain adds ZTE as a 5G vendor partner;Vodafone Spain launches 5G services;Vodafone Spain contracts Huawei to upgrade its HFC network with DOCSIS3.1, launches a 1Gb/s broadband service to four million premises;Movistar aiming to provide 100% FttP coverage by 2024;Fibre broadband accounting for 62% of all fixed-line broadband connections;Report update includes the regulator's market data updates to December 2019, telcos' operating and financial data to Q4 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report

Orange Spain, Telefónica (Movistar), Jazztel, Ono, Vodafone Spain, Lebara, Lycamobile, Másmóvil, YouMobile, Yoigo, Euskaltel


  • Executive Summary
  • Key Statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Spain – 2020 (e)
  • Regional Market Comparison
    • EUROPE TELECOM MATURITY INDEX BY TIER
      • Market Leaders
      • Market Challengers
      • Market Emergents
    • TMI VERSUS GDP
    • MOBILE AND MOBILE BROADBAND PENETRATION
    • FIXED VERSUS MOBILE BROADBAND PENETRATION
  • Country overview
  • COVID-19 and the telecom sector impact
    • ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS AND RESPONSES
    • MOBILE DEVICES
    • SUBSCRIBERS
    • INFRASTRUCTURE
  • Telecommunications market
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Development of telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Telecom revenue annual change – 2000 – 2019
      • Table Development of telecom retail revenue by sector – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Development of telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2010 – 2019
  • Regulatory environment
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • FIXED-LINE DEVELOPMENTS
      • General Telecommunications Act
      • Telecom sector liberalisation
      • Interconnect
        • Table Decline in fixed interconnection revenue – 2010 – 2019
      • Access
        • Table Change in the number of subscribers by type of access – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Change in the number of LLU and shared access lines – 2010 – 2019
      • Number Portability (NP)
        • Table Change in the number of fixed number portings – 2010 – 2019
      • Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
        • Table Carrier PreSelection lines – 2006 – 2017
      • Wholesale Line Rental (WLR)
    • MOBILE NETWORK DEVELOPMENTS
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • Roaming
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Change in the number of annual number portings – 2010 – 2019
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
  • Mobile market
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Decline in mobile retail market revenue, annual change– 2010 – 2019
      • Table Development of mobile market revenue by sector – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Decline in mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2010 – 2019
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • Table Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 – 2025
      • Table Change in the number of prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2019
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2004 – 2018
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 – 2017
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS revenue and messages sent – 2005 – 2017
        • Table MMS revenue and messages sent – 2004 – 2017
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2017
        • Table Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) –2011 – 2019
        • Table Growth in the number of mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
        • Table Growth in mobile broadband traffic – 2012 – 2019
        • Table Growth in mobile broadband revenue and annual change – 2010 – 2019
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • 5G
      • 4G (LTE)
        • Table Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration – 2014 – 2018
      • 3G
      • Other infrastructure developments
        • Table Growth in the number of M2M lines – 2010 – 2019
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Movistar
        • Table Change in the number of Movistar's mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2019
      • Vodafone Spain
        • Table Development of Vodafone Spain's revenue by type (new style,€) –2013 – 2020
        • Table Development of Vodafone Spain's mobile service and total revenue – 2013 – 2020
        • Table Vodafone Spain's quarterly mobile service revenue – 2016 – 2020
        • Table Change in the number of Vodafone Spain's mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Growth in Vodafone Spain's mobile data traffic – 2013 – 2019
        • Table Decline in Vodafone Spain's ARPU – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Vodafone Spain customer churn – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Decline in Vodafone Spain's mobile customer retention cost – 2007 – 2020
      • Orange Spain
        • Table Change in the number of Orange Spain's mobile subscribers by type – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Development of Orange Spain's mobile service revenue – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Decline in Orange Spain's ARPU/ARPO by sector (per month) –2012 – 2019
        • Table Orange customer churn – 2010 – 2019
      • Másmóvil
        • Table Growth in the number of Yoigo's mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Másmóvil financial data (€) –2016 – 2019
      • MVNOs
        • Table Change in the number of MVNO mobile subscribers and market share – 2010 – 2019
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
  • Fixed-line broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
        • Table Change in the number of fixed broadband subscribers by type – 2010 – 2020
        • Table Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2010 – 2025
        • Table Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Fixed broadband lines by data rate (new style, Mb/s) –2016 – 2019
        • Table Broadband lines by major operator – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Broadband lines by minor operator – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Share of broadband lines by operator – 2009 – 2019
        • Table Development of fixed broadband penetration by technology – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Change in fixed internet market revenue – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Development of fixed broadband revenue by platform – 2010 – 2019
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers by operator (regulator data) –2007 – 2020
      • Euskaltel Group
        • Table Growth in the number of Euskaltel's broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Development of Euskaltel's network reach – 2018 – 2019
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers by major operator (regulator data) –2009 – 2020
      • Table Decline in the number of DSL subscribers – 2009 – 2020
      • Movistar
        • Table Change in the number of Movistar's fixed broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2020
        • Table Change in the number of Movistar's wholesale broadband accesses by sector – 2010 – 2020
      • ADSL2+
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Regulatory issues
      • Fibre market
        • Table Growth in the number of FttP subscribers, consumers and business – 2008 – 2019
        • Table Growth in the number of FttP lines by operator – 2009 – 2020
      • Movistar
        • Table Change in the number of Movistar's retail and wholesale fibre broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2020
      • Vodafone Spain
        • Table Growth in the number of Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2020
      • Orange Spain
        • Table Change in the number of Orange Spain's broadband subscribers by type – 2012 – 2020
        • Table Development of Orange Spain's broadband ARPU/ARPO – 2012 – 2020
        • Table Growth in the number of Orange Spain's connectable fibre premises – 2016 – 2020
      • Másmóvil
        • Table Growth in the number of Másmóvil's fixed broadband subscribers – 2016 – 2020
        • Table Growth in the number of Másmóvil's accessible premises – 2016 – 2020
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • Wi-Fi
      • WiMAX
        • Table Change in the number of Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers – 2007 – 2019
      • Satellite broadband
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
  • Fixed network operators
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Decline in fixed-line revenue – 2010 – 2019
    • TELEFÓNICA
      • Table Development of Telefónica Group's financial data – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Telefónica de España EBITDA – 2007 – 2019
      • Table Development of Telefónica Spain's consumer and business wireline line revenue – 2015 – 2019
      • Table Change in the number of Telefónica Spain's access lines by service – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Change in the number of Telefónica Spain's access lines – 2010 – 2019
    • ORANGE SPAIN
      • Table Change in the number of Orange Spain's subscribers by sector – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Development of Orange Spain's financial data – 2010 – 2019
      • Jazztel
    • VODAFONE SPAIN
      • Table Vodafone revenue by type – 2017 – 2020
      • Ono
    • MÁSMÓVIL
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Decline in fixed line traffic – 2010 – 2019
      • Table Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and penetration – 2010 – 2025
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGN)
      • Table Growth in the number of NGN installed lines by access type – 2009 – 2019
      • Table Growth in the number of NGN lines in service by access type – 2012 – 2019
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cable
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart Cities – Barcelona
  • Appendix – Historic data
    • MOBILE
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile retail market revenue and annual change– 2000 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile retail market revenue and annual change– 2000 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue by sector – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - M2M lines – 2004 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Annual mobile number portings – 2002 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers by technology platform – 2002 – 2014
      • Table Historic - Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile subscriber market share by operator – 2004 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Base stations in service, by technology – 2001 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Cost of mobile broadband services – 2012 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Mobile interconnection revenue – 2003 – 2014
      • Table Historic - Mobile termination rates by operator – 2007 – 2013
      • Table Historic - MVNO mobile subscribers and market share – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators – 2001 – 2016
      • Table Mobile price index – 2009 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Mobile broadband revenue and annual change – 2003 – 2009
    • BROADBAND
      • Table Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers – 2005 – 2013
      • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate – 1996 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration – 2001 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 – 2009
      • Table Fixed broadband lines by data rate (old style) –2004 – 2016
      • Table Historic - DSL and cable broadband subscribers – 2001 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Broadband revenue by platform – 2003 – 2009
      • Table Historic - FttX lines installed – 2009 – 2014
      • Table Historic - Broadband traffic – 2011 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Satellite broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Movistar ARPU – 2005 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Internet market revenue – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - DSL subscribers by minor operator – 2009 – 2016
    • FIXED
      • Table Historic - Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Change in the number of fixed number portings – 2007 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Telecom revenue annual change – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Telecom retail revenue by sector – 2005 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector – 2002 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line traffic – 2000 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Subscribers by type of access – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line revenue – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2003 – 2009
    • COMPANIES
      • Table Historic - Movistar mobile financial data – 2006 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers – 2012 – 2018
      • Table Historic - Másmóvil broadband subscriber share by platform – 2016 – 2018
      • Table Historic - Movistar mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Telefónica Group financial data – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Telefónica de España access lines by service – 2005 – 2009
      • Table Historic Vodafone revenue by type (old style) –2007 – 2013
      • Table Vodafone ARPU – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Vodafone mobile voice traffic statistics – 2006 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) –2005 – 2014
      • Table Historic - Orange Spain subscribers by sector – 2005 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Orange Spain customer churn – 2007 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Orange mobile customer acquisition costs – 2007 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Development of Orange Spain's financial data – 2007 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Orange mobile service revenue – 2006 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract – 2005 – 2009
      • Table Historic - Yoigo financial data – 2008 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Yoigo mobile service revenue – 2012 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line price index (old style) –2004 – 2011
      • Table Historic - Fixed-line price index (new style) –2010 – 2016
      • Table Historic - Telefónica de España revenue by type (old style) –2007 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) –2005 – 2011
      • Table Historic - Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type – 2011 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) –2005 – 2014
      • Table Historic - Jazztel financial data (historic) –2008 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) –2012 - 2015
      • Table Historic - Jazztel broadband and mobile subscribers – 2008 – 2015
      • Table Historic - Vodafone financial data (old style) –2008 – 2012
      • Table Historic - Vodafone revenue by type (£, new style) –2013 – 2017
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