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Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Spain - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Spain’s government launches consultation on 5G technologies and services

Spain’s telecom market in recent years has fallen steadily, with the sector affected by the poor economic climate exacerbated by high unemployment and reduced disposable income among consumers. However, a five-year recession, with falling GDP, effectively ended in 2014 when the economy showed a steady return to growth and this has been sustained since then: growing confidence among investors has been palpable since 2015, while economic growth is expected to be 3.1% for 2017. The improved business climate should augur well for the sector into 2018.

Mobile penetration is high and growing steadily if slowly, while broadband uptake is backed by continuing investment in infrastructure among operators in a bid to provide improved bundled services and so compete more effectively against other players. The regulator has fostered competition by providing access to the incumbent’s DSL and FttP networks, which has stimulated fibre roll-outs.

Spain has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, with effective competition from four MNOs and a growing number of resellers and MVNOs. This competition, together with regulated roaming and mobile termination rates, has driven down the cost of mobile calls. The market has seen considerable changes in recent years, including the acquisition of Yoigo by Másmóvil, by which the latter has become a full service provider. There have also been growing investments in network upgrades to support LTE and HSPA+ technologies, while MNOs and vendors are also investing in 5G technologies and services.

Orange Spain and Vodafone Spain have acquired fixed-line operators in a bid to compete more effectively with Movistar in their bundled service offerings.

In recent quarters Spain’s broadband market has shifted from copper to fibre infrastructure. By mid-2017 the number of fibre broadband subscribers outnumbered those on DSL for the first time. Broadband penetration remains on a par with the EU average, though growth into 2018 is expected to be stimulated by regulatory measures introduced in 2017 which obliged Telefónica to reduce wholesale access prices on some submarine cables by up to 35%.

Telefónica continues to invest heavily in fibre infrastructure while its recent access deal with Vodafone Spain has significantly increased the latter’s footprint. Vodafone now offers a 1Gb/s service across much of its network, while in the cable sector the company has also invested in DOSCIS3.1 technology.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiles of the main players. The report also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition the report assesses the mobile sector, including a review of regulatory issues, analyses of the major providers and details of progress in the build-out of technologies including M2M, LTE and 5G. The report also covers Spain’s fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies such as fibre, and broadband powerline.

Key developments:

EllaLink submarine cable connecting Spain with Brazil gets the go-ahead;
Telefónica sells stake in Telxius network unit;
Orange Spain teams up with Ericsson to trial 5G;
Vodafone Spain launches Spain’s first NB-IoT network;
Orange Spain investing up to €1.5 billion to provide 95% population coverage with LTE by end-2017;
Government launches consultation on 5G technologies and services;
Mobile revenue continues to fall in line with a decline in the number of subscribers;
Vodafone Spain contracts Huawei to upgrade its HFC network with DOCSIS3.1, launches a 1Gb/s broadband service to four million premises;
Euskaltel completes acquisition of Telecable;
Fibre broadband accounting for 41% of all fixed-line broadband connections;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to August 2017, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q2 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Spain, Telefónica (Movistar), Jazztel, Ono, Vodafone Spain, Lebara, Lycamobile, Másmóvil, YouMobile.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2016
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • MARKET OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale - 2000 - 2016
      • Table Telecom revenue annual change - 2000 - 2016
      • Table Telecom retail revenue by sector - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector - 2002 - 2016
      • Table Telecom investment and annual change - 2000 - 2015
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • GENERAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • INTERCONNECT
      • Table Interconnection revenue - 2005 - 2016
    • ACCESS
      • Table Access lines by type (regulator data) - 2008 - 2017
      • Table Subscribers by type of access - 2006 - 2016
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings - 2007 - 2017
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table Carrier PreSelection lines - 2006 - 20167
    • WHOLESALE LINE RENTAL (WLR)
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator - 2008 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-lines in service by major operator - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator - 2010 - 2016s
      • Table Fixed-line price index (old style) - 2004 - 2011
      • Table Fixed-line price index (new style) - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line revenue - 2008 - 2016
    • TELEFÓNICA
      • Table Telefónica Group financial data - 2006 - 2017
      • Table Telefónica de España EBITDA - 2007 - 2017
      • Table Telefónica de España revenue by type (old style) - 2007 - 2015
      • Table Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) - 2005 - 2011
      • Table Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type - 2011 - 2015
      • Table Telefónica de España consumer and business wireline line revenue - 2015 - 2017
      • Table Telefónica de España access lines by service - 2005 - 2017
      • Table Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) - 2007 - 2014
      • Table Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, new style) - 2014 - 2017
    • ORANGE SPAIN
      • Table Orange subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2017
      • Table Orange EBITDA, capex - 2007 - 2017
      • Table Orange revenue - 2007 - 2017
      • Jazztel
        • Table Jazztel financial data (historic) - 2008 - 2015
        • Table Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) - 2012 - 2015
        • Table JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers (historic) - 2008 - 2015
    • VODAFONE ESPAÑA
      • Table Vodafone financial data (old style) - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Vodafone revenue by type (new style) - 2013 - 2017
      • Ono
        • Table Ono financial data by sector (historic) - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Ono RGUs by sector (historic) - 2006 - 2014
    • MÁSMÓVIL
      • Table Másmóvil mobile and broadband subscribers - 2015 - 2017
      • Table Másmóvil financial data - 2014 - 2017
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed-line traffic - 2003 - 2016
      • Table Fixed lines in service and penetration - 2003 - 2018
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGN)
      • Table NGN installed lines by access type - 2009 - 2016
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cable
    • IT DEVELOPMENTS
      • Cloud computing
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart Cities - Barcelona
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
        • Table Broadband revenue, DSL and cable - 2003 - 2016
      • Government initiatives
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Historic - Dial-up internet subscribers - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, fibre, total - 2001 - 2017
        • Table Fixed-line broadband penetration - 2001 - 2018
        • Table Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology - 2004 - 2017
        • Table Fixed broadband lines by data rate - 2004 - 2016
        • Table Broadband lines by major operator - 2009 - 2017
        • Table Broadband lines by minor operator - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Share of broadband lines by operator - 2009 - 2017
        • Table Broadband penetration by technology - 2004 - 2016
        • Table Total internet market revenue - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Broadband revenue by technology - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Broadband traffic - 2011 - 2015
      • Forecasts - broadband subscribers 2018; 2020; 2022
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers -- 2018; 2020; 2022
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers by operator - 2007 - 2017
      • Table Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers - 2013 - 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers by major operator - 2009 - 2017
      • Table DSL subscribers by minor operator - 2009 - 2016
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2009 - 2017
      • Movistar
        • Table Movistar internet subscribers - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector - 2007 - 2017
      • ADSL2+
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Regulatory issues
      • Fibre market
        • Table FttP subscribers, consumers and business - 2008 - 2016
        • Table FttP lines by operator - 2009 - 2017
        • Table FttX lines installed - 2009 - 2014
        • Table FttP revenue - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Másmóvil broadband subscriber share by platform - 2016 - 2017
      • Movistar
        • Table Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2017
      • Vodafone
        • Table Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2017
        • Table Orange Spain broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2017
        • Table Orange Spain broadband ARPU - 2012 - 2017
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
        • Table Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees - 2000
      • Wi-Fi
      • WiMAX
        • Table Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers - 2007 - 2016
      • Satellite broadband
        • Table Satellite broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2015
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
      • Table IPTV revenue - 2005 - 2016
      • Table IPTV subscribers - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Telefónica IPTV/satellite pay-TV subscribers - 2008 - 2017
      • Table Orange IPTV subscribers - 2007 - 2017
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-COMMERCE
      • Table E-commerce revenue - 2014 - 2016
      • Table E-commerce transactions - 2011 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of businesses with a website - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of businesses providing online financial/banking - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of businesses receiving/making orders online - 2007 - 2016
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Mobile retail market revenue and annual change- 2000 - 2016
      • Table Mobile market revenue by sector - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors - 2000 - 2016
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997; 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile price index - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators - 2001 - 2016
        • Table Mobile subscribers by technology platform - 2001 - 2014
        • Table Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Base stations in service, by technology - 2001 - 2015
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile subscriber market share by operator - 2004 - 2017
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes - 2000 - 2016
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS revenue and messages sent - 2005 - 2016
        • Table MMS revenue and messages sent - 2004 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Mobile broadband penetration - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Mobile broadband traffic - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband revenue and annual change - 2003 - 2016
        • Table Cost of mobile broadband services - 2012 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table 3G licence results in Spain - March 2000
        • Table Overview of spectrum allocations - 2011
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2014
        • Table European retail voice and data roaming charges - 2012 - 2014
        • Table European wholesale voice and data roaming charges - 2012 - 2014
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual number portings - 2002 - 2017
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination rates by operator - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Mobile interconnection revenue - 2003 - 2014
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration - 2014 - 2017
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table M2M lines - 2004 - 2016
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Movistar
        • Table Movistar mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2017
        • Table Movistar ARPU - 2005 - 2015
        • Table Movistar mobile financial data - 2006 - 2015
      • Vodafone Spain
        • Table Vodafone revenue by type (old style) - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone revenue by type (new style) - 2013 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone mobile voice traffic statistics - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone mobile data traffic statistics - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone ARPU - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone Spain customer churn - 2007 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer retention cost - 2007 - 2017
      • Orange Espana
        • Table Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract - 2005 - 2017
        • Table Orange mobile service revenue - 2006 - 2017
        • Table Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange ARPU by sector (per month) - 2012 - 2017
        • Table Orange mobile customer acquisition costs - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Orange customer churn - 2007 - 2017
      • Yoigo (Xfera Moviles)
        • Table Yoigo subscribers - 2007 - 2017
        • Table Yoigo financial data - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Yoigo mobile service revenue - 2012 - 2016
      • MVNOs
        • Table Overview of MVNOs
        • Table MVNO mobile subscribers and market share - 2006 - 2017
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS

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