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Spain - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Spain - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Spain’s regulator improves wholesale access covering 65% of the population

In recent years the value of Spain’s telecom market has fallen steadily, with the sector affected by the poor economic climate which has contributed to high unemployment and reduced disposable income among consumers. However, a five-year recession, with tumbling GDP, effectively ended in 2014 when the economy showed a steady return to growth for four quarters in succession. Growing confidence among investors was palpable starting in 2015, and the improved business climate augurs well for the sector into 2017.

Spain has one of the largest mobile markets in Europe, with effective competition from four MNOs and a growing number of resellers and MVNOs. This competition, together with regulated roaming and MTRs, has driven down the cost of mobile calls in recent years though the number of subscribers has fallen since 2011 as customers cancel multiple SIM card ownership in response to the economic crisis. The market has seen considerable changes in recent years, including the acquisition of Yoigo by Másmóvil and the release of 900MHz frequencies for mobile broadband use. There have also been growing investments in network upgrades to support LTE and HSPA+ technologies, while MNOs and vendors are also investing in 5G technologies and services. The auction of additional spectrum in 2016 is helping operators keep pace with the growth in demand for mobile data. Both Orange Spain and Vodafone Spain have acquired fixed-line operators in a bid to compete more effectively with Movistar in their bundled service offerings.

Broadband penetration is on a par with the EU average. Subscribers continue to contend with relatively high access price, though access speeds have recently begun to improve in line with upgraded networks. The incumbent telco Telefónica, operating under the Movistar brand, has invested in fibre infrastructure while cablecos now commonly provide data at up to 300Mb/s. The regulator has in recent years promoted fibre network sharing, and has developed a pricing structure for shared fibre infrastructure. In early 2017 it formulated new conditions for wholesale access to Telefónica’s fibre networks covering some 65% of the population. In the cable sector, Vodafone Spain is in the process of delivering DOSCIS3.1 technology capable of providing data at above 1Gb/s.

The strong growth in the number of fibre broadband connections is beginning to tell on the sector’s dynamics. Although several operators are investing in fibre, either in their own networks or through sharing arrangements, Telefónica is by far the dominant player.

This report introduces the key aspects of the Spanish telecom market, providing statistics on the fixed-network services sector, and profiling the main players and their strategies to meet an increasingly competitive environment. The report also assesses the main regulatory issues, noting the status of interconnection, local loop unbundling, number portability and carrier preselection. In addition the report provides statistics and market analyses on the mobile sector, including an assessment of regulatory issues, a profile of the major providers, and an analysis of mobile data services such as SMS, MMS, i-mode, HSPA, LTE, 5G and mobile TV. The report also covers the fixed and wireless broadband markets, together with developments in related technologies such as fibre and broadband powerline. It includes broadband subscriber forecasts to 2021.

Key developments:

Telefónica prepares to sell Telxius infrastructure business;
Oran-Valencia (Orval) submarine cable expected to be ready for service in June 2017;
Vodafone Spain launches Spain’s first NB-IoT network;
Vodafone and Orange launch VoLTE and VoWi-Fi services;
Orange planning to provide 95% population coverage with LTE by 2017;
Telia sells its stake in Yoigo to Másmóvil;
Vodafone Spain contracts Huawei to upgrade its HFC network with DOCSIS3.1;
Movistar boosts fibre to 300Mb/s;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data updates to November 2016, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q4 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Spain, Telefónica, Jazztel, Ono, Movistar, Vodafone Spain, Lebara, Lycamobile, Másmóvil, YouMobile, Canal+, Prisa.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2015
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom revenue, retail and wholesale - 2000 - 2016
      • Table Telecom revenue annual change - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Telecom retail revenue by sector - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Telecom retail revenue annual change, by sector - 2002 - 2015
      • Table Telecom investment and annual change - 2000 - 2015
      • Table Proportion of fixed-line and mobile traffic - 2000 - 2013
      • Avanza Plan
      • General Telecommunications Act
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
    • EU REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
    • REVISED NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • INTERCONNECT
      • Table Interconnection revenue - 2005 - 2016
    • ACCESS
      • Table Access lines by type (regulator data) - 2008 - 2016
      • Table Subscribers by type of access - 2006 - 2016
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Fixed number portings - 2007 - 2016
    • CARRIER PRESELECTION (CPS)
      • Table Carrier PreSelection lines - 2006 - 2016
    • WHOLESALE LINE RENTAL (WLR)
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers, by major operator - 2008 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers by minor operator - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-lines in service by major operator - 2013 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line (direct line) subscriber market share by major operator - 2010 - 2016s
      • Table Fixed-line price index (old style) - 2004 - 2011
      • Table Fixed-line price index (new style) - 2010 - 2016
      • Table Household penetration of telephony services, by type (historic) - 2004 - 2013
      • Table Household penetration of telecom and broadcasting services, by type (historic) –2012 – 2013
      • Table Fixed-line revenue - 2008 - 2016
    • TELEFÓNICA
      • Table Telefónica Group financial data - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Telefónica de España EBITDA - 2007 - 2016
      • Table Telefónica de España revenue by type - 2007 - 2015
      • Table Telefónica de España fixed-line revenue by sector (historic) - 2005 - 2011
      • Table Telefónica de España wireline line revenue by type - 2011 - 2015
      • Table Telefónica de España consumer and business wireline line revenue - 2015 - 2016
      • Table Telefónica de España access lines by service - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, old style) - 2007 - 2014
      • Table Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain, new style) - 2014 - 2015
      • Company restructure
      • Telefónica Digital
    • ORANGE
      • Table Orange subscribers by sector - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Orange EBITDA, capex - 2007 - 2016
      • Table Orange revenue - 2007 - 2016
      • Jazztel
        • Table Jazztel financial data (historic) - 2008 - 2015
        • Table Jazztel revenue by sector (historic, new style) - 2012 - 2015
        • Table JAZZTEL broadband and mobile subscribers (historic) - 2008 - 2015
    • VODAFONE ESPAÑA
      • Table Vodafone financial data (old style) - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Vodafone revenue by type (new style) - 2013 - 2017
      • Ono
        • Table Ono financial data by sector (historic) - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Ono RGUs by sector (historic) - 2006 - 2014
    • MÁSMÓVIL
      • Table Másmóvil mobile and broadband subscribers - 2015 - 2016
      • Table Másmóvil financial data - 2014 - 2016
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Fixed-line traffic - 2003 - 2016
      • Table Fixed lines in service and penetration - 2003 - 2018
    • NEXT GENERATION NETWORKS (NGN)
      • Table NGN lines by access type - 2009 - 2016
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Satellite networks
      • Submarine cable
    • IT DEVELOPMENTS
      • Cloud computing
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Smart Cities - Barcelona
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
        • Table Broadband revenue, DSL and cable - 2003 - 2016
      • Government initiatives
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Total internet market revenue - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate - 1996 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Dial-up internet subscribers - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Total broadband subscribers, DSL, cable, fibre, total - 2001 - 2017
        • Table Fixed-line broadband penetration - 2001 - 2017
        • Table Annual growth of broadband subscriptions by technology - 2004 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband lines by data rate - 2004 - 2016
        • Table Broadband lines by major operator - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Broadband lines by minor operator - 2009 - 2015
        • Table Share of broadband lines by operator - 2009 - 2015
        • Table Broadband penetration by technology - 2004 - 2015
        • Table Broadband revenue by technology - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Broadband traffic - 2011 - 2015
        • Table Average traffic per broadband connection - 2011 - 2014
      • Forecasts - broadband subscribers 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast broadband subscribers -- 2016; 2018; 2021
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table Cable subscribers by operator - 2007 - 2016
      • Ono
        • Table Ono financial data by sector - 2006 - 2014
        • Table Ono RGUs by sector- 2006 - 2014
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table DSL subscribers by major operator - 2009 - 2015
      • Table DSL subscribers by minor operator - 2009 - 2015
      • Table DSL subscribers - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Movistar naked DSL subscribers - 2009 - 2014
      • Movistar
        • Table Movistar internet subscribers (Spain) - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Movistar internet revenue by sector (Spain, historic) - 2007 - 2011
        • Table Movistar wholesale broadband accesses by sector (Spain) - 2007 - 2016
      • Other DSL developments
        • Table Jazztel broadband subscribers - 2008 - 2015
      • ADSL2+
      • VDSL
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Regulatory issues
      • Fibre market
        • Table FttP subscribers, consumers and business - 2008 - 2016
        • Table FttP lines by operator - 2009 - 2016
        • Table FttX lines installed - 2009 - 2014
        • Table FttP revenue - 2009 - 2016
      • Movistar
        • Table Movistar fibre (Fusión) broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • Vodafone - Orange joint venture
        • Table Vodafone Spain broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Orange Spain broadband subscribers - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Orange Spain broadband ARPU - 2012 - 2016
      • Jazztel
      • Other developments
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
        • Table Narrowband and broadband wireless licensees - 2000
      • Wi-Fi
        • Table Wi-Fi hotspots in service - 2003 - 2012
      • WiMAX
        • Table Wi-Fi/WiMAX/LMDS subscribers - 2007 - 2016
      • Satellite broadband
        • Table Satellite broadband subscribers - 2009 - 2015
      • Broadband Powerline (BPL)
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Audiovisual revenue by service - 2007 - 2016
      • Table Pay and FTA revenue - 2010 - 2016
    • BUNDLED SERVICES
      • Table Bundled services subscribers by package - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Market share of quintuple play services by provider - 2012 - 2014
      • Table Market share of quad play services by provider - 2012 - 2014
      • Table Pay TV service bundles by type - 2013 - 2016
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
      • Table IPTV revenue - 2005 - 2016
      • Table IPTV subscribers - 2005 - 2016
      • Telefónica
        • Table Telefónica pay-TV subscribers - 2008 - 2016
      • Jazztel
      • Orange
        • Table Orange IPTV subscribers - 2007 - 2016
      • Netflix
      • Other developments
    • COMMUNICATIONS: VOIP
      • Table VoIP lines in service - 2009 - 2014
      • Table Orange Spain VoIP subscribers - 2012 - 2015
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Table TV revenue by platform - 2002 - 2016
      • Table Pay TV market subscribers by technology - 2002 - 2016
      • Table Digital TV revenue by major operator - 2007 - 2016
      • Table Pay TV subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2016
      • Regulatory environment
      • Pay DTTV
      • Interactive TV
      • Cable TV (CATV)
        • Table Cable TV subscribers - 1999 - 2016
        • Table Cable TV revenue - 2004 - 2016
        • Table Ono cable TV RGUs - 2006 - 2014
      • Satellite TV
        • Table Satellite TV subscribers - 1997 - 2016
        • Table Satellite broadcasting revenue - 2004 - 2015
        • Table Satellite revenue from subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Prisa Group financial data - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Prisa (Canal+) DTH subscribers - 2002 - 2014
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
        • Table DTTV subscribers - 2009 - 2015
        • Table DTTV revenue - 2010 - 2016
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-COMMERCE
      • Table E-commerce revenue - 2014 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of businesses with a website - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of businesses providing online financial/banking - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Proportion of businesses receiving/making orders online - 2007 - 2016
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
      • Table Mobile retail market revenue and annual change- 2000 - 2016
      • Table Mobile market revenue by sector - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Mobile market revenue by contract and prepaid sectors - 2000 - 2016
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997; 1999 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile price index - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Cost per invoiced minute of use: contract, prepaid; all operators - 2001 - 2016
        • Table Mobile subscribers by technology platform - 2001 - 2014
        • Table Mobile subscribers: prepaid, contract - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Base stations in service, by technology - 2001 - 2015
      • Operator market shares
        • Table Mobile subscriber market share by operator - 2004 - 2016
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Mobile traffic prepaid and contract in minutes - 2000 - 2016
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS revenue and messages sent - 2005 - 2016
        • Table MMS revenue and messages sent - 2004 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile broadband subscribers by operator - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband (data only) subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband lines by type (voice and data) - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband penetration - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband traffic - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband revenue and annual change - 2003 - 2016
        • Table Cost of mobile broadband services - 2012 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
        • Table 3G licence results in Spain - March 2000
        • Table Overview of spectrum allocations - 2011
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2014
        • Table European retail voice and data roaming charges - 2012 - 2014
        • Table European wholesale voice and data roaming charges - 2012 - 2014
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual number portings - 2002 - 2016
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table Mobile termination rates by operator - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Mobile interconnection revenue - 2003 - 2014
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Digital networks
        • Table Movistar LTE subscribers and penetration - 2014 - 2015
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Femtocells
      • Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
        • Table M2M lines - 2004 - 2016
      • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Movistar
        • Table Movistar mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2016
        • Table Movistar ARPU - 2005 - 2015
        • Table Movistar mobile financial data - 2006 - 2015
      • Vodafone Spain
        • Table Vodafone revenue by type (old style) - 2007 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone revenue by type (new style) - 2013 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone mobile subscribers and proportion prepaid - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone mobile traffic statistics - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone ARPU - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Spain customer churn - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone mobile customer retention cost - 2007 - 2017
      • Orange
        • Table Orange mobile subscribers prepaid and contract - 2005 - 2016
        • Table Orange mobile service revenue - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Orange ARPU by sector (annual rolling) - 2005 - 2014
        • Table Orange ARPU by sector (per month) - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Orange mobile customer acquisition costs - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Orange customer churn - 2007 - 2016
      • Yoigo (Xfera Moviles)
        • Table Yoigo subscribers - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Yoigo financial data - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Yoigo mobile service revenue - 2012 - 2016
      • MVNOs
        • Table MVNO mobile subscribers and market share - 2006 - 2016
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • M-TV
        • Table Mobile TV subscribers by operator - 2008 - 2014
        • Table Mobile TV revenue - 2007 - 2015

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