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2009 South Pacific Islands - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

For those needing detailed overviews and statistics as well as objective analysis on all aspects of the South Pacific telecoms industry, this report provides essential reading and gives in-depth information on:

  • An overall market overview and statistics.
  • Mobile and broadband markets.
  • Key players in the market.
  • Telecommunications infrastructure.
  • Regulatory developments.
  • Fixed network voice and VoIP markets.
Researcher:- Phil Harpur

Current publication date:- December 2008 (12th Edition)

Next publication date:- December 2009


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Penetration rates of telecom services in the South Pacific Island region are still comparatively low, with large differences between urban and rural areas where coverage is usually poor. Access to basic telecom services remains relatively expensive. Less than half of all Pacific Islanders have a phone and generally there was only one supplier for any particular fixed, mobile or Internet service.

However, a lack of reliable fixed infrastructure combined with cheaper installation costs has enabled mobile services to begin to make significant inroads into the market, and Digicel Pacific is leading the market here, as it sets up networks across a number of islands. As well improving the penetration of telco services and lowering prices, more competition in the mobile market is in fact benefiting the entire economy, including the creation of more jobs. Mobile telephony is expected to continue outpace growth in fixed-line connections as the market moves into 2009.

The global financial crisis is likely to have only a moderate impact on the South Pacific islands, although it is difficult to make cross-regional generalisations due to the complexity of the region. Tourism is one sector which is likely to be hit the hardest across the region. The economies of islands such as Fiji and Vanuatu are very dependent on the tourist dollar, and there is no doubt that in a severe economic downturn, more overseas travellers will be re-considering non-essential overseas travel.

Broadband market
Several of the region’s nations are upgrading satellite links to outer islands, installing wireless broadband and upgrading fixed-line broadband capability and some are rolling out high-speed ADSL2+ broadband. WiFi services are now operating in a number of islands including Fiji, Cook Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, Guam, Niue and Tonga.

Broadband availability by access type - 2008
Country Fixed-line ADSL WiFi Fixed wireless Satellite

  • Cook Islands X X
  • Fiji X X X
  • French Polynesia X X
  • Guam X X
  • New Caledonia X
  • Niue X X
  • Papua New Guinea X X X
  • Tonga X X
  • Vanuatu X X (Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)

Deregulation is opening up local markets
Despite local resistance, a move to deregulate the telco sectors of a number of islands, is paving the way for more competition and lower prices. The Fijian telco sector has been finally deregulated, after a lengthy process involving much resistance from the incumbent and many legal court battles. Such resistance is understandable, with uncertainty and fear arising as to how a foreign competitor could impact the local economy. However, as we are seeing, new competition is not having an adversely negative impact on the incumbent; rather it is in fact making the incumbent sharper and more in tune with market demands. As well as improving the penetration of telco services and lowering prices, more competition is indeed benefiting the entire economy, including the creation of more jobs.

Mobile competition begins to thrive
Many of the islands only have one incumbent telco, which often provides all residential telco services: voice, and Internet access, as well as mobile access. The majority of the islands do in fact have a large enough economy to sustain competition, although in most cases only one additional competitor could realistically supported.

Already a choice of mobile operators is now available in a number of South Pacific islands: Papua New Guinea (two); Samoa (three); Tonga (two), American Samoa (two); Guam (five); North Mariana Islands (three) and Palau (two). Since Digicel’s entry into the PNG market, the price of calls has decreased by as much as 60%. People in remote villages are now able to ring for medical help where previously they could not. This is a trend that BuddeComm is finding in many developing regions including Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe and South America.

Wireless broadband services through either WiFi/WiMAX access or 3G mobile are typically only developing as niche broadband services in most developed markets, as fixed-line broadband is normally the most cost-effective and efficient alternative. However, as we are seeing, there is often a real mainstream business case for them in developing and remote areas such as the South Pacific, in favour of fixed-line ADSL.

Digicel launch in Fiji - a key turning point for the South Pacific
BuddeComm views Digicel’s launch in Fiji as a key turning point in terms of stimulating competition in the Oceania region, after the operator already launched services in Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Tonga and Vanuatu.

Digicel ended a 14-year monopoly in the mobile sector enjoyed by Vodafone Fiji. BuddeComm predict that prices could fall by as much as 50%, as has been seen in other islands. Also the flow-on effect to other parts of the Fijian economy should be significant. There is also likely to be a flow-on effect to stimulate growth on other islands.

Phil Harpur
December 2008

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

For those needing detailed overviews and statistics as well as objective analysis on all aspects of the South Pacific telecoms industry, this report provides essential reading and gives in-depth information on:

  • An overall market overview and statistics.
  • Mobile and broadband markets.
  • Key players in the market.
  • Telecommunications infrastructure.
  • Regulatory developments.
  • Fixed network voice and VoIP markets.

1. MARKET OVERVIEW
1.1 Regional market overview & statistics
1.1.1 Regional overview
1.1.1.1 Population and economy
1.1.2 Telecommunications market
1.1.2.1 Overview of telecoms in Pacific Island countries
1.1.3 Regulatory environment
1.1.3.1 Overview
1.1.3.2 Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT)
1.1.3.3 Pacific Islands Forum and its Secretariat
1.1.3.4 The Secretariat of the Pacific Community
1.1.4 Major international players in the region
1.1.4.1 Alcatel Pacific Islands
1.1.4.2 Cable & Wireless (C&W)
1.1.4.3 Paclink
1.1.4.4 Vodafone
1.1.4.5 Digicel
1.1.5 Financial and community assistance
1.1.5.1 Andorra’s telecoms operator
1.1.5.2 European Investment Bank
1.1.5.3 The One Laptop per Child Program (OLPC)
1.1.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
1.1.6.1 Overview
1.1.6.2 Next Generation Network (NGN) developments
1.1.6.2.1 Overview
1.1.6.2.2 University of the South Pacific connects to AARNet
1.1.6.2.3 Telecom Fiji IT system overhaul
1.1.6.2.4 Papua New Guinea
1.1.6.3 International infrastructure
1.1.6.3.1 Submarine cable networks
1.1.6.3.1.1 ASH cable and Honotua cable
1.1.6.3.1.2 SPIN launches new trans-pacific link
1.1.6.3.1.3 Pipe Networks PPC-1 cable Sydney to Guam
1.1.6.3.1.4 Southern Cross Cable Network
1.1.6.3.1.5 PacRim West could be redeployed to American Samoa
1.1.6.3.1.6 South Pacific Islands Network (SPIN) cable linking 12 nations and Pacific Islands satellite system
1.1.6.3.1.7 Tahiti-Hawaii cable - Alcatel-Lucent
1.1.6.3.1.8 New Tier 1 satellite link to the USA for Telikom PNG
1.1.6.3.1.9 Recycled cable to link Port Moresby with Sydney
1.1.6.3.2 Satellite networks
1.1.6.3.2.1 French satellite services
1.1.7 Broadband market
1.1.7.1 Overview
1.1.8 Mobile communications
1.1.8.1 Overview of South Pacific Islands mobile market
1.1.9 Mobile subscribers
1.2 Analysis of mobile competition
1.2.1 Analysis of mobile competition in South Pacific islands
1.2.1.1 Competition can be a huge boost to local economies
1.2.1.2 Mobile networks are proving very cost effective
1.2.2 Digicel
1.2.2.1 Digicel penetrates further in into the South Pacific
1.2.3 Deregulation
1.2.3.1 Deregulation leading to increased competition despite strong resistance
1.2.3.2 Dramatic impact of new entrants in Samoa
1.2.3.3 Digicel brings immediate benefits to local economy in PNG


2. OVERVIEW BY ISLAND
2.1 American Samoa
2.1.1 Key statistics
2.1.2 Country overview
2.1.3 Telecommunications market
2.1.3.1 Overview of American Samoa’s telecom market
2.1.4 Regulatory environment
2.1.4.1 Regulatory authority
2.1.4.1.1 Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
2.1.4.2 Universal Service Fund
2.1.5 Fixed network operator in American Samoa
2.1.5.1 American Samoa Telecommunications Authority (ASTCA)
2.1.5.1.1 Fixed network voice services
2.1.5.1.1.1 Local calls
2.1.5.1.1.2 Long-distance and international calls
2.1.5.1.1.3 Prepaid phone cards
2.1.5.1.2 VoIP service
2.1.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.1.6.1 National telecom network
2.1.6.1.1 Video teleconferencing system
2.1.6.2 International infrastructure
2.1.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.1.7.1 Overview
2.1.7.2 Wireless broadband (WiFi)
2.1.8 Mobile communications
2.1.8.1 Overview of American Samoa’s mobile market
2.1.8.2 Major mobile operators
2.1.8.2.1 Blue Sky Communications
2.2 Cook Islands
2.2.1 Key statistics
2.2.2 Country overview
2.2.3 Telecommunications market
2.2.3.1 Overview of Cook Islands’ telecom market
2.2.4 Regulatory environment
2.2.5 Fixed network operator in Cook Islands
2.2.5.1 Telecom Cook Islands Ltd
2.2.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.2.6.1 National and international
2.2.6.1.1 Satellite connections
2.2.6.1.2 Market developments - May 2007
2.2.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.2.7.1 Internet market
2.2.7.2 Broadband market
2.2.7.3 Wireless broadband
2.2.7.4 Planned WiMAX trials
2.2.7.5 Public access terminals
2.2.7.6 ISP market
2.2.7.6.1 Oyster Internet Services
2.2.8 Broadcasting
2.2.8.1 Satellite TV
2.2.9 Mobile communications
2.2.9.1 Overview of Cook Islands’ mobile market
2.2.9.2 Mobile network upgrade
2.2.9.3 Digicel set to enter the Cook Islands
2.2.9.4 GSM/GPRS network history
2.2.9.5 Analogue network history
2.3 Federated States of Micronesia
2.3.1 Key statistics
2.3.2 Country overview
2.3.3 Telecommunications market
2.3.3.1 Overview of FSM telecom market
2.3.4 Regulatory environment
2.3.4.1 FSM Communication Act 1991
2.3.4.2 Regulatory authority
2.3.4.2.1 Department of Transportation, Communications & Infrastructure
2.3.5 Fixed network operators in FSM
2.3.5.1 FSM Telecommunications Corporation (FSMTC)
2.3.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.3.6.1 National telecom network
2.3.6.2 International infrastructure
2.3.6.2.1 International voice services
2.3.6.2.2 Satellite networks
2.3.7 Internet market
2.3.7.1 FSMTC’s Internet services
2.3.7.2 YapSEED
2.3.8 Broadcasting in FSM
2.3.8.1 Overview of TV broadcasting
2.3.8.2 Cable TV
2.3.8.3 Digital wireless cable (broadband) TV
2.3.8.4 Radio via Internet streaming
2.3.9 Mobile communications
2.3.9.1 Overview of FSM mobile market
2.3.9.2 Network upgrade
2.4 Fiji
2.4.1 Key statistics
2.4.2 Telecommunications market
2.4.2.1 Overview of Fiji’s telecom market
2.4.2.2 Fijian telco workers flock to New Zealand
2.4.2.3 New ICT taskforce
2.4.3 Regulatory environment
2.4.3.1 Interim government announces de-regulation of Fiji’s telecommunication system
2.4.3.2 Commerce Minister sets deadline for new licences
2.4.3.3 Fiji prepares for new telecoms competition
2.4.3.4 Telecom Fiji and FINTEL in merger talks
2.4.3.5 Digicel awarded mobile licence
2.4.3.6 Price cuts in voice mobile and Internet charges
2.4.3.7 Events leading up to deregulation
2.4.3.7.1 Deregulation talks
2.4.3.7.2 Vodafone challenge against new mobile operator
2.4.3.7.3 Background to Vodafone challenge
2.4.3.8 Developments in 2005
2.4.3.8.1 Ruling by Commerce Commission for reduced rates
2.4.4 Fixed network operators in Fiji
2.4.4.1 Amalgamated Telecom Holdings Ltd (ATH)
2.4.4.1.1 ATH acquires ownership in Vodafone Fiji
2.4.4.1.2 Financial results for 2008
2.4.4.1.3 Telecom Fiji Ltd (TFL)
2.4.4.1.4 Challenges faced by TFL
2.4.4.1.4.1 Financial result for 2007
2.4.4.1.5 Fiji International Telecommunications Ltd (FINTEL)
2.4.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.4.5.1 National telecom network
2.4.5.1.1 Fixed-line infrastructure improvements
2.4.5.1.2 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
2.4.5.1.3 Fixed wireless access system
2.4.5.1.4 VSAT project
2.4.5.1.5 New telephone network for Ministry of Health
2.4.5.2 Next Generation Network (NGN) developments
2.4.5.2.1 Overview
2.4.5.2.2 ATH to undergo major infrastructure upgrade
2.4.5.2.3 TFL overhauls IT systems
2.4.5.2.4 University of the South Pacific connects to AARNet
2.4.5.3 International infrastructure
2.4.6 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
2.4.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.4.7.1 Internet
2.4.7.1.1 Internet statistics
2.4.7.1.2 Internet access locations
2.4.7.2 Broadband
2.4.7.2.1 Fixed wireless broadband services
2.4.7.2.2 ADSL fixed broadband services
2.4.7.2.3 Wireless broadband network
2.4.7.2.4 WiMAX rollout for FINTEL
2.4.7.2.4.1 Overview
2.4.7.2.4.2 Paclink’s activities throughout the South Pacific
2.4.7.2.5 Connect Broadband for SMEs
2.4.8 Mobile communications
2.4.8.1 Overview of Fiji’s mobile market
2.4.8.1.1 Third generation (3G) mobile
2.4.8.2 Major mobile operators
2.4.8.2.1 Vodafone Fiji Ltd
2.4.8.2.1.1 Financial results - 2007
2.4.8.2.1.2 Vodafone installs new marketing system
2.4.8.2.1.3 Acision equips Vodafone Fiji for MMS and mobile Internet
2.4.8.2.1.4 3G network upgrade and launch
2.4.8.2.1.4.1 Background to network build
2.4.8.2.1.5 Prepaid platform upgrade
2.4.8.2.1.6 Inkk Mobile launches mobile service
2.4.8.2.2 Digicel Fiji
2.4.8.2.2.1 Overview
2.4.8.2.2.2 Analysis of the launch
2.4.8.2.3 Other (potential) operators
2.5 French Polynesia
2.5.1 Key statistics
2.5.2 Country overview
2.5.3 Telecommunications market
2.5.3.1 Overview of French Polynesia’s telecom market
2.5.4 Fixed network operators in French Polynesia
2.5.4.1 OPT/France Cable & Radio
2.5.4.2 Tahiti Nui Telecommunications
2.5.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.5.5.1 National and international
2.5.5.1.1 Rural telephony project
2.5.5.2 VSAT networks
2.5.6 Broadband and Internet market
2.5.6.1 Internet market
2.5.6.1.1 Metua@ network
2.5.6.1.1.1 Ite Reva
2.5.6.1.2 ISP market
2.5.6.1.2.1 Mana
2.5.6.2 Broadband market
2.5.6.2.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
2.5.6.2.2 Broadband via satellite
2.5.7 Mobile communications
2.5.7.1 Overview of French Polynesia’s mobile market
2.5.7.1.1 Mobile statistics
2.5.7.1.2 Network upgrades and expansions
2.5.7.1.2.1 3G/UMTS trial
2.6 Guam
2.6.1 Key statistics
2.6.2 Country overview
2.6.3 Telecommunications market
2.6.3.1 Overview of Guam’s telecom market
2.6.4 Regulatory environment
2.6.4.1 Regulatory authorities
2.6.4.1.1 Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
2.6.4.1.2 Guam Public Utilities Commission (GPUC)
2.6.4.2 Privatisation of GTA
2.6.5 Fixed network operators in Guam
2.6.5.1 GTA TeleGuam
2.6.5.2 Long-distance operators
2.6.5.2.1 GTA
2.6.5.2.2 IT&E
2.6.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.6.6.1 National telecom network
2.6.6.1.1 Fibre optic network
2.6.6.2 International infrastructure
2.6.6.2.1 Submarine cable networks
2.6.6.2.1.1 Tyco Pacific Cable System
2.6.6.2.2 GTA partners with Sprint in contract for DISN Transoceanic optical transport
2.6.6.2.3 Inactive cable plans and proposals
2.6.6.2.3.1 Palau-Guam-Yap cable
2.6.6.2.3.2 Proposed cables
2.6.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.6.7.1 Internet market
2.6.7.2 ISP market
2.6.7.2.1 Spyder Internet
2.6.7.3 DSL and cable modems
2.6.7.3.1 Wholesale DSL broadband services
2.6.7.4 Wireless broadband
2.6.8 Mobile communications
2.6.8.1 Overview of Guam’s mobile market
2.6.8.1.1 NTT DoCoMo purchase of HafaTEL and Guam Cellular
2.6.8.2 Local number portability (LNP)
2.6.8.3 Major mobile operators
2.6.8.3.1 GTA Wireless (Pulse Mobile)
2.6.8.3.2 GUAMCELL
2.6.8.3.2.1 GUAMCELL company history
2.6.8.3.3 Guam Wireless Co (HafaTEL)
2.6.8.3.3.1 HafaTEL company history
2.6.8.3.4 IT&E Wireless
2.6.8.3.5 iConnect
2.7 Kiribati
2.7.1 Key statistics
2.7.2 Country overview
2.7.3 Telecommunications market
2.7.3.1 Overview of Kiribati’s telecom market
2.7.4 Regulatory environment
2.7.4.1 Regulatory authority
2.7.5 Fixed network operators in Kiribati
2.7.5.1 Telecom Services Kiribati Ltd (TSKL)
2.7.5.1.1 Company background
2.7.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.7.6.1 National telecom network
2.7.6.1.1 Public payphones
2.7.6.1.2 Phonecards
2.7.6.2 International infrastructure
2.7.7 Internet market
2.7.7.1 Overview
2.7.8 Mobile communications
2.7.8.1 Overview of Kiribati’s mobile market
2.7.8.2 Digicel proposed new Kiribati mobile service
2.8 Marshall Islands
2.8.1 Key statistics
2.8.2 Country overview
2.8.2.1 Compact of Free Association with US
2.8.3 Telecommunications market
2.8.3.1 Overview of RMI telecom market
2.8.4 Regulatory environment
2.8.4.1 Overview
2.8.5 Fixed network operator in Marshall Islands
2.8.5.1 National Telecommunication Authority
2.8.5.1.1 Fixed network voice services
2.8.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.8.6.1 National telecom network - historical overview
2.8.6.2 Payphones
2.8.6.3 International infrastructure
2.8.6.3.1 Satellite networks
2.8.7 Internet market
2.8.7.1 Overview
2.8.8 Mobile communications
2.8.8.1 Overview of Marshall Islands’ mobile market
2.9 Nauru
2.9.1 Key statistics
2.9.2 Country overview
2.9.3 Telecommunications market
2.9.3.1 Overview of Nauru’s telecom market
2.9.4 Regulatory environment
2.9.4.1 Wireless Telegraphy Act 1974
2.9.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.9.5.1 National and international
2.9.6 Internet market
2.9.6.1 Overview
2.9.6.1.1 United Nations Development Programme
2.9.7 Mobile communications
2.10 New Caledonia
2.10.1 Key statistics
2.10.2 Country overview
2.10.3 Telecommunications market
2.10.3.1 Overview of New Caledonia’s telecom market
2.10.3.1.1 Market competition
2.10.4 Regulatory environment
2.10.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.10.5.1 National and international
2.10.5.2 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
2.10.6 Broadband and Internet market
2.10.6.1 Internet market
2.10.6.1.1 Overview
2.10.6.1.1.1 Internet statistics
2.10.6.1.2 Internet connectivity
2.10.6.2 Broadband market
2.10.7 Wireless Broadband market
2.10.8 Mobile communications
2.10.8.1 Overview of New Caledonia’s mobile market
2.10.8.1.1 Network upgrades and expansions
2.10.8.2 Third generation (3G) mobile
2.11 Niue
2.11.1 Key statistics
2.11.2 Country overview
2.11.3 Telecommunications market
2.11.3.1 Overview of Niue’s telecom market
2.11.4 Regulatory environment
2.11.4.1 Overview
2.11.4.2 Communications Act 1989
2.11.4.3 Communications Amendment Act 2000
2.11.4.4 Draft national policy on telecommunications - November 2002
2.11.4.4.1 Telecommunications policy objectives
2.11.5 Fixed network operators in Niue
2.11.5.1 Telecom Niue
2.11.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.11.6.1 National and international
2.11.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.11.7.1 Internet market
2.11.7.1.1 Overview
2.11.7.1.1.1 Domain names
2.11.7.1.1.2 Video broadcast and conferencing - USPNet
2.11.7.1.2 ISP market
2.11.7.1.2.1 Internet Users Society Niue (IUSN)
2.11.7.2 Broadband market
2.11.7.2.1 Free broadband Internet Cafe
2.11.7.2.2 Wireless broadband
2.11.7.2.2.1 WiFi
2.11.8 Mobile communications
2.11.8.1 Overview of Niue’s mobile market
2.11.8.2 Planned GSM mobile network
2.12 Northern Mariana Islands
2.12.1 Key statistics
2.12.2 Country overview
2.12.3 Telecommunications market
2.12.3.1 Overview of Northern Mariana Islands’ telecom market
2.12.4 Regulatory environment
2.12.4.1 Commonwealth Telecommunications Act 2000
2.12.5 Fixed network operators in CNMI
2.12.5.1 Pacific Telecom Inc (PTI)
2.12.5.1.1 Brief history of MTC
2.12.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.12.6.1 National and international
2.12.7 Internet and broadband market
2.12.7.1 ISP market
2.12.7.2 Pacific Telecom
2.12.7.3 Saipan.Com
2.12.7.4 IT&E Overseas (Talaya Internet)
2.12.8 Broadcasting
2.12.8.1 Cable television
2.12.9 Mobile communications
2.12.9.1 Mobile statistics and major operators
2.12.9.2 GSM networks
2.12.9.3 Brief history of Guamcell
2.13 Palau
2.13.1 Key statistics
2.13.2 Country overview
2.13.3 Telecommunications market
2.13.3.1 Overview of Palau’s telecom market
2.13.4 Fixed network operator in Palau
2.13.4.1 Palau National Communications Corporation
2.13.4.1.1 Services
2.13.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.13.5.1 National telecom network
2.13.5.2 International infrastructure
2.13.5.2.1 Satellite networks
2.13.6 Broadband and Internet market
2.13.6.1 Overview
2.13.6.1.1 Palau BroadBand
2.13.7 Broadcasting
2.13.7.1 Radio
2.13.7.2 Television
2.13.7.2.1 Cable TV
2.13.8 Mobile communications
2.13.8.1 Overview of Palau’s mobile market
2.13.8.2 Major mobile operators
2.13.8.2.1 PNCC
2.13.8.2.1.1 Analogue network
2.13.8.2.1.2 GSM network
2.13.8.2.2 Palau Mobile Corporation (PNC)
2.14 Papua New Guinea
2.14.1 Key statistics
2.14.2 Country overview
2.14.3 Telecommunications market
2.14.3.1 Overview of PNG’s telecom market
2.14.4 Regulatory environment
2.14.4.1 History
2.14.4.2 Independent Consumer and Competition Act 2002
2.14.4.3 Regulatory authorities
2.14.4.3.1 PNG Telecommunications Authority (PANGTEL)
2.14.4.3.2 Independent Consumer and Competition Commission (ICCC)
2.14.4.4 Privatisation of Telikom PNG
2.14.4.5 Liberalisation of the local telecoms market
2.14.4.5.1 Government resistance of entry to mobile competitor Digicel
2.14.4.5.1.1 Benefits to the economy
2.14.4.5.2 Mobile interconnection developments
2.14.5 Fixed network operators in PNG
2.14.5.1 Telikom PNG Ltd
2.14.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.14.6.1 National telecom network
2.14.6.1.1 NCD fibre optic network
2.14.6.1.2 Domestic satellite network
2.14.6.1.3 Rural communications
2.14.6.1.4 Challenges of maintaining and building infrastructure
2.14.6.1.5 Next Generation Network upgrade
2.14.6.1.5.1 Overview
2.14.6.1.5.2 Fujitsu contract for digital radio systems and IT infrastructure
2.14.6.1.5.3 ADC Krone contract
2.14.6.1.5.4 Verso and ViaSat contract for mobile network upgrade
2.14.6.2 International infrastructure
2.14.6.2.1 New Tier 1 satellite link to the USA for Telikom
2.14.6.2.1.1 Recycled cable to link Port Moresby with Sydney
2.14.6.3 Telecoms and IT
2.14.6.3.1 Overview
2.14.7 Internet market
2.14.7.1 Overview
2.14.7.2 Internet gateway (Tiare)
2.14.7.3 ISP market
2.14.7.3.1 Datec
2.14.7.4 Wireless broadband
2.14.7.5 Satellite broadband
2.14.8 Broadcasting
2.14.8.1 Satellite and cable TV
2.14.8.1.1 HiTRON Ltd
2.14.9 Mobile communications
2.14.9.1 Overview of PNG’s mobile market
2.14.9.1.1 Mobile statistics
2.14.9.2 Regulatory issues
2.14.9.2.1 New mobile licences awarded
2.14.9.3 Major mobile operators
2.14.9.3.1 Mobile Communications Ltd (PMC)
2.14.9.3.2 Digicel
2.14.9.4 Mobile voice services
2.14.9.4.1 Satellite mobile
2.15 Pitcairn Islands
2.15.1 Key statistics
2.15.2 Country overview
2.15.3 Telecommunications market
2.15.3.1 Overview of Pitcairn Island’s telecom market
2.15.3.2 Satellite telephone and phone cards
2.15.3.3 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.15.4 Internet market
2.15.4.1 Overview of the Internet in Pitcairn
2.15.4.2 Domain names up for sale
2.16 Samoa
2.16.1 Key statistics
2.16.2 Telecommunications market
2.16.2.1 Overview of Samoa’s telecom market
2.16.2.1.1 Accession to WTO membership
2.16.3 Regulatory environment
2.16.3.1 Postal and Telecommunication Services Act 1999
2.16.3.2 Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (MCIT)
2.16.3.3 National ICT strategy
2.16.3.4 Telecom sector liberalisation in Samoa
2.16.4 Fixed network operator in Samoa
2.16.4.1 SamoaTel Ltd
2.16.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.16.5.1 National telecom network
2.16.5.1.1 Infrastructure developments
2.16.5.2 International infrastructure
2.16.5.3 Interconnection arrangements
2.16.6 Internet and broadband market
2.16.6.1 Overview
2.16.6.1.1 Internet statistics
2.16.6.2 ISP market
2.16.6.2.1 Computer Services Ltd (Samoa.ws)
2.16.6.2.1.1 History
2.16.6.2.2 iPasifika Samoa Ltd
2.16.6.2.3 Lesa Telephone Services (Lesamoa.net)
2.16.6.3 Multipurpose Community Telecentres (MCTs)
2.16.6.4 E-government
2.16.6.5 Distant learning and telehealth
2.16.6.5.1 Samoa-American Samoa (SAS)
2.16.7 Mobile communications
2.16.7.1 Overview of Samoa’s mobile market
2.16.7.2 Major mobile operators
2.16.7.2.1 SamoaTel Ltd
2.16.7.2.2 Digicel Samoa Ltd
2.17 Solomon Islands
2.17.1 Key statistics
2.17.2 Country overview
2.17.3 Telecommunications market
2.17.3.1 Overview of Solomon Islands’ telecom market
2.17.4 Regulatory environment
2.17.4.1 Overview
2.17.4.2 Solomon Islands reviews telecoms monopoly
2.17.5 Fixed network operators in Solomon Islands
2.17.5.1 Solomon Telekom Co Ltd (Our Telecom)
2.17.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.17.6.1 National and international
2.17.6.1.1 Network upgrade
2.17.6.2 Impact of ethnic unrest on telecoms network
2.17.7 Internet market
2.17.7.1 Overview
2.17.7.2 Internet Domain names
2.17.7.3 Community projects
2.17.7.3.1 People First Network (PFnet) rural connectivity project
2.17.7.3.2 Broadband
2.17.7.3.3 Wireless expansion
2.17.7.3.4 One Laptop per Child
2.17.8 Broadband market
2.17.8.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
2.17.8.2 Wireless broadband
2.17.8.3 Satellite Internet
2.17.9 Broadcasting
2.17.9.1 Television broadcasting
2.17.9.2 Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation (SIBC)
2.17.10 Mobile communications
2.17.10.1 Overview of Solomon Islands’ mobile market
2.17.10.1.1 Historical background
2.17.10.1.2 Major expansion program
2.18 Tokelau
2.18.1 Key statistics
2.18.2 Country overview
2.18.2.1 Progress towards self-government and free association with NZ halted
2.18.3 Telecommunications market
2.18.3.1 Overview of Tokelau’s telecom market
2.18.4 Fixed network operator in Tokelau
2.18.4.1 Telecommunications Tokelau Corporation
2.18.5 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.18.5.1 National telecom network
2.18.5.2 International infrastructure
2.18.6 Internet market
2.18.6.1 Overview
2.18.6.2 Dot TK
2.18.6.2.1 Tokelau’s first Internet café
2.19 Tonga
2.19.1 Key statistics
2.19.2 Country overview
2.19.3 Telecommunications market
2.19.3.1 Overview of Tonga’s telecom market
2.19.4 Regulatory environment
2.19.4.1 Sector reform
2.19.4.1.1 Tonga Communications Corporation Act 2000
2.19.4.1.2 Introduction of sustainable competition
2.19.4.2 Regulatory authority
2.19.4.2.1 Department of Communications
2.19.4.3 Privatisation of TCC
2.19.5 Fixed network operators in Tonga
2.19.5.1 Tonga Communications Corporation
2.19.5.2 Shoreline Communications Ltd (TonFon)
2.19.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.19.6.1 National telecom network
2.19.6.2 Infrastructure developments
2.19.6.2.1 TonFon’s wireless IP network
2.19.6.3 Satellite networks
2.19.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.19.7.1 Overview
2.19.7.2 Internet access locations
2.19.7.3 ISP market
2.19.7.3.1 Kalianet
2.19.7.3.2 TonFon Net
2.19.7.4 Fixed-line broadband market
2.19.7.5 Wireless broadband market
2.19.7.5.1 TCC to launch WiMAX network
2.19.8 Mobile communications
2.19.8.1 Overview of Tonga’s mobile market
2.19.8.2 Major mobile operators
2.19.8.2.1 TCC (U-Call Mobile)
2.19.8.2.2 Digicel (previously TonFon Mobile)
2.20 Tuvalu
2.20.1 Key statistics
2.20.2 Country overview
2.20.3 Telecommunications market
2.20.3.1 Overview of Tuvalu’s telecom market
2.20.4 Regulatory environment
2.20.4.1 Tuvalu Telecom Act 1993
2.20.5 Fixed network operator in Tuvalu
2.20.5.1 Tuvalu Telecommunications Corporation
2.20.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.20.6.1 National and international
2.20.6.1.1 Public payphones
2.20.7 Internet market
2.20.7.1 Overview
2.20.7.2 Bridging the digital divide
2.21 Vanuatu
2.21.1 Key statistics
2.21.2 Country overview
2.21.3 Telecommunications market
2.21.3.1 Overview of Vanuatu’s telecom market
2.21.4 Regulatory environment
2.21.4.1 Telecommunications Act 1989
2.21.4.2 Telecommunications (Amendment) Act 1993
2.21.4.3 Attempts to stop further granting of telco licences
2.21.5 Fixed network operators in Vanuatu
2.21.5.1 Telecom Vanuatu Ltd
2.21.6 Telecommunications infrastructure
2.21.6.1 National telecom network
2.21.6.2 International infrastructure
2.21.6.3 Infrastructure development plans
2.21.7 Broadband and Internet market
2.21.7.1 Overview
2.21.7.1.1 Internet network upgrade
2.21.8 Content and e-services
2.21.8.1 E-commerce
2.21.8.1.1 Cyber fns (Vanuatu).com Ltd
2.21.8.1.2 Online gambling
2.21.9 Mobile communications
2.21.9.1 Overview of Vanuatu’s mobile market
2.21.9.2 Digicel mobile network launch
2.22 Wallis & Futuna Islands
2.22.1 Key statistics
2.22.2 Country overview
2.22.3 Telecommunications market
2.22.3.1 Overview of Wallis & Futuna Islands’ telecom market
2.22.3.2 Fixed-line network upgrade
2.22.4 Internet market
2.22.5 Broadcasting
2.22.5.1 Deal with Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)


3. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS


LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 - Broadband subscribers in the South Pacific by island - 2003 - 2008
Table 2 - Broadband subscriber penetration in the South Pacific by island - 2003 - 2008
Table 3 - Mobile subscribers in South Pacific by country - 2003 - 2008
Table 4 - Mobile penetration >1% in South Pacific islands - 2003 - 2008
Table 5 - Mobile penetration and number of operators in select SP islands - 2008
Table 6 - Country statistics American Samoa - 2008
Table 7 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 8 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 9 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 10 - National telecommunications authority
Table 11 - Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change - July 2007
Table 12 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1994 - 1996; 2001 - 2008
Table 13 - Country statistics Cook Islands - 2008
Table 14 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 15 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 16 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 17 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 18 - Internet users - 2001 - 2008
Table 19 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 20 - Country statistics Federated States of Micronesia - 2008
Table 21 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 22 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 23 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 24 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 25 - National telecommunications authority
Table 26 - Internet users - 1996 - 2008
Table 27 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2008
Table 28 - Country statistics Fiji - 2008
Table 29 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 30 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 31 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 32 - Mobile statistics - March 2008
Table 33 - National telecommunications authority
Table 34 - Internet users and annual change - 1996 - 2008
Table 35 - Broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2004 - 2008
Table 36 - Broadband subscribers by technology - mid 2008
Table 37 - Mobile subscribers and annual change - 1995 - 2008
Table 38 - Country statistics French Polynesia - 2008
Table 39 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 40 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 41 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 42 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 43 - Internet users - 1998 - 2002; 2004 - 2008
Table 44 - Broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2004 - 2008
Table 45 - Mobile subscribers and annual change - 1995 - 2008
Table 46 - Country statistics Guam - 2008
Table 47 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 48 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 49 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 50 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 51 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 52 - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997; 2000 - 2008
Table 53 - Mobile operators and technology
Table 54 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1994 - 2008
Table 55 - HafaTEL mobile subscribers - 2004; 2006 - 2007
Table 56 - Country statistics Kiribati - 2008
Table 57 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 58 - Internet provider statistics - 2007
Table 59 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 60 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 61 - National telecommunications authority
Table 62 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2002; 2006
Table 63 - Payphones in operation throughout Kiribati - 2006
Table 64 - Internet subscribers - 2003 - 2008
Table 65 - Mobile subscribers - 1999 - 2008
Table 66 - Country statistics Marshall Islands - 2008
Table 67 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 68 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 69 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 70 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 71 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2004; 2008
Table 72 - Internet users - 1998 - 2008
Table 73 - Mobile subscribers - 1995; 2000 - 2008
Table 74 - Country statistics Nauru - 2008
Table 75 - Telephone network statistics - 2002
Table 76 - Internet provider statistics - 2003
Table 77 - Mobile statistics - 2002
Table 78 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1997 - 2002
Table 79 - Country statistics New Caledonia - 2008
Table 80 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 81 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 82 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 83 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 84 - National telecommunications authority
Table 85 - Internet users - 1999 - 2008
Table 86 - Broadband users - 2003 - 2008
Table 87 - Mobile service revenues and increase - 2004
Table 88 - Mobile subscribers - 1997 - 2008
Table 89 - Country statistics Niue - 2008
Table 90 - Telephone network statistics - 2004
Table 91 - Internet provider statistics - 2005
Table 92 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 93 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 94 - National telecommunications authority
Table 95 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1995 - 2004
Table 96 - Country statistics Northern Mariana Islands - 2008
Table 97 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 98 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 99 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 100 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 101 - National telecommunications authority
Table 102 - Mobile operators and subscribers - July 2007
Table 103 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1999; 2001 - 2008
Table 104 - Country statistics Palau - 2008
Table 105 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 106 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 107 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 108 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 109 - Internet users - 1998 - 2008
Table 110 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 2001 - 2008
Table 111 - Country statistics Papua New Guinea - 2008
Table 112 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 113 - Internet provider statistics - 2006
Table 114 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 115 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 116 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 117 - Internet users and penetration rate - 1998 - 1999; 2001 - 2008
Table 118 - Mobile operators and technology
Table 119 - Mobile subscribers by operator - June 2008
Table 120 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1996 - 2008
Table 121 - Country statistics Pitcairn Island − 2008
Table 122 - Telecommunication statistics
Table 123 - Country statistics Samoa - 2008
Table 124 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 125 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 126 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 127 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 128 - National telecommunications authority
Table 129 - Internet users and penetration rate - 1997 - 2008
Table 130 - Country statistics Solomon Islands - 2008
Table 131 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 132 - Internet provider statistics - 2006
Table 133 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 134 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 135 - National telecommunications authority
Table 136 - Internet users - 1998 - 2001; 2004 - 2008
Table 138 - Mobile subscribers - 1995 - 2008
Table 139 - Country statistics Tokelau - 2008
Table 140 - Telephone network statistics
Table 141 - Country statistics Tonga - 2008
Table 142 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 143 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 144 - Internet user statistics - 2007
Table 145 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 146 - National telecommunications authority
Table 147 - Internet users - 1998 - 2008
Table 148 - Mobile subscribers - 1998 - 2008
Table 149 - Mobile operators and subscribers - July 2007
Table 150 - Country statistics Tuvalu - 2008
Table 151 - Telephone network statistics
Table 152 - Internet provider statistics
Table 153 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 154 - Internet subscribers - 2002 - 2008
Table 155 - Country statistics Vanuatu - 2008
Table 156 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 157 - Internet provider statistics - 2008
Table 158 - Internet user statistics - 2008
Table 159 - Mobile statistics - 2008
Table 160 - Internet users and penetration rate - 1999 - 2008
Table 162 - Mobile subscribers - 1996 - 2008
Table 163 - Country statistics Wallis & Futuna Islands - 2008
Table 164 - Telephone network statistics - 2008
Table 165 - Internet statistics - 2008
Table 166 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1996 - 2000; 2002; 2004


LIST OF EXHIBITS
Exhibit 1 - Principal C&W operating companies and services in the South Pacific
Exhibit 2 - Major submarine cables and landing points in the Pacific region
Exhibit 3 - Broadband availability by access type - 2008
Exhibit 4 - South Pacific Island countries and operators with GSM networks
Exhibit 5 - TFL product & marketing strategy - market segmentation
Exhibit 6 - Guam ISPs and broadband providers - products and services
Exhibit 7 - GUAMCELL - Products and services
Exhibit 8 - HafaTEL products and services
Exhibit 9 - Rising sea levels threaten Tuvalu
Exhibit 10 - AusAID project

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