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2006 South East Asian Broadband and Internet Market


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the Broadband and Internet markets in Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam. Subjects covered include:

Internet Infrastructure and Developments
Internet policies, models and concepts
Regional and International Networks
Internet Market, VPNs and VoIP
Vision for a National Policy, Government Policies
Network Operators, Wholesalers and Retailers, Utilities Projects
xDSL, HFC, MDS, Satellite, Cable Modems, Cable Telephony
Wireless Broadband


This Asia market report covers 11 countries in the South East Asia sub-region. It takes an overall look at the various telecoms markets, together with a particular look at the broadband and Internet segments in each of the countries. The markets covered include:

Brunei The move into Internet has been less impressive so far, despite the government’s strong support for IT and e-commerce. JTB’s BruNet has introduced a Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)-based broadband Internet access service.

Cambodia Internet penetration remains particularly low, with the services on offer being notably expensive in comparison to other countries in the region. In a positive sign, a number of WiFi hotspots have started to appear in Phnom Penh and other locations.

Indonesia By end-2005, Indonesia had an estimated 16 million Internet users. This, however, represented only about 8% of the population. Broadband services are still in their infancy, with less than 150,000 mainly DSL subscribers. Problems with inferior telecommunications infrastructure will continue to impede Internet growth. Despite all this, the country is considered to have enormous potential as an online market.

Laos The country’s political structure, widespread poverty, a general lack of adequate telecom infrastructure, poor English skills and a low level of PC penetration have all contributed to the slow development of Internet in Laos. ISPs in Laos have initially moved cautiously into offering broadband Internet access. In mid-2003, ETL launched a broadband Internet service based on ADSL under a Japanese grant aid project. Lao Telecom then entered the broadband market in early 2004. Planet Online started a wireless broadband service in Vientiane in mid-2005.

Malaysia Malaysia has also been continuing to develop its multi-billion dollar Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) project, another part of the government’s strategy to turn Malaysia into the high technology hub of South East Asia. So far more than US$5 billion has been invested in this project. The government says that it is meeting targets, with over 1,200 companies already involved. At the same time, however, efforts by the government at encouraging the wider community to embrace technology have so far met with limited success. The level of interest in broadband Internet has been surprisingly low and broadband household penetration was less than 8% in early 2006. One bright spot in this market has been WiFi, as the service providers start to rollout WiFi hotspots.

Myanmar Internet access continues to be problematic, being severely restricted in its availability to the general public.

Philippines Compared with many of its Asian neighbours, the Philippines has been moving slowly on the adoption of Internet. Of the estimated 6% of the population who are Internet users, only a small fraction (probably around 5%) use a broadband connection to go online. Broadband household penetration is an insignificant 0.5%. Future growth in this area will depend on the provision of reliable infrastructure, especially in support of broadband Internet.

Singapore Singapore was the first country in the world to deploy DSL commercially when SingTel launched its service in November 1997. It came as some surprise, therefore, when Singapore was initially slow to move on the large-scale adoption of broadband Internet access. Following a major effort to expand its broadband services, however, the country is now a serious player, with more than 65% of Internet households having broadband access by early 2006. It has positioned itself well for the development and adoption of a full range of triple play and Next Generation (NGN) services.

Thailand Whilst Internet has been popular in Thailand for some years now (user penetration of around 14%), broadband access had been languishing. In the 2004/05 period, the number of broadband subscribers suddenly increased more than tenfold. Broadband penetration, however, remained low at around 0.5%.

Timor Leste The tiny fledgling nation of East Timor experienced further political instability and outbreaks of violence in the first half of 2006. To the observer, the country had appeared to have got off to a solid start in rebuilding its entire infrastructure following the turbulence that ensued after the referendum of 1999. However, it remains difficult to assess the long term impact of the events of 2006 on such things as infrastructure building. Following the 1999 crisis, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) provided overall administrative and financial assistance during the period up until elections were held in April 2002. The United Nations finally completed its role in early 2005. The new government was looking to gain ongoing assistance from the international community in putting strong systems in place. Telecommunications remains an important priority under a newly established Ministry of Transport, Communication & Public Works. In July 2002, the East Timor government selected Portugal Telecom to be the lead partner in a consortium to operate Timor Telecom. The new operator replaced Telstra in March 2003 and set about expanding the countries telecom facilities.

Note: Timor Leste (also known as East Timor) is yet to be listed as a member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). This makes it difficult to obtain official statistics on the country’s telecom sector.

Vietnam Despite the government’s cautiousness about the Internet (and occasional news reports indicating serious problems with human rights issues), this segment of the market has been gaining a strong foothold. Internet user penetration was running at a healthy 14% by end-2005. Boosted by incumbent VNPT’s development of DSL infrastructure, the broadband market finally started to move in 2004; in 2005, the number of broadband subscribers tripled, although by year-end broadband household penetration was only about 1%.

1. OVERVIEW OF THE BROADBAND AND INTERNET MARKETS
1.1 Internet market
1.1.1 Market overview
1.1.2 Cultural and regulatory issues
1.1.3 Internet advertising
1.1.4 Asian Domain Name Dispute-Resolution Centre
1.1.5 Internet access and infrastructure
1.1.6 ISP market
1.1.7 ASP market
1.1.8 Intranets and extranets
1.2 Broadband market
1.2.1 Overview
1.2.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
1.2.3 Cable Modem
1.2.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH)
1.2.5 Wireless broadband
1.2.6 Satellite Internet
1.2.7 Broadband over Powerline (BPL) services / Powerline Communications (PLC)
1.2.8 Major broadband markets in Asia
2. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
2.1 Internet market
2.1.1 Market overview
2.1.2 Content and e-services
3. CAMBODIA
3.1 Internet market
3.1.1 Market overview
3.1.2 Internet access locations
4. INDONESIA
4.1 Internet market
4.1.1 Market overview
4.1.2 ISP market
4.2 Broadband networks and services
4.2.1 Overview
4.2.2 TelkomNet
4.2.3 Internet via satellite
4.2.4 Wireless broadband
4.3 Content and e-services
4.3.1 E-commerce
5. LAOS
5.1 Internet market
5.1.1 Market overview
5.1.2 ISP market
5.1.3 Public Internet access
5.1.4 Top level domain name
5.1.5 Broadband Internet
5.1.6 VoIP telephony
6. MALAYSIA
6.1 Internet market
6.1.1 Market overview
6.1.2 ISP market
6.2 Broadband market
6.2.1 Overview
6.2.2 Broadband infrastructure
6.2.3 Broadband Internet
6.2.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
6.2.5 Wireless broadband
6.2.6 Broadband over powerline (BPL)
6.2.7 Internet via satellite
6.2.8 Triple play services
6.2.9 National IPv6 Council
6.2.10 Intranet hosting services
6.3 Content and e-services
6.3.1 E-commerce
6.3.2 E-government
6.3.3 Telemedicine
7. MYANMAR
7.1 Internet market
7.1.1 Marker overview
8. PHILIPPINES
8.1 Internet market
8.1.1 Market overview
8.1.2 Internet Exchanges
8.1.3 I-Gate
8.1.4 Internet demographics
8.1.5 Internet regulation
8.1.6 Gearing Up Internet Literacy and Access for Students (GILAS)
8.1.7 ISP market
8.2 Broadband market
8.2.1 Overview
8.2.2 Cable modems
8.2.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
8.2.4 Wireless broadband
8.2.5 Internet via satellite
8.2.6 Video-on-Demand (VoD)
8.2.7 IP networks
8.3 Content and e-services
8.3.1 E-commerce
8.3.2 E-government
8.3.3 Content
8.3.4 Instant Messaging (IM)
9. SINGAPORE
9.1 Internet market
9.1.1 Market overview
9.1.2 Singapore Network Information Centre (SGNIC)
9.1.3 Regulatory environment
9.1.4 International Internet infrastructure
9.1.5 Internet data centres
9.1.6 Internet security
9.1.7 Internet access locations
9.1.8 Web service development
9.1.9 International Internet Exchange
9.1.10 ISP market
9.2 Broadband market
9.2.1 Overview
9.2.2 Broadband Multimedia Network - Singapore One
9.2.3 Broadband service providers
9.2.4 Cable modems
9.2.5 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
9.2.6 B-ISDN
9.2.7 Powerline broadband
9.2.8 Internet via satellite
9.2.9 IP-VPN networks
9.2.10 Wireless broadband
9.2.11 Content and e-services
10. THAILAND
10.1 Internet Market
10.1.1 Market overview
10.1.2 ISP market
10.1.3 Major ISPs
10.1.4 Thailand Internet Exchange
10.1.5 Portal services
10.1.6 Internet charges
10.1.7 Regulatory issues
10.1.8 Internet cafes
10.1.9 Content
10.2 Broadband market
10.2.1 Overview
10.2.2 ADSL
10.2.3 Cable modem
10.2.4 Internet via satellite
10.2.5 Wireless Internet
10.2.6 Major broadband operators
10.3 Content and e-services
10.3.1 E-commerce
10.3.2 E-Government
11. TIMOR LESTE (EAST TIMOR)
11.1 Internet market
11.1.1 Overview
12. VIETNAM
12.1 Internet market
12.1.1 Market overview
12.1.2 Regulatory environment
12.1.3 Vietnam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC)
12.1.4 Internet cafés
12.1.5 ISP market
12.1.6 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
12.1.7 Satellite Internet
12.1.8 Emerging IT industry
12.2 Broadband market
12.2.1 Overview
12.2.2 Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
12.2.3 Cable Modem
12.2.4 Wireless broadband
12.2.5 Satellite Internet
12.3 Content and e-services
12.3.1 E-commerce
12.3.2 E-government
13. GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 - Asia’s broadband market - countries ranked by household penetration - June 2006
Exhibit 2 - ISPs operated by telecom companies and ownership in Thailand


Table 1 - Internet user growth in Asia - 1999 - 2006
Table 2 - Top 10 Asian countries by Internet user penetration - December 2005
Table 3 - Internet and broadband subscribers for selected Asian markets - December 2005
Table 4 - International Internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2005
Table 5 - Broadband in Asia - Major markets by subscribers and penetration - 2005/2006
Table 6 - Major broadband access types (by subscribers) - March 2006
Table 7 - Asia’s DSL market - December 2005
Table 8 - DSL subscribers - March 2006
Table 9 - DSL subscribers in Japan - 2000 - 2006
Table 10 - DSL subscribers in South Korea - 1999 - 2006
Table 11 - DSL subscribers in China - 2000 - 2006
Table 12 - PCCW’s DSL subscriber base - December 2005
Table 13 - DSL subscribers in Hong Kong - 1999 - 2006
Table 14 - DSL subscribers in Singapore - 2000 - 2006
Table 15 - DSL subscribers in Taiwan - 2001 - 2006
Table 16 - DSL subscribers in Malaysia - 2001 - 2006
Table 17 - Cable modem subscribers - March 2006
Table 18 - FttH growth in Japan - 2001 - 2006
Table 19 - WiFi hotspots in Asia - 2004; 2005; 2009
Table 20 - South Korea’s broadband subscriber growth - 1998 - 2006
Table 21 - Taiwan’s broadband subscriber growth - 1999 - 2006
Table 22 - Singapore’s broadband subscriber growth - 1999 - 2006
Table 23 - Hong Kong’s Broadband subscribers and households - February 2006
Table 24 - China’s broadband subscriber growth - 2000 - 2006
Table 25 - Internet user growth in Brunei - 1996 - 2005
Table 26 - Internet host computers in Brunei - 1996 - 2005
Table 27 - Internet subscriber growth in Brunei - 1997 - 2005
Table 28 - Internet provider statistics in Brunei - 2005
Table 29 - Internet user statistics in Brunei - 2005
Table 30 - Internet users in Cambodia - 1997 - 2005
Table 31 - Internet host computers in Cambodia - 2000 - 2004
Table 32 - Internet provider statistics in Cambodia - 2005
Table 33 - Internet user statistics in Cambodia - 2005
Table 34 - Internet users in Indonesia - 1998 - 2005
Table 35 - Internet host computers in Indonesia - 1996; 1998 - 2005
Table 36 - Registered domain names in Indonesia - January 2005
Table 37 - Internet provider statistics in Indonesia - 2005
Table 38 - Internet user statistics in Indonesia - 2005
Table 39 - Broadband subscribers and households in Indonesia - 2005
Table 40 - DSL subscriber growth in Indonesia - 2001 - 2005
Table 41 - Broadband statistics in Indonesia - 2005
Table 42 - Internet users in Laos - 1998 - 2005
Table 43 - Internet host computers in Laos - 2000 - 2004
Table 44 - Internet provider statistics in Laos - 2005
Table 45 - Internet user statistics in Laos - 2005
Table 46 - Internet users in Malaysia - 1995 - 2006
Table 47 - Internet host computers in Malaysia - 1995 - 2005
Table 48 - Internet provider statistics in Malaysia - 2005
Table 49 - Internet user statistics in Malaysia - March 2006
Table 50 - Dial-up Internet subscribers in Malaysia - 1995 - 2006
Table 51 - TMNet dial-up Internet subscribers - 1999 - 2005
Table 52 - Broadband subscriber growth in Malaysia - 2002 - 2006
Table 53 - Broadband subscribers by access type in Malaysia - March 2006
Table 54 - Broadband subscribers and households in Malaysia - March 2006
Table 55 - Broadband statistics in Malaysia - March 2006
Table 56 - TMNet (Streamyx) subscribers - 2003 - 2005
Table 57 - Hotspots market in Malaysia - 2003
Table 58 - Internet users in Myanmar - 1999 - 2005
Table 59 - Internet hosts in Myanmar - 1998 - 2005
Table 60 - Internet provider statistics in Myanmar - 2005
Table 61 - Internet user statistics in Myanmar - 2005
Table 62 - Internet users in the Philippines - 1996 - 2005
Table 63 - Internet host computers in the Philippines - 1994 - 2005
Table 64 - Internet subscribers in the Philippines - 1996 - 2005
Table 65 - Internet provider statistics in the Philippines - 2005
Table 66 - Internet user statistics in the Philippines - 2005
Table 67 - Broadband subscribers in the Philippines - 2001 - 2005
Table 68 - Broadband subscribers and households in the Philippines - 2005
Table 69 - Broadband statistics in the Philippines - 2005
Table 70 - PLDT’s DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2003; 2005 - 2006
Table 71 - Overview of Internet market in Singapore - March 2006
Table 72 - Internet users in Singapore - 1996 - 2006
Table 73 - Internet host computers in Singapore - 1996 - 2005
Table 74 - Internet provider statistics in Singapore - 2005
Table 75 - Internet user statistics in Singapore - March 2006
Table 76 - Registered domain names in Singapore - May 2006
Table 77 - Broadband subscriber growth in Singapore - 1999 - 2006
Table 78 - Broadband subscribers and households in Singapore - March 2006
Table 79 - Overview of broadband access in Singapore - March 2006
Table 80 - Broadband statistics in Singapore - March 2006
Table 81 - Broadband subscribers in Singapore - major providers - March 2005
Table 82 - Cable modem subscribers in Singapore - 2000 - 2006
Table 83 - DSL subscribers in Singapore - 2000 - 2006
Table 84 - E-commerce revenues in Singapore - 1999 - 2004
Table 85 - Internet users and subscribers in Thailand - 1996 - 2005
Table 86 - Internet host computers in Thailand - 1996 - 2004
Table 87 - Internet provider statistics in Thailand - 2005
Table 88 - Internet user statistics in Thailand - 2005
Table 89 - Broadband statistics in Thailand - 2005
Table 90 - ADSL subscribers in Thailand - 2002 - 2005
Table 91 - Internet provider statistics in Timor Leste - 2005
Table 92 - Internet user statistics in Timor Leste - 2005
Table 93 - Internet users in Vietnam - 1998 - 2006
Table 94 - Internet host computers in Vietnam - 1996 - 2005
Table 95 - Internet subscribers in Vietnam - 1998 - 2006
Table 96 - Internet Service Providers by subscribers and market share in Vietnam - April 2005
Table 97 - ADSL subscriber growth in Vietnam - 2003 - 2006
Table 98 - ADSL service providers in Vietnam - June 2005

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