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Slovenia - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

This report covers trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media including VoIP and IPTV developments. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure;
  • Major players, revenues, subscribers, ARPU, MOU;
  • Internet, IPTV;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Broadband (FttH, DSL, cable TV, wireless);
  • Convergence and digital media.


Slovenia is a comparatively prosperous Eastern European country, enjoying a high GDP per capita relative to neighbouring nations. Since joining the EU it has enjoyed the benefits of EU membership; the first of the 10 new 2004 members to adopt the Euro and the recipient of past and present EU structural funding designed to improve economic development. For the period 2006-2013, a total of €4.2 billion (at current prices) has been allocated to Slovenia, of which €1.1 billion has been allocated for research and development (R&D) and innovation, €160 million for renewable energy sources and energy efficiency projects, and €156 million allocated to ICT infrastructure and services, with priority given to e-services for business and citizens, and modernisation of broadband networks.

The recent global financial crisis negatively impacted Slovenia due to its high reliance on exports, with Germany and Italy as its main trading partners. Slovenia’s economy contracted by an estimated 7.8% in real terms during 2009, with EU estimates of 1.1% real GDP growth for 2010, rising to 1.8% for 2011 on the back of continued government policy support and a pickup in external demand.

The telecoms market fared well due to relatively low debt levels and stable cash flows given the essential nature of most telecom services. Identified risks moving forward include subdued growth prospects and difficulty in accessing new financing sources.

Slovenia’s fixed telephony market is dominated by the fixed-line incumbent which is still majority owned by the state, unique for the EU region. Regulatory intervention in the absence of effective competition has improved market conditions for competitors, with network interconnection rates now below the EU average and LLU monthly fees trending downwards, based on regulator-approved pricing models. Faced with diminishing domestic growth prospects the incumbent has followed the path of many Western European incumbents and expanded internationally, focusing predominantly on the developing markets in the neighbouring Balkans region.

Slovenia boasts an Internet market comprised almost entirely of broadband connections. Despite the launch of competing platforms xDSL remains the most popular although the growing appetite for bandwidth has led to the introduction of FTTx and upgrade to the DOCSIS 3.0 standard by a major cable operator, offering speeds of up to 120Mb/s. Increased Internet usage and activity is characteristic of an emerging Internet society, comprised of e-government, e-commerce and e-health.

As in neighbouring countries the broadcasting market was severely affected in 2009 due to a contraction in advertising spend in response to the state of the economy. Despite this the transition to digital broadcasting continues, with digital TV available via cable, IPTV, satellite and terrestrial free-to-air platforms, increasing competition and choice for end consumers.

Slovenia’s mobile market is potentially one of the most competitive given that four mobile network operators and a number of mobile virtual network operators operate in a country with a potential market of only two million people. Further pressure has been placed on operators through regulatory-mandated mobile termination tariff reductions. With mobile SIM card penetration at saturation levels, the focus for operators has shifted to increasing Average Revenue per User levels; primarily by encouraging increased voice traffic as well as take up of mobile broadband services.

Market highlights:

FTTx represents 15% of all fixed broadband subscriptions, up from 10% in the previous year. Competing deployments by alternative operators and the incumbent will see FTTx rise in importance. The variety and availability of faster alternatives to xDSL has improved following the launch of DOCSIS 3.0 based broadband services by a major cable TV operator, offering speeds of up to 120Mb/s.

Improved uptake of e-services is evident, with increasing participation in e-education, e-government and e-commerce by the general population. Businesses are advanced in terms of usage, with up to 85% of businesses using e-government services to obtain information, forms and return forms online.

Digital TV take up improved despite the state of the economy, with growth expected to continue in 2010 as Slovenia progresses in its transition from analogue to digital TV.Mobile broadband is delivering on its growth promises, with mobile broadband subscriptions expected to grow by 20% during 2010, compared with an estimated 1% contraction for total SIM card penetration.Slovenia - key telecom parameters - 2009 - 2010

Sector 2009 2010 (e)
Broadband    
Fixed broadband subscribers (thousand) 466 500
Fixed broadband penetration rate 23% 24%
Mobile broadband penetration rate 28% 34%
Subscribers to telecoms services    
Fixed-line telephone subscribers (thousand) 1,030 1,050
Mobile phone subscribers (thousand) 2,030 2,020
(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)
Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

1. Key Statistics
1.1 Subscribers statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview
2.2 Competition
2.3 Analysis: India in the aftermath of the global financial crisis - June 2010
2.4 Third Generation (3G) and WiMAX spectrum auctions
2.5 WiMAX spectrum auction
2.6 Foreign investment
2.6.1 Foreign investment and national security
2.7 Universal service
2.8 Import of Chinese telecom equipment
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 Telecommunications authorities
3.1.1 Ministry for Communications (MoC)
3.1.2 Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
3.1.3 Telecom Commission
3.1.4 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
3.1.5 Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT)
3.1.6 Telecom Sector Ombudsman (TSO)
3.2 Regulatory development
3.2.1 Licensing circles
3.2.2 Licence fees and taxes
3.3 National Telecom Policies
3.3.1 National Telecom Policies 1999 (NTP-99)
3.3.2 Addendum to NTP-99
3.3.3 Proposed new National Telecom Policy
3.3.4 National Broadband Policy 2004
3.4 Foreign investment
3.5 National security
3.5.1 Dispute over import of Chinese equipment
3.6 Offshore investment
3.7 Regulatory reforms
3.7.1 Overview
3.7.2 Access Deficit Charge (ADC)
3.7.3 Quality of Service (QoS)
3.7.4 Local Loop Unbundling (LLU)
3.7.5 Conditional Access System (CAS)
3.7.6 Unified Access Services Licence (UASL)
3.8 Regulatory issues
3.8.1 Basic Telephone Service (BTS) licensing guidelines
3.8.2 Development of basic service sector
3.8.3 National Long-Distance (NLD)
3.8.4 International Long-Distance (ILD)
3.8.5 ‘Fixed’ mobile
3.8.6 Basic service tariffs
4. Fixed Network Market
4.1 Background
4.2 Overview of operators
4.2.1 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)
4.2.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Bharti Telenet)
4.2.3 Hughes Telecom
4.2.4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
4.2.5 Tata Teleservices Ltd
4.2.6 Reliance Infocomm
4.2.7 Sistema (formerly Shyam Telelink)
4.3 International operators
4.3.1 Market development
4.3.2 Association of Competitive Telecom Operators (ACTO)
4.3.3 Tata Communications (formerly Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd (VSNL))
4.3.4 Data Access
4.3.5 Bharti Telesonic
4.3.6 Reliance Communications
4.4 Other fixed network operators
4.4.1 AT&T
4.4.2 Verizon
4.4.3 BT
4.4.4 Cable & Wireless (C&W)
4.4.5 France Telecom
4.4.6 Tulip Telecom
4.4.7 SingTel
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National infrastructure
5.1.1 Overview
5.1.2 Network development
5.1.3 National network
5.1.4 Infrastructure sharing
5.1.5 Rural and regional networks
5.1.6 Fibre optic cable projects
5.1.7 Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
5.2 Infrastructure developments
5.2.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
5.2.2 IP networks
5.2.3 Next Generation Networks (NGN)
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Background
5.3.2 Interconnect agreements
5.3.3 India-Pakistan
5.3.4 International service disruption
5.3.5 Submarine cable networks
5.3.6 Satellite communications
6. Internet Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Growth path
6.1.2 Internet statistics
6.1.3 Growth issues
6.1.4 Service disruption
6.1.5 E-medicine
6.2 Regulatory issues
6.2.1 Internet policy
6.2.2 National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)
6.2.3 Pricing
6.2.4 Domain names
6.2.5 Censorship and security
6.2.6 International connectivity
6.3 ISP market
6.3.1 Major ISPs
6.3.2 Content
6.3.3 Internet telephony licences
7. Broadband Market
7.1 Overview
7.1.1 Broadband statistics
7.2 Market development
7.3 National Broadband Policy
7.3.1 Implementation of National Broadband Policy
7.4 National Broadband Plan
7.5 Personal computers
7.6 Cable modems
7.7 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
7.8 Wireless broadband
7.8.1 WiFi
7.8.2 WiMAX
7.8.3 Spectrum auction
7.9 Satellite
7.10 Broadband over Powerline (BPL)
7.11 Other broadband networks
8. Broadcasting Market
8.1 Overview of Convergence
8.2 Overview of broadcasting market
8.2.1 Statistical overview
8.3 Regulatory issues
8.3.1 Background
8.3.2 Disputes
8.3.3 Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Bill
8.3.4 Convergence Bill 2001
8.3.5 Foreign investment
8.3.6 Conditional Access System (CAS)
8.3.7 Censorship
8.3.8 Viacom - Network18 joint venture
8.4 Digital TV
8.4.1 Internet Protocol TV (IPTV)
8.5 Cable TV
8.5.1 Market overview
8.5.2 Cable TV regulatory environment
8.5.3 Digitalisation of Cable TV
8.5.4 Pay TV
8.6 Satellite TV
8.6.1 Direct-to-Home (DTH) TV
8.7 Major cable and pay TV operators
8.7.1 Doordarshan
8.7.2 Asianet Communications
8.7.3 Hinduja Group (InCableNet)
8.7.4 Star TV
8.7.5 Zee Telefilms Limited (SitiCable)
8.8 Free-to-Air TV
8.8.1 Doordarshan
9. Mobile Communications
9.1 Overview of India’s mobile market
9.1.1 3G auctions
9.1.2 Consequences of the 3G auction
9.1.3 Market structure
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.3 Mobile market segments
9.4 Development issues
9.4.1 MVNOs
9.4.2 Spectrum
9.4.3 Rural expansion
9.4.4 Future growth
9.4.5 Foreign investment
9.4.6 Revenue and ARPU
9.4.7 Pricing and usage
9.5 Regulatory issues
9.5.1 Background
9.5.2 Year 2010
9.5.3 Year 2009
9.5.4 Year 2008
9.6 Mobile technologies
9.6.1 Overview of mobile technologies used in India
9.6.2 GSM
9.6.3 CDMA
9.6.4 Third Generation (3G) mobile
9.7 Major mobile operators in India
9.7.1 Market overview
9.7.2 Unified Access Service Licences (UASL)
9.7.3 Market structure and earlier growth
9.7.4 Operator and market statistics
9.7.5 Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
9.7.6 Bharti Airtel
9.7.7 Loop Mobile (formerly BPL Mobile)
9.7.8 Vodafone Essar (formerly Hutchison Essar Telecom Ltd)
9.7.9 Aircel
9.7.10 Idea/Spice
9.7.11 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)
9.7.12 Reliance Communications
9.7.13 Spice Telecom
9.7.14 Tata Teleservices
9.7.15 Unitech Wireless/Uninor
9.7.16 Virgin Mobile
9.7.17 MTS (Sistema/Shyam Telelink)
9.7.18 S Tel
9.7.19 Videocon
9.7.20 Other operators
9.8 Mobile voice services
9.8.1 Prepaid
9.8.2 Satellite mobile
9.9 Mobile data services
9.9.1 Market overview
9.9.2 Alliances
9.9.3 Short Message Service (SMS)
9.9.4 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
9.9.5 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
9.9.6 Push-to-Talk over Cellular (PoC)
9.9.7 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
9.9.8 i-mode
9.9.9 BlackBerry
9.9.10 Mobile TV
9.10 Mobile content
9.10.1 Gaming
9.10.2 Social networking
9.10.3 Mobile payments
9.10.4 Advertising and Marketing
9.11 Handsets
10. Forecasts
10.1 Overview
10.2 Forecasts - fixed-line market - 2015; 2020
10.3 Forecasts - Internet services - 2015; 2020
10.4 Forecasts - mobile market - 2015; 2020
11. Glossary of Abbreviations
List of Tables and Exhibites
Table 1 - Country statistics India - 2010
Table 2 - Telecom revenue and investment statistics - 2007
Table 3 - Telephone network statistics - 2009
Table 4 - Internet user statistics - 2009
Table 5 - Broadband statistics - 2009
Table 6 - Mobile statistics - 2009
Table 7 - National telecommunications authorities
Table 8 - Fixed-line services versus mobile services and penetration - 2009
Table 9 - 3G auction: Number of licences and total fees paid by operators - May 2010
Table 10 - Foreign Direct Investment in telecom sector - 2004 - 2008
Table 11 - Telephone services to villages - 2009
Table 12 - Number of telecom licences issued by category - 2007 - 2008
Table 13 - Fixed-line subscribers by operator - 2007 - 2009
Table 14 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity - 1995 - 2005
Table 15 - Fixed-line subscribers and teledensity - 2005 - 2011
Table 16 - Growth of VPT scheme - 2001 - 2009
Table 17 - PCOs in operation - 2003 - 2009
Table 18 - PCOs in operation and market share by operator - 2008
Table 19 - Fixed WLL subscribers - 2004 - 2006
Table 20 - Internet users - 1995 - 2011
Table 21 - Internet subscribers - 1995 - 2011
Table 22 - Dial-up Internet subscribers - 2007 - 2010
Table 23 - Internet (dial-up) ARPU - 2005; 2007 - 2009
Table 24 - International Internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2009
Table 25 - Number of licensed ISPs - 2002 - 2003; 2005; 2008 - 2009
Table 26 - ISP market - leading operators, subscribers and market share - 2009
Table 27 - Broadband subscribers - 2001 - 2011
Table 28 - Broadband subscribers and households - 2009
Table 29 - Broadband subscribers by access and annual change - 2009
Table 30 - Internet subscribers and market share by access type - 2009
Table 31 - India - Broadband and Internet subscriber targets - 2005; 2007; 2010
Table 32 - Cable modem subscribers - 2001 - 2009
Table 33 - DSL subscribers - 2001 - 2009
Table 34 - Wireless broadband subscribers - 2003; 2006 - 2009
Table 35 - Broadcasting market overview - 2009
Table 36 - Number of channels carried by cable operators - 2008 - 2009
Table 37 - Cable and TV households - 1995 - 2009
Table 38 - Total TV industry revenue - 2000 - 2009
Table 39 - Pay TV subscribers by technology - 2002 - 2009
Table 40 - 3G auction: Number of licences by operator - May 2010
Table 41 - Overview of India’s mobile market - 2009
Table 42 - Mobile subscribers and annual change - 2006 - 2011
Table 43 - Mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) - 2002 - 2009
Table 44 - GSM mobile subscribers and annual change - 1997 - 2009
Table 45 - Mobile penetration urban and rural - 2007; 2009
Table 46 - Mobile services revenue - 1996 - 2012
Table 47 - Mobile ARPU by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended - June 2009
Table 48 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA) - 2005 - 2009
Table 49 - Mobile subscribers and market share by region/circle - 2008
Table 50 -GSM mobile subscribers by region/circle - 2007; 2009
Table 51 - GSM ARPU - 2003 - 2009
Table 52 - GSM ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended - 2009
Table 53 - GSM ARPU by operator grouping, prepaid/postpaid/blended - 2009
Table 54 - CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share - 2009
Table 55 - CDMA ARPU - 2003 - 2009
Table 56 - CDMA ARPU by region/circle, prepaid/postpaid/blended - 2009
Table 57 - 3G auction: Number of licences and total fees paid by operators - May 2010
Table 58 - Mobile operators and subscribers - 2009
Table 59 - Total mobile subscribers (GSM and CDMA) by operator and market share - 2009
Table 60 - GSM mobile operators, subscribers and market share - 2009
Table 61 - CDMA mobile operators, subscribers and market share - 2009
Table 62 -Overall mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2009
Table 63 - Mobile ARPU (GSM and CDMA), postpaid/prepaid - 2009
Table 64 - Mobile ARPU (blended) for selected operators - 2009
Table 65 - BSNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2009
Table 66 - Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2010
Table 67 - Bharti Airtel mobile ARPU - 2004 - 2005; 2007 - 2009
Table 68 - Loop Mobile (BPL) mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2009
Table 69 - Vodafone Essar mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2009
Table 70 - Vodafone Essar mobile ARPU - 2008 - 2009
Table 71 - Aircel mobile subscribers - 2004 - 2010
Table 72 - Idea/Spice mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2009
Table 73 - Idea/Spice mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2009
Table 74 - MTNL mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2009
Table 75 - Reliance mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2010
Table 76 - Reliance mobile ARPU - 2007 - 2010
Table 77 - Spice Telecom mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2008
Table 78 - Tata Teleservices mobile subscribers - 2002 - 2010
Table 79 - MTS (Sistema/Shyam) mobile subscribers - 2008 - 2010
Table 80 - Prepaid mobile subscribers: share of total market - 2003 - 2009
Table 81 - Monthly ARPU for mobile subscribers by technology, prepaid/postpaid/blended - 2009
Table 82 - Forecast fixed line subscribers and penetration rates - 2015; 2020
Table 83 - Forecast Internet subscribers - 2015; 2020
Table 84 - Forecast mobile subscribers - 2015; 2020
Exhibit 1 - Overview of FDI policy for India’s telecom sector - 2009
Exhibit 2- Fixed-line basic services by operator - 2009
Exhibit 3 - ISRO satellite network - May 2010
Exhibit 4 - Broadcasting Standard and major broadcasters
Exhibit 5 - Information on FTA turned Pay and New Pay Channels
Exhibit 6 - Overview of major channels available to consumers in India
Exhibit 7 - Operators issued DTH licences - 2009
Exhibit 8 - CDMA 3G commercial deployment in India
Exhibit 9 - 3G auction results: Service area licences by operator - May 2010
Exhibit 10 - BSNL ‘mega-contract’ procurement process timeline - 2005 - 2007
Exhibit 11 - Bharti Airtel - key operational statistics
Exhibit 12 - Major shareholders in Bharti Airtel - September 2009
Exhibit 13 - Vodafone Essar - key operational statistics

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