Slovakia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Slovakia - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Despite market liberalisation Slovakia's incumbent telco Slovak Telekom maintains a near monopoly of the fixed-line market and also dominates the DSL broadband sector. However, there is effective competition in the broadband and mobile markets, where most investment is being channelled. The main operators including O2 Slovakia and Orange Slovakia have expanded into offering bundled fixed and mobile services.
The broadband market has shown steady growth in recent years. DSL remains the principal technology though by early 2020 it is expected to be eclipsed by the fast-developing fibre sector, which has been supported by sympathetic regulatory measures and considerable investment among operators. The cable sector is a distant third in terms of subscribers, though cable is particularly strong in urban areas. The main telco UPC Slovakia has gained customers steadily in recent years on the back of its widely available 500Mb/s service offering. In mid-2019 the company launched a 1Gb/s service in three cities, initially available to some 200,000 premises.
Slovakia's mobile market is served by four mobile network operators. Two of these are the local units of operators with a pan-European reach (Deutsche Telekom and Orange Group) while O2 Slovakia was once the local unit of Telefónica Group before being sold to an investment group. Mobile penetration is relatively high, at about 142% by late 2019. The introduction of mobile number portability in 2006 intensified competition between players. However, the MVNO sector remains underdeveloped, with the few operators in place having failed to gain traction and thus holding only a marginal share of the overall market.
Mobile broadband access and content services are developing rapidly in line with operators having upgraded their networks. The regulator has prepared the groundwork for 5G services, with concessions in the 3.5GHz range allowing for the launch of 5G services. Operators are keen to secure spectrum in the 700MHz band which the regulator aims to auction before June 2020.
This report outlines Slovakia's fixed-line telecom market, providing an overview of the regulatory environment, profiles of the major operators, and a range of operational and financial statistics. The report also provides insights into the mobile voice and data sectors, including market statistics as well as profiles of the mobile network operators, and covering regulatory issues as well as developments in LTE, 5G and mobile data services. In addition, the report addresses Slovakia's fixed-line and wireless broadband markets, providing an overview of major players, as well as statistics, market analyses and subscriber forecasts.
BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.
On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.
Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.
The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key developments:

Slovanet secures spectrum in the 10GHz band for wireless broadband, aims to sell 3.5GHz concessions to Orange Slovakia;
Orange Slovakia increases FttP footprint to over one million premises;
UPC Slovakia launches 1Gb/s cable broadband service based on DOCSIS3.1;
Municipal FttP developments showing further growth;
SWAN Mobile makes Slovakia's first 5G mobile call;
Regulator and telcos reach agreement to extend broadband nationally by 2020;
Orange Slovakia and Slovak Telekom offering LTE service as substitute for fixed-line broadband;
Report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2019, telcos' operating data to Q3 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Slovak Telekom, Orange Slovakia, UPC Slovakia, O2 Slovakia, BENESTRA (GTS Nextra)


1 Key statistics
2 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
2.1 Economic considerations and responses
2.2 Mobile devices
2.3 Subscribers
2.4 Infrastructure
3 Telecommunications market
3.1 Market analysis
3.2 Regional European Market Comparison
3.3 Country overview
4 Regulatory environment
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Electronic Communications Act 2003
4.3 Electronic Communications Act 2011
4.4 Regulatory authority
4.5 Telecom sector liberalisation
4.6 Privatisation
4.7 Interconnection
4.8 Access
4.9 Number Portability (NP)
4.10 Carrier selection and Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
5 Fixed network operators
5.1 Slovak Telecom
5.2 BENESTRA
5.3 Slovak Wireless Access Network (SWAN)
6 Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 Overview of the national telecom network
6.2 International infrastructure
6.3 Cloud services
7 Broadband market
7.1 Introduction and statistical overview
7.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
7.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
7.5 Other fixed broadband services
8 Digital economy
8.1 E-government
8.2 E-health
8.3 E-education
9 Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.5 Major mobile operators
9.6 Mobile content and applications
10 Appendix Historic data
11 Glossary of abbreviations
12 Related reports
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Slovakia 2019 (e)
Table 2 Development of investment in telecom market, by sector 2005 2017
Table 3 Decline in telecom market revenue 2005 2017
Table 4 Development in the number of annual fixed-number portings 2007 2018
Table 5 Decline in the number of Carrier selection and CPS lines 2007 2018
Table 6 Decline in the volume of fixed-line calls and traffic 2006 2018
Table 7 Development in Slovak Telekom's financial results 2009 2019
Table 8 Development in Slovak Telekom's subscriber base by type 2009 2019
Table 9 Decline in the number of residential fixed lines in service 2010 2018
Table 10 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2009 2024
Table 11 Growth in the number of VoIP lines 2007 2018
Table 12 Increase in international internet bandwidth 2009 2018
Table 13 Growth in the number of fixed internet subscribers and penetration rate 2009 2019
Table 14 Decline in the number of dial-up internet subscribers 2005 2018
Table 15 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2009 2024
Table 16 Steady growth in internet market revenue 2005 2017
Table 17 Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2005 2018
Table 18 Development in UPC Slovakia's broadband/voice subscriber base 2006 2019
Table 19 Increase in the number of UPC Slovakia's homes passed 2003 2019
Table 20 UPC Slovakia revenue 2016 2019
Table 21 Development of the DSL subscriber base and penetration 2005 2018
Table 22 Increase in the number of Slovak Telekom's retail DSL subscribers 2005 2019
Table 23 Growth in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2005 2018
Table 24 Increase in the number of Orange Slovakia's broadband subscribers 2009 2019
Table 25 Growth in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2007 2018
Table 26 Change in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2006 2018
Table 27 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2009 2024
Table 28 Gains in population coverage by technology 2006 2018
Table 29 Gains in geographical coverage by technology 2010 2018
Table 30 Change in the number of prepaid and postpaid subscribers 2010 2018
Table 31 Change in the ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2009 2018
Table 32 Decline in the proportion of T-Mobile Slovakia's prepaid subscribers 2004 2019
Table 33 Decline in mobile market revenue 2005 2017
Table 34 Development of mobile network voice traffic by type 2007 2019
Table 35 Development of SMS traffic 2003 2019
Table 36 Growth in the number of MMS messages sent 2005 2019
Table 37 Growth in the number of mobile internet subscriptions by type 2008 2018
Table 38 Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2024
Table 39 Development in the number of annual mobile portings 2006 2018
Table 40 Growth in the number of M2M connections 2014 2019
Table 41 Change in T-Mobile Slovakia's mobile subscriber base 2006 2019
Table 42 Development in T-Mobile Slovakia's mobile financial data 2004 2019
Table 43 T-Mobile Slovakia quarterly mobile service revenue 2014 2019
Table 44 T-Mobile Slovakia mobile ARPU 2004 2019
Table 45 Change in Orange Slovakia's mobile subscriber base 2007 2019
Table 46 Change in Orange Slovakia's mobile revenue 2003 2019
Table 47 Change in Orange Slovakia's revenue by quarter 2012 2019
Table 48 Growth in the number of O2 Slovakia's mobile subscribers 2007 2019
Table 49 Development of O2 Slovakia's financial results 2016 - 2019
Table 50 Change in O2 Slovakia's mobile ARPU 2007 2019
Table 51 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2000 2009
Table 52 Historic - International internet bandwidth 2000 2009
Table 53 Historic- Internet users and penetration rate 2000 2015
Table 54 Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate 2000 2009
Table 55 Historic - Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 2009
Table 56 Historic - UPC Slovakia homes passed 2003 2009
Table 57 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1998 2009
Table 58 Historic - Orange Slovakia's blended ARPU 2012 2017
Table 59 Historic - Mobile GSM/3G base stations in service 2005 - 2012
Table 60 Historic - Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2001 2009
Table 61 Historic - Telefónica O2 prepaid users 2007 2013
Chart 1 Development of investment in telecom market, by sector 2005 2017
Chart 2 Decline in telecom market revenue 2005 2017
Chart 3 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Leaders (top tier)
Chart 4 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Challengers (middle tier)
Chart 5 Europe Telecoms Maturity Index Market Emergents (bottom tier)
Chart 6 Overall view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 7 Europe - mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 8 Scandinavia and Baltics: mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 9 Northern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 10 Southern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 11 Eastern Europe mobile subscriber penetration vs mobile broadband penetration
Chart 12 Scandinavia and Baltics fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 13 Northern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 14 Southern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 15 Eastern Europe fixed and mobile broadband penetration
Chart 16 Development in the number of annual fixed-number portings 2007 2018
Chart 17 Decline in the number of Carrier selection and CPS lines 2007 2018
Chart 18 Decline in the volume of fixed-line calls and traffic 2006 2018
Chart 19 Development in Slovak Telekom's financial results 2009 2019
Chart 20 Development in Slovak Telekom's subscriber base by type 2009 2019
Chart 21 Decline in the number of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2009 2024
Chart 22 Growth in the number of VoIP lines 2007 2018
Chart 23 Increase in international internet bandwidth 2009 2018
Chart 24 Growth in the number of fixed internet subscribers and penetration rate 2009 2019
Chart 25 Decline in the number of dial-up internet subscribers 2005 2018
Chart 26 Growth in the number of fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2009 2024
Chart 27 Steady growth in internet market revenue 2005 2017
Chart 28 Growth in the number of cable broadband subscribers 2005 2018
Chart 29 Development in UPC Slovakia's broadband/voice subscriber base 2006 2019
Chart 30 Increase in the number of UPC Slovakia's homes passed 2009 2019
Chart 31 Development of the DSL subscriber base and penetration 2005 2018
Chart 32 Increase in the number of Slovak Telekom's retail DSL subscribers 2005 2019
Chart 33 Growth in the number of FttP/B subscribers 2005 2018
Chart 34 Increase in the number of Orange Slovakia's broadband subscribers 2009 2019
Chart 35 Growth in the number of fixed-wireless broadband subscribers 2007 2018
Chart 36 Change in the number of satellite broadband subscribers 2006 2018
Chart 37 Growth in the number of mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2009 2024
Chart 38 Gains in population coverage by technology 2006 2018
Chart 39 Gains in geographic coverage by technology 2010 2018
Chart 40 Change in the number of prepaid and postpaid subscribers 2010 2018
Chart 41 Change in the ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2009 2018
Chart 42 Decline in the proportion of T-Mobile Slovakia's prepaid subscribers 2004 2019
Chart 43 Decline in mobile market revenue 2005 2017
Chart 44 Development of mobile network voice traffic by type 2007 2019
Chart 45 Development of SMS traffic 2003 2019
Chart 46 Growth in the number of MMS messages sent 2005 2019
Chart 47 Growth in the number of mobile internet subscriptions by type 2008 2018
Chart 48 Growth in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2009 2024
Chart 49 Development in the number of annual mobile portings 2006 2018
Chart 50 Growth in the number of M2M connections 2014 2019
Chart 51 Change in T-Mobile Slovakia's mobile subscriber base 2006 2019
Chart 52 Development in T-Mobile Slovakia's mobile financial data 2004 2019
Chart 53 Change in Orange Slovakia's mobile subscriber base 2007 2019
Chart 54 Change in Orange Slovakia's mobile revenue 2003 2019
Chart 55 Change in Orange Slovakia's revenue by quarter 2012 2019
Chart 56 Growth in the number of O2 Slovakia's mobile subscribers 2007 2019
Chart 57 Development of O2 Slovakia's financial results 2016 - 2019
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview
Exhibit 3 2G spectrum awarded in Slovakia
Exhibit 4 Multi spectrum allocation Dec 2013

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