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Romania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Romania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Romania’s telcos move further into multi-sector service offerings

Romania’s telecoms market continues to evolve under the influence of competition and technological change. Alternative operators have launched competing services in the liberalised fixed-line voice market, with cable TV operators such as UPC being particularly successful in attracting new customers. The market overall continues to evolve with operators expanding into the provision of multiple services. To this end Vodafone Group acquired Liberty Global’s local unit UPC Romania in May 2018, thus allowing Vodafone Romania to compete more effectively with the service offerings from orange Romania and telekom Romania. All operators are investing in network capacity upgrades in response to the shift towards offering IP-delivered content.

The broadband market benefits from effective infrastructure-based competition. The fibre sector has become one of the strongest in Europe in recent years, with a rapidly growing share of the fixed-line broadband market by subscriber lines. As a result, the country has one of the highest FttP penetration rates in the region, with about two-thirds of connections offering data above 100Mb/s.

Romania’s mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Penetration rates are average for the region, though this is partly attributed to customers opting to have multiple SIM cards. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services.

This report provides an overview of Romania’s fast-developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, major players and fixed-line infrastructure, and offering a variety of operational and financial statistics. The report also reviews the mobile market, covering technological developments as well as profiling the major operators and their strategies in a competitive and highly regulated environment. In addition, the report covers the fixed and fixed-wireless broadband segments.

Key developments:

Vodafone Romania signs fibre network access deal with Telekom Romania;
Two-thirds of fixed broadband connections accessing 100Mb/s or above;
NetCity to increase Bucharest open access fibre network to 2,100km by 2020;
Telekom Romania expanding 1Gb/s FttP offering;
RCS&RDS launches free shared Wi-Fi network for subscribers;
Liberty Global sells UPC Romania unit to Vodafone Group;
Orange Romania conducts FWA 5G network trials, anticipates 5G as fixed-line broadband replacement from 2020;
Regulator outlines strategies for multiple spectrum award, proposes 2019 date for 470-790MHz band auction;
Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT;
Digi Mobil seeks collaboration with MNOs for 5G development;
MNOs expand m-ticketing functionalities;
Regulator adopts Action Plan 2018;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, State Statistics data for 2017, telco’s operating and financial data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

UPC Romania, RCS&RDS (Digi Mobile), Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Telemobil, GTS Telecom, SN Radiocomunicatii


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Romania – 2018 (e)
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • OVERVIEW AND STATISTICS
      • Table Total telecom market revenue – 2013 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line market revenue – 2014 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-line traffic – 2011 - 2017
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORIC OVERVIEW
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • PRIVATISATION
    • ACCESS
    • INTERCONNECT
    • CARRIER SELECTION AND CARRIER PRESELECTION
      • Table CS and CPS providers, fixed network – 2008 - 2017
      • Table CS and CPS lines – 2008 - 2017
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Annual fixed number portings – 2008 - 2017
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Fixed-line market share by subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-lines in service, by operator – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers – 2014 - 2018
    • TELEKOM ROMANIA
      • Table Telekom Romania fixed-line revenue – 2005 - 2018
      • Table Telekom Romania fixed-line telephony subscribers – 2006 - 2018
      • Table Telekom Romania broadband and TV subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historical – Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) –2000 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) –2010 - 2019
      • Telekom Romania
      • Alternative operators
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table International internet bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
    • WHOLESALE
    • SMART INFRASTRUCTURE
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government programs
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Fixed broadband penetration, urban and rural – 2011 - 2017
        • Table Fixed broadband penetration of households, urban and rural – 2011 - 2017
        • Table Fixed broadband traffic – 2012 - 2017
        • Table Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration – 1999 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration – 2010 - 2018
        • Table Fixed broadband providers by access type – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2018
        • Table Internet revenue by type (retail and wholesale) –2013 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) –2011 – 2017
        • Table Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) –2011 - 2017
      • Forecasts – fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table UPC Romania broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2018
      • Table UPC Romania revenue – 2014 - 2017
      • Table Vodafone Romania fixed broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2018
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Orange Romania broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2018
      • Table DSL broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2017
      • Table Telecom Romania broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2018
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Fibre broadband subscribers by type – 2011 - 2017
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Local Area Networks (LANs)
      • Fixed wireless
        • Table Wi-Fi hotspot locations – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Fixed wireless broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2017
      • Videostreaming
        • Table IPTV subscribers – 2008 – 2017
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Infrastructure
    • E-HEALTH
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 1997 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 2010 – 2019
        • Table Mobile market revenue – 2013 - 2016
        • Table Historic - Mobile market investment – 2005 - 2012
        • Table Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 - 2017
        • Table Prepaid cards in service – 2009 - 2017
        • Table Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers – 2008 – 2018
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • 5G developments
      • 4G (LTE)
      • 3G
        • Table Overview of provider services by technology – 2018
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MOBILE VOICE
      • Table Mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 - 2017
    • MOBILE DATA
      • SMS and MMS
        • Table Total MMS messages sent – 2008 - 2018
        • Table Total SMS messages sent – 2005 - 2018
        • Table SMS messages sent per subscriber – 2004 - 2017
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2012 - 2017
      • Table Proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 - 2017
      • Table Mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 - 2017
      • Table Mobile broadband traffic – 2011 - 2017
      • Table Mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results – 2012
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results – spectrum allocation – 2012
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual mobile number portings – 2008 - 2017
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
        • Table International roaming traffic – 2012 - 2017
      • Network sharing
      • Major mobile operators
        • Table Vodafone Romania voice traffic– 2008 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Romania subscribers– 2008 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone Romania mobile data traffic– 2016 - 2018
        • Table Vodafone Romania ARPU – 2008 - 2018
        • Table Historic - Vodafone Romania revenue – 2009 - 2015
        • Table Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue – 2014 - 2018
        • Table Orange Romania subscribers – 2007 - 2018
        • Table Orange Romania blended ARPU – 2008 - 2017
        • Table Orange Romania revenue – 2011 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Romania mobile financial data – 2006 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Romania mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Romania mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
        • Table Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU – 2006 - 2018
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS

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