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Romania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Romanian State’s third attempt to offload stake in Telekom Romania delayedRomania’s fixed-line telecoms market continues to evolve under the impact eight of competition and technological change. The country’s implementation of EU Directives opened the telecoms market to new players and implemented a regulatory framework which has affected the market in a number of ways, not least on operator revenue. Alternative operators and the incumbent Telekom Romania alike have invested in network upgrades to accommodate the shift towards higher use of data services.

Broadband platforms include widely accessible cable TV, micro LANs, DSL, wireless and a fibre sector which has become one of the strongest in Europe in recent years. Increasing broadband take up is fostering the development of Romania’s internet society, encompassing e-commerce, e-government and e-health services. Digital TV is available via cable TV, satellite and digital terrestrial TV, with the satellite-based digital pay-TV operators instrumental in driving digital TV uptake. DTTV developments are progressing following the approval of a DTTV migration strategy.

Romania’s mobile communications market is served by a number of network operators utilising a mixture of GSM, 3G and 4G technologies. Penetration rates are high as a result of multiple SIM-card ownership. Mobile broadband has become widely available following the early launch of 3G networks, and subsequently the launch of services based on LTE networks. In recent years investment in networks has meant that 3G is available widely, while LTE has a growing footprint and is expected to be available nationally by early 2016. Market competition has also rendered services increasingly affordable for consumers.

This report provides an insight into Romania’s developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, the major players and fixed-line infrastructure. It also provides an overview of the growing mobile market, covering market developments, spectrum auctions and regulatory measures, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. In addition the report provides insights into Romania’s growing broadband and broadcasting markets, covering the technologies and operators.

Key developments:

Government signs off on new NGN strategy;
RomTelecom rebranded as Telekom Romania;
Government makes third attempt to sell its 46% stake in Telekom Romania;
Weakened currency contributing to decline in telecom market revenue;
Third round of licenses for DTT broadcasting initiated;
UPC Romania launches free shared WiFi network for subscribers;
Telekom Romania and RCS & RDS launch 1Gb/s FttP services;
UPC extends 200Mb/s service across its network;
Government secures €84 million EU funding to extend broadband to unconnected areas;
Digi Mobil launches LTE services in 12 cities;
Operators bid for spectrum in the 3.4GHz band, to be made available in early 2016;
Lycamobile launches services as an MVNO;
Telekom Romania Mobile launches commercial LTE service;

Report update includes the regulator’s market data for 2014, telco’s operating and financial data to Q2 2015, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Telekom Romania, RCS & RDS, UPC Romania, GTS Telecom, SN Radiocomunicatii, DigiTV, Boom TV, Dolce, Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Digi Mobil, Telemobil.


1. Key statistics
1.1 Country overview
2. Telecommunications market
2.1 Historical overview
3. Regulatory environment
3.1 Historic overview
3.1.1 EU regulatory framework
3.1.2 Revised NFR
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
3.4 Privatisation
3.5 Access
3.6 Interconnect
3.7 Carrier Selection and Carrier PreSelection
3.8 Number Portability (NP)
4. Fixed network operators
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Telekom Romania Communications (RomTelecom)
4.3 Alternative operators
4.3.1 RCS & RDS
4.3.2 UPC
4.3.3 GTS Telecom
4.3.4 SN Radiocomunicatii (Radiocom)
5. Telecommunications infrastructure
5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
5.1.1 Telekom Romania
5.1.2 Alternative operators
5.2 International infrastructure
6. Broadband market
6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
6.1.1 Market analysis
6.1.2 Romania's emerging internet society
6.1.3 Government programs
6.1.4 Broadband statistics
6.1.5 Forecasts broadband subscribers 2015; 2017; 2020
6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
6.5 Other fixed broadband services
6.5.1 Local Area Networks (LANs)
6.5.2 Fixed wireless
7. Digital media
7.1 Overview of digital media
7.2 Business models bundled services
7.3 Digital TV
7.3.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
7.3.2 Broadband TV (IPTV)
7.3.3 Cable TV (CATV)
7.3.4 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
8. Digital economy
8.1 E-government
8.1.1 Infrastructure
8.2 E-health
9. Mobile communications
9.1 Market analysis
9.2 Mobile statistics
9.2.1 General statistics
9.2.2 Mobile voice
9.2.3 Mobile broadband/data
9.3 Regulatory issues
9.3.1 Licensing
9.3.2 Spectrum
9.3.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
9.3.4 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
9.3.5 Roaming
9.3.6 Network sharing
9.4 Mobile infrastructure
9.4.1 Analogue networks
9.4.2 Digital networks
9.4.3 Other infrastructure developments
9.4.4 Major mobile operators
9.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
9.5 Mobile content and applications
List of Tables and Exhibits
Table 1 Country statistics 2015 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2015 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2015 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2015 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2015 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Telecom market revenue (RON) 2006 - 2011
Table 8 Mobile market revenue (US$) 2007 - 2014
Table 9 Telecom market investment (RON) 2005 - 2009
Table 10 Telecom market investment (US$) 2009 - 2014
Table 11 Revenue change (from base price) for telecom services 2006 - 2010
Table 12 Fixed-line traffic 2006 - 2014
Table 13 Wholesale lines available, by type 2008 - 2010
Table 14 Network interconnection rates 2006 - 2009
Table 15 CS and CPS providers, fixed network 2008 - 2013
Table 16 CS and CPS lines 2008 - 2014
Table 17 Annual fixed number portings 2008 - 2014
Table 18 Fixed number portings as share of total lines 2008 - 2014
Table 19 Fixed-line market share by subscribers 2008 - 2014
Table 20 Fixed-lines, by operator 2008 - 2014
Table 21 Alternative operator fixed-line subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 22 Telekom Romania fixed-line revenue 2005 - 2015
Table 23 Telekom Romania fixed-line telephony subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 24 Telekom Romania broadband and TV subscribers 2011 - 2015
Table 25 Alternative operator fixed lines 2012 - 2014
Table 26 Alternative operator fixed-line subscribers 2012 - 2014
Table 27 Historical Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) 2000 - 2004
Table 28 Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) 2005 - 2015
Table 29 Total international Internet bandwidth 2000 - 2014
Table 30 Fixed broadband penetration, urban and rural 2011 - 2015
Table 31 Fixed broadband penetration of households, urban and rural 2011 - 2015
Table 32 Fixed broadband traffic 2012 - 2015
Table 33 Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration 1999 - 2004
Table 34 Internet users, subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2015
Table 35 Fixed broadband providers by access type 2008 - 2014
Table 36 Fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2014
Table 37 Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2014
Table 38 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 - 2015
Table 39 Internet access revenue 2008 - 2013
Table 40 Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed 2011 - 2014
Table 41 Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed 2011 - 2014
Table 42 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers higher growth scenario 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 43 Forecast fixed broadband subscribers lower growth scenario 2015; 2017; 2020
Table 44 UPC Romania broadband subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 45 Cable broadband subscribers by access type 2008 - 2014
Table 46 Telecom Romania broadband subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 47 Fibre broadband subscribers by type 2011 - 2014
Table 48 WiFi hotspot locations 2008 - 2014
Table 49 Revenue from audiovisual services 2008 - 2013
Table 50 Bundled service subscribers by type 2013 - 2014
Table 51 Digital TV subscribers by platform 2009 2013
Table 52 IPTV subscribers 2008 2014
Table 53 Cable TV providers 2011 - 2014
Table 54 CATV subscribers, analogue and digital 2008 2014
Table 55 UPC Romania homes passed 2006 - 2015
Table 56 UPC Romania subscribers by service type 2006 - 2015
Table 57 Satellite TV subscribers 2008 2014
Table 58 Telecom Romania (Dolce) TV subscribers 2007 2015
Table 59 Overview of spectrum allocations
Table 60 Historic Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 1997 - 2004
Table 61 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2005 2016
Table 62 Mobile market revenue 2008 - 2011
Table 63 Mobile market investment 2005 - 2012
Table 64 Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers 2000 - 2014
Table 65 Prepaid cards in service 2009 - 2014
Table 66 Vodafone prepaid subscribers 2005 - 2015
Table 67 Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers 2008 2015
Table 68 Mobile traffic 2009 - 2015
Table 69 Active mobile internet and broadband connections 2008 - 2015
Table 70 Active mobile internet and broadband connections by technology 2012 - 2014
Table 71 Mobile broadband traffic 2011 - 2014
Table 72 Mobile broadband penetration by connection type 2010 2014
Table 73 Total MMS messages sent 2008 - 2016
Table 74 Total SMS messages sent 2005 - 2016
Table 75 SMS messages sent per subscriber 2010 - 2014
Table 76 Multi-spectrum auction results 2012
Table 77 Multi-spectrum auction results spectrum allocation 2012
Table 78 Mobile number portings 2008 - 2014
Table 79 MTRs 2008 - 2014
Table 80 European roaming charges 2007 - 2014
Table 81 Roaming traffic 2012 - 2014
Table 82 Overview of provider services by technology 2015
Table 83 Vodafone subscribers and voice minutes 2008 - 2015
Table 84 Vodafone ARPU 2008 - 2015
Table 85 Vodafone Romania revenue 2009 - 2015
Table 86 Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue 2014 - 2016
Table 87 Orange Romania subscribers 2007 - 2015
Table 88 Orange Romania annualised ARPU 2008 - 2015
Table 89 Telekom Romania Mobile financial data 2006 - 2015
Table 90 Telekom Romania Mobile subscribers 2006 - 2015
Table 91 Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU 2006 - 2015
Table 92 Zapp subscribers 2009 - 2010
Chart 1 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2015
Chart 2 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate 2002 2015
Chart 3 Cable broadband subscribers by access type 2008 2014
Chart 4 UPC subscribers by service type 2006 2015
Chart 5 Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate 2005 2016
Chart 6 Vodafone subscribers and voice minutes 2008 2015
Chart 7 Vodafone ARPU 2008 2015
Chart 8 Vodafone revenue 2009 2015
Exhibit 1 The EU regulatory framework for communications
Exhibit 2 Access, the local loop and unbundling an overview
Exhibit 3 Overview of digital media

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