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Romania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Romania - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Romania’s average fixed-line broadband speed broaches 100Mb/s
Romania’s fixed-line telecoms market is evolving under the weight of competition and technological change. The implementation of EU Directives opened the telecoms market to competition and brought about a regulatory framework designed to foster effective competition. Alternative operators now off a range of competing services in all market segments, and in mid-2016 had a majority share of fixed-lines in service.
The broadband market benefits from effective infrastructure-based competition. A focus on fibre-based services has seen the country’s fibre sector become one of the strongest in Europe. By mid-2016 about 94% of all fixed broadband lines were on some sort of fibre-based infrastructure. As a result, the country has one of the highest FttP penetration rates in the region, and by November 2016 the average broadband download speed broached 100Mb/s.
Increasing broadband take up has also fostered the development of Romania’s internet society, encompassing e-commerce, e-government and e-health. Digital TV is available via cable TV, satellite and digital terrestrial TV, with the satellite-based digital pay-TV operators instrumental in driving digital TV uptake. DTTV developments are progressing following the approval of a DTTV migration strategy.
Romania’s mobile market is served by five mobile network operators utilising a mixture of GSM, 3G and 4G technologies. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services. Technologies adopted by the network operators have pushed mobile broadband to data rates at up to 375Mb/s, while the average mobile data rate reached 28Mb/s as of September 2016. There is effective competition among the operators, while a growing number of MVNOs add to the mix: one of the largest broadband players, UPC Romania, planned to launch as an MVNO in 2018. MNOs have also expanded into the fixed-line market: through a network sharing deal with Telekom Romania, Orange Romania provides bundled services to its subscribers. In late 2016 the company launched FttP services offering data at up to 1Gb/s.
This report analyses Romania’s developing telecommunications market, covering regulatory developments, the major players and fixed-line infrastructure. The report also covers the broadband and digital media markets, covering the technologies, the major players and market developments. In addition, the report reviews the fast moving mobile market, covering market developments, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. It also provides an update on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments.

Key developments:

Telecom regulator removes wholesale internet access obligations;
Legislation passed to facilitate access to telco infrastructure and public spaces;
Government proposes 1% teleco tax on pay TV and broadband services;
Average broadband download speed broaches 100Mb/s;
Orange Romania offering 1Gb/s FttP services;
UPC Romania launches free shared Wi-Fi network for subscribers;
Telekom Romania launches 1Gb/s FttP service in 13 cities;
Vodafone Romania partners with Netflix to provide content through its mobile videostreaming service;
RCS&RDS launches 1Gb/s offer;
Digi Mobil launches LTE services in the 2100MHz band;
Operators secure spectrum in the 3.4GHz band;
MNOs fined for failing on coverage obligations;
Orange Romania invests €500 million in its Romanian networks;
Telekom Romania Mobile extends LTE service;
UPC Romania planning launch as an MVNO in 2018;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to June 2016, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q3 2016, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

RCS&RDS, UPC Romania, GTS Telecom, Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), SN Radiocomunicatii, DigiTV, Boom TV, Dolce, Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Digi Mobil, Telemobil.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom market revenue - 2013 - 2015
      • Table Telecom market investment - 2005 - 2014
      • Table Telecom market investment (US$) - 2006 - 2014
      • Table Fixed-line traffic - 2006 - 2016
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • HISTORIC OVERVIEW
      • EU regulatory framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
    • PRIVATISATION
    • ACCESS
    • INTERCONNECT
    • CARRIER SELECTION AND CARRIER PRESELECTION
      • Table CS and CPS providers, fixed network - 2008 - 2016
      • Table CS and CPS lines - 2008 - 2016
    • NUMBER PORTABILITY (NP)
      • Table Annual fixed number portings - 2008 - 2016
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • INTRODUCTION
      • Table Fixed-line market share by subscribers - 2008 - 2016
      • Table Fixed-lines, by operator - 2008 - 2016
    • TELEKOM ROMANIA COMMUNICATIONS (ROMTELECOM)
      • Table Telekom Romania fixed-line revenue - 2005 - 2016
      • Table Telekom Romania fixed-line telephony subscribers - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Telekom Romania broadband and TV subscribers - 2011 - 2016
    • ALTERNATIVE OPERATORS
      • Table Alternative operator fixed lines- 2012 - 2016
      • Table Alternative operator fixed-line subscribers - 2012 - 2016
      • RCS&RDS
      • UPC Romania
      • GTS Telecom
      • SN Radiocomunicatii (Radiocom)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historical - Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) - 2000 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) - 2010 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-line subscribers - 2014 - 2017
      • Telekom Romania
      • Alternative operators
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table International internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2015
    • WHOLESALE
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Government programs
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Fixed broadband penetration, urban and rural - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband penetration of households, urban and rural - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband market share by technology - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband traffic - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration - 1999 - 2009
        • Table Internet users, subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband providers by access type - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2002 - 2017
        • Table Internet retail revenue by type- 2013 - 2015
        • Table Internet revenue by type (retail and wholesale) - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed (Mb/s) - 2013 - 2016
        • Table Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed - 2011 - 2016
      • Forecasts - fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2016; 2018; 2021
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2016; 2018; 2021
    • HYBRID FIBRE COAX (HFC) NETWORKS
      • Table UPC Romania broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2016
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers by access type - 2008 - 2016
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Table Telecom Romania broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2016
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
      • Table Fibre broadband subscribers by type - 2011 - 2016
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Local Area Networks (LANs)
      • Fixed wireless
        • Table Wi-Fi hotspot locations - 2008 - 2016
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • OVERVIEW OF DIGITAL MEDIA
      • Table Revenue from audiovisual services - 2008 - 2016
    • BUSINESS MODELS - BUNDLED SERVICES
      • Table Bundled service subscribers by type - 2013 - 2016
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Table Digital TV subscribers by platform - 2009 - 2016
      • Table Digital TV penetration by platform - 2013 - 2016
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • Videostreaming
        • Table IPTV subscribers - 2008 - 2016
      • Cable TV (CATV)
        • Table Cable TV providers - 2011 - 2016
        • Table CATV subscribers, analogue and digital - 2008 - 2014
        • Table UPC Romania - homes passed - 2006 - 2016
        • Table UPC Romania - subscribers by service type - 2006 - 2016
      • Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
        • Table Satellite TV subscribers - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Telecom Romania (Dolce) TV subscribers - 2007 - 2016
    • COMMUNICATIONS: VOIP
      • Table VoIP connections - 2013 - 2016
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-GOVERNMENT
      • Infrastructure
    • E-HEALTH
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate - 1997 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Mobile market revenue - 2013 - 2015
        • Table Mobile market investment - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2016
        • Table Prepaid cards in service - 2009 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone prepaid subscribers - 2005 - 2015
        • Table Telekom Romania prepaid subscribers - 2008 - 2016
      • Mobile voice
        • Table Mobile network (terminated) traffic - 2009 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Active mobile internet and broadband connections - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Active mobile internet and broadband connections by technology - 2012 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband traffic - 2011 - 2016
        • Table Mobile broadband penetration by connection type - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Total MMS messages sent - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Total SMS messages sent - 2005 - 2016
        • Table SMS messages sent per subscriber - 2010 - 2016
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Licensing
      • Spectrum
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results - 2012
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results - spectrum allocation - 2012
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2008 - 2016
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
        • Table MTRs - 2008 - 2014
      • Roaming
        • Table European roaming charges - 2007 - 2016
        • Table European data roaming charges - 2014 - 2017
        • Table International roaming traffic - 2012 - 2016
      • Network sharing
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table Overview of provider services by technology - 2016
      • Other infrastructure developments
      • Major mobile operators
        • Table Vodafone Romania subscribers- 2008 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Romania voice traffic- 2008 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Romania ARPU - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Vodafone Romania revenue - 2009 - 2015
        • Table Vodafone Romania mobile service revenue - 2014 - 2017
        • Table Orange Romania subscribers - 2007 - 2016
        • Table Orange Romania blended ARPU - 2008 - 2016
        • Table Orange Romania revenue - 2014 - 2016
        • Table Telekom Romania Mobile financial data - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Telekom Romania Mobile subscribers - 2006 - 2016
        • Table Telekom Romania Mobile Romania ARPU - 2006 - 2016
      • Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • Mobile Virtual Network Aggregators (MVNAs)
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS

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