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Romania - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

LTE launches in 2013 herald renewed emphasis on mobile broadband solutions

BuddeComm’s annual publication, Romania - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media sectors of one of Eastern Europe’s most progressive and fast-moving markets. The report includes the regulator’s H1 2012 market data, telcos’ operating and financial data to Q4 2012 and market developments to May 2013.

Economic background

Romania’s economy has been one of the hardest hit among Eastern European countries. Unpopular austerity measures have led to social disruption, and social and political tension led to a new government being elected in late 2012. Lower exports to EU markets have resulted in less tax revenue and the closure of local businesses. Although GDP grew 2.5% in 2011 it sunk to 0.9% in 2012. The IMF anticipates that GDP would grow by 2.5% in 2013, increasing to 3% to 3.5% annually to 2017.

Telecom market overview

Telecom market revenue has contracted year-on-year since 2009, partly due to the 30% regulated cut in MTRs, growing competition and falling prices for services. Five operators – Orange, Vodafone, RomTelecom, Cosmote and RCS&RDS – between them account for 90% of revenue. Moderate growth is expected from the mobile telephony and internet sectors in 2013, though this will barely offset the continuing decline in fixed telephone revenue. The fixed-line market will continue to see a shift among consumers to mobile services, resulting in a declining share of overall sector revenue.

Broadband market

Investment in FttH networks has stepped up since 2010 when operators retreated through uncertain economic conditions. This meant that attention was focussed on cheaper FttC deployments. Fibre is the fastest growing fixed broadband sector, and by mid-2013 there were about 3.3 million connections.

Key telecom parameters – 2010; 2013
Sector | 2010 | 2013 (e)

Subscribers by sector (million):

Fixed broadband subscribers | 3.0 | 3.8
Mobile broadband | 3.0 | 8.4
Mobile phone | 24.36 | 22.1
Fixed-line telephony | 4.50 | 4.58

Penetration by sector:

Fixed broadband | 13.7% | 18.9%
Mobile | 127% | 118%
Fixed-line | 52% | 53%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Market Highlights

Cosmote launch commercial LTE services in May 2013, providing data at up to 75Mb/s. The network complements the DC-HSPA+ network which provides over 50% population coverage.

RomTelecom reported a continuing drop in revenue in 2012, mainly due to a significant fall in the number of lines. As of a result of financial pressure, the company is significantly reducing its workforce in a bid to improve operations and increase efficiency. The company also appointed a new CEO to manage its turnaround.

In early 2013 RomTelecom adopted a new brand identity, with the company’s spin-off brands Clicknet and Dolce (for internet and TV services) were united under the Dolce brand.

In late 2012 legislation was passed aimed at setting up transparent and non-discriminatory procedures enabling telcos to access ducts on public property. It also regulates access to telecom infrastructure, including shared usage of networks.

This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Romania.

It provides further information on:

Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
ARPU statistics and forecasts.

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Telephone network statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Internet subscriber statistics - 2012
    • Table Broadband statistics - 2012 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2012
    • Table National telecommunications authority
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • ECONOMIC BACKGROUND
    • OVERVIEW OF ROMANIA'S TELECOM MARKET
      • Table Telecom market revenue (RON) - 2006 - 2013
      • Table Telecom market revenue (€) - 2010 - 2013
      • Table Telecom market investment (RON) - 2005 - 2013
      • Table Revenue change (from base price) for telecom services - 2006 - 2010
      • Table Revenue by telecom sector - 2011 - 2012
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • OVERVIEW
      • EU regulatory framework
      • Revised NFR
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
      • National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications (ANCOM)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION IN ROMANIA
      • Privatisation
      • Access
        • Table Cost of local loop unbundling and shared access - 2006 - 2009
        • Table Wholesale lines available, by type - 2008 - 2010
      • Interconnect
        • Table Network interconnection rates - 2006 - 2009
      • Carrier selection and carrier PreSelection
        • Table CS and CPS providers, fixed network - 2008 - 2012
        • Table CS and CPS lines - 2008 - 2012
      • Number portability
        • Table Annual fixed number portings - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Fixed number portings as share of total lines- 2008 - 2012
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • OVERVIEW OF OPERATORS
      • Table Fixed-line market share by traffic - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-line market share by subscribers - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Fixed-lines, by operator - 2008 - 2012
    • ROMTELECOM
      • Table RomTelecom revenue - 2005 - 2012
      • Table RomTelecom fixed-line telephony subscribers - 2006 - 2012
      • Table RomTelecom broadband and TV subscribers - 2011 - 2012
    • ALTERNATIVE OPERATORS
      • RCS&RDS
      • UPC
      • GTS Telecom
      • SN Radiocomunicatii (Radiocom)
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historical - Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) - 2000 - 2004
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity (by population) - 2005 - 2013
      • RomTelecom
      • Alternative operators
        • Table Fixed lines in service by altnets - 2010 - 2012
    • INTERNATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Table Total international Internet bandwidth - 2000 - 2012
  • INTERNET MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
    • ROMANIA'S EMERGING INTERNET SOCIETY
      • E-government
      • E-health
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • OVERVIEW
      • Table Internet users, subscribers and penetration - 1999 - 2013
    • GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS
    • FIXED BROADBAND STATISTICS
      • Table Fixed broadband providers by access type - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by access type - 2008 - 2012
      • Table Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate - 2002 - 2013
      • Table Internet access revenue - 2008 - 2013
      • Table Fixed broadband subscribers by data speed - 2011 - 2012
      • Table Proportion of fixed broadband subscribers by data speed - 2011 - 2012
    • CABLE MODEMS
      • Table UPC Romania broadband subscribers - 2006 - 2012
      • Table Cable broadband subscribers by access type - 2008 - 2012
    • ASYMMETRIC DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (ADSL)
      • Table RomTelecom broadband subscribers - 2005 - 2012
    • LOCAL AREA NETWORKS (LANS)
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME (FTTH) NETWORKS
      • Table Fibre broadband subscribers by type - 2011 - 2012
    • WIRELESS BROADBAND
      • WiFi
        • Table WiFi hotspot locations - 2008 - 2013
      • WiMAX
    • MOBILE BROADBAND
      • Table Mobile broadband connections - 2008 - 2013
      • Table Mobile broadband penetration by connection type - 2010 - 2012
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • OVERVIEW OF DIGITAL MEDIA
      • Table Revenue from audiovisual services - 2011
    • BUSINESS MODELS - BUNDLED SERVICES
      • Table Bundled service subscribers by type - 2011 - 2012
    • DIGITAL TV
      • Table Digital TV subscribers by platform - 2009 - 2012
      • Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • Broadband TV (IPTV)
        • Table IPTV subscribers - 2008 - 2013
      • Cable TV (CATV)
        • Table CATV subscribers, analogue and digital - 2008 - 2013
        • Table UPC Romania - homes passed - 2006 - 2012
        • Table UPC Romania - subscribers by service type - 2006 - 2012
      • Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
        • Table Satellite TV subscribers - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Dolce subscribers - 2007 - 2012
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • OVERVIEW OF ROMANIA'S MOBILE MARKET
      • Table Overview of spectrum allocations - 2013
      • Table Overview of technologies by MNO - 2013
      • Mobile statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate - 1997 - 2004
        • Table Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate - 2005 - 2013
        • Table Mobile traffic - 2009 - 2013
        • Table Mobile market revenue - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Overview of mobile services by operator - 2013
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • Third Generation (3G) licences
      • 450MHz licence awarded
      • 900MHz band
      • Multi-band spectrum auction 2012
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results - 2012
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results - spectrum allocation - 2012
      • 2.5GHz band
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Mobile number portings - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Mobile number portings as share of total lines- 2008 - 2012
      • Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • Roaming
    • MOBILE TECHNOLOGIES
      • Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Vodafone
        • Table Vodafone subscribers and voice minutes - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone ARPU - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Vodafone revenue - 2009 - 2012
      • Orange
        • Table Orange subscribers - 2007 - 2012
        • Table Orange annualised ARPU, data ARPU as proportion to total - 2008 - 2012
        • Table Orange mobile revenue - 2008 - 2012
      • Cosmote Romania/Cosmorom
        • Table Cosmote Romania financial data - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Cosmote Romania subscribers - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Cosmote Romania ARPU - 2006 - 2012
        • Table Zapp subscribers - 2009 - 2010
      • DigiMobil
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
    • MOBILE VOICE SERVICES
      • Prepaid services
        • Table Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers - 2000 - 2013
        • Table Prepaid cards in service - 2009 - 2013
        • Table Vodafone prepaid subscribers - 2005 - 2012
        • Table Cosmote Romania prepaid subscribers - 2008 - 2012
    • MOBILE DATA SERVICES
      • Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
        • Table Total MMS messages sent - 2008 - 2013
        • Table Total SMS messages sent - 2005 - 2013
        • Table SMS messages sent per subscriber - 2010 - 2012
      • General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • Evolved High Speed Packet Access (HSPA+)
      • Long-term Evolution (LTE)
      • Broadband wireless data service (1x EV-DO)
      • Mobile TV
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Orange World
      • M-ticketing
  • FORECASTS
    • FIXED BROADBAND FORECASTS - 2010 - 2013; 2020
      • stronger broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - higher growth scenario - 2010 - 2013; 2020
      • slower broadband subscriber growth
        • Table Forecast fixed broadband subscribers - lower growth scenario - 2010 - 2013; 2020

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