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Romania - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Romania - Mobile Infrastructure, Broadband, Operators - Statistics and Analyses

Romania's mobile market is served by four network operators, three of which are the local subsidiaries of the major regional players Vodafone Group, Orange Group and Deutsche Telekom. Penetration rates are average for the region, though this is partly attributed to customers opting to have multiple SIM cards. Mobile broadband growth has been strong following network investments which have extended the reach of LTE services. Growth is expected to continue solidly during the next few years following the launch of commercial 5G services in late 2019. These services will be supported by the release of additional spectrum in 2020.

One of the largest broadband players, UPC Romania, was acquired by Vodafone Group in July 2019 in a development which will greatly expand the convergence ambitions of Vodafone Romania. Other MNOs which have expanded into the fixed-line market include Orange Romania through a network sharing deal with Telekom Romania. In September 2019 Orange Romania began building its own fibre infrastructure.

This report provides a concise overview of Romania's growing mobile market, covering market developments, as well as profiling the major operators and offering a variety of financial and performance statistics. It also provides an update on spectrum auctions and regulatory developments.

Key developments:

Digi Mobil and Vodafone Romania launch 5G services;
Cost of 5G licences reduced;
Government scraps SIM card registration scheme over privacy concerns;
Vodafone Romania trials NB-IoT, completes acquisition of UPC Romania;
Orange Romania invests 500 million in its networks;
Lycamobile launches services as an MVNO;
Regulators 4G frequency auction brings in 682 million;
Report update includes the regulators market data to December 2018, State Statistics data for 2018, telcos operating and financial data to Q3 2019, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Romania, Orange Romania, Telekom Romania (Cosmote Romania), Digi Mobil, Telemobil


  • Synopsis
  • Market analysis
  • Mobile statistics
    • GENERAL STATISTICS
      • Table Increase in the number of active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2009 – 2024
      • Table Development of mobile market revenue – 2013 – 2018
      • Table Average monthly mobile revenue by subscriber and household (fixed and mobile) – 2016 – 2018
      • Table Decline in the proportion of prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2009 – 2018
      • Table Decline in the number of prepaid cards in service – 2009 – 2018
      • Table Decline in the number of Vodafone Romania's prepaid subscribers – 2005 – 2019
      • Table Decline in the number of Telekom Vodafone Romania's prepaid subscribers – 2009 – 2019
  • Mobile infrastructure
    • ANALOGUE NETWORKS
    • 5G
    • 4G (LTE)
    • 3G
      • Table Overview of provider services by technology – 2019
    • OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTS
      • NB-IoT
  • Mobile voice
    • Table Increase in mobile network (terminated) traffic – 2009 – 2018
  • Mobile data
    • SMS AND MMS
      • Table Change in the volume of MMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
      • Table Change in the volume of SMS messages sent – 2008 – 2018
      • Table SMS messages sent per subscriber – 2004 – 2017
  • Mobile broadband
    • Table Increase in the number of active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009 – 2024
    • Table Mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2012 – 2018
    • Table Change in the proportion of mobile internet and broadband connections by technology – 2015 – 2018
    • Table Change in the number of mobile internet connections via cards/USB – 2008 – 2018
    • Table Mobile broadband traffic – 2011 – 2018
    • Table Change in mobile broadband penetration by connection type – 2010 – 2017
  • Regulatory issues
    • LICENSING
      • UMTS (3G) licences
      • 410MHz
      • 900MHz
      • Multi-band auction – 2012
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results – 2012
        • Table Multi-spectrum auction results – spectrum allocation – 2012
      • Multi-band auction – 2019
      • 3400MHz-3800MHz
    • MOBILE NUMBER PORTABILITY (MNP)
      • Table Increase in the number of annual mobile number portings – 2008 – 2019
    • MOBILE TERMINATION RATES (MTRS)
    • ROAMING
      • Table Increase in international voice roaming traffic – 2012 – 2018
    • NETWORK SHARING
    • SIM CARD REGISTRATION
    • MAJOR MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Vodafone Romania
        • Table Development of Vodafone Romania's mobile subscriber base– 2008 – 2019
        • Table Increase in Vodafone Romania's mobile data traffic – 2016 – 2019
        • Table Drop in Vodafone Romania's mobile ARPU – 2008 – 2019
        • Table Development of Vodafone Romania's mobile service revenue – 2014 – 2020
      • Orange Romania
        • Table Decline in Orange Romania's mobile subscriber base – 2007 – 2019
        • Table Growth in Orange Romania's revenue – 2011 – 2019
      • Telekom Romania Mobile (formerly Cosmote Romania)
        • Table Change in Telekom Romania's mobile financial data – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Change in Telekom Romania's mobile financial data by quarter – 2015 – 2019
        • Table Decline in Telekom Romania's mobile subscriber base – 2006 – 2019
        • Table Telekom Romania's mobile ARPU – 2006 – 2019
      • Digi Mobil
        • Table Development of Digi's subscribers by type – 2016 – 2019
        • Table Growth in Digi's revenue, by type – 2016 – 2019
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK OPERATORS (MVNOS)
    • MOBILE VIRTUAL NETWORK AGGREGATORS (MVNAS)
  • Mobile content and applications
    • M-ticketing
      • M-banking
  • Appendix – Historic data
    • Table Historic – Mobile subscribers (active SIM) and penetration rate – 1997 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2009
    • Table Historic - Mobile market investment – 2005 – 2012
    • Table Historic - Ratio of active prepaid to active postpaid subscribers – 2000 – 2009
  • Related reports

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