Peru's fixed-line teledensity is the third lowest in South America after Bolivia and Paraguay. Obstacles to fixed-line growth include widespread poverty, fixed-to-mobile substitution, expensive telephone services, and geographical inaccessibility in the rugged Andean mountains and lowland Amazon jungles. The Telecommunications Investment Fund FITEL provides subsidies for telecom services in rural areas and other places that are marginal to private providers.
Trading as Movistar, Telefónica del Perú (TdP) dominates the basic telephone market. América Móvil's Claro occupies a distant second place, and Americatel is third with only about 1% of the market. The remaining companies have insignificant market shares, every one below 0.3%.
Movistar's fixed-line subscriber base has been shrinking, while Claro has been posting double-digit growth rates. The Telefónica group approved the merger by absorption of TdP's three subsidiaries TEM Perú, Telefónica Multimedia, and Star Global Com into TdP, but regulatory approval is still pending.
This report provides an overview of Peru's telecom infrastructure, together with profiles of major fixed-line operators, accompanied by relevant statistics, analyses, and fixed-line scenario forecasts for the years 2015 and 2020.
With the erosion of its traditional telephony business, Movistar has been turning its focus towards broadband, pay TV, and data communications; Peru has a unified concession system whereby a single licence is granted for the provision of all telecom services.
Companies covered in this report include:
Telefónica del Perú (trading as Movistar), América Móvil Perú (trading as Claro), Americatel Perú, Gamacon, IDT, Convergia, Gilat To Home Perú, Rural Telecom, Valtron, and Nextel Perú.
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