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Norway - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts


Attention: There is an updated edition available for this report.

Norway’s MNOs prepare investment strategies for spectrum auctions

BuddeComm’s biannual publication, Norway - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in one of Eastern Europe’s more progressive countries. The report includes the regulator’s market data for 2011, smart grid updates; telcos’ operating and financial data to September 2012; market developments to October 2012.

Telecom market overview

Mobile services now make up more than half of telecom revenue and about two-thirds of voice traffic. Fixed-line traffic fell 12% in 2011 as increasingly communicate via mobile networks or different types of social media. Revenue for fixed telephony fell sharply in 2011, while broadband revenue growth has fallen steadily during the last few years in line with the slowdown in the growth of new broadband subscribers as the market penetration increases.

Mobile market

The mobile sector is attracting a significant portion of telecom investment as operators continue to upgrade networks for LTE. An imminent auction for spectrum in the 2GHz band will further extend the availability of LTE in rural areas and help the government fulfil its ‘Norway Digital’ programme for broadband. MNOs have focussed on mobile data services, which are set to develop swiftly in 2013 as LTE services become a dominant feature of the mobile landscape.

Key telecom parameters – 2010; 2012
Sector | 2010 | 2012 (e)
Subscribers to telecoms services (million):
Fixed broadband | 1.72 | 2.15
Fixed-line telephony | 1.65 | 1.40
Mobile phone | 5.36 | 5.54
Mobile broadband | 5.65 | 5.82
Market penetration by sector:
Fixed broadband | 36% | 41%
Fixed-telephony | 66% | 55%
Mobile (SIM) | 117% | 123%
(Source: BuddeComm)

Market Highlights

MNOs during 2013 will be able to take advantage of spectrum in the 2GHz band which has been set aside for mobile broadband based on LTE. This development will significantly enhance network capabilities and allow operators to extend their services to rural areas with lower capex.

Smart grid infrastructure is developing rapidly, with a view to replacing all electricity, gas and water meters with smart meters by early 2017.

The strong growth in VDSL connections during 2011 is set to continue into 2013, though VDSL still makes up a small proportion of the declining DSL subscriber base.

This report is essential reading for those needing high level strategic information and objective analysis on the telecom sector in Norway.

It provides further information on:

Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
The impact of the global economic crisis;
Telecoms operators – privatisation, acquisitions, new licences;
Mobile data market developments in coming years in light of spectrum auctions and new license awards;
3G developments, regulatory issues and technologies including HSPA and LTE;
Broadband migration to an FttH architecture;
Historical and current subscriber statistics and forecasts;
ARPU statistics and forecasts.
0Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.


1. Key Statistics
2. Telecommunications Market
2.1 Overview of Norway’s telecom market
3. Regulatory Environment
3.1 History
3.2 Regulatory authority
3.2.1 Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority (NPT)
3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Norway
3.3.1 Privatisation of Telenor
3.3.2 Interconnect
3.3.3 Access
3.3.4 Number portability (NP)
3.3.5 Carrier PreSelection (CPS)
4. Fixed Network Operators
4.1 Overview of operators
4.2 Telenor
4.3 TeliaSonera
4.4 Tele2
4.5 BaneTele
5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
5.1 National telecom network
5.2 IP migration
5.3 International infrastructure
5.3.1 Submarine cable networks
5.3.2 Satellite networks
5.4 Smart grids
5.5 Wholesaling
6. Broadband Market
6.1 Overview
6.1.1 Broadband statistics
6.1.2 Government support
6.2 Cable modems
6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
6.3.1 Overview
6.3.2 Telenor
6.3.3 NextGenTel
6.3.4 Other DSL developments
6.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
6.4.1 Overview
6.4.2 Utilities
6.4.3 Telenor
6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
6.6 Wireless broadband
6.6.1 Overview
6.6.2 Wireless broadband 2.3GHz band
6.6.3 Wireless LANs
6.6.4 WiFi
6.6.5 WiMAX
6.6.6 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
6.6.7 Mobile broadband
6.6.8 Internet via satellite
6.7 E-Health
7. Digital Media
7.1 Overview of digital media
7.1.1 Key general trends
7.1.2 Business models
7.1.3 Regulatory issues
7.1.4 VoIP
7.2 Digital TV
7.2.1 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
7.2.2 Broadband (IPTV)
7.2.3 Cable TV (CATV)
7.2.4 Satellite TV
7.2.5 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
8. Mobile Communications
8.1 Overview of Norway’s mobile market
8.1.1 Mobile statistics
8.1.2 Operator market shares
8.2 Regulatory issues
8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
8.2.2 Roaming
8.2.3 Number portability
8.2.4 Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
8.3 Mobile technologies
8.3.1 Analogue
8.3.2 Digital
8.3.3 Third Generation (3G) mobile
8.4 Major mobile operators
8.4.1 Telenor Mobil
8.4.2 NetCom
8.4.3 Mobile Norway
8.4.4 Teletopia
8.4.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
8.5 Mobile voice services
8.5.1 Prepaid
8.6 Mobile messaging
8.6.1 Short Message Service (SMS)
8.6.2 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
8.7 Mobile data services
8.7.1 Overview
8.7.2 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
8.7.3 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
8.7.4 Enhanced data for GSM evolution (EDGE)
8.7.5 Long-term Evolution (LTE)
8.7.6 Mobile TV
8.7.7 Femtocells
8.7.8 TETRA (TErrestrial Trunked RAdio)
8.7.9 Machine-to-Machine (M2M)
8.8 Mobile content and applications
8.8.1 Location-based services
8.8.2 M-commerce
9. Forecasts
9.1 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2012; 2020
9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
9.2 Forecasts - Mobile
9.2.1 Forecasts – mobile ARPU - 2009 - 2010; 2015
9.2.2 Forecasts – UMTS subscribers – 2009 - 2010; 2015
10. Glossary of Abbreviations
List of Tables, Charts and Exhibits
Table 1 – Country statistics – 2012 (e)
Table 2 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2012 (e)
Table 3 – Telephone network statistics – 2012 (e)
Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2012 (e)
Table 5 – Broadband statistics – 2012 (e)
Table 6 – Mobile statistics – 2012 (e)
Table 7 – National telecommunications authority
Table 8 – Total telecom revenue – 2004 - 2013
Table 9 – Fixed-line traffic in minutes – 2004 - 2013
Table 10 – Fixed-line turnover in residential / business sectors – 2004 - 2013
Table 11 – Revenue by sector – 2003 - 2012
Table 12 – Proportion of turnover by sector – 2005 - 2012
Table 13 – Number of telecom providers by sector – 2004 - 2011
Table 14 – Voice lines by type – 2006 - 2011
Table 15 – CPS and resale subscribers – 2007 - 2011
Table 16 – Operators’ share of fixed-line traffic – 20067- 2011
Table 17 – Share of fixed-telephony revenue by operator – 2002 - 2011
Table 18 – Telenor fixed-line financial data (Norway) – 2008 - 2012
Table 19 – Telenor Group financial data – 2007 - 2012
Table 20 – Telenor fixed subscribers – 2009 – 2012
Table 21 – TeliaSonera (Norway) revenue – 2006 - 2012
Table 22 – TeliaSonera subscriber statistics – 2005 - 2012
Table 23 –Tele2 subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2012
Table 24 – Tele2 financial data by sector – 2007 - 2012
Table 25 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
Table 26 – Fixed subscriptions – VoIP, cable – 2001 - 2012
Table 27 – Fixed lines – PSTN/ISDN – 2000 - 2011
Table 28 – Telenor wholesale lines – PSTN, DSL, LLU – 2004 - 2012
Table 29 – Broadband market revenue – 2003 - 2012
Table 30 – Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2012
Table 31 – Residential fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2012
Table 32 – Broadband market share by technology – 2006 - 2012
Table 33 – Broadband household penetration – 2000 - 2013
Table 34 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2012
Table 35 – Get financial data (historic) – 2008 - 2009
Table 36 – Cable subscribers – 1999 - 2013
Table 37 – ADSL subscribers – 2000 - 2012
Table 38 – Telenor retail broadband subscribers and local loops – 2005 - 2012
Table 39 – NextGenTel broadband revenue – 2007 - 2012
Table 40 – NextGenTel broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2012
Table 41 – NextGenTel broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2012
Table 42 – Fibre subscribers – 2005 - 2012
Table 43 – WLAN subscribers (historic) – 2000 - 2007
Table 44 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2012
Table 45 – Mobile broadband data traffic and revenue – 2006 - 2013
Table 46 – Nordisk Mobiltelefon mobile broadband subscribers – 2006 - 2008
Table 47 – Market share of mobile broadband subscribers by provider – 2010 - 2011
Table 48 – VoIP share of traffic by sector – 2006 - 2010
Table 49 – VoIP revenue and subscribers – 2006 - 2012
Table 50 – VoIP traffic and subscriber market share by operator – 2011
Table 51 – VoIP traffic and market share – 2005 - 2012
Table 52 – Telenor VoIP subscribers – 2005 - 2010
Table 53 – NextGenTel VoIP subscribers – 2007 - 2012
Table 54 – Broadband telephony subscribers – VoIP, cable – 2001 - 2012
Table 55 – Proportion of households with VoIP – 2003 - 2012
Table 56 – Share of pay TV subscribers by operator – 2008 - 2011
Table 57 – Broadcasting revenue – 2007 - 2013
Table 58 – Broadcasting revenue by sector – 2009 - 2011
Table 59 – Proportion of broadcasting revenue by sector – 2009 - 2011
Table 60 – Share of TV reception by type – 2007 - 2011
Table 61 – Pay TV subscribers by type – 2007 - 2011
Table 62 – IPTV subscribers – 2008 - 2013
Table 63 – IPTV market share of subscribers by main operators – 2010 - 2011
Table 64 – CATV subscribers – 2009 - 2013
Table 65 – Telenor cable subscribers (Norway) – 2007 - 2012
Table 66 – Cable TV market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2011
Table 67 – Satellite TV revenue – 2007 - 2013
Table 68 – Satellite TV subscribers – 2007 - 2013
Table 69 – Canal Digital satellite subscribers – 2006 - 2012
Table 70 – Canal Digital DTH financial data – 2009 - 2012
Table 71 – ViaSat DTH subscriber statistics (Nordics) – 2007 - 2012
Table 72 – ViaSat revenue (Nordics) – 2006 - 2012
Table 73 – DTTV revenue – 2007 - 2013
Table 74 – DTTV (pay) subscribers – 2009 - 2013
Table 75 – Mobile revenue – 2002 - 2013
Table 76 – Mobile revenue by service – 2008 - 2011
Table 77 – Mobile revenue per subscriber and per minute – 2001 - 2012
Table 78 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – Jun 2012
Table 79 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2013
Table 80 – Mobile traffic – 2004 - 2013
Table 81 – Mobile calls made – 2010 - 2013
Table 82 – Market share of subscribers by provider – 2009 - 2011
Table 83 – Revenue market share by provider – 2009 - 2011
Table 84 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2012
Table 85 – Average mobile number portings (historic) – 2005 - 2009
Table 86 – Nordisk Mobiltelefon financial data – 2006 - 2008
Table 87 – Nordisk Mobiltelefon subscribers (Norway) – 2006 - 2010
Table 88 – Telenor Mobil – subscribers, prepaid, SMS and market share – 2000 - 2012
Table 89 – Telenor Mobil financial data – 2005 - 2012
Table 90 – Telenor Mobil ARPU: blended, contract and prepaid – 2004 - 2012
Table 91 – NetCom subscribers – 2002 - 2012
Table 92 – NetCom ARPU: blended, contract and prepaid – 2002 - 2012
Table 93 – NetCom revenue – 2004 - 2012
Table 94 – Mobile Norway (Tele2) subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2012
Table 95 – Mobile Norway (Tele2) financial data by sector – 2007 - 2012
Table 96 – Prepaid share of mobile subscribers – 1999; 2005 - 2013
Table 97 – Prepaid and contract subscribers –2005 - 2011
Table 98 – Telenor Mobile (Norway) contract and prepaid subscribers – 2001 - 2012
Table 99 – Annual SMS sent – 1999 - 2013
Table 100 – Revenue per SMS sent – 2007 - 2011
Table 101 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2004 - 2013
Table 102 – Mobile broadband market share by subscribers – 2009 - 2011
Table 103 – Mobile data traffic – 2008 - 2012
Table 104 – Mobile data revenue – 2006 - 2013
Table 105 – M2M SIM cards in use – 2007 - 2013
Table 106 – Forecast broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
Table 107 – Forecast broadband penetration – higher market growth scenario – 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 108 – Forecast broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario – 2010 - 2012; 2020
Table 109 – Forecast broadband penetration – lower market growth scenario – 2007 - 2012; 2020
Table 110 – Forecast mobile ARPU – 2009 - 2010; 2015
Table 111 – Forecast UMTS subscriber growth – 2009 - 2010; 2015
Chart 1 – Revenue by sector – 2003 – 2012
Chart 2 – Proportion of turnover by sector – 2005 – 2012
Chart 3 – Telenor Group financial data – 2007 – 2012
Chart 4 – Telenor fixed subscribers – 2009 – 2012
Chart 5 – TeliaSonera (Norway) revenue – 2006 – 2012
Chart 6 – TeliaSonera subscriber statistics – 2005 – 2012
Chart 7 – Tele2 subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2012
Chart 8 – Mobile Norway (Tele2) financial data by sector – 2007 - 2012
Chart 9 – Telenor wholesale lines – PSTN, DSL, LLU – 2004 – 2012
Chart 10 – Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 – 2012
Chart 11 – Total fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 – 2012
Chart 12 – Broadband market share by technology – 2006 – 2012
Chart 13 - Telenor retail broadband subscribers and local loops – 2005 - 2012
Chart 14 – VoIP revenue and subscribers – 2006 – 2012
Chart 15 – VoIP traffic and market share – 2005 – 2012
Chart 16 – Broadcasting revenue share by sector– 2009 - 2011
Chart 17 – Share of TV reception by type – 2007 – 2011
Chart 18 – Pay TV subscribers by type – 2007 – 2011
Chart 19 – Canal Digital DTH financial data – 2009 – 2012
Chart 20 – ViaSat DTH subscriber statistics (Nordics) – 2007 – 2012
Chart 21 – ViaSat revenue (Nordics) – 2006 – 2012
Chart 22 – Mobile revenue by service – 2008 – 2011
Chart 23 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2013
Chart 24 – Telenor Mobil financial data – 2005 – 2012
Chart 25 – Telenor Mobil ARPU: blended, contract and prepaid – 2004 – 2012
Chart 26 – NetCom and ARPU: blended, contract and prepaid – 2002 – 2012
Chart 27 – Mobile Norway (Tele2) subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2012
Chart 28 – Mobile Norway (Tele2) financial data by sector – 2007 - 2012
Chart 29 – Prepaid and contract subscribers –2005 – 2011
Exhibit 1 – Overview of digital media
Exhibit 2 – 3G beauty contest licence results in Norway – 2000; 2003; 2007

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