Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent after South Africa. The economy has recovered from a recent recession, with DGP growth of 1.9% in 2018. This has helped the telecom sector to attract foreign investment, particularly from China, while government infrastructure programs are also stimulating investment.

The regulator has licensed a number of regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build the national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis. This is helping to boost the country's fixed-line broadband sector, which has seen considerable consolidation among players in recent years. The government has updated its broadband ambitions, aiming to increase penetration from 30% by 2020 to 70% by 2021 though most connections will be via mobile networks. The sector is still dominated by GSM technology, though a greater reliance on LTE infrastructure is expected in coming years, supported by improved terrestrial fibre networks to provide backhaul for data services.

Key developments:

Globacom commissions the Glo-2 cable system;
Government approves $328 million loan to complete national backbone project;
Regulator licences additional InfraCos;
Government pledges to deploy 18,000km of fibre to extend broadband to rural areas;
Two additional satellites proposed to provide additional capacity to NigComSat;
Swift Networks to add an additional 10,000 hotspots in Lagos, reaching two million people;
Digital broadcasting migration process begins in six states;
MTN and Airtel apply for Payment Service Bank licence;
Government commits to increasing mobile broadband penetration to 70% by 2021;
Disagreements emerge among new shareholders of 9Mobile;
Regulator calls for an additional 80,000 mobile base stations;
Report update includes the regulator's market data to December 2018, operator data to Q3 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (ntel, Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp, M-Tel), Globacom (Glo Mobile), VGC Communications (MTN Nigeria), Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Alheri Engineering, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One (Mainstreet Technologies), Brymedia, NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE, Linkserve, Pinet Informatics, Odu'a Telecom, Swift Networks, Startech Connection, Netcom Africa, MWEB Nigeria, Accelon (Internet Solutions), Polestar, Naija Wi-Fi, Suburban Telecom, Zinox, Starcomms, Layer3, Airtel Nigeria (formerly Zain, Celtel), 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala), Visafone, Starcomms (Capcom), Multi-Links, Reliance, Econet Wireless, Vodacom.


  • Executive Summary
  • Key statistics
    • Table Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – Nigeria – 2018 (e)
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • Telecommunications market
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom sector contribution to GDP – 2010 – 2018
  • Regulatory environment
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY (NTP)
    • NIGERIAN COMMUNICATIONS ACT
    • WEST AFRICAN COMMON REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
    • INTERCONNECTION
    • INFRASTRUCTURE SHARING
    • TELECOM TAXES
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE
      • National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
      • National Information Technology Development (NITD) Fund
      • Backbone Transmission Infrastructure Project (BTRAIN)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Globacom's SNO licence
      • Regional fixed-wireless access (FWA) licences
      • International gateway licences
      • Unified licensing regime
    • PRIVATISATION OF NITEL
      • Table Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round – 2010
  • Fixed network operators
    • NIGERIAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS (NITEL)
      • National backbone network
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • GLOBACOM
      • Network infrastructure
      • Fibre optic backbone network
      • International presence
      • Services
      • International expansion
    • VGC COMMUNICATIONS
    • NATIONAL LONG-DISTANCE OPERATORS (NLDO)
    • FIXED-WIRELESS NETWORK OPERATORS
      • MTS First Wireless
      • Mobitel Nigeria
      • Prestel (O-Mobile)
      • Regional FWA operators
  • Telecommunications infrastructure
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1999 – 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2010 – 2018
      • Table VoIP lines by operator – 2016 – 2018
      • Table Fixed-wireless lines by operator – 2014 - 2018
    • BACKBONE NETWORKS
      • National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
      • NIPTI
      • Suburban Telecom
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
      • Private networks
    • INTERNATIONAL TERRESTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • The Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • Nigeria – Niger link
      • Trans-Saharan Backbone
      • NNPC network
    • INTERNATIONAL SUBMARINE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • SAT-3/WASC
      • Glo-1
      • Main One
      • WACS
      • ACE
      • WASACE
        • Table International internet bandwidth in Nigeria – 2001 – 2016
    • SATELLITE
      • Rascom
      • NigComSat
      • O3b Networks
    • DATA CENTRES
  • Broadband market
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2000 – 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2010 – 2022
        • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2007 – 2018
        • Table Fixed-line (wired) broadband subscribers by operator – 2014 – 2018
        • Table Fixed-wired broadband subscribers by operator – 2017 – 2018
      • Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Providers
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
        • Table Fixed and-fixed wireless broadband lines – 2007 – 2018
  • Mobile communications
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1998 – 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate – 2010 – 2018
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) – 2011 – 2018
        • Table Prepaid mobile subscribers – 2010 – 2018
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS traffic – 2006 – 2018
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) – 2012 – 2018
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2010 – 2018
      • Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • GSM licence terms
      • Spectrum
      • Mobile Termnation Rate (MTR)
      • Mobile tariffs
      • Unified licensing regime
      • Universal service
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual outgoing mobile number portings – 2013 – 2018
      • Quality of Service
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • International gateways
      • National mobile infrastructure plan
      • Tower infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table GSM subscribers in Nigeria – 2014 - 2018
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR GSM MOBILE OPERATORS
      • MTN Nigeria
        • Table MTN mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
        • Table MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 – 2018
        • Table MTN Nigeria revenue by type – 2015 – 2018
        • Table MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 – 2018
      • Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
        • Table Airtel mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
      • Globacom
        • Table Globacom mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
      • 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala)
        • Table Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2011 – 2018
        • Table 9Mobile mobile revenue and capex – 2013 – 2017
      • M-Tel
    • MAJOR CDMA MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Table CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
      • Multi-Links Telkom
      • Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
      • Starcomms (Capcom)
        • Table Historic - Starcomms mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2014
      • InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
      • Visafone
        • Table Visafone mobile subscribers – 2009; 2013 – 2017
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
      • M-health

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