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Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria licenses two more InfraCos for wholesale broadband

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent after South Africa. During 2016 the economy went into recession, though GDP growth returned in 2017. Given the potential for further growth, the telecom sector attracts considerable foreign investment. Market liberalisation measures in recent years have led to hundreds of companies, many of them small and localised, being set up to provide a range of telecom and value-added services.

The mobile sector has benefited from market competition and the wider deployment of LTE technologies, which have in turn supported operator revenue growth and encouraged the adoption of mobile broadband among subscribers. Other than the key mobile network operators, there are a number of additional players operating under a unified licensing regime.

The regulator has licensed four regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build a national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis. An additional three InfraCo licenses are expected to be awarded by mid-2018.

The competitive fixed-line market includes a second national operator (Globacom) and over 80 other licensed companies. The alternative carriers combined provide around 85% of all fixed connections, though in general terms about 80% of all connections are wireless.

Nigeria’s broadband sector has seen considerable consolidation among players, from over 400 ISPs in 2012 to fewer than 90 by early 2018. Most internet connections are via mobile networks, principally GSM and 3G and more recently LTE, though there are a number of WiMAX operators which have found niche markets. The government has continued with its plan to increase broadband penetration to 30% by 2018 and to increase mobile broadband penetration to 50% by 2020. To this end the regulator is looking to auction additional spectrum in the 700MHz and 2.3GHz bands.

The country has Africa’s largest mobile market, with about 142 million subscribers and a penetration rate of 101%. The number of subscribers fell in 2017 as consumers responded to a poor economic climate, adopted other OTT channels for voice and data services, and as regulatory measures continued to oblige operators to disconnect unregistered SIM cards.

Key developments:

Regulator licences two more InfraCos;
Government pledges to deploy 18,000km of fibre to extend broadband to rural areas;
MTN Nigeria secures licence for spectrum in the 2.6GHz band;
State oil company NNPC allows part of its fibre infrastructure to be used for telecom services;
Regulator hopes for the telecoms sector to account for a greater share of GDP by 2025;
Government devising strategy to increase broadband penetration to 30% by end-2018, increase mobile broadband penetration to 50% by 2020;
Bidders shortlisted for acquisition of 9Mobile;
Regulator prepares to revise mobile interconnection rate;
MTN Nigeria extends licenses for spectrum in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands to August 2021;
Report update includes the regulator’s market data to December 2017, operator data to Q3 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp), Globacom, VGC Communications, Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Gateway Telecoms Integrated Services, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One (Mainstreet Technologies), NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE, Linkserve, Pinet Informatics, Odu’a Telecom, Swift Networks, Startech Connection, Netcom Africa, MWEB Nigeria, Starcomms, Layer3, Communication Trends Nigeria, Entertainment Highway (HiTV), MTN Nigeria, Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel), 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala), Econet Wireless, Vodacom.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Fixed-line network statistics - 2017 (Mar)
    • Table Internet provider statistics - 2017
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2017 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2017
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom sector contribution to GDP - 2010 - 2017
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY (NTP)
    • NIGERIAN COMMUNICATIONS ACT
    • WEST AFRICAN COMMON REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
    • INTERCONNECTION
    • INFRASTRUCTURE SHARING
    • TELECOM TAXES
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE
      • National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
      • National Information Technology Development (NITD) Fund
      • Backbone Transmission Infrastructure Project (BTRAIN)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Globacom's SNO licence
      • Regional fixed-wireless access (FWA) licences
        • Table Regional FWA licensees
      • International gateway licences
      • Unified licensing regime
    • PRIVATISATION OF NITEL
      • Table Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round - 2010
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • NIGERIAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS (NITEL, DEFUNCT)
      • National backbone network
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
    • GLOBACOM
      • Network infrastructure
      • Fibre optic backbone network
      • International presence
      • Services
      • International expansion
    • VGC COMMUNICATIONS
    • NATIONAL LONG-DISTANCE OPERATORS (NLDO)
    • FIXED-WIRELESS NETWORK OPERATORS
      • MTS First Wireless
      • Mobitel Nigeria
      • Prestel (O-Mobile)
      • Regional FWA operators
        • Table Regional FWA licensees in Nigeria
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
      • Table VoIP lines by operator - 2016 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-wireless lines by operator - 2014 - 2017
    • BACKBONE NETWORKS
      • National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
      • Galaxy Backbone
      • Suburban Telecom
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
      • Private networks
    • INTERNATIONAL TERRESTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • The Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • Nigeria - Niger link
      • Trans-Saharan Backbone
      • NNPC network
    • INTERNATIONAL SUBMARINE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • SAT-3/WASC
      • Glo-1
      • Main One
      • WACS
      • ACE
      • WASACE
        • Table International internet bandwidth in Nigeria - 2001 - 2016
    • SATELLITE
      • Rascom
      • NigComSat
      • O3b Networks
    • DATA CENTRES
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria - 2010 - 2022
        • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2018
        • Table Fixed-line / fixed wireless broadband subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2017
      • Forecasts - broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Providers
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
        • Table Fixed and-fixed wireless broadband lines - 2007 - 2017
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Prepaid mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2017
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS traffic - 2006 - 2018
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) - 2012 - 2017
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2018
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2019; 2021; 2023
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria - 2019; 2021; 2023
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • GSM licence terms
      • Spectrum
      • Interconnection
      • Mobile tariffs
      • Unified licensing regime
      • Universal service
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Annual outgoing mobile number portings - 2013 - 2017
      • Quality of Service
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • International gateways
      • National mobile infrastructure plan
      • Tower infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table GSM subscribers in Nigeria - 2014 - 2017
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR GSM MOBILE OPERATORS
      • MTN Nigeria
        • Table MTN mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
        • Table MTN Nigeria financial data - 2010 - 2017
        • Table MTN Nigeria revenue by type - 2015 - 2017
        • Table MTN Nigeria ARPU - 2002 - 2017
      • Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
        • Table Airtel mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
      • Globacom
        • Table Globacom mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
      • 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala)
        • Table Etisalat mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
        • Table 9Mobile mobile revenue and capex - 2013 - 2017
      • M-Tel
    • MAJOR CDMA MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Table CDMA subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2017
      • Multi-Links Telkom
      • Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
      • Starcomms (Capcom)
        • Table Historic - Starcomms mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
      • Visafone
        • Table Visafone mobile subscribers - 2009; 2013 - 2017
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
      • M-health

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