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Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria’s broadband sector to benefit from five more InfraCo licences

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent. The sector has much potential for growth and so has attracted considerable foreign investment. Market liberalisation measures in recent years have led to hundreds of companies, many of them small and localised, being set up to provide a range of telecom and value-added services.

The regulator has licensed two regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build a national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis. An additional five InfraCo licenses are expected to be awarded later in 2017.

Several microwave and fibre-based national backbone networks are being rolled out by various companies. Nitel’s monopoly on international fibre bandwidth via the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable system ended in 2009 when Globacom’s Glo-1 cable landed in the country. The landing of additional submarine cables (supported by improved domestic fibre infrastructure) has delivered a further boost to the country’s developing broadband sector by improving bandwidth and reducing prices for end-users.

Nigeria has Africa’s largest mobile market, with about 149 million subscribers and a penetration rate of 107%. The rapid growth in the number of subscribers led to problems with network congestion and quality of service, and the resulting fines imposed by the regulator encouraged network operators to invest in transmission infrastructure. Although GSM technology still dominates there is a growing shift to services based on LTE.

Efforts are also being made to encourage network sharing and to outsource the management of tower infrastructure to third parties. There remains considerable growth potential in rural areas where mobile penetration is lower. Competition of voice pricing has encouraged operators to develop new revenue streams from mobile broadband and data services, including m-payments and m-banking.

Although the market is one of the most competitive in Africa, the regulator has applied a price floor on voice and data tariffs in a bid to prevent the dominant operators from squeezing competitors. This price floor was reduced in November 2016 but swiftly retracted.

The country’s broadband sector has seen considerable consolidation among players, from over 400 ISPs in 2012 to fewer than 90 by mid-2017. Most internet connections are via mobile networks though there are also a number of WiMAX operators.

Supported by the expansion of national fibre backbone networks, platforms such as e-commerce, online banking and e-payments, e-health, e-learning and e-government are evolving rapidly. The government has continued with its plan to increase broadband penetration to 36% by 2018 and to enable over 80% of the population to be able to receive mobile broadband services.

Key developments:

Regulator prepares to auction five more InfraCo licences;
MTN Nigeria secures licence for spectrum in the 2.6GHz band;
State oil company NNPC allows part of its fibre infrastructure to be used for telecom services;
Regulator hopes for the telecoms sector to account for greater share of GDP by 2025;
Digital broadcasting migration process begins in six states;
Government devising strategy to increase broadband penetration to 36% by 2018;
Etisalat defaults on loan payments, ordered to transfer 45% holding in Etisalat Nigeria to loan trustees;
MTN Nigeria awarded spectrum in the 2.6GHz band for LTE use, extends licenses for spectrum in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands to August 2021;
Report update includes regulator’s market data to April 2017, operator data to Q1 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, M-Tel), Globacom, VGC Communications, MTN Nigeria, Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Alheri Engineering, Gateway Telecoms Integrated Services, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One, Brymedia, NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE, Glo Mobile (Globacom), Bharti Airtel, Etisalat Nigeria, Visafone, Starcomms (Capcom), Multi-Links, Reliance, InterC Network, Telkom, Econet Wireless, Vodacom, Cyberspace, Hyperia, Linkserve, Pinet Informatics, Odu’a Telecom, Swift Networks, Startech Connection, Netcom Africa, MWEB Nigeria, Gateway Communications, Accelon (Internet Solutions), Galaxy Information Technology and Telecommunication, Polestar, Naija Wi-Fi, Suburban Telecom, Zinox, Direct-on-PC, IP Direct, Starcomms, Layer3, Communication Trends Nigeria.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Nigeria's broadband sector to benefit from five more InfraCo licences
  • KEY STATISTICS
    • Table Country statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Fixed-line network statistics - 2017 (Mar)
    • Table Internet provider statistics - 2017
    • Table Internet user statistics - 2016 (e)
    • Table Mobile statistics - 2017 (Apr)
    • Table National telecommunications authority
    • COUNTRY OVERVIEW
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKET
    • HISTORICAL OVERVIEW
      • Table Telecom sector contribution to GDP - 2010 - 2016
  • REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
    • REGULATORY AUTHORITY
    • NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY (NTP)
    • NIGERIAN COMMUNICATIONS ACT
    • WEST AFRICAN COMMON REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
    • INTERCONNECTION
    • INFRASTRUCTURE SHARING
    • TELECOM TAXES
    • 2.6GHZ AUCTION – 2016
    • UNIVERSAL SERVICE
      • National Rural Telephony Program (NRTP)
      • National Information Technology Development (NITD) Fund
      • Backbone Transmission Infrastructure Project (BTRAIN)
    • TELECOM SECTOR LIBERALISATION
      • Globacom's SNO licence
      • Regional fixed-wireless access (FWA) licences
      • International gateway licences
      • Unified licensing regime
      • Regional broadband infrastructure licences
    • PRIVATISATION OF NITEL
      • Table Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round - 2010
      • IPO
      • Liquidation
  • FIXED NETWORK OPERATORS
    • NIGERIAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS (NITEL, DEFUNCT)
      • Network infrastructure
      • National backbone network
      • Wireless Local Loop (WLL)
      • Services
    • GLOBACOM
      • Network infrastructure
      • Fibre optic backbone network
      • International presence
      • Services
      • International expansion
    • VGC COMMUNICATIONS, MTN
    • NATIONAL LONG-DISTANCE OPERATORS (NLDO)
    • FIXED-WIRELESS NETWORK OPERATORS
      • MTS First Wireless
      • Mobitel Nigeria
      • Prestel (O-Mobile)
      • Regional FWA operators
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    • OVERVIEW OF THE NATIONAL TELECOM NETWORK
      • Table Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1999 - 2009
      • Table Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
      • Table VoIP lines by operator - 2016 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-wireless lines by operator - 2014 - 2017
      • Table Fixed-wired lines by operator - 2014 - 2017
    • BACKBONE NETWORKS
      • National Information Infrastructure Backbone (NIIB)
      • Galaxy Backbone
      • Suburban Telecom
      • Phase3 Telecom
      • Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN)
      • Private networks
    • INTERNATIONAL TERRESTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
      • The Central African Backbone (CAB)
      • Nigeria - Niger link
      • Trans-Saharan Backbone
      • NNPC network
    • INTERNATIONAL SUBMARINE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • SAT-3/WASC
      • Glo-1
      • Main One
      • WACS
      • ACE
      • WASACE
        • Table International internet bandwidth in Nigeria - 2001 - 2016
    • SATELLITE
      • Rascom
      • NigComSat
      • O3b Networks
    • DATA CENTRES
  • BROADBAND MARKET
    • INTRODUCTION AND STATISTICAL OVERVIEW
      • Market analysis
      • Internet Exchange Points (IXP)
      • National Broadband Plan
      • Broadband statistics
        • Table Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria - 2000 - 2009
        • Table Internet users and penetration rate in Nigeria - 2010 - 2017
        • Table Fixed-line broadband subscribers - 2007 - 2017
        • Table Fixed-line / fixed wireless broadband subscribers by operator - 2014 - 2017
    • DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE (DSL) NETWORKS
      • Nitel
      • Cyberspace
      • Hyperia
      • Linkserve
      • 21st Century Technologies
      • Pinet Informatics
    • FIBRE-TO-THE-PREMISES (FTTP) NETWORKS
    • OTHER FIXED BROADBAND SERVICES
      • Broadband over Powerlines (BPL)
      • Fixed wireless
        • Table Active fixed-wireless broadband lines - 2007 - 2015
  • DIGITAL ECONOMY
    • E-COMMERCE, E-PAYMENTS
    • E-GOVERNMENT
    • E-HEALTH
    • E-LEARNING
  • DIGITAL MEDIA
    • CABLE TV
    • VIDEOSTREAMING
    • DIGITAL TV
    • COMMUNICATIONS: VOIP
  • MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS
    • MARKET ANALYSIS
    • MOBILE STATISTICS
      • General statistics
        • Table Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1998 - 2009
        • Table Mobile subscribers (active) and penetration rate - 2010 - 2018
        • Table Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Prepaid mobile subscribers - 2010 - 2016
        • Table Installed mobile base stations by GSM operator - 2013 - 2014
        • Table Installed mobile base stations by CDMA operator - 2013 - 2014
      • Mobile voice
      • Mobile data
        • Table SMS traffic - 2006 - 2016
      • Mobile broadband
        • Table Mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria by operator (GSM) - 2012 - 2017
        • Table Active mobile broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2017
      • Forecasts - mobile subscribers - 2018; 2020; 2022
        • Table Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria - 2018; 2020; 2022
    • REGULATORY ISSUES
      • GSM licence terms
      • Spectrum
      • Interconnection
      • Mobile tariffs
      • Unified licensing regime
      • Universal service
      • Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • Table Outgoing mobile number portings - 2013 - 2017
      • Quality of Service
      • SIM card registration
    • MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE
      • International gateways
      • National mobile infrastructure plan
      • Tower infrastructure
      • Analogue networks
      • Digital networks
        • Table GSM subscribers in Nigeria - 2014 - 2017
      • Other infrastructure developments
    • MAJOR GSM MOBILE OPERATORS
      • MTN Nigeria
        • Table MTN mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
        • Table MTN Nigeria financial data - 2010 - 2016
        • Table MTN Nigeria revenue by type - 2015 - 2016
        • Table MTN Nigeria ARPU - 2002 - 2017
      • Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
        • Table Airtel mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
      • Globacom
        • Table Globacom mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
      • Etisalat Nigeria (EMTS, Mubadala)
        • Table Etisalat mobile subscribers - 2011 - 2017
        • Table Etisalat mobile revenue and capex - 2013 - 2017
      • M-Tel
    • MAJOR CDMA MOBILE OPERATORS
      • Table CDMA subscribers by operator - 2011 - 2017
      • Multi-Links Telkom
      • Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
      • Starcomms (Capcom)
        • Table Starcomms mobile subscribers - 2005 - 2014
      • InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
      • Visafone
        • Table Visafone mobile subscribers - 2009; 2013 - 2017
    • MOBILE CONTENT AND APPLICATIONS
      • Mobile money transfer, m-banking
      • M-health
      • Mobile TV
    • HANDSET MANUFACTURING

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