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Nigeria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria - Telecoms Infrastructure, Operators, Regulations - Statistics and Analyses

Nigeria has one of the largest telecom markets in Africa, supported by the second largest economy on the continent after South Africa. The economy has recovered from the recession experienced in 2016, with DGP growth of 1.9% in 2018. The telecom sector attracts considerable foreign investment, particularly from China, and government infrastructure programs will further stimulate investment in coming years. Market liberalisation measures have also led to hundreds of companies, many of them small and localised, being set up to provide a range of telecom and value-added services.

The mobile sector has benefited from market competition and the wider deployment of LTE technologies, which have in turn supported operator revenue growth and encouraged the adoption of mobile broadband among subscribers. Other than the key mobile network operators, there are a number of additional players operating under a unified licensing regime.

The regulator has licensed a number of regional infrastructure companies (InfraCos) to build the national broadband network and offer capacity to all service providers on a non-discriminatory, open-access and price-regulated basis.

Nigeria has the most competitive fixed-line market in Africa, featuring a second national operator (Globacom) and over 80 other companies licensed to provide fixed-telephony services. The alternative carriers combined provide around 85% of all fixed connections, though in general terms about 80% of all connections are wireless.

Several microwave and fibre-based national backbone networks are being rolled out by various companies. Nitel's monopoly on international fibre bandwidth via the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable system ended in 2009 when Globacom's Glo-1 cable landed in the country. The landing of additional submarine cables (supported by improved domestic fibre infrastructure) has delivered a further boost to the country's developing broadband sector by improving bandwidth and reducing prices for end-users. Globacom is building a second cable, Glo-2, to reinforce its infrastructure in the south of the country.

Key developments:

Globacom commissions the Glo-2 cable system;

Government approves $328 million loan to complete national backbone project;

Regulator licences additional InfraCos;

Government pledges to deploy 18,000km of fibre to extend broadband to rural areas;

Two additional satellites proposed to provide additional capacity to NigComSat;

MTN Nigeria secures licence for spectrum in the 2.6GHz band;

Efforts continue to promote infrastructure sharing;

Report update includes the regulator's market data to June 2019, operator data to Q1 2019, Telecom Maturity Index charts and analyses, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel, Pentascope, Transcorp), Globacom, VGC Communications (MTN), Nepskom Communications, MTS First Wireless, Suburban Telecom, Backbone Connectivity Network (BCN), Traffic Network Services, Fibre Tech West Africa, Phase3 Telecom, Alheri Engineering, Gateway Telecoms Integrated Services, Mobitel Nigeria, Prestel (O-Mobile), Galaxy Backbone, 21st Century Technologies, Main One (Mainstreet Technologies), Brymedia, NigComSat, O3b Networks, WASACE.

1 Key statistics
2 Country overview
3 Telecommunications market
3.1 Historical overview
4 Regional Africa Market Comparison
4.1 TMI vs GDP
4.2 Mobile and mobile broadband
4.3 Fixed and mobile broadband
5 Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 National Telecommunications Policy (NTP)
5.3 Nigerian Communications Act
5.4 West African common regulatory framework
5.5 Interconnection
5.6 Infrastructure sharing
5.7 Telecom taxes
5.8 Universal service
5.9 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.10 Privatisation of Nitel
6 Fixed network operators
6.1 Nigerian Telecommunications (Nitel)
6.2 Globacom
6.3 VGC Communications
6.4 National Long-Distance Operators (NLDO)
6.5 Fixed-wireless network operators
7 Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 Backbone networks
7.3 International terrestrial infrastructure
7.4 International submarine infrastructure
7.5 Satellite
7.6 Data centres
8 Appendix Historic data
9 Related reports
Table 2 Financial bids for Nitel/M-Tel, first and second round 2010
Table 3 Fixed-wireless lines by operator 2014 - 2019
Table 4 International internet bandwidth in Nigeria 2001 2016
Table 5 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999 2009
Chart 1 Telecom sector contribution to GDP 2010 2019
Chart 2 Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018
Chart 3 West Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018
Chart 4 Africa Bottom-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Emergents) 2018
Chart 5 West Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country 2018
Chart 6 West Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration 2018
Chart 7 West Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates 2018
Chart 8 Evolution of fixed lines in service and teledensity 2005 2024
Chart 9 Growth in the number of VoIP lines (by operator) 2016 2019
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 West Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Exhibit 3 Regional FWA licensees
Exhibit 4 Regional FWA licensees in Nigeria

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